Heating scheme for a two-story house

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Heat­ing is the most impor­tant engi­neer­ing sys­tem nec­es­sary for the life sup­port of each pri­vate house. With its help, a cer­tain tem­per­a­ture regime is cre­at­ed, nec­es­sary for a com­fort­able stay of peo­ple. When heat­ing is used, heat loss­es are com­pen­sat­ed, and the reli­a­bil­i­ty of build­ing struc­tures, their resis­tance to neg­a­tive envi­ron­men­tal fac­tors and the dura­bil­i­ty of the build­ing itself are ensured.

Home heat­ing design is car­ried out by high-class spe­cial­ists. Heat­ing engi­neers will per­form a detailed cal­cu­la­tion, con­sid­er the most prof­itable dilu­tion of pipes, which will make it pos­si­ble to avoid expens­es when pur­chas­ing ele­ments of the heat­ing sys­tem.

Features of designing heating of a two-story building

Features of designing heating of a two-story building

The heat­ing project for a two-sto­ry house deserves spe­cial atten­tion, since in this case its devel­op­ment is car­ried out tak­ing into account some impor­tant nuances.

  • The con­sid­er­able height of the house, but at the same time the heat­ing device is locat­ed on the first floor and the coolant must rise up to the sec­ond floor, which pre­vents it from mak­ing its own weight.
  • A large area of ​​the house com­pli­cates heat­ing, so experts are con­sid­er­ing how to prop­er­ly arrange heat­ing so that heat even­ly reach­es all points of the house. For heat­ing in a two-sto­ry house, pipe sys­tems are planned to be more branched and mate­r­i­al-inten­sive, which will ensure the cir­cu­la­tion of a larg­er vol­ume of coolant, and larg­er boil­ers are installed.
  • The mass of rooms sep­a­rate from each oth­er requires the cre­ation of a sep­a­rate scheme for each of them, tak­ing into account par­ti­tions, doors and the num­ber of win­dows, inter­floor ceil­ings — all this inter­feres with the nat­ur­al spread of heat and its uni­form dis­tri­b­u­tion.

The heat­ing scheme of a two-sto­ry pri­vate house is cal­cu­lat­ed on the basis of a water sys­tem, which is the best option. The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion is quite sim­ple: water is heat­ed by a boil­er, then it pass­es through pipes and returns again. The boil­er for water heat­ing can be used gas, elec­tric, sol­id or liq­uid fuel. The sys­tem will also include pipes for wiring, tem­per­a­ture sen­sors, fit­tings and oth­er ele­ments.

There are sev­er­al options for heat­ing a two-sto­ry house.

Riser system

Riser system
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The eas­i­est-to-use grav­i­ta­tion­al heat­ing sys­tem for a two-sto­ry house. The heat­ed coolant is dis­trib­uted through the pipes with the help of a cir­cu­la­tion pump and enters the high­est point, after which the liq­uid con­tin­ues to move due to grav­i­ta­tion­al force, descends along the ris­ers, giv­ing off ther­mal ener­gy to the sur­round­ing air. After that, the coolant enters the return pipeline sys­tem, from where, under the influ­ence of the pump, it again enters the boil­er for heat­ing.

Ris­er Advan­tages:

  • high effi­cien­cy — uni­form heat­ing of the entire sys­tem;
  • min­i­mum expens­es are required to buy equip­ment and pipe;
  • the oper­a­tion of the sys­tem is pos­si­ble with­out the use of a cir­cu­la­tion pump, which will save on costs, but will be much less pro­duc­tive.

As a dis­ad­van­tage, the low effi­cien­cy of such a scheme for build­ings of a large area, but even in this case, the issue can be resolved — a pow­er­ful cir­cu­la­tion pump is being installed or a whole sys­tem of taps is being equipped, through which the flu­id flow will be reg­u­lat­ed.

With natural circulation of the coolant

This is a kind of ris­er sys­tem, but with­out the use of a cir­cu­la­tion pump. In this case, the instal­la­tion becomes more com­pli­cat­ed, despite the sim­ple wiring dia­gram. The work takes place in accor­dance with the laws of nature: the den­si­ty of the hot coolant changes and it is pushed through the pipes (locat­ed at a slope from the boil­er) by cold liq­uid. As soon as the coolant reach­es its high­est point and begins to descend back through the pipes locat­ed at a slight slope to the boil­er.

The dis­ad­van­tage is the slow heat­ing of the premis­es and high fuel con­sump­tion at the ini­tial stage of work.

Collector

Collector system

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Col­lec­tor — this is the most mod­ern and effi­cient heat­ing scheme for a two-sto­ry pri­vate house. It is based on a col­lec­tor — a dis­tri­b­u­tion comb, that is, a large-diam­e­ter pipe equipped with sev­er­al out­let pipes, used to sup­ply the coolant and its return flow. Cir­cu­la­tion pumps are installed on the noz­zles, dis­trib­ut­ing the heat­ed coolant through sep­a­rate branch­es. Each branch can have its own col­lec­tor for dis­trib­ut­ing flu­id across zones, for exam­ple, for installing water floors.

At the same time, the col­lec­tor cir­cuit pro­vides the house with hot water in large vol­umes.

Two-pipe

A two-pipe cir­cuit can be made by hand. Its pecu­liar­i­ty is that two sep­a­rate pipelines are mount­ed — for sup­ply­ing the coolant and its reverse cur­rent, looped through each oth­er by means of radi­a­tors. The main advan­tage of such a sys­tem is that hot liq­uid enters the radi­a­tors direct­ly, with­out pass­ing through oth­er heat­ing devices, which allows all bat­ter­ies to warm up even­ly.

Two-pipe is used for col­lec­tor, as well as with sys­tems with nat­ur­al and forced cir­cu­la­tion of flu­id.

Single pipe

Such a heat­ing scheme for a two-sto­ry house is acti­vat­ed if the pipeline is of short length, and there are a min­i­mum num­ber of heat­ing devices. The coolant moves along the ring (from the boil­er and back), pass­ing the heaters. The pipe for sup­ply­ing liq­uid to the bat­tery and its return are mount­ed in a sin­gle pipeline, there­fore such a heat­ing project for a 2‑story house is quite sim­ple. But there is a sig­nif­i­cant draw­back — the coolant reach­es the radi­a­tors, which are locat­ed at the end of the sys­tem, cooled down, there­fore sin­gle-pipe wiring is not suit­able for hous­es with a large area. You can some­what improve the sit­u­a­tion if the cir­cuit in a two-sto­ry house includes a pow­er­ful cir­cu­la­tion pump and mod­ern radi­a­tors with a need for a small amount of coolant.

If the ques­tion is how to make heat­ing in a two-sto­ry house, then here experts advise pay­ing atten­tion to a two-pipe water heat­ing sys­tem with forced cir­cu­la­tion. Col­lec­tor would be a good option. Nev­er­the­less, in most cas­es, the heat­ing of a pri­vate house is equipped with a com­bined one, espe­cial­ly when it comes to build­ings with large areas, for exam­ple, using a sys­tem of ris­ers and man­i­fold pipes.

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