How to make an Abyssinian well with your own hands?

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Abyssinian well

Hav­ing your own source of water sup­ply for a pri­vate house is not only a sim­ple desire, but also a neces­si­ty, since in most cas­es it is not pos­si­ble to con­nect to cen­tral net­works.

A well for orga­ni­za­tion requires con­sid­er­able phys­i­cal costs, and the water in it is in con­tact with the envi­ron­ment. An arte­sian well is a lux­u­ry that few peo­ple can afford. Yes, and for drilling arte­sian requires a spe­cial per­mit. The way out is to equip an Abyssin­ian well on the site.

How is the Abyssinian well arranged?

This drink­ing spring was invent­ed in North Africa due to the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the soil. In fact, this is not a well, but a well, which is also called a nee­dle due to the pecu­liar­i­ties of its shape.

The depth of this under­ground water source is up to 12 m.

Diagram of the device and the main elements of the well

Dia­gram of the device and the main ele­ments of the well

The Abyssin­ian well is quite sim­ply arranged:

  • its body is formed by sev­er­al inch-diam­e­ter pipes con­nect­ed to each oth­er;
  • in the deep­est part, the body pass­es into a per­fo­rat­ed fil­ter tube, addi­tion­al­ly sur­round­ed by a mesh;
  • the fil­ter ends with a sharp tip;
  • water-lift­ing equip­ment is locat­ed on the sur­face, for exam­ple, a hand pump pump.

The sim­plic­i­ty of the device is one of the main pos­i­tive char­ac­ter­is­tics of the well-nee­dle.

Advantages and disadvantages of the “Abyssinian”

What is an Abyssinian well

Pho­to at their sum­mer cot­tage

Many experts and users believe that the well-nee­dle — one of the best options for water sup­ply at their sum­mer cot­tage. This opin­ion is asso­ci­at­ed with a large num­ber of advan­tages of this source of water:

  1. well-nee­dle very easy to install, the entire pro­ce­dure of arrange­ment takes an aver­age of 10 hours. To do this, you do not need to hire spe­cial equip­ment, the pos­si­bil­i­ty of access to which is often dif­fi­cult.
  2. Abyssin­ian well can be arranged both out­side the build­ing and insidewhich makes it pos­si­ble to use the source in win­ter.
  3. Such a well suit­able for areas with­out elec­tric­i­tyas a hand pump can be installed. If there are inter­rup­tions in the sup­ply of elec­tric­i­ty, then it is pos­si­ble to equip the source with 2 types of water-lift­ing equip­ment: man­u­al and elec­tric.
  4. If nec­es­sary all ele­ments of the well can be dis­man­tled and moved to anoth­er loca­tion.
  5. The water in the “Abyssin­ian” is not affect­ed by high water and sur­face runofflike a well. And in terms of min­er­al com­po­si­tion, the source sur­pass­es an arte­sian well. The water of the Abyssin­ian well is not char­ac­ter­ized by the pres­ence of inor­gan­ic iron and a high con­cen­tra­tion of hard­ness salts.
  6. The deb­it of the well is from 0.5 to 3 m³/hourwhich is quite enough for the house­hold needs of a coun­try house and even water­ing plant­i­ngs.
  7. To recre­ate it no need to get a license.
  8. Final the cost of the source is not greatbesides, the fil­ter, the body of the well and even the hand pump can be made inde­pen­dent­ly.



The main dis­ad­van­tage of the “Abyssin­ian” is the pos­si­bil­i­ty of seep­age of pol­lu­tants into the water from the sur­face. This should not be for­got­ten when choos­ing a loca­tion for the well.

Features of arrangement and operation

Although the Abyssin­ian well is sim­ple and pop­u­lar, it is not always pos­si­ble to use it, and some nuances must be tak­en into account dur­ing instal­la­tion.

  1. It is impor­tant that the aquifer does not go deep­er than 8 m, which is due to the capa­bil­i­ties of the sur­face lift­ing equip­ment.
  2. Rocky soil pre­vents the arrange­ment of the “Abyssin­ian”. The best option is sand of medi­um and large frac­tions. In it, instal­la­tion requires min­i­mal phys­i­cal effort, and the process of fil­ter silt­ing is slow.
  3. It is not allowed that there are sources of pol­lu­tion near the well: garbage heaps, cesspools, sep­tic tanks.
  4. The well shaft can be formed by inch or one and a half inch plas­tic or met­al pipes. It is impor­tant that the con­nec­tions between them are strong and tight.

Know­ing these fea­tures, you can start pur­chas­ing mate­r­i­al and pre­pare all the nec­es­sary tools.

Equipment: what needs to be prepared?

HeadstockYou can pur­chase a ready-made well design or make all the ele­ments your­self.

