Advantages and disadvantages of industrial solid fuel boilers


For large enter­pris­es of var­i­ous fields of activ­i­ty, which is asso­ci­at­ed with the oper­a­tion of large premis­es, the issue of heat­ing becomes rel­e­vant. Huge inter­nal spaces of fac­to­ry shops, halls and premis­es of trans­port and social and pub­lic urban infra­struc­ture need a pow­er­ful heat­ing sys­tem.

The options for heat­ing large inte­ri­or spaces that exist today are quite diverse. In each indi­vid­ual case, the opti­mal heat­ing scheme is select­ed, which is able to solve the tasks assigned to it. The main ele­ment of heat­ing on an indus­tri­al scale are large-capac­i­ty boil­ers that can oper­ate in long-term modes and pro­duce a huge amount of ther­mal ener­gy.

What is the secret of the popularity of solid fuel industrial boilers

A spe­cial place in the mod­el range of heat­ing units of high pow­er is occu­pied by sol­id fuel boil­ers for indus­tri­al use. Inter­est in this tech­nique has increased sig­nif­i­cant­ly in recent years. The rea­son for the pop­u­lar­i­ty of sol­id fuel boil­ers is their high effi­cien­cy. The rise in nat­ur­al gas prices is forc­ing the own­ers of enter­pris­es, firms and com­pa­nies to use oth­er types of fuel, try­ing to achieve a reduc­tion in heat­ing costs dur­ing the cold peri­od.

Mod­ern mod­els that are pro­duced by domes­tic and for­eign man­u­fac­tur­ers have not only huge pow­er, but also rep­re­sent high-tech equip­ment. Now, when eval­u­at­ing the para­me­ters of an indus­tri­al heat­ing device, it is not so much its pow­er that is eval­u­at­ed, but rather the econ­o­my, effi­cien­cy and safe­ty of oper­a­tion.

Almost any autonomous heat­ing sys­tem equipped at the enter­prise is a com­plex com­plex that com­bines var­i­ous devices, devices and mech­a­nisms. An indus­tri­al sol­id fuel boil­er is by far the best engi­neer­ing solu­tion, espe­cial­ly if it is pos­si­ble to get con­stant access to a source of sol­id fuel. Coal, fire­wood, pel­lets or peat bri­quettes, any of the list­ed fos­sil fuels are cheap­er than nat­ur­al gas. In any region of our coun­try, there is always a choice of which type of fuel to pre­fer.

For ref­er­ence: 100% of pulp and paper and wood­work­ing enter­pris­es in the coun­try use their own pro­duc­tion waste for the heat­ing sys­tem. Instal­la­tion at the enter­prise of one or more indus­tri­al boil­ers oper­at­ing on pel­lets or sec­ondary raw mate­ri­als can com­plete­ly solve the issue of heat­ing indus­tri­al premis­es and hot water sup­ply.

For enter­pris­es in the wood­work­ing indus­try, the prob­lem of orga­niz­ing heat­ing is gen­er­al­ly solved auto­mat­i­cal­ly. Pyrol­lis boil­ers, work­ing on wood and pel­lets, suc­cess­ful­ly cope with the tasks assigned to them. Fuel in this sit­u­a­tion has an inex­haustible resource. The sup­ply of fuel for enter­pris­es and com­pa­nies of var­i­ous pro­files, which are locat­ed in indus­tri­al zones, is orga­nized in a sim­i­lar way. The prox­im­i­ty of rail­way lines facil­i­tates the sup­ply of coal or coke, which are used as fuel for sol­id fuel boil­ers.

Features of industrial solid fuel boilers

Heat­ing devices used for indus­tri­al pur­pos­es have not only high pow­er, but also, accord­ing­ly, large sizes. The instal­la­tion of an indus­tri­al sol­id fuel boil­er requires a pre­pared room that must meet all nec­es­sary safe­ty reg­u­la­tions and stan­dards.

As a rule, instal­la­tion, con­nec­tion and main­te­nance of indus­tri­al sol­id fuel boil­ers are car­ried out by spe­cial­ized enter­pris­es with the appro­pri­ate tech­ni­cal base and qual­i­fied per­son­nel.

Sol­id fuel boil­ers are clas­si­fied as indus­tri­al equip­ment if their pow­er is 100 kW or more. On aver­age, it is con­sid­ered:

  • a boil­er with a capac­i­ty of 100 kW is capa­ble of heat­ing a room with an area of ​​1000 m2;
  • a boil­er with a capac­i­ty of 300 kW is designed for heat­ing indus­tri­al premis­es, the area of ​​u200bu200bwhich reach­es 3000 square meters. m;
  • some mod­els of indus­tri­al boil­ers devel­op a pow­er of 1 MW or more.

