Cutting a gas pipe in an apartment — requirements and work

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Work­ing with gas equip­ment seems to be one of the most risky things in home repair. Often, users do not even con­sid­er it nec­es­sary to look into safe­ty reg­u­la­tions or event stan­dards. But these stan­dards exist, and they strict­ly reg­u­late who, how and when has the right to cut or move the gas pipe in the kitchen.

An insuf­fi­cient­ly seri­ous approach to this mat­ter can lead to dis­as­trous con­se­quences. There is a high chance of get­ting a gas leak. And a large amount of gas in a room can not only have a tox­ic effect on a per­son, but also cause a major explo­sion. So if in doubt, do not cut your­self. It’s bet­ter to wait for the experts.

But even here it will not be super­flu­ous to fol­low the work of the mas­ter and the obser­vance of all norms. Below is the basic infor­ma­tion about the work and the main rules for work­ing with gas pipes. They must be observed, even if all actions are car­ried out not by the own­er him­self, but by a spe­cial­ly called gas work­er.

Reasons for cutting a gas pipe in an apartment

Trans­fer of gas equip­ment

Cut off the gas pipe in the apart­ment can for a num­ber of rea­sons. The most com­mon is the repair work asso­ci­at­ed with chang­ing the posi­tion of the stove or oth­er gas equip­ment. Here it may be nec­es­sary to short­en the ini­tial dimen­sions of the gas pipe.

The rea­sons for the trans­fer of gas pipes may lie in the require­ment of the man­age­ment com­pa­ny to take the meter out into the open so that you can eas­i­ly see the indi­ca­tors.

Employ­ees of the gas ser­vice can draw the atten­tion of the own­ers to the need to change com­mu­ni­ca­tions in con­nec­tion with the recent­ly entered into force oper­at­ing rules. Updates to these rules are not uncom­mon, and apart­ment own­ers are not often noti­fied in advance.

Legal requirements for the customer and contractor

Require­ments for the cus­tomer and con­trac­tor

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The high respon­si­bil­i­ty in car­ry­ing out work with gas equip­ment forced the man­age­ment com­pa­nies to put for­ward clear require­ments for all par­tic­i­pants in the actions. The law defines who can apply for work and who has the right to car­ry it out.

Who should apply

Pre­vi­ous­ly, the duty to mon­i­tor the ser­vice­abil­i­ty of gas com­mu­ni­ca­tions was the respon­si­bil­i­ty of local gas ser­vices. But over time, the author­i­ties saw that it was not pos­si­ble to con­trol all the apart­ments in this way. And this duty was assigned to the res­i­dents them­selves. More­over, the main respon­si­ble per­son is the own­er.

Impor­tant! The rule is spelled out in Decree No. 410 of 05/14/2013. In 2017, some more amend­ments were made to it, clar­i­fy­ing the rights and oblig­a­tions of par­tic­i­pants in the actions.

In accor­dance with this res­o­lu­tion, an appli­ca­tion for work with gas equip­ment must be sub­mit­ted by the own­er or ten­ant of the premis­es. In the sec­ond case, you will def­i­nite­ly need an offi­cial­ly cer­ti­fied rental doc­u­ment.

Who has the right to do the work

mas­ter gas­man

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The require­ments for the per­former of the work are spelled out in the res­o­lu­tion quite clear­ly. The con­trac­tor must be a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of a com­pa­ny that main­tains gas pipes in agree­ment with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny. Works can be per­formed by rep­re­sen­ta­tives from the resource sup­pli­er com­pa­ny itself.

The orga­ni­za­tion that will car­ry out the work must meet a num­ber of manda­to­ry require­ments:

  • Employ­ees of the com­pa­ny must have a cer­tifi­cate of attes­ta­tion for the rel­e­vant work;
  • Pro­file edu­ca­tion of employ­ees;
  • A doc­u­ment con­firm­ing the con­duct of pro­duc­tion brief­ing with a cer­tain fre­quen­cy;
  • Avail­abil­i­ty of spe­cial­ized mea­sur­ing equip­ment and work­ing tools.

