After a week of work in the city, you really want to go out of town and take a break from everyday hustle and bustle. Enjoy your space by going into the house to kindle logs in your fireplace, and relax in the comfort of the hearth.
And who does not have a fireplace, but has a great desire to build it, you should pay attention to the information: «How to build a corner fireplace with your own hands», set out in this article.
The most popular option is a small-sized corner fireplace. It can be built even in a small room with an area of at least 11 m2 . Even a young specialist can build this structure.
Corner fireplace and its advantages
Due to the small volume of the fireplace, it significantly saves the useful area of the room. You can install not only in large rooms, for example in the hall, but also in the bedroom.
It should be remembered that a wood-burning fireplace requires a constant supply of oxygen.
The corner fireplace has two adjoining walls, this is advantageous in that it can heat 3 rooms at the same time.
The corner fireplace stove arouses interest with its elegant forms, perfectly complements your favorite interior with its magnificence.
The main elements of the corner fireplace
Fireplace table — a stage in the construction of a fireplace from refractory material. On his table is the lower furnace platform.
Blower — oxygen supply channel for better draft in the furnace.
The ash chamber is the recess where the ash is stored after the logs have been burned.
Grate grate — located at the bottom of the firebox, where logs are laid to kindle the hearth.
The lower furnace platform is a firebox, the lower furnace part, which must be made of heat-resistant material.
Firebox — a niche made of fireclay bricks where firewood burns
A chimney is a pipe through which smoke exits.
A smoke damper or gate valve is designed to adjust the draft of the burning fire in the hearth.
Deflector — a nozzle on the top of the pipe protects against rain getting inside and improves traction.
Basic tool for laying a fireplace
To perform construction work you will need:
- hacksaw for sawing boards;
- a trough for preparing a solution;
- container for soaking bricks;
- plastic bucket for water;
- sieve, sift sand and clay;
- brush for masonry seams;
- trowel for laying bricks;
- plumb and building level;
- marking set (ruler, tape measure, pencil).
- the construction line is preferably green, it is better visible to the master;
- pickaxe, and rubber mallet;
Interior builders recommend that when building a corner fireplace, it is advisable to move the furniture away from the place where the construction work will be carried out.
To build a corner fireplace with your own hands under the power of the owner of his house. It is necessary to carefully study the ordering scheme, carefully, and without haste, build a corner fireplace step by step.
The step-by-step order of laying out the fireplace will allow you to concentrate on the process and avoid mistakes when building a fireplace.
For laying bricks, you can purchase a ready-made mixture in bags or make it yourself.
The preparation of mortar for laying bricks is as follows:
First of all, you need to find clay. If you have the opportunity to purchase blue or blue clay, then consider yourself lucky, as it is the best material among all varieties of clay. They have the right fat content and are best suited for the construction of fireplaces and stoves.
Clay is poured for 48 hours and allowed to brew. After the required time has passed, the resulting mass is rubbed with hands through a sieve to remove debris and large pebbles, and also knead undissolved lumps. Stir it until a homogeneous mass.
Well-cleaned clay increases the chances of laying bricks on a thinner layer of mortar.
The next step is to purchase sand, preferably river sand, but if there is none, you can get by with the usual quarry.
Before you start laying, you need to determine the appropriate composition of the clay solution. To do this, sand is mixed before starting work. The amount of sand you need to pour depends on the fat content of the clay.
Professional stove-makers have this way of checking the fat content of a solution:
A small ball, the size of a tennis ball, is rolled out of the clay mass. It is placed between the boards and slowly squeezed, while observing the lump of clay.
- If the ball falls apart, then this indicates that it contains a lot of sandand if it is compressed to half, and there are no cracks yet, then not enough sand.
- The best combination is the ratio of sand and clay, when when the lump is compressed by 1/3 of the diameter, cracks appear on the ball.
It is advisable to lay the masonry with the solution described above, since by following these rules you will achieve tightness and strength of the seams.
Do-it-yourself corner fireplace, step by step instructions
Before starting laying, the bricks are soaked in water for several minutes.
