Holidays in the country for many of us is a key aspect of the summer period. However, today a dacha is no longer just a place for seasonal recreation, but in most cases, a solid capital building that can accommodate residents at any time of the year. Even at the design stage of a country house, many of the owners of suburban areas are trying to provide for possible options for organizing heating of a residential building. In a dacha cooperative, which is usually located within reach of the city’s transport infrastructure, most summer residents are trying to find an acceptable way to make heating for their dachas.
Today, the problem of heating a country house remains relevant, so it’s time to consider options for organizing a heating system in a country house and in the country on our own.
Choice of heating system. What needs to be focused on?
The heating season is an important part of urban life. Another thing is when we try to spend more time in the countryside, despite the changing seasons. To make heating for a country house means to turn your own cottage into a cozy home, designed for year-round living and frequent visits. The complexity of the issue lies elsewhere. Which heating system to choose? How real will it be to organize heating for a summer residence with your own hands.
The first step, on which your choice depends, is an assessment of the technical condition of the country house. Here it is important to take into account every detail, without losing sight of the smallest details and nuances, namely:
- what building material was used to build the cottage;
- assessment of the remoteness of the country house from the nearest engineering and technical communications;
- availability of available energy resources.
These factors will allow you to make the right choice on which autonomous heating system to stop.
The choice of heating option is largely influenced by the size of the cottage. The larger your house, the more energy resources you need to fully heat the interior spaces and, accordingly, the heating costs look more significant.
Do-it-yourself effective heating of a summer house at minimal cost can be done if the house is small and your visits to the summer cottage mainly occur in spring, summer and autumn. The best option in this situation would be electric heating. Rare inclusions and small internal volumes will allow you to effectively use electricity for heating. The costs in this case will be negligible.
For a country house, convectors and fan heaters are usually used. Many inhabitants of dachas actively use oil radiators during the cold period. All of these devices are local sources of heat and can be easily transferred from one room to another. As the best option with electricity, infrared heaters can be distinguished. With a minimum of energy consumption, a high thermal effect is achieved.
As an alternative to electricity, convection ovens are perfect for a small country house. Such heating units are efficient and economical. One load of solid fuel can be enough for the entire period of your stay in the house, especially since such heating is absolutely independent of the energy supply.
Important! If you want to equip your cottage with electric heaters, you must take into account the power of the electrical wiring in the house. It is desirable to have a switchboard and a power cable designed for a voltage of 380V. For convection ovens, a specially equipped place is required, equidistant from the walls and having non-combustible linings underneath.
Trying to preserve the aesthetics of the interior, many of us prefer fireplaces and stoves. Such heating options are suitable for short-term heating of a small house. From a purely aesthetic point of view, it is convenient to heat with firewood or briquettes, however, this heating option is short-term, solving a local problem. It is necessary to constantly add fuel to maintain a comfortable temperature. In addition, the quality of heating may be affected by the insufficient thermal efficiency of the building itself.
An option with a fireplace or stove can be considered if there are no power lines in the neighborhood, there is no problem with firewood or other solid fuels.
Worth paying attention! If your main fuel for a fireplace or stove is wood, coal — there is a high probability of entering the interior in a large amount of combustion products, soot, soot and CO2which can affect the level of comfort. The correct equipment of the hood and chimney can solve the problem.
For example, we can give the two most common options for a fireplace stove:
- fireplace, the pipe of which has a section of 100×125 mm;
- fireplace with a rectangular chimney, dimensions 150×50 mm.
In order to achieve the desired effect during the operation of a fireplace with a closed combustion chamber, you will need 8 cubic meters to burn 1 kg of firewood. meters of air. The combustion process and the quality of heating in this case directly depends on the condition of the duct.
For owners of large country houses, which are designed for a large number of inhabitants and can be suitable for year-round living with the appropriate equipment, it will already be an order of magnitude more difficult to make heating in the country with their own hands. Here you have to think about other options for heating a country house.
If the cottage is large, what solutions to the problem exist?
Your dacha is your second home, you spend a lot of time in it, the level of domestic comfort requires constant maintenance of an acceptable temperature, hot water supply and constant operation of household appliances.
Water heating in this situation is the best option, especially if the gas main runs close to your site. If there is no gas, you can limit yourself to autonomous heating using solid fuel and electric boilers. To date, there are models of boilers that are effective when working in such conditions, provide heat and comfort to fairly large suburban residential buildings.
Installation of a summer cottage heating system begins with the development of a project. In each individual case, it is necessary to calculate the most appropriate power of the heating unit, which can cope with the tasks. By submitting an application to the gas industry, you will receive the necessary technical specifications, which are already the basis for the development of the project and the preparation of cost estimates.
The first task is to establish a source of energy supply. You decide for yourself how to heat your home, use either electricity or give preference to gas. You can stop at solid fuel boilers. The main task is to make with your own hands the most autonomous heating system, independent of external factors.
On a note: liquid fuel boilers for heating private residential buildings are ineffective due to excessive domestic pollution of the surrounding space.
Installing a gas boiler, installing heating for your summer house, including laying pipelines and connecting heating radiators, you will have to decide these issues yourself. The supply of a gas pipe to the boundaries of your site is carried out at the expense of the energy company. In accordance with the new rules and procedures for connecting gas to private households, the connection procedure itself has been greatly simplified. No more than 3 months must pass from the moment of submitting the application for connection.
The new procedure applies to the category of summer residents who spend no more than 5 m for heating and domestic needs.3gas per day. According to preliminary calculations, this volume is quite enough to heat a house with an area of 200 m2including hot water supply and use of a household gas stove.
Do-it-yourself heating of a country house using gas from the central gas pipeline is a convenient, practical and economically sound solution. As a win-win option, you should stop at an open-type heating system. For a small country house, even a two-story one, this option is very convenient, since the circulation of the coolant is carried out in a natural way. You yourself can lay pipes under a slope, and a difference of two floors will ensure the normal functionality of the heating system. The diagram allows you to roughly imagine what the heating system in your country house will look like.
Forced circulation is more practical, however, in this situation, electricity is required to operate the pump. In winter, especially in bad weather outside the city, power outages are not uncommon. When connecting the system on your own, you must follow the instructions and the project, otherwise the heating may be inefficient, and fuel consumption will increase significantly. The best option is to invite gas specialists for heating equipment in the country.
The power of the heating boiler is determined approximately, based on 1 kW of heat per 10 m2 residential building area. The resulting number is multiplied by a coefficient that is approved for each region of our country. So for the southern districts the coefficient is from 0.7 to 1.0, for the regions of Central Russia the coefficient is 1.5. For the northern regions from 1.5 units to 2.
An alternative source of centralized gas supply, when your dacha is located far from infrastructure facilities, is a gas-cylinder installation.
How to make heating in the country, if you have the funds, and the technical capabilities of the cottage satisfy the technical conditions of the heating system, the answer is simple and clear. You can always find the best option if you competently and economically justify the solution of the problem. Electricity, wood or coal, gas, in any case, you get a source of heat for your dacha. Another question is how the chosen option will meet your needs, whether the economic effect will be achieved.
To get a more complete picture, you should familiarize yourself with the economic parameters of using various types of fuel for heating. The data is shown in the table below: