For residents of the private sector, new suburban settlements, there is no problem with choosing a heating system for housing. In most cities and towns in our country there is a fairly extensive network of domestic gas supply. Centralized heating in city apartments, autonomous gas heating in new buildings and in private households have become commonplace for us. Another thing is when your house is far from the main utilities and energy supply systems. In this case, you will have to consider other, alternative ways of heating a residential building, look for a way to organize heating of a private house without gas and electricity.
To equip a country house in accordance with the required level of comfort, without having sources of energy supply nearby, is a common phenomenon today. Massive private construction, which is currently underway throughout the country, has given impetus to the development of alternative energy sources, the use of which in private is expedient and quite effective. Experienced builders, specialists in the field of energy-saving technologies will help not only organize the heating of your own home in the absence of gas and without electricity, but also make such heating efficient and economical.
What type of fuel should be preferred? What to choose?
We have to return to the old and proven methods of heating, which were used until recently by our ancestors. The most effective option to heat your home is to use firewood for this purpose. I still remember the times when the inhabitants of the countryside heated their stoves with firewood, since a tree can almost always be found in the neighborhood. To fire wood, it is enough to equip the house with an ordinary stove or purchase a solid fuel boiler.
The European stove does an excellent job of heating one-story residential buildings. Moreover, the stove can be successfully used as a central element of the interior, as the main design object. The boiler in this regard is less aesthetic, but on the practical side it is much more efficient and practical. In a private house, installing a boiler that can be fired with wood is a task that everyone can do, given the fact that today the market for such equipment is saturated with a wide variety of models. When comparing a stove with a boiler, household aspects should be taken into account. The stove can be used not only for heating a residential building, but also used as a means for cooking. The boiler in this regard is limited functionally and is able to provide only heat and hot water supply.
The stove occupies a central place in the house, and for the boiler it is necessary to equip a special room — a boiler room, lay a pipe system through which the coolant will flow into the heating radiators. Among solid fuel boilers, gas-generating boilers, traditional models and pyrolysis boilers are more popular. The main distinguishing feature of a solid fuel heating system is the affordable price of boilers and the relative ease of installation. How to heat the boiler, with wood, coal or peat, everyone has the right to choose, depending on the degree of availability of a certain type of fuel in a given region.
For reference: modern solid fuel boilers can operate on different types of solid fuels. Coal, firewood, pellets, peat and briquettes may vary in intensity of combustion. Each type of fuel has its own specific heat of combustion, which determines the fuel consumption and the efficiency of the boiler.
The presence of automation, control devices provides a working system with the necessary level of security. The furnace in this aspect is not particularly safe. Open fire is a serious obstacle to equipping a stove in wooden buildings, endangering the property, life and health of the inhabitants of a residential building. A typical solid fuel boiler can be seen in the figure. The models presented for sale may differ in technological characteristics, dimensions and functionality.
The main advantages of solid fuel boilers include:
- relative affordability of fuel;
- low cost of heat energy (1 kW of heat generated by a solid fuel boiler is 4 times cheaper than 1 kW of heat generated by a gas boiler, 17 times cheaper than similar indicators when operating electric boilers);
- complete independence of solid fuel boilers from centralized energy supply systems.
The disadvantages of such equipment are not so obvious, but there are places to pay attention to them. Manual fuel supply, constant visual monitoring of the operation of the boiler, the need for cleaning and preventive maintenance of the device.
The boiler warms up for a long time, then providing a sufficient temperature in the system for a long time. This quality is also a significant disadvantage. After switching off, the boiler and the entire system do not cool down as quickly as we would like.
In parallel with the operation of solid fuel boilers as an energy source for the heating system, in some cases liquid fuel boilers are used. Fuel oil, diesel fuel or kerosene is used as fuel. Sometimes there are models of units that run on vegetable oil. However, such systems for private households are ineffective, their operation is associated with significant technological and domestic difficulties. Oil boilers are mainly used for heating large buildings with large interior spaces.
Sunlight, wind and nature itself is ready to provide us with warmth
Heating without gas is solved quite simply today. New technologies allow the use of alternative energy sources, not least of which is sunlight, wind generators, geothermal sources.
Relatively acceptable climatic conditions in your region will allow you to equip your own autonomous solar power plant on your own farm. If you have a bright sun over your head for a long time of the year, even in winter, it’s time to turn your attention to solar batteries or collectors, as they are also called.
The main function that is typical for solar generators is the conversion of solar energy into heat. It is possible to heat a house without gas using solar collectors under two conditions. Firstly, your housing should not be large, and secondly, the number of sunny days per year should be the maximum allowable.
A successful layout of a country house, a vast roof area will allow you to install large-area solar panels on it. The scheme of installation and connection of equipment is similar to laying electric heating in a house. Solar collectors are suitable as a source of energy for those categories of citizens who live in the southern regions of the country, who have at their disposal houses, cottages and other buildings designed to receive vacationers.
The main advantages of such a system include:
- energy efficiency;
- quick installation and easy connection installation;
- elementary rules of operation;
- modern design.
From all of the above, a simple and understandable conclusion can be drawn. Today, the organization of heating in one’s own house, due to the lack of gas and electricity, is quite solvable. The availability of funds, technical equipment and a competent, qualified approach will allow you to choose in a country house, using other sources of heat for this.
The domestic market currently presents a wide variety of models of boilers for autonomous heating, operating on solid fuels, liquid fuel boilers, wind turbines and solar collectors. In each individual case, the owner of the house himself chooses which type of heating to give preference to, what to save on and what effect should be.