For a comfortable stay in the apartment, along with heat, electricity, it should be supplied with water for household and drinking needs. In addition, it must also have a drain from sanitary appliances. Ideally, the amount of water withdrawal should be equal to the water consumption. But in practice this is not always the case.
Of course, you have to pay for this service. Nobody will do this for free. But not all residents are in a hurry to do so. Many do not pay for the fact that the management company supplies them with water and diverts it. Debts grow like a snowball and there comes a time when they exceed all reasonable limits. Public utilities, of course, are constantly looking for ways to influence debtors and make them pay. You can, of course, shut off the water, limiting its access to the consumer. But water is supplied through a common riser, and then it is distributed to apartments through a branch network.
If this is done, then conscientious payers will suffer along with the debtors. Therefore, it is preferable for public utilities to use a different path. They are installing a plug on the sewer to malicious debtors, and this can be done in relation to a particular apartment. Installing a water limiter will not violate, but using the sewer will be problematic.
Under the law, public utilities are not entitled to turn off the supply of vital services, such as water and electricity, without a special court order. Therefore, in judicial practice, such a restrictive measure as a plug on the sewer appeared.
Of course, you can use another way to deal with non-payers, in which a locksmith comes to the apartment and cuts off the taps. But after all, not every tenant is ready to let him in, he has a guaranteed right to the inviolability of the home. To install the plug, it is not at all necessary to enter the apartment. You can’t prove anything in litigation.
Installation mechanism and whether it can be removed
The easiest way to fix the problem is to pay off debts. The liquidation of the debt will result in the removal of the silencing device by the management company. Technically, it is very difficult to remove it, since it is installed using special equipment. For this purpose, a probe and a manipulator are used. The sewer plug is supplied with a camera, which allows placement exactly in the place where it is really needed.
Many devices have been invented, but they are all approximately the same in terms of the principle of their operation. On a long cable carry out the descent of the manipulator.
Structurally, the plug on the sewer sewer can be presented in various forms, as well as the material for its manufacture. It is made of metal and polypropylene. Mostly, they use the second option.
Utilities use the following types:
- Solid type. When it is installed, the movement of effluents through the sewer riser completely stops.
- Lattice type plug. The liquid passes unhindered, and suspensions are retained, which causes their gradual accumulation.
- Pneumatic plug. The device is in the form of a rubber balloon.
It is not difficult to imagine what an unpleasant smell this will appear in the apartment. After all, a large amount of liquid waste is discharged from the apartment every day.
The plug is installed as follows:
- First, a specialist from the management company studies in detail the scheme that was used when connecting the sewerage system. This is necessary because the apartment may have several sewer risers. Installation of only one partition is unlikely to create serious problems for the tenant.
- After studying, an action plan is developed for how the plug will be installed. The point of its installation is outlined. Usually this is a segment of the sewer network that limits the toilet bowl from the riser.
- The choice of a place for convenient control of the equipment is required. Usually it is the roof.
- A device consisting of a manipulator, a light guide and a camera is lowered into this tube. The plug is brought to a certain place and the installation is carried out.
After the plug is installed, the drains stop their movement only in a single apartment. The work of the sewer system of neighboring apartments will continue as usual.
Of course, you can remove the plug, but this requires some experience with sanitary devices. Otherwise, inept actions will lead to the fact that the riser is completely clogged, and in the worst case, it will be damaged and fail.
It is very problematic to attribute such works to a pure category, since, for example, it will be necessary to remove the toilet bowl. How the barrier device will be removed depends on the presence or absence of a sewer inspection window in the apartment, as well as on how the sewer system is connected. It is much easier to carry out such activities if plastic or metal-plastic risers are installed. It is more difficult if there is a cast-iron riser.
Remove them by mechanical or chemical means. With any of them, there is a high risk that the riser will become clogged.
