The gas communications system must be organized according to certain requirements. Installation and connection of equipment, including the transfer of a gas pipe to another place in the kitchen without the involvement of specialized specialists, is strictly prohibited. Any issues related to the organization of the gas pipeline should be resolved exclusively by the gas service or with its permission.
Reasons for moving the gas pipe in the kitchen
To move the gas pipe, contact the Gorgaz authorities or special authorized organizations. When filling out an application, representatives of the service are always interested in the reasons for changing communications.
Among the main reasons when you may need to change the layout of pipes, you can note:
- replacement of old equipment;
- overhaul in the kitchen and the desire of the owner to change the placement of the stove, boiler, gas meter;
- transfer of the pipe under the countertop;
- correction of design errors in new buildings;
- purchase of new kitchen equipment with modern built-in equipment.
Regardless of the reason, all of the above actions require approval from the city gas service.
Important! In Khrushchev or another apartment, it is forbidden to remake gas pipes without an appropriate permit and face administrative liability in the form of a fine.
To avoid such a situation, you should immediately contact the relevant organizations, whose employees will help draw up a transfer project and issue permission for its implementation.
Technical features of the work
The decision on whether it is possible to transfer a specific gas pipe can only be made by the gas service of the city (district) in whose department the apartment is located. Even minimal trimming of any element of the gas pipeline requires the permission of the relevant department.
Since any work related to gas communications belongs to the category of increased risk, only specialized specialists with the appropriate qualifications have the right to perform them. The specialist must have a valid certificate and certificate.
Since the independent transfer of a gas pipe in an apartment or on a site threatens with a fine, the very first action, if you want to make changes, is to obtain the appropriate permission.
Step-by-step action for approving a transfer project:
- Collection of the necessary package of documents (passport, title documents for the apartment, redevelopment plan).
- Visit to the gas service department at the place of registration, filing an application. The application indicates the address and describes the details of the request itself.
- Departure of a specialist to inspect the object. This is one of the most important points, since it will be clear from the results of the inspection whether the implementation of the planned project is possible. Often plans change because the desired changes do not meet security requirements.
- Approval of the final transfer scheme, budgeting. It is impossible to name the exact price, since it is individual for each application, depending on the volume and complexity of the work.
- With a positive decision of the service, the applicant pays for the service and discusses with the specialist the time of the work.
Approval of the project takes an average of 5 working days. The delay in the process may occur due to the submission of an incomplete package of documents, or if it is necessary to make changes to the scheme. If the transfer violates the norms, the gas service refuses to change the location of the outlet pipes.
The placement of gas pipes is carried out in strict accordance with certain standards and requirements. To shorten the approval period, it is better to familiarize yourself with these points in advance by studying the current version of the SNiP 2.04.08-87 document.
Among the most important norms and rules for the installation of gas equipment, which must be observed without fail in residential premises, it is worth noting:
- Accessibility to any element of the gas supply system.
- The minimum ceiling height for installing a gas stove is 2.2 meters. It is also necessary to have a window or an opening sash on the ventilation duct.
- The allowed number of burners depends on the volume of the kitchen (two for 8 m³, three for 12 m³ and four for 15 m³). If, in addition to the stove, it is planned to install a boiler, another 6 m³ should be added to the calculated volume.
- It is forbidden to install equipment in the bathroom, basement, near the window.
- The equipment is recommended to be installed near a wall made or finished of non-combustible material. The distance from the stove to the wall is 7 cm, from the capacitive boiler — 10 cm.
- The passage in front of the stove is at least 1 meter.
Important! The stopcock must not be removed. Its transfer also requires permission and approval of the project.
Main stages of work
Independent intervention in the pipeline is strictly prohibited, even if we are talking about a flexible piping with which household gas appliances are connected. The process of transferring any gas pipe in an apartment is carried out in several stages, each of which must be carried out exclusively by an employee of the gas company.
After agreeing on the project, it is already known which sections of the pipeline will be changed, what the specialist will cut, where to add and where to transfer. The visit of a specialist or a team is agreed in advance, but most often the work is carried out within a week after the issuance of a permit.
Before the visit of the master, the room should be prepared. For high-quality work, unhindered access to gas communications should be provided. It is also worth taking care of furniture and equipment that can damage workers during dismantling / installation, welding.
Masters, as a rule, come with their own consumables, but this is negotiated when setting the date for the transfer. Most often, the customer may be required to independently purchase flexible hoses, water heaters and other materials. The equipment that is planned to be installed, the customer chooses and buys on his own.
The process of transferring a gas pipe itself is a set of standard sequential actions:
- Shutting off the gas supply and blowing the pipes with air to remove residual methane.
- Dismantling the pipe section of interest and closing the junction with the riser by welding or plugging.
- Preparation with a drill of a hole in the place where the pipe is transferred. It will be used to attach a new element.
- A new piece of pipe is welded to the hole on one side, and a stopcock is installed on the other.
- To seal the junction, use tow.
- Connection of gas equipment.
- Resumption of gas supply, checking the quality of connections, no leaks.
Upon completion of the installation, the specialist must provide the customer with a certificate of completion.
Application of flexible hose
Flexible hoses are used exclusively for connecting a gas stove. Its use as an element of the pipeline is prohibited.
The market offers a large number of types of this product. For a gas system, 3 types are used:
- Rubber-fabric — the cheapest option with a short service life (on average — 5 years), has an insufficient level of rigidity and a low allowable temperature. At the same time, it provides good electrical insulation, flexibility and is presented in a wide range.
- Rubber with a metal braid — the best combination of quality, price and service life. The hose is made of vulcanized rubber, reinforced with textile thread and externally finished with a metal braid. Differs in reliability and simplicity of installation.
- Bellows — most often used to install gas equipment. The higher price is justified by a service life of about 30 years, reliable protection against mechanical damage, electrical insulation and resistance to chemicals.
In choosing it is worth consulting with specialists who will carry out the installation of equipment.
Options for hidden placement of a gas pipe in the kitchen
It is easiest to hide gas communications during the repair or replacement of a kitchen set. When masking pipes, it is also important to adhere to the above rules and requirements.
The most popular ways of hidden placement of pipes:
- shelter with furniture — the pipes are hidden under the headset, while providing free access;
- installation of a decorative box made of wood or metal profile;
- applying decor to pipes, if the area of \u200b\u200bthe kitchen allows (bright magnets, painting);
- the usual painting of pipes to match the color of the general style of the room;
- drywall structures.
Regardless of the chosen method of disguise, the main rule is to ensure safety.
Safety measures and verification of the integrity of the gas pipeline
Working with gas distribution is always risky. Therefore, you should not perform it yourself, and it is also better to take care of the absence of people in the room for the period of such actions.
It is important to familiarize yourself with the documents confirming the qualifications of the workers who will carry out the transfer of gas pipes. After completing the work and checking the integrity of the gas pipeline, the owner of the apartment has the right to demand from the master an act of work performed. This is the only way to be sure of personal safety.