Options for heating a private house without gas and electricity


For res­i­dents of the pri­vate sec­tor, new sub­ur­ban set­tle­ments, there is no prob­lem with choos­ing a heat­ing sys­tem for hous­ing. In most cities and towns in our coun­try there is a fair­ly exten­sive net­work of domes­tic gas sup­ply. Cen­tral­ized heat­ing in city apart­ments, autonomous gas heat­ing in new build­ings and in pri­vate house­holds have become com­mon­place for us. Anoth­er thing is when your house is far from the main util­i­ties and ener­gy sup­ply sys­tems. In this case, you will have to con­sid­er oth­er, alter­na­tive ways of heat­ing a res­i­den­tial build­ing, look for a way to orga­nize heat­ing of a pri­vate house with­out gas and elec­tric­i­ty.

To equip a coun­try house in accor­dance with the required lev­el of com­fort, with­out hav­ing sources of ener­gy sup­ply near­by, is a com­mon phe­nom­e­non today. Mas­sive pri­vate con­struc­tion, which is cur­rent­ly under­way through­out the coun­try, has giv­en impe­tus to the devel­op­ment of alter­na­tive ener­gy sources, the use of which in pri­vate is expe­di­ent and quite effec­tive. Expe­ri­enced builders, spe­cial­ists in the field of ener­gy-sav­ing tech­nolo­gies will help not only orga­nize the heat­ing of your own home in the absence of gas and with­out elec­tric­i­ty, but also make such heat­ing effi­cient and eco­nom­i­cal.

What type of fuel should be preferred? What to choose?

We have to return to the old and proven meth­ods of heat­ing, which were used until recent­ly by our ances­tors. The most effec­tive option to heat your home is to use fire­wood for this pur­pose. I still remem­ber the times when the inhab­i­tants of the coun­try­side heat­ed their stoves with fire­wood, since a tree can almost always be found in the neigh­bor­hood. To fire wood, it is enough to equip the house with an ordi­nary stove or pur­chase a sol­id fuel boil­er.

The Euro­pean stove does an excel­lent job of heat­ing one-sto­ry res­i­den­tial build­ings. More­over, the stove can be suc­cess­ful­ly used as a cen­tral ele­ment of the inte­ri­or, as the main design object. The boil­er in this regard is less aes­thet­ic, but on the prac­ti­cal side it is much more effi­cient and prac­ti­cal. In a pri­vate house, installing a boil­er that can be fired with wood is a task that every­one can do, giv­en the fact that today the mar­ket for such equip­ment is sat­u­rat­ed with a wide vari­ety of mod­els. When com­par­ing a stove with a boil­er, house­hold aspects should be tak­en into account. The stove can be used not only for heat­ing a res­i­den­tial build­ing, but also used as a means for cook­ing. The boil­er in this regard is lim­it­ed func­tion­al­ly and is able to pro­vide only heat and hot water sup­ply.

The stove occu­pies a cen­tral place in the house, and for the boil­er it is nec­es­sary to equip a spe­cial room — a boil­er room, lay a pipe sys­tem through which the coolant will flow into the heat­ing radi­a­tors. Among sol­id fuel boil­ers, gas-gen­er­at­ing boil­ers, tra­di­tion­al mod­els and pyrol­y­sis boil­ers are more pop­u­lar. The main dis­tin­guish­ing fea­ture of a sol­id fuel heat­ing sys­tem is the afford­able price of boil­ers and the rel­a­tive ease of instal­la­tion. How to heat the boil­er, with wood, coal or peat, every­one has the right to choose, depend­ing on the degree of avail­abil­i­ty of a cer­tain type of fuel in a giv­en region.

For ref­er­ence: mod­ern sol­id fuel boil­ers can oper­ate on dif­fer­ent types of sol­id fuels. Coal, fire­wood, pel­lets, peat and bri­quettes may vary in inten­si­ty of com­bus­tion. Each type of fuel has its own spe­cif­ic heat of com­bus­tion, which deter­mines the fuel con­sump­tion and the effi­cien­cy of the boil­er.

The pres­ence of automa­tion, con­trol devices pro­vides a work­ing sys­tem with the nec­es­sary lev­el of secu­ri­ty. The fur­nace in this aspect is not par­tic­u­lar­ly safe. Open fire is a seri­ous obsta­cle to equip­ping a stove in wood­en build­ings, endan­ger­ing the prop­er­ty, life and health of the inhab­i­tants of a res­i­den­tial build­ing. A typ­i­cal sol­id fuel boil­er can be seen in the fig­ure. The mod­els pre­sent­ed for sale may dif­fer in tech­no­log­i­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics, dimen­sions and func­tion­al­i­ty.

