Intercom installation in a private house. Detailed and unadorned.


intercom installation in a private house

Video inter­coms allow you to feel rel­a­tive­ly safe, as they allow you to see in advance who exact­ly came to you. How­ev­er, there are quite a few dif­fer­ent mod­els on the mar­ket, so it can be dif­fi­cult for a begin­ner to fig­ure out the opti­mal mod­el for instal­la­tion in a pri­vate house. This arti­cle has a detailed descrip­tion of the mod­els and a rec­om­men­da­tion for choos­ing the best one.

The principle of operation of the device

Con­nect­ing an inter­com with your own hands in a pri­vate house is quite real­is­tic, since all mod­els have a sim­i­lar prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion. Doors are opened using a spe­cial key or key fob, which must be attached to the read­er. As for the guests, in order for the door to open, they must dial the num­ber of the required apart­ment on the key­board. When con­nect­ing an inter­com in a pri­vate house, you do not need to dial the apart­ment num­ber. In this case, there is only a call but­ton.

Wiring diagram for video intercom system

The sig­nal from the call block goes to the con­troller, and the read­er or video cam­era trans­mits the broad­cast to the mon­i­tor, which is locat­ed inside the house. Thus, the own­er sees who has come and can, pick­ing up the phone with the door open­ing but­ton, let the guest in.

When the instru­ment is in stand­by mode, the mon­i­tor is on and the lock is locked. Pick­ing up the phone, you can con­duct a dia­logue with the guest. The lock opens only when the cor­re­spond­ing but­ton is pressed.

Types of intercoms

Video intercom panel on the wallThere are two types of video inter­coms:

  • Ana­log.
  • Dig­i­tal.

In its turn, ip inter­coms for a pri­vate house can be

  • wired,
  • wire­less.

In the lat­ter case, a Wi-Fi sig­nal is used. There are many require­ments for the tech­nique and access point for the sys­tem to work sta­bly.

Wire­less inter­com for a pri­vate house is ide­al if there is no inter­fer­ence. Oth­er­wise, the sig­nal may be unsta­ble, result­ing in the sys­tem not work­ing cor­rect­ly.

To get the best pic­ture, it is rec­om­mend­ed to choose a dig­i­tal out­door inter­com.

Ana­log Mod­els able to cope with basic tasks, but the image qual­i­ty is not very good. There are also var­i­ous inter­fer­ences. To get the best pic­ture even at a rel­a­tive­ly long dis­tance, it is rec­om­mend­ed to choose a dig­i­tal out­door inter­com for a pri­vate house.

What is included in the intercom system

It is most prof­itable to buy an inter­com for a pri­vate house in the kit, since dif­fer­ent brands have incom­pat­i­bil­i­ty. Here are the main com­po­nents that should be present in any sys­tem:

  • mon­i­tor video inter­com;
  • call­ing pan­el with a built-in video cam­era (some­times they install a call­ing pan­el and a video sur­veil­lance cam­era con­nect­ed to this sys­tem);
  • con­trolled elec­tro­mag­net­ic lock;
  • cable, con­nec­tors, PW screws and oth­er.

Set for a private house

When using a wire­less sys­tem, you will need equip­ment that sup­ports a Wi-Fi sig­nal and an access point. For an inter­com in a pri­vate house, the price may vary, depend­ing on the brand and the avail­abil­i­ty of addi­tion­al fea­tures. These include:

  • face recog­ni­tionthanks to which the door will open auto­mat­i­cal­ly,
  • license plate recog­ni­tion to open the garage door,
  • voice con­trol and much more.

All these fea­tures are avail­able with pro­fes­sion­al soft­ware.

What to look for when choosing an intercom

Access Control SystemInter­coms with video sur­veil­lance for a pri­vate house must be select­ed by char­ac­ter­is­tics, and not by price. Cost varies from 50 $ to sev­er­al tens. The sim­plest is ana­log, which has only the func­tion of open­ing doors. Image qual­i­ty is 420 TV lines. In terms of pix­els, this is less than 0.1 megapix­els. If all you need is a door open­ing func­tion, then it is quite suit­able. The inter­com scheme in a pri­vate house will depend on where it is planned to place its com­po­nents. The far­ther they are from each oth­er, the more mon­ey you have to spend on the cable.

If the cam­era is high, then you should pay atten­tion to IP mod­els. They allow you to view the guest from a dis­tance. In addi­tion, it is they who have addi­tion­al func­tions that open up with the pur­chase of pro­fes­sion­al soft­ware. Do not chase megapix­els: 1–2 megapix­el cam­eras will be enough.

Inter­coms with video sur­veil­lance for a pri­vate house must be select­ed by char­ac­ter­is­tics, and not by price.

Call pan­els are also dif­fer­ent:

  • street,
  • inter­nal,
  • anti-van­dal.

If an inter­com is attached to the gate to a pri­vate house, then it is bet­ter to buy a street anti-van­dal. He has:

  • water pro­tec­tion,
  • dust pro­tec­tion,
  • hypother­mia pro­tec­tion,
  • it will be hard to break it.

