How to make heating in the country?

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Hol­i­days in the coun­try for many of us is a key aspect of the sum­mer peri­od. How­ev­er, today a dacha is no longer just a place for sea­son­al recre­ation, but in most cas­es, a sol­id cap­i­tal build­ing that can accom­mo­date res­i­dents at any time of the year. Even at the design stage of a coun­try house, many of the own­ers of sub­ur­ban areas are try­ing to pro­vide for pos­si­ble options for orga­niz­ing heat­ing of a res­i­den­tial build­ing. In a dacha coop­er­a­tive, which is usu­al­ly locat­ed with­in reach of the city’s trans­port infra­struc­ture, most sum­mer res­i­dents are try­ing to find an accept­able way to make heat­ing for their dachas.

Today, the prob­lem of heat­ing a coun­try house remains rel­e­vant, so it’s time to con­sid­er options for orga­niz­ing a heat­ing sys­tem in a coun­try house and in the coun­try on our own.

Choice of heating system. What needs to be focused on?

The heat­ing sea­son is an impor­tant part of urban life. Anoth­er thing is when we try to spend more time in the coun­try­side, despite the chang­ing sea­sons. To make heat­ing for a coun­try house means to turn your own cot­tage into a cozy home, designed for year-round liv­ing and fre­quent vis­its. The com­plex­i­ty of the issue lies else­where. Which heat­ing sys­tem to choose? How real will it be to orga­nize heat­ing for a sum­mer res­i­dence with your own hands.

The first step, on which your choice depends, is an assess­ment of the tech­ni­cal con­di­tion of the coun­try house. Here it is impor­tant to take into account every detail, with­out los­ing sight of the small­est details and nuances, name­ly:

  • what build­ing mate­r­i­al was used to build the cot­tage;
  • assess­ment of the remote­ness of the coun­try house from the near­est engi­neer­ing and tech­ni­cal com­mu­ni­ca­tions;
  • avail­abil­i­ty of avail­able ener­gy resources.

These fac­tors will allow you to make the right choice on which autonomous heat­ing sys­tem to stop.

The choice of heat­ing option is large­ly influ­enced by the size of the cot­tage. The larg­er your house, the more ener­gy resources you need to ful­ly heat the inte­ri­or spaces and, accord­ing­ly, the heat­ing costs look more sig­nif­i­cant.

Do-it-your­self effec­tive heat­ing of a sum­mer house at min­i­mal cost can be done if the house is small and your vis­its to the sum­mer cot­tage main­ly occur in spring, sum­mer and autumn. The best option in this sit­u­a­tion would be elec­tric heat­ing. Rare inclu­sions and small inter­nal vol­umes will allow you to effec­tive­ly use elec­tric­i­ty for heat­ing. The costs in this case will be neg­li­gi­ble.

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For a coun­try house, con­vec­tors and fan heaters are usu­al­ly used. Many inhab­i­tants of dachas active­ly use oil radi­a­tors dur­ing the cold peri­od. All of these devices are local sources of heat and can be eas­i­ly trans­ferred from one room to anoth­er. As the best option with elec­tric­i­ty, infrared heaters can be dis­tin­guished. With a min­i­mum of ener­gy con­sump­tion, a high ther­mal effect is achieved.

As an alter­na­tive to elec­tric­i­ty, con­vec­tion ovens are per­fect for a small coun­try house. Such heat­ing units are effi­cient and eco­nom­i­cal. One load of sol­id fuel can be enough for the entire peri­od of your stay in the house, espe­cial­ly since such heat­ing is absolute­ly inde­pen­dent of the ener­gy sup­ply.

Impor­tant! If you want to equip your cot­tage with elec­tric heaters, you must take into account the pow­er of the elec­tri­cal wiring in the house. It is desir­able to have a switch­board and a pow­er cable designed for a volt­age of 380V. For con­vec­tion ovens, a spe­cial­ly equipped place is required, equidis­tant from the walls and hav­ing non-com­bustible lin­ings under­neath.

Try­ing to pre­serve the aes­thet­ics of the inte­ri­or, many of us pre­fer fire­places and stoves. Such heat­ing options are suit­able for short-term heat­ing of a small house. From a pure­ly aes­thet­ic point of view, it is con­ve­nient to heat with fire­wood or bri­quettes, how­ev­er, this heat­ing option is short-term, solv­ing a local prob­lem. It is nec­es­sary to con­stant­ly add fuel to main­tain a com­fort­able tem­per­a­ture. In addi­tion, the qual­i­ty of heat­ing may be affect­ed by the insuf­fi­cient ther­mal effi­cien­cy of the build­ing itself.

An option with a fire­place or stove can be con­sid­ered if there are no pow­er lines in the neigh­bor­hood, there is no prob­lem with fire­wood or oth­er sol­id fuels.

Worth pay­ing atten­tion! If your main fuel for a fire­place or stove is wood, coal — there is a high prob­a­bil­i­ty of enter­ing the inte­ri­or in a large amount of com­bus­tion prod­ucts, soot, soot and CO2which can affect the lev­el of com­fort. The cor­rect equip­ment of the hood and chim­ney can solve the prob­lem.

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For exam­ple, we can give the two most com­mon options for a fire­place stove:

  • fire­place, the pipe of which has a sec­tion of 100x125 mm;
  • fire­place with a rec­tan­gu­lar chim­ney, dimen­sions 150x50 mm.

In order to achieve the desired effect dur­ing the oper­a­tion of a fire­place with a closed com­bus­tion cham­ber, you will need 8 cubic meters to burn 1 kg of fire­wood. meters of air. The com­bus­tion process and the qual­i­ty of heat­ing in this case direct­ly depends on the con­di­tion of the duct.

