Automation for gas heating boilers

Gas heat­ing boil­ers are devices of increased dan­ger. If mis­used or mal­func­tion­ing, they can cause nat­ur­al gas poi­son­ing, com­bus­tion prod­ucts, fire or even explo­sion. That is why all process­es tak­ing place in boil­er units must be car­ried out under con­stant con­trol, for which gas auto­mat­ics for boil­ers is respon­si­ble.

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Design and principle of operation

All com­po­nents of automa­tion used in heat­ing sys­tems can be divid­ed into two large groups:

  1. Devices that ensure the cor­rect and safe oper­a­tion of boil­er equip­ment.
  2. Devices that increase com­fort when using the boil­er.

The auto­mat­ic safe­ty of gas boil­ers includes:

  • Flame con­trol mod­ule. This mod­ule includes a ther­mo­cou­ple and an elec­tro­mag­net­ic gas valve that shuts off the gas sup­ply.Flame control module
  • The device for pro­tec­tion against over­heat­ing and main­tain­ing the set tem­per­a­ture, in the role of which the ther­mo­stat acts. This device is respon­si­ble for turn­ing off and on the boil­er when the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant in the cir­cuit reach­es the peak lev­els set by the user.overheat protection
  • Trac­tion con­trol sen­sor. The oper­a­tion of this device is based on chang­ing the posi­tion of a bimetal­lic plate, which is con­nect­ed by a lever to a gas valve that shuts off the fuel sup­ply to the burn­er.Traction control
  • The dis­rup­tive (safe­ty) valve is respon­si­ble for the excess coolant in the heat­ing cir­cuit.

In some mod­els of boil­er equip­ment, the man­u­fac­tur­er pro­vides for the pres­ence of an air exhaust device. All devices includ­ed in the auto­mat­ic secu­ri­ty sys­tem are non-volatile or mechan­i­cal. In the pres­ence of actu­a­tors and a con­trol con­troller, they can oper­ate under elec­tron­ic con­trol.

Automa­tion for com­fort pro­vides the own­er of the unit with addi­tion­al func­tion­al­i­ty: auto-igni­tion of the burn­er; self-diag­no­sis func­tions and selec­tion of the opti­mal oper­at­ing mode, flame mod­u­la­tion, etc. This type of automa­tion is option­al and is not used in some mod­els.

The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of the elec­tron­ic secu­ri­ty sys­tem is based on the receipt of data from sen­sors that are processed by a micro­proces­sor-con­trolled con­troller. Based on the data received from the sen­sors and sen­sors, the con­troller sends com­mands to the actu­a­tors of the safe­ty exec­u­tive devices.

The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of the mechan­i­cal automa­tion of a gas boil­er will be con­sid­ered in more detail. The heat­ing sys­tem does not work — the gas valve is closed. To start the boil­er, the wash­er on the valve is squeezed out. This oper­a­tion forcibly opens the valve, gas flows to the ignit­er. After igni­tion of the ignit­er, the ther­mo­cou­ple heats up. It gen­er­ates enough volt­age to oper­ate an elec­tro­mag­net that holds the gas valve open.

By turn­ing the wash­er, the required boil­er pow­er is set: gas with the required pres­sure enters the burn­er — igni­tion occurs from the ignit­er. After start­ing the boil­er plant, the ther­mo­stat takes over the con­trol of the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VeK4dSo3B9Y Almost all boil­er equip­ment secu­ri­ty sys­tems work on this prin­ci­ple, regard­less of the brand. When choos­ing this sys­tem for the boil­er, it is rec­om­mend­ed to pay atten­tion to the equip­ment of the same brand as the boil­er. For exam­ple, it is best to look for automa­tion for BOSH gas boil­ers of this par­tic­u­lar brand.

Functionality of the heating system security system

Under the con­trol of automa­tion are all the impor­tant process­es that occur in the boil­er. Automa­tion for gas heat­ing boil­ers pro­vides con­trol over:

  • Gas pres­sure. If it falls below the per­mis­si­ble val­ue, the fuel sup­ply to the burn­er stops. This hap­pens auto­mat­i­cal­ly thanks to a valve mech­a­nism set to a spe­cif­ic fuel pres­sure. In volatile safe­ty mod­ules, the max­i­mum and min­i­mum pres­sure switch­es are respon­si­ble for mon­i­tor­ing the gas pres­sure. These devices con­sist of a diaphragm with a stem. With an increase in fuel pres­sure, the mem­brane bends and opens the pow­er con­tacts of the boil­er plant. When the pres­sure nor­mal­izes, the pow­er con­tacts are set to the closed posi­tion.
  • The pres­ence of a flame in the burn­er. In the absence of a flame, the ther­mo­cou­ple cools down and stops pro­duc­ing the cur­rent nec­es­sary to oper­ate the gas valve sole­noid valve, which shuts off the fuel sup­ply to the burn­er.
  • The pres­ence of draft in the smoke duct. When the thrust is reduced, the bimetal­lic plate of the sen­sor heats up and changes its shape. The rod con­nect­ing the sen­sor plate to the valve puts it out of oper­a­tion and the gas sup­ply to the burn­er stops.
  • The tem­per­a­ture of the coolant in the cir­cuit. The ther­mo­stat is respon­si­ble for pre­vent­ing over­heat­ing and main­tain­ing the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant in the cir­cuit.

