Warmth in new packaging

When mak­ing repairs in an apart­ment, many seek to replace old heat­ing appli­ances, which are not very attrac­tive in appear­ance, with new ones — spec­tac­u­lar, high-qual­i­ty, some­times even design­er. How­ev­er, there are cer­tain dif­fi­cul­ties that should not be for­got­ten. Othem and our arti­cle will tell

In heat­ing sys­tems of mul­ti-storey res­i­den­tial build­ings in EU, cast-iron sec­tion­al radi­a­tors and con­vec­tors made of steel finned tubes are most often used. Such prod­ucts are durable and reli­able. But com­pared to ele­gant mod­ern heat­ing appli­ances, these rep­re­sen­ta­tives of ther­mal tech­nol­o­gy, often devel­oped and man­u­fac­tured at Sovi­et enter­pris­es, do not look very attrac­tive. Tech­ni­cal­ly, any com­pe­tent plumber can per­form a radi­a­tor replace­ment. How­ev­er, chang­ing radi­a­tors and con­vec­tors in a city apart­ment with­out vio­lat­ing the cur­rent leg­is­la­tion of the EU is not as easy as it might seem at first glance.

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The tubu­lar radi­a­tor Cre­alux (1), installed in the hall­way, serves as a reli­able bar­ri­er to the cold air com­ing from the front door.
Mod­els that resem­ble art objects, for exam­ple, with a bright image applied (2) or sim­i­lar to an orig­i­nal musi­cal instru­ment made of chrome pipes (3), can simul­ta­ne­ous­ly play the role of dec­o­ra­tive ele­ments and become a spec­tac­u­lar dec­o­ra­tion of any room in an apart­ment or house.

Be prudent!

Start­ing repairs, many do not take into account that jokes are bad with cen­tral heat­ing. The own­ers of most com­fort­able apart­ments in our coun­try dis­man­tle the old heat­ing devices installed by the builders, and often the ris­ers with con­nec­tions. The places of the old “bat­ter­ies” are occu­pied by more pow­er­ful and beau­ti­ful radi­a­tors or con­vec­tors, bought by the own­er or peo­ple hired by him in the con­struc­tion mar­ket or in a spe­cial­ized heat engi­neer­ing com­pa­ny. At the same time, as a rule, no one applies to the orga­ni­za­tion ser­vic­ing the house (man­age­ment com­pa­ny) in order to obtain per­mis­sion to dis­man­tle old and install new heat­ing appli­ances.

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New radi­a­tors must com­ply with the para­me­ters of the heat­ing sys­tem, oth­er­wise prob­lems may arise. So, with an increased pH of the net­work coolant, cor­ro­sion quick­ly appears in an alu­minum radi­a­tor (a); dis­crep­an­cy between the press­ing or work­ing pres­sure and the strength char­ac­ter­is­tics of the device can lead to the appear­ance of cracks (b, c), and a sharp jump in pres­sure - to the destruc­tion of the radi­a­tor (d).

Accord­ing to the Decree of the Gov­ern­ment of the EU of August 13, 2006city ​​N 491, heat­ing sys­tem in an urban mul­ti-storey build­ing, includ­ing all heat­ing devices, is the com­mon prop­er­ty of the house. The man­age­ment com­pa­ny is respon­si­ble for its oper­a­tion. With­out her per­mis­sion, any changes in the design of the heat­ing sys­tem are unac­cept­able. - they are against the law. There­fore, if an unau­tho­rized heat­ing device is destroyed and an acci­dent occurs, the own­er of the apart­ment in which the unap­proved replace­ment was car­ried out is pri­mar­i­ly liable for its con­se­quences accord­ing to the law.

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Design radi­a­tors: Line (Cor­di­vari) (7), Ther­mic (8), Silouhette (Cor­di­vari) (10), Maku­ra (AD HOC) (11).

