When planning the construction of a private house, each of us is faced with a dilemma — which type of heating to give preference to. We are concerned about the issue. How to make your home warm, cozy and comfortable, while managing to save your own money on heating. The types of heating used in a private and multi-apartment building differ from each other and are very diverse. Systems differ both in terms of efficiency and cost of installation and subsequent operation. In each case, the choice remains with the owners of the house, who have to take into account the presence of various factors. The main criteria that the types of heating used in a private house must meet are high efficiency and economy.
Various heating equipment is presented on the domestic market today, starting with gas boilers and units operating on solid fuel and electricity, ending with alternative technical heating options. The variety of options offered can satisfy any consumer, but their use has a number of nuances that must be considered when choosing.
Important! The heating system should provide living quarters with the necessary amount of kilocalories of heat, creating a comfortable microclimate in a city apartment or in a private house.
Habitual for many of us, the option of heating a private house — autonomous gas water heating is the most common today. Heating systems with autonomous gas boilers are also the most acceptable option for an apartment building. High manufacturability, compactness and efficiency of gas heating for a city apartment is not disputed. Another thing is the private sector or the construction of a house in a remote area from the main infrastructure facilities. In such a situation, home owners are forced to think about how to heat their home, what energy source to choose: gas, coal, wood or electricity.
When designing the heating system of a residential building, the following aspects are guided:
- the feasibility of this type of heating in these conditions;
- manufacturability of the system, practicality of maintenance and operation;
- availability of the main components and assemblies of the system for subsequent repair and maintenance;
- energy costs required for high-quality heating of residential premises of a certain area and size
- economy and efficiency.
It is necessary to take into account the availability of fuels, connection methods, the climatic conditions in which we live and the very design of a residential building. Heating will only give the desired effect when the building itself will have low heat losses, and the fuel used to heat the boiler will be inexpensive and affordable.
Gas heating is the main heating option for any home.
City apartments, especially in new buildings, today mostly have autonomous gas heating. The centralized hot water supply and batteries, which begin to heat up only during the heating season, are becoming a thing of the past. The organization of heating of apartment buildings using gas is the most practical and technological way to provide heat to large living areas, to create conditions for the individual use of heating devices by a large number of consumers.
Other types of heating used in the house are inappropriate for use in a house with a large number of apartments and in many cases unsafe in terms of manufacturability and fire safety.
The main gas pipeline, as a rule, is a widespread phenomenon in cities and towns. In this situation, the issue with the choice of fuel for heating apartment buildings is not worth it. All other options in such a situation are not even considered. The only possibility that can be used in such cases is the installation of electric heaters as an auxiliary option.
Gas heating is ideal for operation in urban skyscrapers; this type of heating is also convenient for the private sector. The important thing here is that a home gas boiler can always be adjusted to the required mode of operation, creating the optimum temperature in the living room. The operation of autonomous gas heating can be carried out in the mode of daily living, creating a comfortable temperature inside the residential building. If necessary, you can always reduce gas consumption and lower the temperature in the apartment if you are absent or leave your home for a long time.
For a country house, in the absence of a centralized gas supply, the very idea of \u200b\u200bgas heating should not be discounted. By installing a gas storage on your site — a gas tank, you will be able to provide yourself with a sufficient amount of blue fuel for the entire cold period.
With this fuel source you will get:
- full autonomy of its heating system;
- environmentally friendly source of heat and hot water in the house;
- high efficiency of autonomous heating system during the cold period.
Heating the boiler with gas is always the cleanest heating option. The advantages of such a system include clean exhaust, installation and installation of small, compact boilers and chimneys. Today, there are already ready-made installation schemes for autonomous gas heating using a gas tank, tested from an engineering and technical point of view, corresponding to SNiP and other regulatory documents.
For reference: A gas tank installed on the territory of a private household is not a cheap pleasure. Refueling is associated with transportation costs, and installation requires obtaining permits. On top of that, your gas facility and the condition of your heater connections will be constantly inspected by gas service personnel.