To make an Abyssin­ian well with your own hands, you will need:

  • half-inch pipes with a total length of about 3–10 m;
  • 1 meter of pipe with a diam­e­ter of ¾ inch for cou­plings con­nect­ing half-inch pipes;
  • inch pipes with a total length of 8–12 m for the well body;
  • mesh 16x100 cm with fil­ter weav­ing;
  • about 2 m of wire with a diam­e­ter of 0.2 mm;
  • 4 cast iron sock­ets for dri­ving;
  • a point­ed met­al tip 10 mm long, and with a diam­e­ter slight­ly larg­er than the main pipes, it can be ordered from a turn­er;
  • clamps for auto­mo­biles;
  • bolts and nuts 10 mm;
  • pipe cut­ting tool;
  • gas keys;
  • gar­den drill;
  • drill;
  • appa­ra­tus for weld­ing;
  • “grand­moth­er”.

Video — do-it-your­self drilling of a well with a nee­dle of an Abyssin­ian well

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbhT2ocD8AY

It needs to be clar­i­fied that dri­ving is the main process of installing the Abyssin­ian well. That is why you need a “grand­moth­er” — a tool that you can make your­self.

To do this, it is nec­es­sary to weld a base, 10 mm thick, from one end to a small sec­tion of a thick-walled pipe, and han­dles from the sides. The weight of the fin­ished prod­uct should be about 30 kg. All weld­ing con­nec­tions must be made care­ful­ly for the safe­ty of deep­en­ing work.

All of the above is com­mer­cial­ly avail­able, which only facil­i­tates the instal­la­tion of the well.

How to make an Abyssinian well with your own hands?

Driving partsBefore you start drilling and dri­ving an Abyssin­ian well, you need to pre­pare all the com­po­nents of the well.

  1. Long inch pipes are divid­ed into lengths from 1 to 1.5 m, at the ends of which threads are cut for con­nec­tion.
  2. On a meter pipe with a diam­e­ter of 1 inch, slot-like holes are made, spaced at a dis­tance of about 2 cm from each oth­er. The length of the per­fo­rat­ed sec­tion should be 0.8 m. This is the basis of the fil­ter.
  3. A wire is wound on a per­fo­rat­ed tube, and the wind­ing is closed with a mesh from above. For fix­ing, you can use 8–10 clamps or sol­der­ing. In the lat­ter case, lead sol­der should not be used.
  4. A steel cone is weld­ed to the end, which will be direct­ed to the base.

Now you can start dri­ving with pre­lim­i­nary drilling.

  1. In the place where the well will be installed, a pit of 0.5 m³ is dug.
  2. In the cen­ter of the pit, drilling is start­ed with a gar­den drill, which is increased using pipes with a diam­e­ter of 0.5 inch­es.
  3. The soil is peri­od­i­cal­ly removed by rais­ing the drill
  4. When sand sat­u­rat­ed with water appears, dri­ving begins. First, the fil­ter is con­nect­ed to the required num­ber of pipes, I wind the cast-iron sleeve onto the edge of the col­umn. They put on a “grand­moth­er” and hit her sharply.
  5. Grad­u­al­ly, a col­umn of pipes is built up.
  6. In the process of dri­ving, the soil around the pipe is con­stant­ly poured and com­pact­ed.
  7. Peri­od­i­cal­ly, water is poured into the body of the well and tapped. To do this, the pipe is turned clock­wise. When a rus­tle is heard, more water is added. If it leaves quick­ly, then they go deep by 0.3 m, with slow seep­age of the liq­uid, they clog the col­umn by half a meter.

The last pro­ce­dure helps not to miss the aquifer. When it is reached, a pump is installed and the water is pumped until it becomes trans­par­ent. Water must be tak­en to the lab­o­ra­to­ry for analy­sis. This will only slight­ly increase the cost of the “Abyssin­ian”, but it will make sure that the source can be used for drink­ing water sup­ply.

On the video you can watch the drilling of the Abyssin­ian well using the Pio­neer rig:

How much will it cost?

The well-nee­dle can be ordered on a turnkey basis. So, the instal­la­tion of a twelve-meter well made of gal­va­nized steel with the instal­la­tion of the pump you bought will cost about 23–25 ​​thou­sand rubles.

A cheap­er option is to score your own fin­ished struc­tur­al ele­ments. A set for a ten-meter well made of gal­va­nized steel costs about 5.50 $. Add to that the cost of the pump. The min­i­mum price of elec­tric water-lift­ing equip­ment is 25$.

The Abyssin­ian well, which is com­plete­ly self-made, will cost the least. Here, the main expens­es are asso­ci­at­ed with the pur­chase of a pump and pipes: 1 meter of an inch gal­va­nized steel pipe costs about 110 rubles. The total cost of a self-arranged well is unlike­ly to exceed 70 $.

In any case, with prop­er instal­la­tion, the well will become an excel­lent source of water that will last a long time.


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