Such a process is required before starting work, they take in water and take less moisture from the solution. The design after drying will become solid and strong.
Experienced craftsmen recommend:
- Print photocopies of the main drawing to verify the stages of the construction of the chimney.
- After completing the stacked rows, on a copy of the drawing, you can highlight or cross out the work done.
This method will allow you not to lose count and save your time.
Masonry corner fireplace
Before the construction of the heating structure, two layers of roofing material must be laid on the foundation.
The next step is to draw the outline of the base of the fireplace on the roofing material in order to lay out the first row along the lines.
Before laying a brick on a mortar, it is first desirable to put it on a dry, without mortar. Such an action will allow you to see the structure in volume and understand how many whole, halves and quarters of a brick are required.
Next, you need to prepare a wire with a diameter of 3 mm. It is laid every three rows, with this action you will create a stable and strong structure.
Each row is laid on the mortar and the quality of the evenness of the seams between the masonry bricks is monitored. It is advisable to maintain the thickness of the seams between them no more than 5 — 10 mm.
It is necessary periodically:
- check with the drawing, following the orders of the bricks;
- check the horizontal and vertical plane with a building level.
Look carefully at the photo of the construction of a corner fireplace and follow each row in accordance with this scheme.
The chimney at the fireplace is the same as that of a conventional stove.
From the second row, the side walls are laid out, forming a fireplace niche, in which firewood is stacked and dried.
Metal corners serve as a reliable support for the bricks of the upper row. In the bricks lying to the outer edge, special recesses are sawn, under the metal corner that you yourself choose. Choose the length of the corner in accordance with the parameters of the width of the fireplace indicated in the drawing.
The masonry of the third row is similar to the previous row, only there is a slight difference: a sheet of metal is placed on the corner of steel, with a thickness of three to six millimeters, or you can weld 4 metal corners yourself = 900 and 60 mm wide.
The firewood chamber is covered with bricks of the fourth row.
The fifth row lays out the bottom of the firebox. In this space, due to fire, high temperatures are formed. Therefore, it is created from refractory bricks.
The master, before erecting 6,7,8 and 9 rows, suspends the brick laying and turns his attention to the drawing. It indicates how much fireclay bricks are included in the lining.
The walls are erected with bricks, the so-called «well», placing it, not as usual, but horizontally — on the edge.
The back wall is laid like ordinary masonry, only it is shifted ¼ part forward, so it turns out to be tilted. Thanks to this slope, more heat will remain in the room. By completing these rows, they create the basis for the “chimney tooth”.
When designing a fireplace, it is necessary to provide for a narrowing in the upper part of the firebox, followed by a sharp expansion with a smooth transition into the smoke space.
The tenth and eleventh rows are laid out, as indicated in the drawing, they continue to build the base of the fireplace stove.
The niche of the firebox overlaps 12 side by side. To lay out bricks on the outer edge, you need to place a corner of 900 60 cm long, orienting its shelves inward.
Lay out the furnace window in rows 13 and 14. To do this, red and refractory bricks are laid in pairs with an edge, without connecting to each other, and without bandaging them. Fireclay bricks are located in the high temperature zone.
Lay out the inclined wall and the “smoke tooth”, ending with the fifteenth row
Rows 16 and 17 are pulled out, creating a fireplace shelf (“chimney tooth”).
Lay out the 18th row and complete the internal fireplace niche.
19 next narrow the brickwork and reduce the cross section of the flue, building a smoke box.
From the 21st to the 24th row lay out the smoke channel.
The transitional section of the gas outlet is increased by laying the 25th row, this part is called the «neck». Will need to install a furnace valve soon. It is mounted after the 27th row.
This is followed by the «otter» and the structure of the pipe ends with a head.
Thus, laying is carried out, taking into account the recommendations and subtleties of stove art.
By installing a corner fireplace in your home or country house, your room will be transformed. And the fire will fill the whole space around with its radiance, awakening joy and peace in you.
Your physical and financial investments will be justified on the very first evening after the completion of construction. You will be able to drink hot tea, listening to firewood crackling in the fire and enjoying the warmth of your hearth.