Choosing screens for heating radiators: tips from the master

Mod­ern heat­ing radi­a­tors meet all the require­ments of the con­sumer: they, due to the design and mate­ri­als used, have good heat dis­si­pa­tion and appear­ance. No design­er will call this heater an attrac­tive piece of fur­ni­ture. This prob­lem can be solved by apply­ing screens to the heat­ing bat­tery. The types, design fea­tures of these ele­ments will be dis­cussed in this pub­li­ca­tion.

Types of screens and their purpose

All screens for radi­a­tors can be divid­ed into three large groups:

  • Pro­tec­tive.
  • Dec­o­ra­tive.
  • Reflec­tive.

The func­tion of the for­mer is to pro­tect a per­son (pets) from injuries asso­ci­at­ed with burns on the heat­ed sur­face of the bat­tery. In addi­tion, the use of pro­tec­tive screens sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduces the risk of injury from the pro­trud­ing parts of the bat­ter­ies, which is espe­cial­ly impor­tant in fam­i­lies with small chil­dren.

From the author: Ini­tial­ly, radi­a­tor shields were used sole­ly to pre­vent dam­age to frag­ile cast iron bat­ter­ies.

Dec­o­ra­tive ele­ments are designed to give an attrac­tive appear­ance to old bat­ter­ies, which can­not be replaced at the moment for any rea­son. Today, the widest choice of dec­o­ra­tive screens for heat­ing radi­a­tors is pre­sent­ed on the domes­tic mar­ket. Due to this, the con­sumer can eas­i­ly pick up this ele­ment and har­mo­nious­ly fit it into almost any inte­ri­or.

The third type of screens is used to reflect IR radi­a­tion from the wall into the room. As a rule, these ele­ments are made of pol­ished met­al and are installed behind the bat­tery.

A few words about the principles of heat distribution

As you know, a heat­ing radi­a­tor is used to heat a room. The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of any bat­tery is to cre­ate con­vec­tion air cur­rents. In oth­er words: cold air enters the radi­a­tor from below. Ris­ing along the sur­face of the heat­ing device, the air mass­es heat up and rise to the upper part of the room.

Air circulation in the roomBased on this prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion, any grat­ing or screen (except for ele­ments of a reflec­tive type) will inter­fere with the con­vec­tive cir­cu­la­tion of air mass­es, and as a result, reduce the effi­cien­cy of heat­ing devices.

Impor­tant! To save the max­i­mum amount of ther­mal ener­gy trans­ferred from the radi­a­tor to the room, it is nec­es­sary to use screens with­out a top cov­er and free air access to the bot­tom of the bat­tery. Most of the screens for heat­ing radi­a­tors, the pho­tos of which are pre­sent­ed below, sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduce the oper­a­tion of the heat­ing sys­tem.

Due to their blind structure, these screens significantly reduce the efficiency of the heating radiator.

Screen material and shape selection

So, how to close the radi­a­tors? All screens for radi­a­tors dif­fer in shape, appear­ance and mate­r­i­al from which they are made.

Accord­ing to the shape and method of fas­ten­ing, these ele­ments are of four types:

  • Mount­ed, with­out top cov­er. This design is used for radi­a­tors locat­ed in a niche. They do not require spe­cial instal­la­tion and do not inter­fere with the heat exchange process.hinged screen
  • Mount­ed, with lid. Most often, such ele­ments are used as a screen for cast-iron heat­ing radi­a­tors that pro­trude from under the win­dowsill.
  • Flat, wall-mount­ed, cov­er only the front side of the bat­tery, leav­ing the top, bot­tom and sides open.
  • Screens in the form of a box are used in cas­es where it is nec­es­sary to com­plete­ly hide the bat­tery. These struc­tures are floor-mount­ed or wall-mount­ed.

As for the mate­r­i­al, screens, regard­less of pur­pose, can be made from:

  • Met­al.
  • Wood or wood prod­ucts.
  • Plas­tic.
  • Glass.

Met­al screens for heat­ing radi­a­tors are in the great­est demand due to their low cost, dura­bil­i­ty and almost no effect on the effi­cien­cy of heat­ing devices.Metal curtain screen

Advice! The ser­vice life of met­al ele­ments depends entire­ly on the qual­i­ty of their col­or. Choose designs that are pow­der coat­ed.

There are also more expen­sive (exclu­sive) met­al prod­ucts made using artis­tic forg­ing.

Tip: If a forged prod­uct is sup­posed to use a back­ground, then the best option would be to make it from per­fo­rat­ed mate­r­i­al.

Plas­tic screens for heat­ing radi­a­tors are envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly, hygien­ic and per­fect­ly tol­er­ate the process­es of repeat­ed wash­ing with the use of deter­gents.Plastic screens

That is why they are most often used in bath­rooms and rooms with a high lev­el of humid­i­ty. These ele­ments are made of plas­tic, resis­tant to tem­per­a­ture effects.

Tip: if your choice fell on a plas­tic screen, then experts rec­om­mend pay­ing atten­tion to the design of the lamel­las (trans­verse bars of the lat­tice). The effi­cien­cy of the heat­ing devices will not be impaired if the lamel­las are locat­ed at an angle with respect to the ver­ti­cal plane.

Wood­en dec­o­ra­tive screens for heat­ing radi­a­tors are con­sid­ered ele­ments of the pre­mi­um seg­ment.A decorative screen will fit perfectly into the interior, but will significantly reduce battery efficiency.

Such prod­ucts look expen­sive, which allows them to be used even in the most sophis­ti­cat­ed inte­ri­ors. It should be under­stood that the exter­nal beau­ty hides the low heat trans­fer effi­cien­cy of bat­ter­ies closed on all sides. There are also sim­pler, and most impor­tant­ly, effec­tive options for dec­o­ra­tive ele­ments for heat­ing equip­ment. As a rule, they are a wood­en frame with a lat­tice on the front side, made of rat­tan, bam­boo, etc.

Today, on the domes­tic mar­ket, dec­o­ra­tive pan­els for heat­ing radi­a­tors made of their MDF are quite well rep­re­sent­ed. These are prod­ucts made from pressed wood fiber, in which lignin acts as a binder, which is released by the wood itself dur­ing the man­u­fac­tur­ing process. This mate­r­i­al is envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly and with a min­i­mum thick­ness (3–4 mm) per­fect­ly keeps its shape, despite the abun­dance of per­fo­ra­tion.

Glass prod­ucts are not ide­al from the point of view of heat engi­neer­ing and are sub­ject to destruc­tion under mechan­i­cal stress. How­ev­er, due to their attrac­tive appear­ance, these ele­ments are quite in demand among the Euro­pean con­sumer.

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