For own­ers of large coun­try hous­es, which are designed for a large num­ber of inhab­i­tants and can be suit­able for year-round liv­ing with the appro­pri­ate equip­ment, it will already be an order of mag­ni­tude more dif­fi­cult to make heat­ing in the coun­try with their own hands. Here you have to think about oth­er options for heat­ing a coun­try house.

If the cottage is large, what solutions to the problem exist?

Your dacha is your sec­ond home, you spend a lot of time in it, the lev­el of domes­tic com­fort requires con­stant main­te­nance of an accept­able tem­per­a­ture, hot water sup­ply and con­stant oper­a­tion of house­hold appli­ances.

Water heat­ing in this sit­u­a­tion is the best option, espe­cial­ly if the gas main runs close to your site. If there is no gas, you can lim­it your­self to autonomous heat­ing using sol­id fuel and elec­tric boil­ers. To date, there are mod­els of boil­ers that are effec­tive when work­ing in such con­di­tions, pro­vide heat and com­fort to fair­ly large sub­ur­ban res­i­den­tial build­ings.

Instal­la­tion of a sum­mer cot­tage heat­ing sys­tem begins with the devel­op­ment of a project. In each indi­vid­ual case, it is nec­es­sary to cal­cu­late the most appro­pri­ate pow­er of the heat­ing unit, which can cope with the tasks. By sub­mit­ting an appli­ca­tion to the gas indus­try, you will receive the nec­es­sary tech­ni­cal spec­i­fi­ca­tions, which are already the basis for the devel­op­ment of the project and the prepa­ra­tion of cost esti­mates.

The first task is to estab­lish a source of ener­gy sup­ply. You decide for your­self how to heat your home, use either elec­tric­i­ty or give pref­er­ence to gas. You can stop at sol­id fuel boil­ers. The main task is to make with your own hands the most autonomous heat­ing sys­tem, inde­pen­dent of exter­nal fac­tors.

On a note: liq­uid fuel boil­ers for heat­ing pri­vate res­i­den­tial build­ings are inef­fec­tive due to exces­sive domes­tic pol­lu­tion of the sur­round­ing space.

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Installing a gas boil­er, installing heat­ing for your sum­mer house, includ­ing lay­ing pipelines and con­nect­ing heat­ing radi­a­tors, you will have to decide these issues your­self. The sup­ply of a gas pipe to the bound­aries of your site is car­ried out at the expense of the ener­gy com­pa­ny. In accor­dance with the new rules and pro­ce­dures for con­nect­ing gas to pri­vate house­holds, the con­nec­tion pro­ce­dure itself has been great­ly sim­pli­fied. No more than 3 months must pass from the moment of sub­mit­ting the appli­ca­tion for con­nec­tion.

The new pro­ce­dure applies to the cat­e­go­ry of sum­mer res­i­dents who spend no more than 5 m for heat­ing and domes­tic needs.3gas per day. Accord­ing to pre­lim­i­nary cal­cu­la­tions, this vol­ume is quite enough to heat a house with an area of ​​​​200 m2includ­ing hot water sup­ply and use of a house­hold gas stove.

Do-it-your­self heat­ing of a coun­try house using gas from the cen­tral gas pipeline is a con­ve­nient, prac­ti­cal and eco­nom­i­cal­ly sound solu­tion. As a win-win option, you should stop at an open-type heat­ing sys­tem. For a small coun­try house, even a two-sto­ry one, this option is very con­ve­nient, since the cir­cu­la­tion of the coolant is car­ried out in a nat­ur­al way. You your­self can lay pipes under a slope, and a dif­fer­ence of two floors will ensure the nor­mal func­tion­al­i­ty of the heat­ing sys­tem. The dia­gram allows you to rough­ly imag­ine what the heat­ing sys­tem in your coun­try house will look like.


Forced cir­cu­la­tion is more prac­ti­cal, how­ev­er, in this sit­u­a­tion, elec­tric­i­ty is required to oper­ate the pump. In win­ter, espe­cial­ly in bad weath­er out­side the city, pow­er out­ages are not uncom­mon. When con­nect­ing the sys­tem on your own, you must fol­low the instruc­tions and the project, oth­er­wise the heat­ing may be inef­fi­cient, and fuel con­sump­tion will increase sig­nif­i­cant­ly. The best option is to invite gas spe­cial­ists for heat­ing equip­ment in the coun­try.

The pow­er of the heat­ing boil­er is deter­mined approx­i­mate­ly, based on 1 kW of heat per 10 m2 res­i­den­tial build­ing area. The result­ing num­ber is mul­ti­plied by a coef­fi­cient that is approved for each region of our coun­try. So for the south­ern dis­tricts the coef­fi­cient is from 0.7 to 1.0, for the regions of Cen­tral Europe the coef­fi­cient is 1.5. For the north­ern regions from 1.5 units to 2.

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An alter­na­tive source of cen­tral­ized gas sup­ply, when your dacha is locat­ed far from infra­struc­ture facil­i­ties, is a gas-cylin­der instal­la­tion.

How to make heat­ing in the coun­try, if you have the funds, and the tech­ni­cal capa­bil­i­ties of the cot­tage sat­is­fy the tech­ni­cal con­di­tions of the heat­ing sys­tem, the answer is sim­ple and clear. You can always find the best option if you com­pe­tent­ly and eco­nom­i­cal­ly jus­ti­fy the solu­tion of the prob­lem. Elec­tric­i­ty, wood or coal, gas, in any case, you get a source of heat for your dacha. Anoth­er ques­tion is how the cho­sen option will meet your needs, whether the eco­nom­ic effect will be achieved.

To get a more com­plete pic­ture, you should famil­iar­ize your­self with the eco­nom­ic para­me­ters of using var­i­ous types of fuel for heat­ing. The data is shown in the table below:

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