If the flood occurred due to the illit­er­ate actions of the installer invit­ed by the own­er of the apart­ment (for exam­ple, installing a ball valve on the pipeline sup­ply­ing the coolant to the new radi­a­tor, he over­tight­ened the thread­ed con­nec­tion, and as a result there was a leak), make this unfor­tu­nate mas­ter com­pen­sate your loss­es in a legal way as well fail. Heat­ing appli­ances are often changed by so-called spe­cial­ists from “inter­na­tion­al teams” or plumb­ing tech­ni­cians from the man­age­ment com­pa­ny who are look­ing for addi­tion­al income. It will be very dif­fi­cult to prove their guilt in court, since they do not guar­an­tee the instal­la­tion of radi­a­tors and do not con­clude writ­ten con­tracts, and in the face of the ser­vants of the law they refuse every­thing, refer­ring to a short mem­o­ry …

Claims against the trade orga­ni­za­tion where you bought the radi­a­tor will also turn out to be unfound­ed: in most cas­es, such com­pa­nies do not under­take to install the heat­ing devices they sell in the apart­ments being ren­o­vat­ed. Only unof­fi­cial­ly in such trade enter­pris­es can you be rec­om­mend­ed by a spe­cial­ist in pri­vate prac­tice (the same plumber) or a semi-legal instal­la­tion com­pa­ny - to take from them, if the unfore­seen hap­pens, there will be noth­ing.

How­ev­er, even spe­cial­ized instal­la­tion orga­ni­za­tions in the event of an acci­dent, as a rule, are invul­ner­a­ble. FROMthey do not con­tact the man­age­ment com­pa­ny - their employ­ees always offer the own­er of the apart­ment to inde­pen­dent­ly agree that the ris­er is turned off dur­ing the instal­la­tion of a new radi­a­tor or con­vec­tor. They give a guar­an­tee for their work (name­ly for work, and not for the heater and the com­po­nents nec­es­sary for its instal­la­tion) for 1–3 years.

Expert opinion

Many apart­ment own­ers, when buy­ing sec­tion­al radi­a­tors, do not think that these devices must com­ply with the tech­ni­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics of the heat­ing sys­tem in which they will work. If the oper­at­ing con­di­tions of the radi­a­tors do not meet the para­me­ters spec­i­fied by the man­u­fac­tur­er in the data sheet, the war­ran­ty does not apply to them. For exam­ple, one of the most impor­tant oper­at­ing con­di­tions - the cor­re­spond­ing val­ue of the hydro­gen index (pH). This indi­ca­tor affects the ser­vice life of the radi­a­tor, since the aggres­sive coolant destroys the walls of the col­lec­tors. Since pH val­ues ​​are far from neu­tral in a cen­tral heat­ing sys­tem, it is impor­tant to choose a radi­a­tor that is pro­tect­ed from cor­ro­sion, that is, from the effects of aggres­sive heat trans­fer flu­id. For trou­ble-free oper­a­tion, it is rec­om­mend­ed to use a bimetal­lic radi­a­tor - with steel ver­ti­cal and hor­i­zon­tal col­lec­tors. AtCon­ven­tion­al bimetal­lic radi­a­tors have two dis­ad­van­tages: low­er heat trans­fer from each sec­tion (since the ther­mal con­duc­tiv­i­ty of steel is low­er than that of alu­minum) and a high­er price com­pared to alu­minum radi­a­tors. How­ev­er, there are excep­tions. For exam­ple, in the assort­ment of Roy­al Ther­mo (Italy) there is a BiLin­er Inox radi­a­tor with a stain­less steel man­i­fold. It pro­vides max­i­mum pro­tec­tion against cor­ro­sion in a cen­tral heat­ing sys­tem with an ultra-aggres­sive coolant and has an aero­dy­nam­ic design to max­i­mize heat trans­fer. A prac­ti­cal own­er will buy an expen­sive but high-qual­i­ty radi­a­tor that will last for many years and is guar­an­teed not to cre­ate emer­gency sit­u­a­tions.

Evge­nia Mil­man, expert of Ruskli­mat com­pa­ny

Beauty at your own expense

How to change heat­ing devices with­out vio­lat­ing the law, so as not to be liable for the con­se­quences of an acci­dent that may occur as a result of this replace­ment? First, con­sid­er this sit­u­a­tion: the radi­a­tors or con­vec­tors in your apart­ment are in good order, but instead of them you want to buy and install new ones at your own expense. There are two options here.