Almost all mod­ern secu­ri­ty sys­tems are equipped with con­trol sen­sors and relays for the pres­ence and pres­sure of the coolant in the sys­tem. This type of automa­tion is most often imple­ment­ed in volatile sys­tems. Any automa­tion can fail due to poor qual­i­ty, improp­er oper­a­tion and main­te­nance. Next, you can get acquaint­ed with the char­ac­ter­is­tic mal­func­tions of the boil­er automa­tion and meth­ods for their self-elim­i­na­tion.Problems and solutions

You should be aware that inde­pen­dent inter­ven­tion in the design of gas instal­la­tions is pro­hib­it­ed by law. That is why we strong­ly rec­om­mend that in case of mal­func­tions in the heat­ing instal­la­tion, con­tact spe­cial­ists who have a state cer­tifi­cate for the right to car­ry out these works.

Depart­ing from the top­ic, we want to inform you that we have pre­pared com­par­a­tive reviews on gas boil­ers. You can get acquaint­ed with them in the fol­low­ing mate­ri­als:

The most popular models of security systems for boiler equipment

Today, more than a dozen mod­els of automa­tion from dif­fer­ent brands are rep­re­sent­ed on the Euro­pean mar­ket of cli­mate tech­nol­o­gy. The pop­u­lar­i­ty of a par­tic­u­lar brand depends entire­ly on the demand for heat­ing instal­la­tions of the same brand. Many own­ers of domes­tic boil­er equip­ment ask how the automa­tion works in the Lemax gas boil­er? These units use EvroSit automa­tion from an Ital­ian man­u­fac­tur­er. It is this automa­tion sys­tem that is in first place in pop­u­lar­i­ty among domes­tic man­u­fac­tur­ers of heat­ing devices.

Evrosit

EvrositMod­els of this line have good func­tion­al­i­ty and are eas­i­ly inte­grat­ed into almost any design of the boil­er unit. Stan­dard fea­tures: gas pres­sure con­trol; con­trol over the pres­ence of a flame in the burn­er and on the ignit­er; con­trol over the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant and draft in the chim­ney. Using the automa­tion of this brand does not cause any par­tic­u­lar dif­fi­cul­ties for the own­ers, but requires some skills.

  1. Before start­ing the device, it is nec­es­sary to press the adjust­ment and igni­tion knob and at the same time the but­ton of the piezo­elec­tric ele­ment.
  2. After igni­tion of the ignit­er, it is nec­es­sary to keep the knob pressed for 5 to 10 sec­onds to heat the ther­mo­cou­ple.
  3. If, after depress­ing the han­dle, the ignit­er does not go out, then you can pro­ceed to turn the wash­er to adjust the gas pres­sure. After that, the main burn­er is ignit­ed.

Fur­ther, the boil­er oper­ates in ful­ly auto­mat­ic mode.

Honeywell

HoneywellAutoma­tion of this brand is quite wide­spread in the Euro­pean mar­ket of cli­mate tech­nol­o­gy due to its rel­a­tive­ly low cost, good func­tion­al­i­ty and a wide range of mod­els. Stan­dard func­tion­al­i­ty: main­tain­ing the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant in the range from 40 to 90°C; con­trol over pres­sure and fuel sup­ply; auto­mat­ic stop of the device in the absence or occur­rence of the reverse thrust effect; con­trol over the pres­ence of a flame in the burn­er.

AOGV

AOGVToday, Ros­tov prod­ucts are in demand by domes­tic users on a par with Euro­pean mod­els of automa­tion because of their reli­a­bil­i­ty and low cost. The func­tion­al­i­ty of auto­mat­ic AOGV sys­tems is also quite rich. The stan­dard fea­tures of this tech­nique allow you to stop the oper­a­tion of the boil­er in the event of the fol­low­ing sit­u­a­tions: the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant exceeds the set lev­el; flame fail­ure in the ignit­er and burn­er; low pres­sure and lack of coolant in the sys­tem; any fail­ure in the gas sup­ply sys­tem; decrease in fuel pres­sure below the estab­lished norm; in the absence or insuf­fi­cient trac­tion. How does auto­mat­ic gas boil­er aogv work? The oper­a­tion of the gas valve is con­trolled by the volt­age gen­er­at­ed by the ther­mo­cou­ple. It is this volt­age that acts on the valve coil and keeps it open while the burn­er burns. The tem­per­a­ture is con­trolled by a ther­mo­stat and valves that, when the tem­per­a­ture ris­es or falls, open or shut off the fuel sup­plied to the burn­er. Exhaust gas­es are con­trolled by a draft sen­sor. Mak­ing the right choice of automa­tion for gas boil­ers is quite dif­fi­cult. We strong­ly rec­om­mend that you seek pro­fes­sion­al help.

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