Multifunctional electricity meter “Alpha”, designed for four tariff zones (morning, afternoon, evening, night), with automatic changeover to summer and winter time. Direct meter current ranges: 20mA- 150BUT
Smooth and remote lighting control device PPDUOBPKB
Remote switch with time delay program from 30from to 10min. Activated by pressing buttons installed in the required places
Passive infrared sensors (motion detectors) with a viewing angle of 180degrees and “vision” range up to 16m
Dimmer with continuously adjustable lighting
Comfort infrared remote control with Busch-Ferncontrol multi-memory
Programmable timer with week program
Numerous lighting fixtures have appeared in your new apartment or cottage. If you follow the golden rule of thrifty people, using them will not only significantly reduce energy costs, extend the life of the power grid and lamps, make them safe to use, but also bring pleasure to their owner.
It is unlikely that anyone will argue with the fact that big money is earned by thrifty people. However, being financially wealthy does not mean surrounding yourself with a sea of meaningless abundance. ATthe world house of the far from poor Count Leo Tolstoy did not have electric lighting and a telephone, already
One of the richest people in the world, the late billionaire Paul Getty installed pay telephones in his house, which had to be used by those who wanted to call guests. The wealthy homeowner, having abolished the position of janitor, swept the paths himself. No one has ever wasted his electricity and water without special need.
Do you think that both the count and the billionaire were hoarders and misers, the spiritual heirs of Gogol’s Plyushkin? Not at all. They were driven only by the desire to personally promote the idea of frugality.
Only a stupid and vulgar person would light a hundred dollar bill and wash their hands with Hennessy cognac. Meanwhile, an open faucet with ever-flowing water, uselessly turned on lights in empty rooms, thousand-watt chandeliers where it is enough to use low-power lamps, idling electrical appliances,- all these are phenomena of the same order, demonstrating a lack of education and a lack of culture among the inhabitants of such apartments.
In the homes of my wealthy English acquaintances, it is not customary to take a bath every day (taking a shower is faster and cheaper), to regularly use an electric stove (gas is cheaper), to wash clothes during the day (a machine programmed for two in the morning washes at a reduced rate). None of them burn electricity outside the house in vain, turning on the lights in the garden and at the entrance to the estate only when necessary.
The scope of electricity in everyday life is constantly expanding. ATIn our country with an unstable economy, electricity bills are steadily increasing. The problem of energy saving is becoming a priority both for the state and for individual users of electrical installations. AT1996In 2010, a government decision was made to introduce automated energy saving systems. Mosenergo developed and approved day and night (preferential) tariffs for electricity consumption, individuals and legal entities were invited to install electricity meters with a double tariff in homes and institutions. It should be noted that newly built houses are equipped with two-tariff meters produced in Mytishchi
What can be done to reduce energy consumption and, consequently, the cost of operating electrical networks and lighting fixtures?
Electrical engineers have a lot of ideas about this. A good solution would be to create compact devices such as glasses, which would increase the light sensitivity of the eye.
Imagine, it’s getting dark, you put on twilight (night) vision goggles that do not limit your physical activity and allow you to continue reading without an additional light source. Bye, toUnfortunately, such devices are bulky and are used primarily for military purposes.
Another way- the use of lamps with increased light output with less energy consumption. These really do exist. Mercury fluorescent lamps
Finally, there is a third way to solve the problem of energy saving, which electrical engineers have chosen,- creation of energy saving systems and development and implementation of lighting control and regulation devices.
Thirtyyears ago in our country, for the first time, a mechanical light switch-off device with an adjustable time delay was developed and found practical application- circuit breaker
With the introduction of microprocessor technology into everyday life, a more perfect way to solve the problem has appeared. FROMWith the help of microprocessors, it became possible to increase or decrease the voltage (change the current strength accordingly) and thus regulate the power consumption. The simplest devices- dimmers- allow you to smoothly or stepwise adjust the illumination manually.
More complex developments are based on the principle of security systems. If the sensor of the security system, reacting to human movements in the room, transmits an alarm signal or turns on the siren, then a similar sensor of the lighting control and regulation device, reacting to an object moving in a certain direction, automatically turns on and off or only turns off the light turned on by the person. This kind of control devices is called passive infrared motion sensors (detectors). The device activates a passive type sensor that reacts to the heat (infrared radiation) of the human body in a given spatial volume where a moving object may be. The sensor also responds to the height of the object. Therefore, do not worry that the light will turn on if your cat or dog runs along the corridor.
For example, the German company BUSCH-JAEGER supplies a sensor 180 to EuropeUP in two versions: standard, in which all operation parameters are set at the factory, and individual, in which the turn-on delay time, circle diameter and height of the object detection zone are set by the user himself. Optionally, you can install an infrared sensor with an extended viewing angle (up to2700), which allows him to “see” beyond the plane of the door. ATin this case, your path begins to be illuminated even before you cross the threshold of the room,- as soon as you open the front door.