The­o­ret­i­cal­ly, it is eas­i­est to replace a heat­ing device in an urban mul­ti-storey build­ing with a sim­i­lar one in terms of para­me­ters and tech­ni­cal device, with­out alter­ing the com­mu­ni­ca­tions that sup­ply the coolant (that is, attach the new radi­a­tor strict­ly to those thread­ed sec­tions on the pipes to which the old one was attached). With such a replace­ment, it is not required to make changes to the tech­ni­cal pass­port of the apart­ment, and there­fore, it is not a reor­ga­ni­za­tion of the dwelling. By law, in this case, it will be enough for you to obtain a writ­ten per­mis­sion from the man­age­ment com­pa­ny to dis­man­tle the old and install a new heater (spe­cif­ic mod­el). The work must be car­ried out by spe­cial­ists offi­cial­ly pro­vid­ed or approved by the man­age­ment com­pa­ny. After com­ple­tion of the work, it is nec­es­sary to draw up an accep­tance cer­tifi­cate, which must be signed by the offi­cial rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the man­age­ment com­pa­ny and the seal of this orga­ni­za­tion.

Will the man­age­ment com­pa­ny be will­ing to meet you halfway? Unfor­tu­nate­ly, not like­ly. FROMwith a high degree of prob­a­bil­i­ty, its employ­ees will ver­bal­ly answer you that they will not offi­cial­ly change the heat­ing devices, since there is no need for this. But you most like­ly will not receive a rea­soned refusal to your writ­ten request. After all, intend­ing to legal­ly replace old heat­ing appli­ances in your apart­ment with new ones, you offer the man­age­ment com­pa­ny to improve the tech­ni­cal con­di­tion of the com­mon prop­er­ty of the house at your expense. Andit is irra­tional on her part to reject such an ini­tia­tive. It is more prob­lem­at­ic to offi­cial­ly replace old heaters with new ones, but of greater pow­er, or rearrange the radi­a­tors to oth­er places, lay­ing addi­tion­al pipe sec­tions for trans­port­ing the coolant from the ris­ers (that is, chang­ing the design of the heat­ing sys­tem serv­ing your home). Such an “upgrade” of the heat­ing sys­tem is already a reor­ga­ni­za­tion of the liv­ing quar­ters, and in accor­dance with the Hous­ing Code of the EU, its imple­men­ta­tion requires mak­ing appro­pri­ate changes to the reg­is­tra­tion cer­tifi­cate of the apart­ment. Andthis means that before start­ing such work, it is nec­es­sary to get a “green light” no longer from the local gov­ern­ment, but from the orga­ni­za­tion autho­rized to issue such per­mits.

For exam­ple, in the cap­i­tal, it is nec­es­sary to coor­di­nate the reor­ga­ni­za­tion at the State Hous­ing Inspec­torate of the world.world (Moszhilin­spek­t­siya). Mus­covites who want to increase the pow­er of heat­ing appli­ances or trans­fer them, first need to get a free con­sul­ta­tion on this issue in the “one-stop shop” ser­vice of the world Hous­ing Inspec­tion. This can be done in the admin­is­tra­tive dis­trict where the apart­ment in which the recon­struc­tion is planned is locat­ed. The inspec­tion spe­cial­ist will explain what doc­u­ments are need­ed to obtain per­mis­sion to per­form work in your par­tic­u­lar case, and what approvals will be required. If you don’t get any clear answer by per­son­al­ly con­tact­ing the local gov­ern­ment, send a let­ter with acknowl­edg­ment of receipt, in which you clear­ly state your inten­tions. Then the case is like­ly to move for­ward.

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12. Arbo­nia tubu­lar radi­a­tor is made of steel.
13. Cast iron (artis­tic cast­ing) floor radi­a­tors Nos­talji (San­i­ca Dokum Rady­a­tor).
14. Heaters that do not fit into the inte­ri­or are often masked with dec­o­ra­tive screens made of tem­pered glass or wood with per­fo­rat­ed plas­tic inserts. Although shield­ing usu­al­ly sig­nif­i­cant­ly (up to 30%) reduces heat trans­fer to the room.