Disconnect the toilet and partially disassemble the riser
You can remove the installed plug from the sewer yourself with partial disassembly of the problem area. This method is applicable for the recent installation of the toilet. It must be bolted to the floor. You should not even try to disassemble the toilet if it has been installed for a long time and filled with cement. If the toilet is removed, it can be deformed.
The plug is usually placed where the sewer enters the dwelling. This location requires access. Therefore, initially remove the toilet. If the toilet is of a modern design, then it is not difficult to remove it. But first, they turn off the access of water by blocking it with a tap. First, remove the drain tank. Then disconnect the socket. Next, the toilet itself is removed.
It is required to unscrew the bolts with which the fastening to the floor is carried out.
When the device is removed completely, access to the partition is obtained. Now you should remove the plug from the sewer pipe and carefully remove it. This stage is responsible, errors must be excluded. Some try to push it inside the riser. Under no circumstances should you do this. The plug will fall into the common riser and block it. In this case, all residents whose drain is connected to this riser will no longer be able to use the sewer.
The plug must be tried to pull out into the apartment. How to do this will depend on how long the pipe is. You can use pliers. But it might be longer. Then you need to make a metal hook or use an ordinary fishing harpoon. It is quite possible to capture it, since it has holes in it.
When it was possible to hook, it is necessary to carefully pull out the plug inside the apartment. Maximum care is required when carrying out such work. Do not allow the device to be inside the sewer riser. When the plug is successfully removed, work is done to install the toilet bowl and return it to its original place. All actions are performed in reverse order.
Of course, you will need a whole set of tools. Without them, the plug simply cannot be pulled out. If there are no such tools, and there are no skills in working with plumbing devices, it is better not to remove the barrier device yourself. In the arsenal of tools, wrenches must be present in the set. You can not do without a hammer and adjustable wrench. Additionally, you should stock up on a flashlight, hard hook or harpoon.
Chemical removal using revision
By the way, using this method absolutely does not give any guarantee that you can get rid of the stub. Sometimes, if the riser connection configuration allows, you can achieve a very positive result.
When the toilet is filled with cement, you should not even try to remove it. However, the apartment may have an audit of the sewer riser. Then it is quite possible to extract it through this window. First you need to stock up on a long thin stick with a metal hook at the end. You can also use a fishing harpoon for this. The stick can slip out of the hands and fly into the riser. Then it will be impossible to extract it from there. To prevent this from happening, a rope must be tied to the stick. If it accidentally slips out, it can be pulled out.
The actions are simple to perform. First remove the revision window cover. The hook or harpoon that was prepared in advance should be inserted into it. After that, you need to try to hook it. If this succeeds, she is carefully pulled into the riser, and then she is taken out.
In the case of a polypropylene or mesh plug, it is not difficult to perform such actions. However, this method is associated with a number of disadvantages:
- Before carrying out such actions, it is necessary to prepare and put on the appropriate overalls. You should take care of protective measures, because at this moment anything can be dumped into the sewer from above, including boiling water.
- There is a very high risk that during such work the plug will fall out and fall into the common sewer riser. Then she will block it completely or partially.
- A significant drawback is that all the work is done almost blindly. True, it is not difficult to determine the location of the barrier device. At that moment, when the metal hook touches the walls of the riser and the surface of the plug, the sound will be different in nature.
You can try to dissolve the grid. To do this, you can use the drug «Mole». It contains oxalic acid. This option is applicable only if a non-metallic plug was used by the utilities. Don’t expect quick results. This will take at least a week. Some time will pass, the grating will dissolve and the plug will disappear.
Mole — a strong chemical agent for removing pollution and obstructions in the sewer
Citizens who have removed the partition often use an anti-plug so as not to fall under restrictive measures again.
Installing a plug is legitimate, so public utilities are struggling with debtors. It is very difficult to remove it yourself. This requires the right skills. The most reasonable solution to the problem is to pay off debts. In addition, the option is not ruled out that after self-removal of the plug, the public utilities will install it again.