In most cases, the choice in favor of gas is explained by the traditional desire of homeowners to protect themselves from unnecessary troubles and worries with the operation of the heating system in the future. The ability to install a gas tank or the presence of a main gas pipeline only contributes to the decision in favor of gas heating. However, the lack of free access to gas forces us to look for other sources of energy, to focus on other types of autonomous heating in a private or country house.
We bet on electricity
Electricity continues to be by far the cleanest form of energy. Given the development of modern infrastructure, today it is difficult to find a settlement, a territory that is not covered by a centralized energy supply system. The main advantages of electricity are the environmental friendliness of this type of energy and availability.
In the absence of gas, electric autonomous heating systems as the main heating method are a convenient, practical and least troublesome option. Electric boilers have the highest efficiency compared to other types of boilers. The ease and simplicity in maintenance of electric heating equipment makes the operation of such a system very convenient for a country house, due to its non-permanent residence.
Important to remember! When making calculations, do not forget that low initial costs for the purchase of electrical equipment, new economical models of boilers and subsequent installation can be misleading. Today, electricity is not the cheapest form of energy, so the subsequent operation of electric heating will significantly affect your budget. Do not discount the periodic shutdowns of centralized power supply systems.
For the normal operation of the electric heating system in the house, you will have to change the wiring, trying to significantly strengthen it. The best option for the normal functioning of an electric boiler with a power exceeding 9 kW would be a three-phase wiring with a voltage of 380V. The cross section of the wire is calculated separately, taking into account its length, material and current strength. In parallel with the use of electric boilers for heating country houses, convectors, infrared emitters, and other household electric heaters are actively used at the household level.
Heating systems of private houses using electricity can be regarded as alternatives to gas heating or as auxiliary options. Connections of alternative and other heat sources are carried out already during the subsequent operation of housing. In most cases, homeowners are already focusing on the economic component of heating in the house or are trying to improve the heating of their homes due to the deteriorating climate situation.
New electric convectors and infrared heating devices have a number of advantages, among which it is worth noting:
- minimum initial installation costs;
- high efficiency;
- elementary operating conditions;
- operational safety;
- a minimum of engineering and technical measures for organizing a heating system.
Having listed the pros and cons, it is important to remember the disadvantages of such heating systems. Basically, the disadvantages are associated with the additional costs of reinforcing the wiring and installing additional distribution and control devices in the home electrical network. When installing, use proven wiring diagrams for electric heating.
Alternative options for gas and electric heating systems
Gas and electricity have advantages that are hard to ignore. The advantages of heating systems on gas or using electricity are obvious, but in some cases it is necessary to look for alternative sources of energy supply, to study the technical conditions of other types of home heating.
As an alternative to gas and electricity, there are the following types of heating systems for a private house:
- liquid fuel heating;
- solid fuel heating system;
- combined heating systems for the home;
- autonomous heating system using a heat pump;
- solar collectors.
The listed types of heating are effective in their own way for organizing the heating of residential premises. There are both pros and cons to each option. For most residents of city apartments, there are no effective heating systems for an apartment building other than a gas and electric boiler. Connecting other sources of energy supply in a private house is quite acceptable and feasible.
Important! Giving preference to new alternative energy sources, it is necessary to take into account the technological features of residential premises, the size of the house, the intensity of heating and the number of residents. A superficial solution to the problem of heating can lead to unreasonable spending of funds and will not give a tangible effect.
By doing a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of today’s autonomous heating systems, taking into account all the technical nuances and applicability in an apartment or a private house, you can choose the best option for your specific conditions.
The main focus is on the use of certain fuel sources in the long term. Cheap fuel rarely has a good calorific value. The autonomy of the system is also an important factor when choosing the type of fuel. Combining various types of fuel and heating systems into a single complex can solve the problem at a certain stage. Only an accurate calculation will allow you to determine the efficiency of heating in your home.