Detailed overview of gas heating in the garage

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Heat­ing in the garage has long ceased to be an unusu­al phe­nom­e­non. The rea­son for this is quite sim­ple — in many Euro­pean regions, the cli­mat­ic con­di­tions are such that at night the tem­per­a­ture reach­es extreme­ly low lev­els, the engine of the car is very cold, the oil thick­ens, rub­ber and rub­ber parts lose their elas­tic­i­ty. It is extreme­ly dif­fi­cult to warm up the car after such an “overnight stay”, you will have to burn a lot of gaso­line, spend a lot of time. More­over, the locks can freeze, so even get­ting into a vehi­cle is some­times dif­fi­cult. The way out of the sit­u­a­tion can be gas heat­ing of the garage, thanks to which the tem­per­a­ture will be main­tained around the clock at suf­fi­cient lev­els of 5–10 degrees.

When choos­ing a heat­ing tech­nique, many motorists think about buy­ing elec­tri­cal devices — con­vec­tors and heat guns. This choice is jus­ti­fied from the point of view of oper­a­tional con­ve­nience, just con­nect the device to the net­work and wait a while until the desired tem­per­a­ture is reached. How­ev­er, in terms of effi­cien­cy, the method is extreme­ly doubt­ful, and if there are prob­lems with the reli­a­bil­i­ty of the pow­er grid, then it is dan­ger­ous. If a gas main pass­es near the garage, then heat­ing the garage with gas is the most ratio­nal and jus­ti­fied option.

What should you prepare for?

The main advan­tage of oper­at­ing gas equip­ment is the demo­c­ra­t­ic cost of fuel. How­ev­er, some dif­fi­cul­ties must be kept in mind:

  • Instal­la­tion prob­lems. Not every­where there is a real oppor­tu­ni­ty to con­nect to the fuel intake line. Of course, there is an alter­na­tive in the form of liq­ue­fied gas cylin­ders, but this tech­nique will inevitably lead to increased costs.
  • For instal­la­tion, it is nec­es­sary to involve spe­cial­ists of the rel­e­vant ser­vices, these are the safe­ty require­ments. It will not do with­out obtain­ing numer­ous per­mits.
  • In some sit­u­a­tions, the boil­er is installed exclu­sive­ly in a sep­a­rate­ly equipped boil­er room or, at least, in a spe­cial rein­forced met­al cab­i­net (accord­ing to the fire pro­tec­tion reg­u­la­tions, cylin­ders with liq­ue­fied fuel are stored in it).

We use the boiler


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The clas­sic method for heat­ing a garage is to install a boil­er that heats the coolant cir­cu­lat­ing through the pipes. Boil­ers are divid­ed into two cat­e­gories:

  • Stan­dard. Dur­ing oper­a­tion, part of the steam and com­bus­tion prod­ucts are thrown into the chim­ney, due to which a cer­tain per­cent­age of ther­mal ener­gy is lost.
  • Con­denser. The design change makes it pos­si­ble to retain the out­go­ing steam, con­dense it, that is, use its ener­gy to increase the tem­per­a­ture of the coolant, which improves effi­cien­cy and reduces fuel con­sump­tion.

As pipes, it is rec­om­mend­ed to use mod­ern met­al-plas­tic mod­els that are resis­tant to cor­ro­sion, flex­i­ble, easy to install. Fit­tings are used to con­nect indi­vid­ual sec­tions to each oth­er. Bat­ter­ies are also fixed quite eas­i­ly, you just need to pur­chase reli­able dow­els.

It should be remem­bered that for the instal­la­tion of the unit, the room must meet cer­tain require­ments:

  • The min­i­mum ceil­ing height is 2 meters, the area is 4 squares;
  • It is manda­to­ry to have a ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem that works both for extract­ing and for sup­ply­ing fresh air;
  • A win­dow with an area of ​​u200bu200bone square meter is required;
  • For the con­struc­tion of walls, mate­ri­als are used that do not sup­port com­bus­tion or pre­vent it;
  • A door­way 80 cm wide or more with a door that opens out­ward.

Water or steam?

The tra­di­tion­al method assumes that water is used as a heat car­ri­er, but there is a tech­nique where it is replaced by steam. The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion is that the boil­er pro­duces the nec­es­sary vol­umes of steam, which enters the radi­a­tors through pipes. Dur­ing the cool­ing process, the steam con­dens­es and enters the boil­er again. Com­pared with the water method, the tech­nique is char­ac­ter­ized by the fol­low­ing advan­tages:

  • The allow­able val­ue of pipe diam­e­ter and bat­tery area is reduced, which saves mon­ey;
  • The room heats up more even­ly, it is pos­si­ble to avoid the for­ma­tion of “dead” zones;
  • Heat­ing is notice­ably faster.

Of course, there are cer­tain dis­ad­van­tages, in par­tic­u­lar, the steam boil­er is quite noisy dur­ing oper­a­tion, and there is also no pos­si­bil­i­ty to smooth­ly reg­u­late the heat­ing.


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Also, do not for­get to read the main arti­cle about do-it-your­self steam garage heat­ing.

Alternatives

Instead of a boil­er, a gas gun can also be used. In fact, it is com­plete­ly iden­ti­cal to the ther­mal elec­tric mod­el, but gas is used as an ener­gy source, which is much more eco­nom­i­cal. The prin­ci­ple of its oper­a­tion is as sim­ple as pos­si­ble. A cylin­der with liq­ue­fied fuel is con­nect­ed to the struc­ture, the com­bus­tion process begins with the release of heat, and a small inte­grat­ed fan quick­ly dis­trib­utes ener­gy through­out the room.

The advan­tage of this tech­nol­o­gy lies not only in the fact that both gas and the gas burn­er itself cost a lit­tle, but also in the abil­i­ty to heat even a fair­ly large room in a mat­ter of min­utes. The dis­ad­van­tage is in the com­bus­tion of oxy­gen, as well as in the emis­sion of com­bus­tion prod­ucts direct­ly into the air of the room. Thus, for safe use, ven­ti­la­tion issues must first be resolved.

The mod­ern mar­ket offers two types of des­ig­nat­ed device:

  • cat­alyt­ic tech­nol­o­gy. The com­bus­tion process takes place inside ceram­ic hon­ey­combs, the heat is even­ly dis­trib­uted through­out the room. The improve­ment of the ceram­ic ele­ment has sig­nif­i­cant­ly increased oper­a­tional safe­ty, neu­tral­iza­tion of 90 per­cent of the waste gen­er­at­ed dur­ing fuel com­bus­tion is record­ed.
  • Tech­nique with an infrared gas heater. The design is iden­ti­cal to the first option, but the bulk of the com­bus­tion prod­ucts are in the room, so ven­ti­la­tion is indis­pens­able.

Features and Conclusions

So, the use of gas fuel is an ide­al option in terms of finan­cial sav­ings if you have the abil­i­ty to con­nect to the high­way. Using bal­loons is a com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent mat­ter. On aver­age, the con­sump­tion is 2–3 cylin­ders week­ly, that is, you will have to reg­u­lar­ly change them, buy them, equip the stor­age area in accor­dance with the require­ments of the fire depart­ment. All this, in the end, equal­izes the cost with elec­tri­cal tech­nol­o­gy.

Nev­er­the­less, if you are ready for the prepara­to­ry stages, have the tech­ni­cal abil­i­ty to install a gas boil­er, and want to get a cir­cuit that will be resis­tant to fail­ures regard­less of the inten­si­ty of the load and exter­nal con­di­tions, choose gas!

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