The main advan­tages of sol­id fuel boil­ers include:

  • rel­a­tive afford­abil­i­ty of fuel;
  • low cost of heat ener­gy (1 kW of heat gen­er­at­ed by a sol­id fuel boil­er is 4 times cheap­er than 1 kW of heat gen­er­at­ed by a gas boil­er, 17 times cheap­er than sim­i­lar indi­ca­tors when oper­at­ing elec­tric boil­ers);
  • com­plete inde­pen­dence of sol­id fuel boil­ers from cen­tral­ized ener­gy sup­ply sys­tems.

The dis­ad­van­tages of such equip­ment are not so obvi­ous, but there are places to pay atten­tion to them. Man­u­al fuel sup­ply, con­stant visu­al mon­i­tor­ing of the oper­a­tion of the boil­er, the need for clean­ing and pre­ven­tive main­te­nance of the device.

The boil­er warms up for a long time, then pro­vid­ing a suf­fi­cient tem­per­a­ture in the sys­tem for a long time. This qual­i­ty is also a sig­nif­i­cant dis­ad­van­tage. After switch­ing off, the boil­er and the entire sys­tem do not cool down as quick­ly as we would like.

In par­al­lel with the oper­a­tion of sol­id fuel boil­ers as an ener­gy source for the heat­ing sys­tem, in some cas­es liq­uid fuel boil­ers are used. Fuel oil, diesel fuel or kerosene is used as fuel. Some­times there are mod­els of units that run on veg­etable oil. How­ev­er, such sys­tems for pri­vate house­holds are inef­fec­tive, their oper­a­tion is asso­ci­at­ed with sig­nif­i­cant tech­no­log­i­cal and domes­tic dif­fi­cul­ties. Oil boil­ers are main­ly used for heat­ing large build­ings with large inte­ri­or spaces.

Sunlight, wind and nature itself is ready to provide us with warmth

Heat­ing with­out gas is solved quite sim­ply today. New tech­nolo­gies allow the use of alter­na­tive ener­gy sources, not least of which is sun­light, wind gen­er­a­tors, geot­her­mal sources.

Rel­a­tive­ly accept­able cli­mat­ic con­di­tions in your region will allow you to equip your own autonomous solar pow­er plant on your own farm. If you have a bright sun over your head for a long time of the year, even in win­ter, it’s time to turn your atten­tion to solar bat­ter­ies or col­lec­tors, as they are also called.

The main func­tion that is typ­i­cal for solar gen­er­a­tors is the con­ver­sion of solar ener­gy into heat. It is pos­si­ble to heat a house with­out gas using solar col­lec­tors under two con­di­tions. First­ly, your hous­ing should not be large, and sec­ond­ly, the num­ber of sun­ny days per year should be the max­i­mum allow­able.

A suc­cess­ful lay­out of a coun­try house, a vast roof area will allow you to install large-area solar pan­els on it. The scheme of instal­la­tion and con­nec­tion of equip­ment is sim­i­lar to lay­ing elec­tric heat­ing in a house. Solar col­lec­tors are suit­able as a source of ener­gy for those cat­e­gories of cit­i­zens who live in the south­ern regions of the coun­try, who have at their dis­pos­al hous­es, cot­tages and oth­er build­ings designed to receive vaca­tion­ers.

The main advan­tages of such a sys­tem include:

  • ener­gy effi­cien­cy;
  • quick instal­la­tion and easy con­nec­tion instal­la­tion;
  • ele­men­tary rules of oper­a­tion;
  • mod­ern design.

From all of the above, a sim­ple and under­stand­able con­clu­sion can be drawn. Today, the orga­ni­za­tion of heat­ing in one’s own house, due to the lack of gas and elec­tric­i­ty, is quite solv­able. The avail­abil­i­ty of funds, tech­ni­cal equip­ment and a com­pe­tent, qual­i­fied approach will allow you to choose in a coun­try house, using oth­er sources of heat for this.

The domes­tic mar­ket cur­rent­ly presents a wide vari­ety of mod­els of boil­ers for autonomous heat­ing, oper­at­ing on sol­id fuels, liq­uid fuel boil­ers, wind tur­bines and solar col­lec­tors. In each indi­vid­ual case, the own­er of the house him­self choos­es which type of heat­ing to give pref­er­ence to, what to save on and what effect should be.


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