How to make a collar with your own hands from improvised means

[ad_1]

Peo­ple who are at least some­times engaged in repair and instal­la­tion work know that a clamp may be need­ed at the most unex­pect­ed moment. This is the first device that comes to mind when you need to quick­ly fix a pipe leak. Indeed, the impo­si­tion of a clamp is a tem­po­rary mea­sure, but some­times nec­es­sary. It is pos­si­ble that, due to cir­cum­stances, it can­not be bought right now, more­over, even a sim­ple wire clamp is suit­able to solve the prob­lem. There­fore, you need to do it your­self.

pipe leak

Design features of the product

A clamp is a sim­ple and effec­tive device that has a lot of typ­i­cal vari­a­tions, but, in fact, they all have sim­i­lar design char­ac­ter­is­tics. The dif­fer­ence is pre­sent­ed in the form of forms, fas­ten­ers. Their use is most com­mon in the field of instal­la­tion and repair of pipeline sys­tems, this caus­es anoth­er char­ac­ter­is­tic fea­ture of the design. For bet­ter fix­a­tion and tight­ness, the prod­uct often has a rub­ber gas­ket.

Regard­ing the prac­ti­cal ben­e­fits of the prod­ucts in ques­tion, we can say that with­out them it is almost impos­si­ble to car­ry out high-qual­i­ty fix­a­tion of the pipeline, both hor­i­zon­tal and ver­ti­cal.

The line of types of this device begins with the sim­plest one-sided prod­ucts, which are a thread­ed stud. Fur­ther, it con­tin­ues with vari­a­tions that dif­fer not only in the greater com­plex­i­ty of the design, but also in size (this should be under­stood as the max­i­mum diam­e­ter of the pipe for which this or that prod­uct can be used) and intend­ed pur­pose.

Clamps

The most com­mon prob­lems that clamps help to solve:

  • Repair­ing cracks in pip­ing sys­tems. Depend­ing on the type of prod­uct, even fair­ly large dam­age can be blocked.
  • A bro­ken tube is an uncom­mon but seri­ous prob­lem. For the most part, it is faced by those who pro­fes­sion­al­ly install and repair pipelines.
  • Also, if it is nec­es­sary to elim­i­nate the “fis­tu­las” of water pipes, clamps are again wide­ly used. In such a sit­u­a­tion, it is nec­es­sary to use a soft sub­strate.

Note! If the pipe being repaired serves as a means of trans­port­ing aggres­sive liq­uids, then a type of fas­ten­er must be used that is able to with­stand such spe­cif­ic oper­at­ing con­di­tions.

  • Specif­i­cal­ly for steel pipes, the prod­uct can help reduce the risk of leak­age due to cor­ro­sion. It is not uncom­mon for sit­u­a­tions to arise that it dam­ages the met­al so much that a leak can occur at any moment.

The mar­ket is sat­u­rat­ed with all kinds of clamp con­fig­u­ra­tions from dif­fer­ent man­u­fac­tur­ers. Fac­to­ry pro­duc­tion, in addi­tion to pro­fes­sion­al man­u­fac­tur­ing, also gives a guar­an­tee of qual­i­ty. After all, prod­ucts are man­u­fac­tured in accor­dance with GOST. Such gov­ern­ment reg­u­la­tion of qual­i­ty is asso­ci­at­ed with a high degree of the role of clamps in main­tain­ing the integri­ty of the struc­tures in which they are used. Based on this, the ques­tion aris­es whether it is worth mak­ing a clamp on a steel pipe with your own hands.

The ques­tion aris­es

Is it worth it to make clamps with your own hands, and what mistakes can be made

*

The clamp is at first glance the sim­plest device that does not dif­fer in any char­ac­ter­is­tics that are dif­fi­cult to under­stand. The pres­ence of the risk asso­ci­at­ed with the man­u­fac­ture of home­made clamps depends on how con­fi­dent a per­son is in his abil­i­ties, and whether the clamp can be used in giv­en con­di­tions.

For exam­ple, a fair­ly rust­ed heat­ing pipe leaked. The area of ​​cor­ro­sion in the dam­aged area has a fair­ly wide area. If the clamp is made incor­rect­ly, not cor­re­spond­ing to the required size, then after try­ing to install it, the sit­u­a­tion can only get worse.

Rust streaks from under the col­lar

Based on this, of course, it is bet­ter to always have on hand clamps of var­i­ous mod­i­fi­ca­tions and sizes of fac­to­ry pro­duc­tion, or if prob­lems arise with the pipeline, imme­di­ate­ly con­tact the repair ser­vice. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, nei­ther the first nor the sec­ond options are often fea­si­ble. No one plans a leak, the time of its occur­rence is not reg­u­lat­ed, and it is not pos­si­ble to have clamps of all con­fig­u­ra­tions avail­able.