To accu­rate­ly select the opti­mal mod­el, you should trust the pro­fes­sion­als. It is bet­ter to describe the terms of ref­er­ence to the installers and indi­cate the bud­get. They will pick up all the nec­es­sary equip­ment and offer the most afford­able prices.

Sequence of work during installation

Installation and mounting of the panelEvery­thing hap­pens in a stan­dard way and in a cer­tain sequence. To prop­er­ly install an inter­com with a lock for a pri­vate house, you must adhere to this algo­rithm:

  • call pan­el instal­la­tion. To do this, you need to choose a place and dis­as­sem­ble the pan­el. Next, holes are drilled to which it will be attached. A wire is start­ed on the reverse side, and all con­nec­tions are placed in a mount­ing box so that mois­ture does not get on them. When the work is com­plet­ed, you need to return the cov­er to its place.
  • Installing the tube hap­pens in the house. It is attached in the same way as the call­ing pan­el. There should be an out­let next to it. 220V for fac­to­ry sup­ply.
  • Con­nec­tion pow­er sup­ply.
  • pad cable and seal­ing.
  • Pro­gram­ming keys.
  • Exam­i­na­tion sys­tems for per­for­mance.

If it is dark near the house at night, it is also rec­om­mend­ed to install a spot­light so that guests can be seen at night.

If it is dark near the house at night, it is also rec­om­mend­ed to install a spot­light so that guests can be seen at night. Most mod­els allow you to record to the built-in mem­o­ry. In order to keep the archive longer, you can set the motion detec­tion record­ing. How­ev­er, this func­tion is not avail­able in all video inter­coms.

Prices for devices and installation

Today, pric­ing is based on:

  • what brand,
  • how many years war­ran­ty
  • what fea­tures are sup­port­ed,
  • how much prod­uct is need­ed.

Whole­salers are pro­vid­ed with more attrac­tive terms of coop­er­a­tion. You can buy an inter­com for a pri­vate house with an electro­mechan­i­cal lock at a retail price from 30 dol­lars. Instal­la­tion and con­fig­u­ra­tion will cost, depend­ing on the orga­ni­za­tion, from 15$.

Addi­tion­al­ly, you may need:

  • pro­fes­sion­al soft­ware for con­nect­ing advanced func­tions,
  • visor for call pan­el,
  • mem­o­ry card,
  • body adapter.

All this can be pur­chased from spe­cial­ists when order­ing the instal­la­tion of an inter­com in a pri­vate house.

Popular Models

Exists rat­ing of inter­coms for a pri­vate house with reviews. It is pre­sent­ed below:

  • Fal­con eye. This com­pa­ny claims to be a man­u­fac­tur­er, but actu­al­ly imports goods from Chi­na. How­ev­er, they have excel­lent soft­ware and are ful­ly adapt­ed to work in Euro­pean con­di­tions. Prices are demo­c­ra­t­ic, there are no prob­lems with qual­i­ty. The com­pa­ny also offers video sur­veil­lance sys­tems, access con­trol sys­tems and oth­er prod­ucts. There are a lot of reviews about this orga­ni­za­tion on the Inter­net. Most­ly pos­i­tive. She has gained con­fi­dence over many years of work in the mar­ket. Neg­a­tive reviews are due to the fact that the equip­ment did not work for var­i­ous rea­sons. In case of prob­lems, the com­pa­ny makes a replace­ment or war­ran­ty repair.
  • Tan­tos — Anoth­er pop­u­lar brand in EU, which is dis­tin­guished by high qual­i­ty and a wide range of prod­ucts. Works best with Line and Trassir soft­ware, but vari­a­tions are pos­si­ble. The price seg­ment is designed for cus­tomers with above-aver­age income. There are prac­ti­cal­ly no neg­a­tive reviews on the Inter­net.
  • HikVi­sion . the largest Chi­nese man­u­fac­tur­er of secu­ri­ty sys­tems that sells its prod­ucts world­wide. Its prod­ucts are reli­a­bil­i­ty and sta­bil­i­ty. Stan­dard soft­ware is well designed, so you often don’t have to buy pro­fes­sion­al soft­ware. Prices are aver­age or slight­ly below aver­age.
  • CYFRAL. This com­pa­ny spe­cial­izes in the sale of inter­coms, so you can real­ly trust it.
  • Ken­wei. This com­pa­ny pro­duces bud­get mod­els that can work sta­bly for sev­er­al years. How­ev­er, the per­cent­age of mar­riage is high­er than that of many com­peti­tors.

It’s up to you to decide which mod­el to choose. How­ev­er, experts rec­om­mend look­ing at the required func­tion­al­i­ty. To save mon­ey, it is bet­ter to place an order through an instal­la­tion com­pa­ny, since an inde­pen­dent pur­chase from a sup­pli­er or man­u­fac­tur­er may be more expen­sive, since they are focused specif­i­cal­ly on whole­sale cus­tomers.

If you plan to install the sys­tem your­self, then you should look at how to mount an inter­com in a pri­vate house.

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