The love for the bath in a Russian person has been laid down since ancient times. For our ancestors, the bath was almost a sacred place. Here people were born, prepared for the wedding, performed various rituals.
Now washing in a bath has ceased to be a sacred act, and real Russian baths are almost never built. In summer cottages, in fitness clubs, sanatoriums and other establishments, saunas are mainly built.
What is the difference between a Russian bath and a sauna?
Previously, in Russia, the bath was heated in a black way: then there were no chimneys, and the smoke poured directly into the steam room. In order not to accumulate carbon monoxide, the bath was ventilated by opening the door. Often in the baths they «burned out.» People explained this phenomenon by the fact that the bannik was angry. Bannik is the spirit of the bath. They feared and respected him, tried to appease him: they put treats, poured water. It was forbidden to use foul language in the bathhouse, it was possible to wash on certain days. It was strictly forbidden to bathe on holidays. The first baths, which were heated in white, appeared only in the middle of the 18th century.
The main difference between a bath and a sauna is the presence of a steam room. In the Russian bath, it is customary to steam with the help of water vapor and a broom. Due to the steam in the bath, the humidity is very high up to 100%. The maximum temperature reaches 60°C.
Therefore, a person in a Russian bath is much more comfortable, and a Russian bath is more beneficial for health. In the steam room, optimal conditions are created for uniform heating of the entire human body, both from the outside and from the inside.
Steam in the bath is formed as a result of watering heated stones that are inside the furnace. The Russian bath consists of 2 rooms: a dressing room where a person undresses, and the actual steam room.
In the steam room, the whole washing process takes place:
- steam supply;
- the washing up;
- quilting with a broom;
- steaming on the shelves.
Here a person is constantly moving. Then after washing in the bath comes relaxation and rest.
Stoves for Russian bath Izistim
The ideal choice for a Russian bath would be izistim stoves.
A no less sacred place for the Finns was the sauna, which also has a thousand-year history.
The Finns, unlike the Russians, heated the sauna very often. Even surgical operations were carried out in it, since high temperature kills germs. In addition, beer was brewed here, fortunetelling and just warmed up. If a sauna was flooded in one house, then the whole village was called to take a steam bath.
Although both the bath and the sauna are made in the same way, that is, from wood, the washing process takes place in different ways. In the sauna, the air is very dry (about 20%), while the temperature rises to 100°C. Thanks to dry air, high temperatures are easily tolerated. Hot air evenly warms the body, as a result it sweats. Together with sweat, toxins are removed from the body. But the Finnish sauna is not suitable for everyone because of the dry air and high temperature.
In the sauna, a person simply lies and sweats, the washing process then takes place in the shower. Therefore, the sauna consists of 3 rooms: a dressing room or dressing room, a steam room and a shower. In the sauna, the stones are laid out on top of the stove, openly. Little by little water is supplied to them. Due to the high temperature, the water evaporates quickly. If you strongly water the stones, you can get a burn of the mucous membrane.
In the sauna, a person relaxes, enjoys, and then only wash in the shower.
Both the bath and the sauna have a beneficial effect on the body as a whole, helping to relax, rejuvenate and get rid of toxins and toxins.
Thus, it is better to choose a bath or sauna depends on the person himself, his health and preferences.