This expansion of the monitoring function provides the inhabitants of the house with a new level of comfort, not to mention increased security. Domestic developers of a similar lighting control device
Lighting changers are equipped with a portable remote control, similar to television. FROMremote control, you can adjust the level of illumination, turn on and off the light both in the room itself and in the rooms adjacent to it in accordance with the automatic functions embedded in the control microprocessor.
Domestic developments of these devices are convenient in that they are designed for installation in boxes of standard Soviet switches and do not require the use of a separate neutral conductor. Installed as an experiment in apartment buildings in Northern Butovo, they receive only positive feedback. The device for smooth and remote control of lighting PPDUO BPKB manufactured by the Lyubertsy plant “PLASTMASS” is designed for manual and remote switching on and off of lighting devices and smooth control of the brightness of incandescent lamps at a distance of up to 5m. Remote switch-regulator of electric lighting devices
Of interest is a system with a remote control
Recently, a significant number of imported control devices have appeared on the European market. Protozoa- dimmers made in China- allow you to change the level of illumination in three steps or turn off the light in three touches. The imperfection of the design of dimmers reduces their service life to two years, while they can fail at any time. The control devices of the French company LEGRAND, in particular remote dimmers for the maximum total power of light sources (halogen, fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps) from 1kW up to 25kW. They allow both centralized remote control of lighting from a command dimmer, and local control using pushbuttons or electronic switches. Both control schemes provide for the possibility of storing certain values of controlled parameters in memory.
Complex imported microprocessor systems are certainly more reliable, although not cheap, but they, like their domestic counterparts, have a drawback. Imagine that your shoelace came undone in the hallway and you had to bend down to tie it. The light will immediately be extinguished, because your behavior is not programmed into the device’s microprocessor program. To re-ignite it, you have to wave your hand to the height of the programmed minimum human height.
Another type of controller- automatic twilight switches based on the design of which- photocell. Domestic device for stepwise switching on and off of lighting
I already foresee the question: why are we talking exclusively about lighting fixtures?
But what if the forgetful hostess leaves the iron or electric stove on and flies away for a week to warm up under the rays of the Cypriot sun?
In the best case, upon her return, an unusable electrical appliance and a solid bill for the spent electricity are waiting for her, at worst … Well, let’s not dramatize the situation. The problem is really serious, and the best minds of the world’s leading companies producing electrical goods are fighting over it.
While Western experts are experimenting, domestic craftsmen offer, albeit not so advanced, but quite real ways to protect the house from the negligence of forgetful housewives. Andin an iron, and in an electric stove, and in any device with a heating element, sensors that respond to changing voltage parameters and heating time can be mounted, which are enough to be connected to protective shutdown devices after their simple refinement (at the same time, the RCD does not need to be structurally changed), so that in In the event of an emergency, a particular device was switched off. Another domestic idea is to bring the sensors from the included electrical appliances to the control panel of the security system, with the help of which the owner of the house and his family members arm the dwelling, unlock and lock the door. A sensor signaling that the iron or electric fireplace is not turned off will not allow the door to be closed (an additional function is being introduced into the security system program) and will force the forgetful user to return and turn off the appliance.
So, there is no simple radical remedy for the forgetfulness of housewives? Calm down, there are such means: traditional time relays and programmable timers. Time relays installed directly into the socket come with a closing delay, an opening delay, pulse (to turn on and off any load at a given frequency, for example, the same lighting), multifunctional. The simplest timers allow you to connect the load for a given time. They are installed both on switchboards and on sockets. More complex LEGRAND timers allow you to set from8 to 58programs for a period of up to a week with the display of their content on the scoreboard or on the liquid crystal display. Timers can be programmed to turn off any electrical appliances that are left unattended.
However, it’s time to cool down the ardor of fantasy and return to the earth, where in practice we are constantly faced with thinking at the level of a hand-wound electric fireplace-“goat”, with the help of which the owner, simmering in warmth, plunges the surrounding dwellings into twilight. The answer in this case is standard: “Maybe notLet’s burn down.” Living on the “maybe”, thoughtless spending of water, gas and light in the absence of individual meters is still possible, but isn’t this what we all suffer from? AndAre we so rich as not to buy even expensive, but extremely necessary and useful devices for controlling and regulating lighting? It seems that the answer suggests itself: if Count Tolstoy, who received the highest fees in EU at that time for his writings, saved money, then what can we say about us?
Remember the episode from the immortal book of I.Ilfa and E.Petrov “12chairs.” Why was Vasisualy Lokhankin whipped by the tenants? That’s right, for the systematic non-extinguishing of the light in the toilet. Still, at the dawn of domestic socialism, the people were advanced, it was later spoiled by free cheese (read: water, gas, light), which, as we know, happens only in a mousetrap. Let’s think about this and take another step towards the pinnacle of progress: we will install at least one of the above-described lighting control and regulation devices in our house in order to rightfully say: “We are not Lokhankins! We are not Lokhankins!”
The editors would like to thank TFSELECTROTECNIC for help in organizing the shooting, as well as the manager C.BUT.Ptashkin and electrical engineer A.AT.Kuzilin for the information provided.