Ware­hous­es, fac­to­ry shops are heat­ed by the oper­a­tion of sev­er­al heat­ing boil­ers, which are con­nect­ed to a sin­gle heat­ing sys­tem. The total pow­er in some cas­es can reach up to 10 MW. Such heat­ing sys­tems are main­ly used at met­al­lur­gi­cal and min­ing and pro­cess­ing enter­pris­es, where there is a large amount of nat­ur­al fuel and heat­ing of huge pro­duc­tion areas is required.

For ref­er­ence: a boil­er with a capac­i­ty of 1.5 MW is able to orga­nize effi­cient heat­ing of an indus­tri­al enter­prise of an aver­age lev­el, includ­ing the orga­ni­za­tion of a hot water sup­ply sys­tem.

Indus­tri­al sol­id fuel boil­ers are equipped with a whole range of instru­men­ta­tion, a vari­ety of devices and mech­a­nisms for con­ve­nient oper­a­tion. Some of the lat­est mod­els of heat­ing equip­ment are equipped with micro­proces­sors to opti­mize the con­trol sys­tem.

In some cas­es, it is planned to auto­mate the process of clean­ing and remov­ing soot, which great­ly sim­pli­fies and facil­i­tates the work of the stok­er. Fuel sup­ply sys­tems can be either man­u­al, semi-auto­mat­ic or ful­ly auto­mat­ed.

The main design fea­ture of indus­tri­al boil­ers is the pres­ence of a steel heat exchang­er weld­ed from high-strength steel, the thick­ness of which reach­es 10 mm. Such a heat exchang­er is able to with­stand high tem­per­a­tures, is very con­ve­nient and prac­ti­cal in terms of oper­a­tion.

The main advantages of industrial-type solid fuel boilers

The main advan­tage of indus­tri­al sol­id fuel units is the max­i­mum pos­si­ble gas sav­ings. Using gas for heat­ing indus­tri­al facil­i­ties is an unaf­ford­able lux­u­ry in our time. The use of a sol­id fuel heat­ing sys­tem in pro­duc­tion gives real sav­ings of 2–3 times.

Oth­er advan­tages of such equip­ment include the fol­low­ing aspects:

  • wear resis­tance of equip­ment;
  • uni­ver­sal­i­ty;
  • high prof­itabil­i­ty and fast pay­back;
  • wide range of appli­ca­tions and easy main­te­nance.

In terms of wear resis­tance, indus­tri­al boil­er mod­els are dis­tin­guished by high per­for­mance. The use of the high­est qual­i­ty mate­ri­als for the man­u­fac­ture allows to achieve long ser­vice life.

For ref­er­ence: some mod­els have a guar­an­teed ser­vice life of 10–15 years.

The ver­sa­til­i­ty of sol­id fuel boil­ers is omniv­o­rous in terms of fuel. Any cur­rent­ly avail­able fos­sil fuel can be used as the main one. If we talk about prof­itabil­i­ty and pay­back, indus­tri­al sol­id fuel units are high­ly effi­cient in eco­nom­ic terms. The ratio works here: cheap fuel in con­stant vol­umes — high heat trans­fer, a lot of heat and long-term oper­a­tion.

The funds invest­ed in the equip­ment pay off in 2–3 heat­ing sea­sons.

Most of the mod­els that are pro­duced today are equipped with spe­cial devices that ensure min­i­mal depen­dence on the elec­tri­cal sup­ply. Con­nec­tion to autonomous pow­er gen­er­a­tors guar­an­tees the oper­a­tion of exhaust ven­ti­la­tion in stand­by mode, which allows indus­tri­al boil­ers to be con­stant­ly in work­ing con­di­tion.


Tech­no­log­i­cal progress has made it pos­si­ble today to cre­ate a com­plete­ly new type of heat­ing equip­ment, which can be safe­ly attrib­uted to indus­tri­al sol­id fuel boil­ers. Unpre­ten­tious in oper­a­tion, pow­er­ful and at the same time eco­nom­i­cal, such units allow not only solv­ing the prob­lem of heat­ing on an indus­tri­al scale, but also sig­nif­i­cant­ly sav­ing pre­cious mon­ey when pay­ing for gas or elec­tric­i­ty.

The high man­u­fac­tura­bil­i­ty of indus­tri­al-type boil­ers and the sim­plic­i­ty of design make them seri­ous com­peti­tors for gas equip­ment. In addi­tion, today there is a ten­den­cy to change the ori­en­ta­tion of con­sumers towards alter­na­tive heat sources.


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