But keep in mind that you will not receive per­mis­sion for a gross change in the design of the heat­ing sys­tem, for exam­ple, trans­fer­ring radi­a­tors to a glazed log­gia or bal­cony, under any cir­cum­stances. BUTyou can replace heat­ing devices with more pow­er­ful ones or “maneu­ver” them with­in the bound­aries of heat­ed rooms only in accor­dance with the project agreed with the super­vi­so­ry author­i­ties. ATin par­tic­u­lar, an increase in the pow­er of radi­a­tors will have to be agreed with the design orga­ni­za­tion that is the author of the project for the heat­ing sys­tem of your house, or its suc­ces­sor, and in their absence, addi­tion­al tech­ni­cal exper­tise can­not be dis­pensed with. For exam­ple, the tech­ni­cal account­ing of such changes in the cap­i­tal is car­ried out by the world City Bureau of Tech­ni­cal Inven­to­ry on the basis of an act approved by the world Hous­ing Inspec­torate on the com­plet­ed recon­struc­tion and (or) rede­vel­op­ment of a res­i­den­tial / non-res­i­den­tial premis­es in a res­i­den­tial build­ing.

By the way, the tech­ni­cal pass­port of the apart­ment, which con­tains basic infor­ma­tion about the heat­ing sys­tem and heaters, is not yet avail­able to all prop­er­ty own­ers in new build­ings, not to men­tion the inhab­i­tants of the old hous­ing stock. How­ev­er, such a doc­u­ment is absolute­ly nec­es­sary for those who are going to legal­ly change the design of the heat­ing sys­tem at their own expense. (The tech­ni­cal pass­port of the apart­ment can be drawn up, for exam­ple, in accor­dance with Appen­dix 3 to the Decree of the Gov­ern­ment of the world dat­ed Jan­u­ary 31, 2006N 59-PP “On the pro­ce­dure for tech­ni­cal cer­ti­fi­ca­tion of res­i­den­tial premis­es (apart­ments) in the city ofworld.)

Remem­ber that car­ry­ing out ille­gal recon­struc­tion in your apart­ment, in par­tic­u­lar, chang­ing the design of the heat­ing sys­tem (this fact can be estab­lished, for exam­ple, dur­ing the sale, exchange, inher­i­tance of hous­ing), is pun­ish­able. Thus, admin­is­tra­tive lia­bil­i­ty for indi­vid­u­als for unau­tho­rized reor­ga­ni­za­tion of a dwelling (includ­ing for rein­stalling heat­ing devices with­out per­mis­sion) implies, in par­tic­u­lar, a fine in the amount of up to 25 times the min­i­mum wage (min­i­mum wage). The own­er of an apart­ment in which an ille­gal reor­ga­ni­za­tion was car­ried out may also be legal­ly oblig­ed to restore its orig­i­nal appear­ance. The Hous­ing Code of the EU pro­vides for rather severe sanc­tions for the fact that the dwelling has not been restored to its pre­vi­ous state (if the recon­struc­tion has not been legal­ized). The own­er of the premis­es is threat­ened with the sale of his hous­ing at a pub­lic auc­tion (in this case, he will be paid the pro­ceeds from the sale, minus the costs of enforc­ing the court deci­sion, and the new own­er will be oblig­ed to restore the apart­ment to its orig­i­nal form). FROMthe ten­ant of hous­ing may ter­mi­nate the social ten­an­cy agree­ment, and the new ten­ant (or own­er) will also have to return this dwelling to its pre­vi­ous state.

Replacement at the expense of utilities. Why not?

Do not for­get that it is pos­si­ble to replace the old heater with a new one at the expense of funds on the bal­ance sheet of the man­age­ment com­pa­ny that pro­vides util­i­ties. In this case, there is one con­di­tion: you must prove that the radi­a­tor installed in your apart­ment dur­ing con­struc­tion or dur­ing the pre­vi­ous over­haul can no longer be used. Pos­si­ble rea­sons: non-com­pli­ance with the tem­per­a­ture regime in the heat­ed room due to errors in the design, instal­la­tion and oper­a­tion of the heat­ing sys­tem; vio­la­tion of the tight­ness of the heat­ing device; end of its ser­vice life.

