For residents of the private sector, owners of cottages and country houses, the issue of organizing heating of residential buildings has always remained relevant. Given the wide variety of modern boiler and heating equipment, great technical capabilities, many are interested in the question of how to create steam heating in a private house with their own hands.
According to experts in the field of private housing construction, most owners of residential buildings prefer water heating. Heating in the house in almost 75% of residential households in the private sector, especially in urban areas, is carried out by autonomous water heating systems.
For reference: Steam heating is a type of space heating in which heated water vapor is the heat carrier. This type of heating was practiced in the 19th century. Due to the great danger posed by water vapor heated to high temperatures, this method has lost its relevance. Over time, steam was replaced by water, which acts as the main heat carrier. Steam heating is a fairly old system that is massively used only for industrial and industrial purposes.
The scheme for installing steam heating for a private house, which is used today almost unchanged, is the simplest and most convenient type of organization for heating residential premises. The main reason for the rejection of steam as a heat carrier is a great danger due to the strong heating of the surfaces of the boiler itself and radiators. Almost any physical contact with the battery in this case threatened severe burns. Breakthrough of the steam pipeline system is fraught with significant disasters for residents, damage to property in the room.
Played a role in the rejection of the use of steam and the fact that a heated boiler is almost impossible to regulate, reducing the temperature inside the room to a comfortable level. Steam heating at home often caused a significant waste of fuel, which made this type of heating economically unfeasible. Despite many reasons not to use steam for heating, the steam boiler is still of interest to consumers, and steam heating itself remains a hot topic for discussion.
Modern technical capabilities for equipment in a private house of autonomous heating
Many residents of private houses today are trying to solve the issue of installing their own autonomous heating system on their own. One of the conditions for the successful implementation of the project will be a steam heating scheme, on the basis of which it is possible to equip the house with a gas boiler and a piping system on its own. In the diagram, you can see how a steam boiler room in a private house should look like.
At first glance, there is nothing complicated, but during installation and installation it is required to follow the necessary sequence of connecting equipment. Your house, which you plan to equip with a steam boiler, must have the appropriate dimensions, specially equipped rooms for installing the boiler. Steam heating in a private house, using the scheme offered to your attention, gives an idea of \u200b\u200bthe principle of operation of a steam boiler and all other equipment.
For reference: Officially, steam heating is allowed in industrial and technological facilities where there is a need for heating large interior spaces where the presence of people is limited. With success, steam is used as a heat carrier for heating greenhouses.
Considering that there is no official ban on the use of steam heating in everyday life, each of us is free to decide for himself what kind of heat to conduct, what equipment to give preference to.
In order to understand the principle of operation of steam heating in a residential building, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the principle of operation of the system, and the connection diagram of equipment, main components and assemblies of the entire complex. First of all, it is worth dwelling on the pros. What gives steam heating for the house, what are its advantages:
- the steam heating system is not in danger of freezing. You can connect the boiler at any time of the year. This advantage is key if there is a choice of which type of heating for a country house to give preference to;
- heat exchangers provide almost 100% heat preservation;
- the efficiency of steam heating consists in heating the room by convection of air masses and thermal radiation of radiators;
- the high pressure created in the system provides access to the coolant to the upper floors, easily providing heat to a two-story house;
- during the installation process, pipes of smaller diameter are used, radiators also have smaller dimensions;
- low cost of equipment, rather simple installation of steam heating in a private house with your own hands.
For reference: for the steam pipeline, it is better to use solid-rolled metal pipes. The diameter of pipes for steam heating is smaller. The composition of the metal includes brass and tin, which prevents the formation of scale inside the steam line.
The disadvantages of steam heating were mentioned at the very beginning. To take into account their right to everyone, for those who prefer a steam boiler, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with a fairly simple and understandable scheme. Using the recommendations of experts, you can build a fairly efficient autonomous steam heating with your own hands in your own home. In order to independently conduct heat in your home, you should not save on materials and control devices. The more sensors and protective mechanisms installed in the system, the higher your safety, the longer the normal operation of the boiler, steam pipes and radiators will be.
Starting work on autonomous heating equipment in your home, the first thing to do is to draw up a competent project. At the project stage, it is important to take into account all the technical and engineering nuances, including the area of the heated room, the necessary temperature parameters and the technical characteristics of the unit itself.
You need to decide right away. The steam boiler will only heat the house or a hot water supply is also needed. The best option would be to choose a dual-circuit heating system, thanks to which you will receive hot water supply in your house.
The installation of the system itself is carried out in strict accordance with the conditions of the project, otherwise you risk encountering interruptions in water supply and heat supply during the operation of the boiler. An important point for the normal operation of steam heating in the future is the preparedness of the premises in engineering and technical terms. For the boiler, it is necessary to use a separate room, preferably a semi-basement type, where there is constant air access. Preparation of the foundation for the boiler will ensure the correct installation of the equipment and its uninterrupted operation. Piping can be laid horizontally or vertically. The piping itself can be top or bottom. The order and method of laying heating pipes depends on the technological features of the building and the layout of the interior.
The connection of the boiler to the mains of the heating system is carried out in compliance with the necessary safety measures. First, a steam line is connected to the boiler, followed by the connection of radiators. Only after the completion of installation work throughout the house, a gas pipe is connected, which provides gas supply. On the diagram you can see where and in what places it is necessary to install shutoff valves, control sensors, additional pumps and tanks. The sequence of connecting the piping system, the installation of control and measuring equipment determines your safety and comfort level in the house in the future.
The principle of the system. Types of steam heating
In order to find out how to make effective steam heating in a private house, it is better to first familiarize yourself with what types exist.
Technologically, there are two systems:
- closed, i.e. closed system in which condensate flows back to the boiler;
- open, open system, ideal for a private house.
In the second option, the condensate accumulates in a separate tank and only then, thanks to the operation of the pump, is fed back into the boiler. Such a scheme is safer and more convenient for heating a two-story house.
The central element of the heating system is a steam boiler, which, unlike industrial designs, is designed for low pressure. During its operation, the boiler produces water vapor, supplying it to the steam pipeline system. Steam enters through pipes to all radiators connected to the system, heating them to a certain temperature. In the process of steam cooling, an intense release of thermal energy occurs, which provides the desired effect. The cooled steam turns into condensate, which flows by gravity into the storage tank.
If you are interested in a steam heating system in a cottage or in a private house, you should remember the following. Models of equipment that exist today may have a pressure below atmospheric pressure in the system, or vice versa, the pressure in the system can reach 6 atm. In order to efficiently use the operating boiler and not lead to excessive fuel consumption, a steam supply regulator is installed. If necessary, if you want to let the room cool down, simply shut off the steam supply to the system. To achieve the desired effect, in most cases cast iron and steel radiators are used.
Each of us chooses how to heat the house, but in some cases it is better to listen to the recommendations of experts. The efficiency of the heating system can be leveled by negative factors encountered during operation. Steam heating, despite a number of shortcomings of the household plan, has tangible technological advantages in comparison with other types and methods of heating.