For large enterprises of various fields of activity, which is associated with the operation of large premises, the issue of heating becomes relevant. Huge internal spaces of factory shops, halls and premises of transport and social and public urban infrastructure need a powerful heating system.
The options for heating large interior spaces that exist today are quite diverse. In each individual case, the optimal heating scheme is selected, which is able to solve the tasks assigned to it. The main element of heating on an industrial scale are large-capacity boilers that can operate in long-term modes and produce a huge amount of thermal energy.
What is the secret of the popularity of solid fuel industrial boilers
A special place in the model range of heating units of high power is occupied by solid fuel boilers for industrial use. Interest in this technique has increased significantly in recent years. The reason for the popularity of solid fuel boilers is their high efficiency. The rise in natural gas prices is forcing the owners of enterprises, firms and companies to use other types of fuel, trying to achieve a reduction in heating costs during the cold period.
Modern models that are produced by domestic and foreign manufacturers have not only huge power, but also represent high-tech equipment. Now, when evaluating the parameters of an industrial heating device, it is not so much its power that is evaluated, but rather the economy, efficiency and safety of operation.
Almost any autonomous heating system equipped at the enterprise is a complex complex that combines various devices, devices and mechanisms. An industrial solid fuel boiler is by far the best engineering solution, especially if it is possible to get constant access to a source of solid fuel. Coal, firewood, pellets or peat briquettes, any of the listed fossil fuels are cheaper than natural gas. In any region of our country, there is always a choice of which type of fuel to prefer.
For reference: 100% of pulp and paper and woodworking enterprises in the country use their own production waste for the heating system. Installation at the enterprise of one or more industrial boilers operating on pellets or secondary raw materials can completely solve the issue of heating industrial premises and hot water supply.
For enterprises in the woodworking industry, the problem of organizing heating is generally solved automatically. Pyrollis boilers, working on wood and pellets, successfully cope with the tasks assigned to them. Fuel in this situation has an inexhaustible resource. The supply of fuel for enterprises and companies of various profiles, which are located in industrial zones, is organized in a similar way. The proximity of railway lines facilitates the supply of coal or coke, which are used as fuel for solid fuel boilers.
Features of industrial solid fuel boilers
Heating devices used for industrial purposes have not only high power, but also, accordingly, large sizes. The installation of an industrial solid fuel boiler requires a prepared room that must meet all necessary safety regulations and standards.
As a rule, installation, connection and maintenance of industrial solid fuel boilers are carried out by specialized enterprises with the appropriate technical base and qualified personnel.
Solid fuel boilers are classified as industrial equipment if their power is 100 kW or more. On average, it is considered:
- a boiler with a capacity of 100 kW is capable of heating a room with an area of 1000 m2;
- a boiler with a capacity of 300 kW is designed for heating industrial premises, the area of u200bu200bwhich reaches 3000 square meters. m;
- some models of industrial boilers develop a power of 1 MW or more.
Warehouses, factory shops are heated by the operation of several heating boilers, which are connected to a single heating system. The total power in some cases can reach up to 10 MW. Such heating systems are mainly used at metallurgical and mining and processing enterprises, where there is a large amount of natural fuel and heating of huge production areas is required.
For reference: a boiler with a capacity of 1.5 MW is able to organize efficient heating of an industrial enterprise of an average level, including the organization of a hot water supply system.
Industrial solid fuel boilers are equipped with a whole range of instrumentation, a variety of devices and mechanisms for convenient operation. Some of the latest models of heating equipment are equipped with microprocessors to optimize the control system.
In some cases, it is planned to automate the process of cleaning and removing soot, which greatly simplifies and facilitates the work of the stoker. Fuel supply systems can be either manual, semi-automatic or fully automated.
The main design feature of industrial boilers is the presence of a steel heat exchanger welded from high-strength steel, the thickness of which reaches 10 mm. Such a heat exchanger is able to withstand high temperatures, is very convenient and practical in terms of operation.
The main advantages of industrial-type solid fuel boilers
The main advantage of industrial solid fuel units is the maximum possible gas savings. Using gas for heating industrial facilities is an unaffordable luxury in our time. The use of a solid fuel heating system in production gives real savings of 2–3 times.
Other advantages of such equipment include the following aspects:
- wear resistance of equipment;
- high profitability and fast payback;
- wide range of applications and easy maintenance.
In terms of wear resistance, industrial boiler models are distinguished by high performance. The use of the highest quality materials for the manufacture allows to achieve long service life.
For reference: some models have a guaranteed service life of 10–15 years.
The versatility of solid fuel boilers is omnivorous in terms of fuel. Any currently available fossil fuel can be used as the main one. If we talk about profitability and payback, industrial solid fuel units are highly efficient in economic terms. The ratio works here: cheap fuel in constant volumes — high heat transfer, a lot of heat and long-term operation.
The funds invested in the equipment pay off in 2–3 heating seasons.
Most of the models that are produced today are equipped with special devices that ensure minimal dependence on the electrical supply. Connection to autonomous power generators guarantees the operation of exhaust ventilation in standby mode, which allows industrial boilers to be constantly in working condition.
Technological progress has made it possible today to create a completely new type of heating equipment, which can be safely attributed to industrial solid fuel boilers. Unpretentious in operation, powerful and at the same time economical, such units allow not only solving the problem of heating on an industrial scale, but also significantly saving precious money when paying for gas or electricity.
The high manufacturability of industrial-type boilers and the simplicity of design make them serious competitors for gas equipment. In addition, today there is a tendency to change the orientation of consumers towards alternative heat sources.