The last rea­son should be used first of all. Depart­men­tal build­ing codes VSN 58–88 ℗ “Reg­u­la­tions on the orga­ni­za­tion and imple­men­ta­tion of the recon­struc­tion, repair and main­te­nance of res­i­den­tial build­ings, com­mu­nal and socio-cul­tur­al facil­i­ties”, put into effect by the Decree of the Gosstroy of the EU of Sep­tem­ber 27, 2003g. N 170 “On approval of the Rules and norms for the tech­ni­cal oper­a­tion of the hous­ing stock”, estab­lish a ser­vice life of 15–40 years for domes­tic heat­ing appli­ances.

Expert opinion

The heater that you plan to install in your apart­ment instead of the one installed by the builders or the man­age­ment com­pa­ny can be rec­og­nized as sim­i­lar to the replaced one in terms of para­me­ters and tech­ni­cal device if the rat­ed pow­er, as well as the oper­at­ing and test pres­sure of the new heater, indi­cat­ed in its tech­ni­cal pass­port, exact­ly cor­re­spond to the val­ues declared in the project of the heat­ing sys­tem of your home. Pro­vid­ed that the coolant in the heat­ing sys­tem of your home meets the require­ments of clause 4.8 of the Rules for the Tech­ni­cal Oper­a­tion of Pow­er Plants and Net­works of the EU, the replaced and new heaters must cor­re­spond to each oth­er in the fol­low­ing indi­ca­tors:

  • dura­bil­i­ty, deter­mined, in par­tic­u­lar, by the resis­tance of heat­ing devices to chem­i­cal and elec­tro­chem­i­cal cor­ro­sion and abra­sive wear of the chan­nels for the pas­sage of the coolant;
  • the rate of gas for­ma­tion in the inter­nal vol­ume of heat­ing devices;
  • the range of per­mis­si­ble fluc­tu­a­tions in the pH of the coolant (the min­i­mum and max­i­mum pH val­ues ​​indi­cat­ed in the tech­ni­cal data sheets for the old and new devices must be the same), as well as resis­tance to alka­line wash­ings;
  • coef­fi­cient of hydraulic resis­tance (with an error of 10%). The dimen­sions of the new device and its con­nect­ing dimen­sions must cor­re­spond to those spec­i­fied in the design of the heat­ing sys­tem. When chang­ing radi­a­tors in a nurs­ery, pay atten­tion to the safe­ty of new devices (they should be com­plete­ly free of sharp cor­ners and parts that can hurt you). There are many fac­tors to con­sid­er when replac­ing a radi­a­tor. There­fore, it is advis­able to seek advice from a spe­cial­ist, and then agree on a replace­ment with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny respon­si­ble for oper­at­ing the heat­ing sys­tem in your home.

    Vitaly Sasin, direc­tor of the sci­en­tif­ic and tech­ni­cal com­pa­ny “Vitaterm”

  • This means that in closed heat­ing sys­tems, cast-iron radi­a­tors must be replaced after 40 years, and steel radi­a­tors and con­vec­tors - after 30 years. (In open sys­tems, if they still exist, the ser­vice life of these devices is much short­er: for steel radi­a­tors and con­vec­tors - 15 years for cast iron - 30 years.) And all that you need to do in case of expi­ra­tion of this peri­od, - offi­cial­ly demand that the man­age­ment com­pa­ny prompt­ly replace the heater. After all, as we have already said, the entire heat­ing sys­tem in an urban high-rise build­ing, includ­ing heat­ing appli­ances, is the com­mon prop­er­ty of the house. BUTfrom the Decree of the Gosstroy of the EU of Sep­tem­ber 27, 2003g. N 170 “On the approval of the Rules and norms for the tech­ni­cal oper­a­tion of the hous­ing stock” it fol­lows that the replace­ment of indi­vid­ual ele­ments of the heat­ing sys­tem (these include radi­a­tors) This is an ongo­ing ren­o­va­tion. Refusal of the man­age­ment com­pa­ny or unrea­son­able delay in the exe­cu­tion of such an appli­ca­tion - admin­is­tra­tive vio­la­tion under Art. 7. 22 of the Code of Admin­is­tra­tive Offens­es of the EU. File a com­plaint with the hous­ing inspec­torate in your city, which is like­ly to ini­ti­ate repairs. If you con­tin­ue to be denied, feel free to file a com­plaint with the pros­e­cu­tor’s office.

