Types of heating a private house without gas and electricity


Heating of a private house

Today, the orga­ni­za­tion of heat­ing a pri­vate house with­out gas and elec­tric­i­ty is a very rel­e­vant issue.

The reg­u­lar increase in the cost of these tra­di­tion­al ener­gy sources leads to the search for alter­na­tive, more eco­nom­i­cal sources of heat.

And today, com­bined heat­ing sys­tems are increas­ing­ly used, using main sources of ther­mal ener­gy and local ones.

There is a cat­e­go­ry of res­i­den­tial build­ings in which alter­na­tive heat­ing is the only pos­si­ble option. These are hous­es locat­ed in areas remote from civ­i­liza­tion, where there is no way to con­nect to a gas or elec­tric­i­ty net­work. This group also includes some dacha coop­er­a­tives, in which it is cus­tom­ary to turn off the pow­er sup­ply in the win­ter.

Types of alternative heating

Today, sev­er­al heat­ing sys­tems for a pri­vate house with­out gas and elec­tric­i­ty are used — both tra­di­tion­al and inno­v­a­tive:

European stove

Russian stove for heating the houseHeat­ing of hous­ing by means of a wood-burn­ing stove has been prac­ticed in Rus’ from time immemo­r­i­al. Then they were used to heat small wood­en huts, usu­al­ly con­sist­ing of one com­mon room.

With the begin­ning of the use of non-com­bustible build­ing mate­ri­als, for exam­ple, nat­ur­al stone, brick, the heat­ing scheme based on the Euro­pean stove has improved sig­nif­i­cant­ly. A rough was cre­at­ed — a chim­ney-heat exchang­er, which is a ser­pen­tine sys­tem of chan­nels built in the wall.

Thus, it became pos­si­ble to effec­tive­ly heat two sep­a­rate rooms, and the effi­cien­cy of the fur­nace increased sig­nif­i­cant­ly — hot smoke did not fly direct­ly into the chim­ney. Today, such a heat­ing scheme is used in many small sum­mer cot­tages, hunt­ing hous­es.

In the twen­ti­eth cen­tu­ry, anoth­er improve­ment in stove heat­ing took place. The fur­nace began to be equipped with a spe­cial tank in which the liq­uid coolant (in the sim­plest case, water) was heat­ed, after which it cir­cu­lat­ed through the pipes, giv­ing off the accu­mu­lat­ed ther­mal ener­gy through heat­ing radi­a­tors. Now it has become pos­si­ble to heat a mul­ti-room house.

In the future, this scheme was more and more improved: expan­sion tanks began to be used to pro­tect the sys­tem from over­heat­ing and destruc­tion, cir­cu­la­tion pumps that effec­tive­ly sup­ply the coolant to the upper floors of a mul­ti-storey pri­vate house, and var­i­ous elec­tron­ics that con­trol heat­ing. But the last two ele­ments already require a func­tion­ing elec­tri­cal net­work, there­fore, in areas where there is no elec­tric­i­ty sup­ply, they are prac­ti­cal­ly not used.

To date, lay­ing a fur­nace per­formed by rep­re­sen­ta­tives of a licensed con­struc­tion com­pa­ny can cost about 70–1000 $. The ser­vices of a pri­vate trad­er can be much cheap­er.

Oper­at­ing costs for wood/coal heat­ing depend on the cost of fire­wood in your area, the qual­i­ty of the stove, the rough or heat­ing sys­tem, the ther­mal insu­la­tion of the house, the area of ​​​​glaz­ing, out­side tem­per­a­ture, wind strength and oth­er fac­tors.

If there is a lot of dead wood near­by, then the oper­at­ing finan­cial costs can be reduced to zero, only your skills in cut­ting trees and chop­ping fire­wood will be required.

Heating fuel boilers

Solid fuel heating boilerThey are an improved mod­i­fi­ca­tion of the fur­nace. To date, heat­ing a pri­vate house with­out gas and elec­tric­i­ty can be car­ried out using the fol­low­ing boil­er mod­i­fi­ca­tions:

  • sol­id fuel;
  • liq­uid fuel;
  • uni­ver­sal.

The fol­low­ing types of raw mate­ri­als and prod­ucts are used as sol­id fuels:

  • fire­wood;
  • coal;
  • peat;
  • pel­lets and oth­ers.

Sol­id fuel boil­ers are clas­si­fied accord­ing to sev­er­al cri­te­ria:

  • Ver­sa­til­i­ty. There are mod­i­fi­ca­tions that can run on any type of fuel and are designed to burn a spe­cif­ic ener­gy resource. Uni­ver­sal boil­ers are much more expen­sive, less durable and effi­cient.
  • Pow­er. An indi­ca­tor that deter­mines the calorif­ic val­ue of boil­er equip­ment, respec­tive­ly, the max­i­mum vol­ume of the heat­ed space.
  • Ener­gy depen­dence. Mod­els are pro­duced that do not require con­nec­tion to the mains — with ful­ly mechan­i­cal man­u­al con­trol and require low pow­er con­sump­tion — mod­i­fi­ca­tions equipped with an auto-fuel sys­tem and con­trol / pro­tec­tion elec­tron­ics.