All tools used must be in work­ing order and cal­i­brat­ed from time to time to achieve the great­est accu­ra­cy.

Thus, strict require­ments are imposed on the per­former, which the aver­age user usu­al­ly does not meet. Only the mas­ter knows how to cut the gas pipe with­out harm­ing the over­all com­mu­ni­ca­tions sys­tem. There­fore, prun­ing on your own is con­sid­ered ille­gal.

Preparatory stage — obtaining permission

Obtain­ing per­mis­sion to per­form actions

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Before car­ry­ing out work, you need to make sure that it will be pos­si­ble to real­ize the idea. To obtain the rel­e­vant infor­ma­tion, you can con­tact the expert orga­ni­za­tion.

The own­er writes a state­ment on his own behalf, in which he indi­cates the need for an expert assess­ment of the con­di­tion of the pipeline and requests per­mis­sion to car­ry out cer­tain work. The appli­ca­tion form is free, addressed to the head of the orga­ni­za­tion.

After an appli­ca­tion is received from the own­er, ser­vice employ­ees must arrive at the place of work at a cer­tain time. The spe­cial­ist will exam­ine the gas pipes and equip­ment, and then issue a con­clu­sion on the pos­si­bil­i­ty or impos­si­bil­i­ty of car­ry­ing out the planned work. If a spe­cif­ic plan turns out to be unre­al­is­tic, then experts will try to offer an alter­na­tive.

Once a deci­sion has been made, the field tech­ni­cian will cre­ate a pip­ing lay­out after cut­ting. Then, under this scheme, the gas orga­ni­za­tion will issue an offi­cial per­mit for the work and pro­vide an esti­mate indi­cat­ing the cost of each action. The cost of the work, as well as the cost of the nec­es­sary mate­ri­als, will be tak­en into account sep­a­rate­ly.

Gas pipeline installation standards

The own­er of the apart­ment, before the arrival of the mas­ter, is rec­om­mend­ed to inde­pen­dent­ly famil­iar­ize him­self with the basic require­ments for the loca­tion of gas pipes and equip­ment. This will save a sig­nif­i­cant amount of time dur­ing work and con­trol the activ­i­ty of the mas­ter. Basic infor­ma­tion on this issue is indi­cat­ed in the doc­u­ment SNiP 2.04.08–87.

Requirements for the location of gas pipes

Loca­tion Require­ments

The doc­u­ment clear­ly spells out the require­ments for the final loca­tion of gas pipes:

  • It is nec­es­sary to main­tain free access to the gas pipe, as well as being in the vis­i­ble zone of all mea­sur­ing and account­ing devices.
  • In an acces­si­ble place there should be valves that block the access of gas to the apart­ment. In no case should they be masked or left behind large cab­i­nets. Gas shut­off must be avail­able at any time.
  • In accor­dance with the require­ments, any gas pipe must be at least 200 cm from the floor.
  • The hor­i­zon­tal part of the gas sup­ply to the apart­ment must always remain intact. It is for­bid­den to short­en it, much less com­plete­ly remove it. But even here there are excep­tions: on the last floors of apart­ment build­ings, some manip­u­la­tions can be per­formed with this pipe.

Impor­tant! For res­i­dents of the upper floors, some indul­gence is pro­vid­ed in the form of a tap locat­ed at a height of 75 cm from the floor. This allows you to some­what sim­pli­fy the process of orga­niz­ing the kitchen space with­out vio­lat­ing safe­ty reg­u­la­tions.

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The choice of material and the way the work is done

Mate­r­i­al selec­tion

After cut­ting, parts of the pipe some­times have to be re-com­bined with each oth­er. For this, weld­ing is used. When con­nect­ing dif­fer­ent gas equip­ment. Cranes and reg­u­la­tors pro­vide for the use of detach­able con­nec­tions.

Dur­ing work with gas pipes, it is nec­es­sary to stop the sup­ply of the resource in the entire ris­er for a while to avoid leaks. For this, spe­cial ser­vices are called, which are con­sid­ered rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the gas com­pa­ny. It is not allowed to shut off the gas sup­ply on your own.

