Poor-quality heat supply in apartment buildings is pushing many of their residents to switch to individual heating. The demand for this system is due to the ability to independently regulate the temperature in the house and not depend on various external factors. Thanks to the presence of individual heating, at any time of the year, the room will be as warm as you want. But a warm house, even in severe frosts, is always comfort and coziness.
In addition, you can save a lot. After all, you do not need to use additional heaters in cool weather and consume electricity. It will only be necessary to turn on individual heating, setting the temperature that will make you feel comfortable.
Attention: systems based on double-circuit boilers allow not only to heat the room, but also to provide hot water supply. This versatility further increases the demand for individual heating. After all, thanks to him, you can enjoy not only heat, but also hot water.
Advantages and disadvantages of individual heating
As practice shows, individual heating in an apartment building is more profitable than centralized heating. Its advantages are as follows:
- Possibility to regulate the temperature. To do this, you only need to set the desired parameters. If necessary, they can be reduced or increased.
- Saving. It allows you to save a lot. After all, if necessary, the temperature in the rooms can be reduced independently. This means that the amount of fuel burned will decrease. Accordingly, the costs will be less.
- Possibility to set the desired temperature. Different people require different temperatures in the apartment to feel comfortable. This can be achieved only with the help of individual heating.
This system also has some disadvantages — the difficulty of obtaining permits and the high cost of its purchase and installation. But the latter will quickly pay off.
When installing individual heating for an apartment, it should be borne in mind that it is somewhat different from a similar system for heating a private house.
Heating of a private house
Before moving on to individual heating for apartments, you should briefly consider the system responsible for heating and hot water supply of an individual house. After all, not every boiler that is suitable for a private house can be installed in an apartment.
The scheme of individual heating of a private house is also significantly different, since in the first version single- and double-circuit boilers can be used.
Attention: Single-circuit boilers are used only for heating. To heat water in them, you should additionally install a boiler. If for houses this option is acceptable, then for apartments, no, since the boiler will take up free space, and this is not rational. Therefore, it is recommended to install double-circuit boilers in apartments.
Disconnection from central heating
Before installing the individual heating system, disconnect from the existing heat source. A lot depends on where your apartment is located.
If the high-rise building is new, then it will not take much time and effort. In addition, modern apartment buildings with individual heating installed by developers are now not uncommon. After all, one of the main goals of modern construction is the efficient use of energy resources.
But if the house in which your apartment is located does not belong to this category, then you should not be upset. After all, to turn off the central heating in a modern house, it is enough to turn off the necessary valve and you will no longer receive heat. Such ease of shutdown is associated with the presence of individual wiring of heat carriers. In addition, each apartment has its own counter.
It will be more difficult to disconnect from the centralized heat supply in old-built houses, because the heat supply is common there, and passes through the riser from one apartment to another. If you live on the middle floors of a high-rise building, then dismantling heating devices will be problematic. But if you live on the edges of the risers, for example, on the top floor, then this is much easier, although it will take some time.
Having coped with the shutdown of central heating, you will need to draw up the necessary documents on putting the apartment into operation, but with a new heating system, after which, hand over the papers to the right organization.
Boiler for an apartment
Before installing individual heating, you should decide in advance which source of heat you will use. Many people prefer electricity. But the ideal option for apartments with gas supply is gas.
Much depends on the choice of boiler. You should immediately abandon the idea, install a boiler for liquid or solid fuel. They are suitable for heating a private house, but not an apartment. After all, such equipment will require a separate room. You can not do without a supply of firewood, pellets, diesel fuel or coal. And they are simply not allowed to be stored.
Attention: the ideal option for an apartment would be to install individual heating based on a double-circuit gas boiler. The demand for them is quite high. Installation is quite simple and does not take much time.
Read the material about the advantages and disadvantages of electric heating in an apartment.
Advantages of the boiler
For the operation of a double-circuit gas boiler, air taken from the street is used, and all combustion products are removed using ventilation pipes. Their level of automation is quite high and you will only need to set the necessary parameters for it to work.
Thanks to a well-thought-out automation system, gas is supplied and ignited in the burners after receiving a positive signal from the existing sensors. This cannot happen spontaneously.
The coolant in the system circulates due to the presence of a pump. Ordinary water or a special antifreeze can be used as a coolant.
In what room should it be installed
Attention: Gas boilers in apartments can not be installed in all rooms. The room in which it will be located must meet the following requirements:
- An area of at least 4 square meters, have an entrance door with a width of more than 80 centimeters and a window.
- Depending on the model, a forced ventilation system may be required in the room.
- The wall on which the boiler will be mounted must be made of non-combustible material. If there is no such wall, a covering of fire-resistant material should be placed between the wall and the boiler.
- If there are other heating or gas appliances nearby, the distance to them should be at least 30 centimeters.
All of the above requirements are mandatory. They must be observed in full to prevent negative consequences.
Before installing the boiler, you should obtain all permits for its use. The commissioning of the tank must be carried out in the presence of representatives of the organization responsible for the use of such equipment. They are also involved in the preparation of projects for their installation. Even if the project was drawn up independently, it must be approved by a similar organization.
Due to its compactness and low weight, a gas double-circuit heating boiler is most often mounted on a main wall. If necessary, a partition wall is also suitable for this purpose. But it must be well fortified.
Having chosen the place where the boiler will be located, it is necessary to fix the mounting strips on the wall. After that, you can hang the boiler itself.
Attention: When fixing it, it should be noted that the lower part of the boiler must be located from the floor, at a distance of at least 1.6 m. A detailed installation diagram must be available in the instructions for its operation.
The boiler must be connected to the gas pipeline with metal pipes that have the necessary certificates or with special rubber hoses. Connection points, without fail, should be carefully checked for tightness. For this purpose, you can use a solution of soap. After the installation of the tank, the heating circuit must be connected to the existing heating system.
Individual heating is an opportunity to enjoy the heat, regardless of external factors. The temperature can be easily adjusted by yourself. By installing a wall-mounted double-circuit gas boiler in the apartment, you can provide not only good heating in the house, but also always have hot water available. Of course, the installation of such a system will require a significant investment of time and money, but all this will quickly pay off.