If a leak occurs, imme­di­ate action must be tak­en. And it is for this pur­pose that you can make a clamp with your own hands, which will give time to solve the prob­lem in full.

The simplest collar

In the absence of spe­cial­ized tools and mate­ri­als, such as a grinder, drill, sheet met­al, and the like, you can resort to the sim­plest, but tem­porar­i­ly prob­lem-solv­ing option — to make a clamp from a piece of wire. It will help to elim­i­nate the leak as quick­ly as pos­si­ble and calm­ly wait for the help of spe­cial­ists:

pipe leak
  • The first thing to do is find some duct tape or duct tape, a piece of soft enough to bend but strong wire, and a piece of rub­ber (like a tourni­quet).
  • Next, you should put a piece of rub­ber on the pipe in the place where the leak occurred, after which it is pressed down as tight­ly as pos­si­ble by the wire by wind­ing it.

Impor­tant! When wind­ing with wire, spe­cial atten­tion should be paid to the edges of the future clamp.

  • The result­ing patch, for greater reli­a­bil­i­ty, is tight­ly wrapped with adhe­sive tape (adhe­sive tape or elec­tri­cal tape).

Such a prod­uct, made by hand, will not require a lot of time and at the same time help to avoid pos­si­ble big prob­lems.

Semi-professional option

*

The pre­vi­ous­ly described exam­ple of the man­u­fac­ture of a wire col­lar is “urgent”. But if the man­u­fac­ture of the prod­uct does not require much haste, and there is a tool avail­able, then you can inde­pen­dent­ly build a fair­ly good ver­sion of the prod­uct. This one can last for years.

Required tool

First, you need to under­stand what tool you need:

  • Ham­mer or light sledge­ham­mer;
  • Drill and drill (Ø 6 — 8 mm);
  • Bul­gar­i­an or spe­cial scis­sors for cut­ting met­al;
  • Mea­sur­ing instru­ments — ruler, caliper;
  • Wrench­es, pli­ers.

materials

To make a clamp that can with­stand sig­nif­i­cant loads, you will need:

  • A met­al plate of mod­er­ate thick­ness, prefer­ably up to 1 mm. You should not use steel of greater thick­ness, since it will not only be prob­lem­at­ic to bend, but it will not allow you to make a suf­fi­cient­ly tight con­nec­tion;
  • Rub­ber strip, its thick­ness should be about 3 mm;
  • Bolts, nuts (Ø 6 — 8 mm). It is desir­able to have wash­ers for them.

Manufacturing algorithm

To suc­cess­ful­ly make a col­lar with your own hands, you will not need spe­cial abil­i­ties in this mat­ter, but some ele­men­tary skills are still need­ed. Accord­ing to the advice of expe­ri­enced plumbers, the work should take place in the fol­low­ing sequence:

  • The process begins with mea­sur­ing the dam­aged area, then a steel plate of the appro­pri­ate size is cut. In the dimen­sions of the plate, it is nec­es­sary to take into account not only the length of the dam­aged sec­tion of the pipe, but also its cir­cum­fer­ence (after obtain­ing the size, add 5 cm to it).
pipe mea­sure­ment
  • On both sides of the work­piece, with the help of pli­ers, the “ears” of the future fas­ten­er are bent (in the end, they should be per­pen­dic­u­lar to the main part of the met­al strip).
  • In the “ears” you need to drill holes for the mount­ing bolt.
Home­made col­lar
  • Next, a strip of rub­ber is cut, the width of which should be less than the cir­cum­fer­ence of the dam­aged pipe.

Should be tak­en into account! If the clamp being made is small (no more than 6 cm), then the “ears” can be with one hole in the cen­ter for the mount­ing bolt. If it is larg­er, then it is prefer­able to make them more than 2–3.

Mounting

After the prod­uct is almost ready, you can pro­ceed to its instal­la­tion, which will be the com­ple­tion of the work.

  • A met­al plate with mod­er­ate pres­sure bends around a pipe hav­ing a diam­e­ter sim­i­lar to that which has integri­ty dam­age. Ulti­mate­ly, the ears should match.
  • Atten­tion! If the bend is uneven, then prob­lems may arise with the instal­la­tion of the mount­ing bolt.
  • A pre-pre­pared piece of rub­ber is applied to the leak site, after which a steel plate is installed on top of it. Before pro­ceed­ing with the instal­la­tion of a met­al ele­ment, it needs to be slight­ly straight­ened. This is done in order to sim­pli­fy the instal­la­tion process on the pipe.
  • And so, if every­thing was done cor­rect­ly, then between the “ears” there will be a dis­tance of a cou­ple of cen­time­ters, and they can be pulled togeth­er with a bolt. When suf­fi­cient prod­uct pres­sure is reached on the pipe, the flow will stop.

[ad_2]

Leave a Reply

You May Also Like