Flex­i­ble hoses can be used as mate­ri­als. But their use is allowed only when installing gas equip­ment and var­i­ous mea­sur­ing equip­ment. The max­i­mum length of such hoses should not exceed 300 cm. The hoses are made of rub­ber sleeves, which are braid­ed with a met­al cas­ing.

The remain­ing ele­ments of the pipeline must be made of met­al of the appro­pri­ate qual­i­ty.

Main stages of work

Work pro­ce­dure

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In order to avoid incon­ve­nience dur­ing work, it is rec­om­mend­ed to deter­mine the date and time of the repair very clear­ly. All this must be agreed with the sup­pli­er com­pa­ny in advance.

Since all the time while the pipe is being cut, the gas must be shut off in the entire ris­er, it is nec­es­sary to warn all res­i­dents about this. Pub­lic ser­vice employ­ees are respon­si­ble for noti­fi­ca­tion. They will also announce the restora­tion of gas sup­ply.

As soon as the spe­cial­ist arrives at the apart­ment, he will have to turn off the gas, as well as ensure the prop­er lev­el of ven­ti­la­tion in the room.

Gas pipe cut­ting works include the fol­low­ing steps:

  • Direct removal of the excess piece of pipe in accor­dance with the estab­lished plan.
  • Installing a cap on the edge of the pipe.
  • Weld­ing and con­nect­ing the nec­es­sary ele­ments (if nec­es­sary).
  • Instal­la­tion of shut-off valves, hav­ing pre­vi­ous­ly applied a seal­ing tape to the joints.
  • Check­ing the gas pipeline for the absence of holes and micro­c­racks.

Since there is no gas in the apart­ment, the integri­ty check is car­ried out using a soapy solu­tion, which is applied to the joints. If bub­bles appear, this will imme­di­ate­ly become a sig­nal for the mas­ter.

After work, the mas­ter must draw up a spe­cial act, which will indi­cate all the actions that he per­formed with the pipeline. The act is signed by the spe­cial­ist and the own­er.

Impor­tant! After com­plet­ing all the manip­u­la­tions, the mas­ter will noti­fy the client about the rules for oper­at­ing the gas pipeline and give rec­om­men­da­tions regard­ing paint­ing the pipes.

Choosing a tool for cutting a gas pipe in the kitchen

Work Tools

Cut­ting and mov­ing gas pipes in an apart­ment is a spe­cif­ic pro­ce­dure that will require spe­cial tools. Mas­ters can use dif­fer­ent devices, each of which has its own pros and cons.

The main tools to cut the pipe:

  • Hack­saw for met­al. An excel­lent tool for high-qual­i­ty and accu­rate cut­ting of pipes. But the use of a hack­saw will require a lot of time and effort from the mas­ter.
  • Pipe cut­ter. Allows you to get a high-qual­i­ty per­pen­dic­u­lar cut in a rel­a­tive­ly short time. How­ev­er, the use of a pipe cut­ter can be ham­pered by cramped con­di­tions.
Bul­gar­i­an when cut­ting sec­tions
  • Bul­gar­i­an. Effi­cient and very fast way to cut gas pipes. Sparks appear dur­ing oper­a­tion, so you need to take care of the pres­ence of pro­tec­tion.
  • Weld­ing machine. Suit­able if large tools can­not be used. Qual­i­ta­tive­ly cuts the pipe, leav­ing no traces. But the fire haz­ard of the method often rel­e­gates it to the back rows.

The choice of tool lies entire­ly with­in the scope of the activ­i­ty of the mas­ter who will come to do the work. It depends on a large num­ber of fac­tors, includ­ing: the vol­ume of the room, the loca­tion of pipes, mate­ri­als, etc.

In wood­en hous­es, it is not rec­om­mend­ed to use a grinder or a weld­ing machine. Doing so may ignite exposed sur­faces and cause a fire. If you have to work with these tools, you need to take care of pro­tect­ing the entire sur­round­ing space. Gas cut­ting of pipe sec­tions will addi­tion­al­ly require pro­tec­tion of the hands and face of the mas­ter him­self.

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