Oil boil­ers diesel fuel (solar oil) is used as a heat car­ri­er. There are also volatile and non-volatile mod­i­fi­ca­tions. The for­mer are safer to oper­ate, since they are equipped with auto­mat­ic para­me­ter adjust­ment and pro­tec­tion cir­cuits in emer­gency sit­u­a­tions, but more expen­sive. The lat­ter are cheap­er, but require con­stant mon­i­tor­ing and man­u­al adjust­ment.

Uni­ver­sal boil­ers can oper­ate on sev­er­al or even all ener­gy sources — gas, diesel fuel, wood, pel­lets, elec­tric­i­ty, coal.

The cost of boil­ers depends, first of all, on their per­for­mance. So, the price of the most low-pow­er Euro­pean-made sol­id fuel boil­er, capa­ble of heat­ing a small house with an area of ​​​​50–60 square meters, starts at 100 dol­lars. Instal­la­tion and con­nec­tion of a boil­er with a chim­ney will cost from 30 dol­lars, depend­ing on the dimen­sions of the unit and the com­plex­i­ty of the work being done.

Oper­at­ing costs, again, depend on the cost of the fuel used in your area or the avail­abil­i­ty of free resources.

modern fireplaces

Fireplace for homeIn fact, this is the same Euro­pean stove, only with the abil­i­ty to admire the flame. They are more dec­o­ra­tive than func­tion­al equip­ment, although mod­ern mod­els are able to heat a rather large room. Tra­di­tion­al­ly, wood is used as fuel.

Fire­places come in two main vari­eties. The first one devel­ops brickthe sec­ond, man­u­fac­tured met­al, pur­chased as a set. The cost of brick fire­places depends on the com­plex­i­ty of man­u­fac­tur­ing, the qual­i­fi­ca­tions of the mas­ter and starts from 100 dol­lars. The pur­chase of a fin­ished fire­place will cost you at least 40 dol­lars, and its instal­la­tion ser­vices — from 20 dol­lars.

Economical diesel heat guns

There are sev­er­al vari­a­tions of heat guns. They can be portable and sta­tion­ary, use var­i­ous ener­gy car­ri­ers. In our case, we con­sid­er sta­tion­ary diesel gunsequipped with a sys­tem for remov­ing com­bus­tion prod­ucts. This equip­ment is the fastest way to warm up the room.

Diesel heat gunIt can­not be called com­plete­ly non-volatile, since it uses a blow­er fan, so you have to use a bat­tery or a diesel gen­er­a­tor in par­al­lel.

But heat guns are an ide­al tool, for exam­ple, for a short win­ter vis­it to a sum­mer cot­tage.

The pur­chase of a liq­uid-fuel heat gun capa­ble of heat­ing a room with an area not exceed­ing 80 square meters will cost a min­i­mum amount of 100 dol­lars.

Instal­la­tion and instal­la­tion of a pipe out­let for com­bus­tion prod­ucts can be done inde­pen­dent­lyit is enough to adhere to all the con­di­tions described in the attached instruc­tions.

Solar collectors

Solar collector on the roofThis equip­ment belongs to a fair­ly new cat­e­go­ry of devices capa­ble of extract­ing ther­mal ener­gy from the envi­ron­ment, name­ly, using solar ener­gy.

The col­lec­tors are designed to heat the coolant, the ener­gy of which is then used to heat a pri­vate house with­out gas and elec­tric­i­ty or house­hold needs (if water is used).

There are two main design vari­a­tions of solar col­lec­tors:

  • flat, capa­ble of heat­ing the coolant up to 200 degrees;
  • vac­u­um, heat­ing the coolant up to 300 degrees.

Flat-plate col­lec­tors are much cheap­er, but less effi­cient in cloudy win­ter con­di­tions. A stan­dard min­i­mum set of equip­ment with a ther­mal pow­er of 2 kilo­watts will cost 160 thou­sand rubles, instal­la­tion and con­nec­tion to an exist­ing heat­ing sys­tem will cost at least 100 $, and oper­at­ing costs, sub­ject to all rec­om­men­da­tions, are zero.

Video about how the solar col­lec­tor works in win­ter:

Many of the above alter­na­tive heat­ing sys­tems require sig­nif­i­cant upfront costs, but they often pay for them­selves faster than schemes using mains ener­gy sources.

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