We make vertical wiring of the heating system of the house


When dis­trib­ut­ing heat­ing pipes, var­i­ous schemes are used that deter­mine the fea­tures of the func­tion­ing of the sys­tem, mate­r­i­al costs, and meth­ods for con­nect­ing radi­a­tors. The scheme of heat­ing dis­tri­b­u­tion in a mod­ern apart­ment build­ing, as a rule, is car­ried out accord­ing to ver­ti­cal tech­nol­o­gy, which most ful­ly meets the require­ments of non-stan­dard lay­outs.

Key Features

The ver­ti­cal scheme dif­fers from the hor­i­zon­tal coun­ter­part, first of all, in insignif­i­cant heat loss­es. This fea­ture is the mer­it of the care­ful­ly thought-out arrange­ment of the main pipes, which func­tion as ris­ers.

Inter­est­ing­ly, this tech­nique owes its appear­ance to the new build­ing stan­dards in the coun­try. Ini­tial­ly, it was not wide­spread, which is asso­ci­at­ed with cer­tain nuances of the instal­la­tion. The mat­ter changed dra­mat­i­cal­ly when five-sto­ry Khrushchev build­ings began to be active­ly erect­ed in the Europe, the area of ​​u200bu200bthe apart­ments in which was small, and there­fore there was no need for hor­i­zon­tal wiring. In order to save mon­ey, a ver­ti­cal tech­nique was cre­at­ed, char­ac­ter­ized by a num­ber of nuances:

  • Ver­ti­cal­ly there are sev­er­al ris­ers with a cir­cu­lat­ing coolant, to which radi­a­tors are con­nect­ed;
  • Each of the radi­a­tors can be con­fig­ured sep­a­rate­ly;
  • The coolant enters the premis­es through a sep­a­rate cir­cuit.

What should be prepared for?

If we talk about pri­vate cot­tages, then such a heat­ing lay­out can also be used there, but the own­ers need to pre­pare for a meet­ing with some dif­fi­cul­ties. An exam­ple of such a prob­lem is that most bat­ter­ies on the mod­ern mar­ket are focused on con­nect­ing to hor­i­zon­tal sys­tems, have an appro­pri­ate arrange­ment of noz­zles, process holes and sec­tions. Thus, the cir­cuit, ide­al­ly, needs spe­cial radi­a­tors, ori­ent­ed specif­i­cal­ly to ver­ti­cal mount­ing.

Anoth­er prob­lem aris­es from this fea­ture. As you know, it is bet­ter to mount radi­a­tors clos­er to the floor, this will allow you to estab­lish effec­tive air exchange with­out any extra effort. Cold air, accord­ing to the laws of physics, will go down, and heat­ed air will rise up. A ver­ti­cal radi­a­tor is extreme­ly dif­fi­cult to install in this way, due to which the heat­ing is insuf­fi­cient.

How­ev­er, the cons don’t end there. The described prob­lem can still be solved if the length of the pipes lead­ing to the radi­a­tor is slight­ly increased. If we adhere to the clas­si­cal imple­men­ta­tion of the scheme, then anoth­er draw­back appears. It con­sists in the fact that ver­ti­cal tubu­lar radi­a­tors are clear­ly tied to the laid ris­ers. If the room does not have a large area, then the res­i­dents will not feel any dis­com­fort. If the area of ​​u200bu200bthe room is about 40 squares with 2 out­er walls, then it will not do with­out installing two ris­ers at once, oth­er­wise it will be quite cold. So, the ver­ti­cal wiring of the heat­ing sys­tem of a mod­ern apart­ment build­ing is ben­e­fi­cial in the fol­low­ing cas­es:

  • The num­ber of floors is greater than or equal to five;
  • Each indi­vid­ual room has a small area;
  • Suf­fi­cient wall insu­la­tion.

If we talk about account­ing for ther­mal ener­gy, it is rec­om­mend­ed to install the meter direct­ly on the ris­er.

Read in more detail: Scheme and instal­la­tion of a two-pipe heat­ing sys­tem.

Choose the number of pipes

The scheme may sug­gest the pres­ence of one or two pipes:

  • The sin­gle pipe option implies that the coolant cir­cu­lates in a closed loop, and the radi­a­tors are con­nect­ed in series. This design fea­ture caus­es the tem­per­a­ture of the last bat­tery to be low­er than that of the first devices. How­ev­er, with a small length of the con­tour, this dis­ad­van­tage is nat­u­ral­ly cor­rect­ed. As an addi­tion­al method of adjust­ment, you can use taps between the radi­a­tor pipes. The min­i­mum vol­umes of mate­ri­als for the for­ma­tion of the sys­tem, no need for a cir­cu­la­tion pump, a small vol­ume of cir­cu­lat­ing coolant — these prop­er­ties can be attrib­uted to the advan­tages of the tech­nol­o­gy.
  • The two-pipe scheme is based on the instal­la­tion of two cir­cuits. The first is used to sup­ply the coolant to the radi­a­tors, while the sec­ond sends the cooled water to the boil­er for new heat­ing. When lay­ing, it must be remem­bered that the pipes must go next to each oth­er, because the radi­a­tors are con­nect­ed in par­al­lel. An addi­tion­al pipe increas­es the total vol­ume of the coolant used, it is often impos­si­ble for it to flow by grav­i­ty, and there­fore it is nec­es­sary to install a cir­cu­la­tion pump. How­ev­er, with some instal­la­tion incon­ve­niences, the sys­tem is more reli­able than the first option, since the for­ma­tion of an air lock is exclud­ed.

Horizontal option

To com­plete the pic­ture, it is worth con­sid­er­ing the hor­i­zon­tal wiring method. Its ben­e­fits are as fol­lows:

  • In the event of an emer­gency, it is pos­si­ble to dis­con­nect only the dam­aged bat­tery. The method is also con­ve­nient when chang­ing heat­ing devices in a sin­gle apart­ment, there is no need to cov­er the entire ris­er.
  • It is pos­si­ble to install ener­gy meters in each apart­ment, thanks to which res­i­dents will be able to adjust the oper­a­tion of the bat­ter­ies so that it is both eco­nom­i­cal and con­tributes to the for­ma­tion of an opti­mal micro­cli­mate. For exam­ple, dur­ing a long busi­ness trip or vaca­tion, the tem­per­a­ture in the room is arti­fi­cial­ly low­ered.
  • The tech­nique is inde­pen­dent of the rest of the apart­ments in the house, and there­fore the own­er equips the heat­ing in full accor­dance with per­son­al require­ments. There are no ris­ers in the apart­ment, and indi­vid­ual pipes can be laid in nich­es, which is valu­able in the for­ma­tion of design­er inte­ri­ors.
  • It is believed that this tech­nol­o­gy is more durable.
  • Pipes are laid not in the walls, but in spe­cial nich­es and cor­ru­ga­tions. This approach is opti­mal from the point of view of main­tain­abil­i­ty, the light­weight design can be eas­i­ly dis­as­sem­bled to get to the emer­gency area.

Thus, a res­i­den­tial build­ing can be sup­plied with heat accord­ing to any of the described schemes. In order to make the best choice, it is nec­es­sary to take into account all the nuances, pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive aspects of deci­sions. Even a ver­ti­cal option, which, as it may seem, to lose to a hor­i­zon­tal coun­ter­part, in a mul­ti-storey build­ing guar­an­tees effi­cient heat­ing with a small finan­cial invest­ment at the instal­la­tion stages.


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