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    eigh­teen 19 twen­ty

    15–20. Afford­able in price and reli­able in oper­a­tion, radi­a­tor mod­els that are suit­able in terms of para­me­ters and tech­ni­cal device for replac­ing obso­lete heaters (with­out alter­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions sup­ply­ing coolant) in most hous­ing stock apart­ments (in addi­tion to those shown in the pho­to, the mar­ket offers many oth­er options). To match the design of the room, you can choose the col­or you need - all man­u­fac­tur­ers offer col­or­ing of mod­els accord­ing to RAL scale at the fac­to­ry. True, they per­form such work on order (term - from 14 to 60 days) and a col­ored radi­a­tor will cost 10–25% more than a white one.

    If you can prove that the radi­a­tors in your apart­ment are faulty (for exam­ple, even a small leak has appeared), - Demand to replace them imme­di­ate­ly. At the same time, accord­ing to experts, a faulty radi­a­tor should be replaced sole­ly at the expense of month­ly pay­ments for the main­te­nance of the com­mon prop­er­ty of an apart­ment build­ing.

    How­ev­er, it would be naive to expect that a ther­mal art object will be mount­ed in your apart­ment at pub­lic expense. You will be sup­plied with a heater of the same mod­el and pow­er as before. For hous­es where radi­a­tors that were dis­con­tin­ued in Sovi­et times are installed, the oper­at­ing orga­ni­za­tion itself will select a new device for replace­ment (most like­ly the cheap­est one pos­si­ble). But this approach ensures that the room where the radi­a­tor is replaced will be warm in win­ter, and in the event of a leak, you will not have to pay for the repair of your home and apart­ments locat­ed below.

    How to find peace?

    If you have already made repairs and installed new heat­ing appli­ances, then by insur­ing them against the con­se­quences of destruc­tion, and your own invest­ments in land­scap­ing, and your civ­il lia­bil­i­ty to third par­ties, you will feel more con­fi­dent. You can insure civ­il lia­bil­i­ty sep­a­rate­ly or as part of a com­pre­hen­sive insur­ance con­tract (it includes insur­ance for the apart­ment and inte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tion, house­hold goods and civ­il lia­bil­i­ty). Usu­al­ly a per­son him­self choos­es the sum insured, depend­ing on the expect­ed max­i­mum loss. The min­i­mum cost of insur­ance of own prop­er­ty in the world for 1 mil­lion rubles. and civ­il lia­bil­i­ty to third par­ties for 1 mil­lion rubles. (that is, the total lia­bil­i­ty of the insur­ance com­pa­ny - 2 mil­lion rubles) with a fran­chise of 100 $. is about 8–120 $. per year and depends on the area of ​​​​the apart­ment, the floor on which it is locat­ed, the nature of the oper­a­tion of the premis­es and oth­er fac­tors. How­ev­er, in case of acci­dents that arose as a result of inde­pen­dent­ly replac­ing radi­a­tors, insur­ance, as a rule, is not paid out.

    Or maybe … leave?

    Nowa­days, many archi­tects and design­ers do not replace heat­ing devices in all projects, espe­cial­ly if they are tech­ni­cal­ly sound. After all, you can organ­i­cal­ly fit radi­a­tors into the inte­ri­or, paint­ing their heat-radi­at­ing sur­faces in a col­or that is in har­mo­ny with the decor of the apart­ment.

    Radi­a­tors are rec­om­mend­ed to be paint­ed with spe­cial poly­mer com­pounds that with­stand long-term expo­sure to high tem­per­a­tures. A primer with anti-cor­ro­sion addi­tives and two coats of paint are applied to the cleaned sur­face. Work is car­ried out before the start of the heat­ing sea­son.

    When choos­ing a paint col­or, remem­ber that dark objects radi­ate heat best. For exam­ple, paint­ing a cast-iron sec­tion­al radi­a­tor MS-140 in sil­ver will reduce its heat release due to radi­a­tion, and as a result, the room will receive less than 10–15% of heat. There­fore, after the heater is “enno­bled” in this way, the room may become unex­pect­ed­ly cold.

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