We understand: how to make independent heating in an apartment?

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Every year, the res­i­dents of apart­ment build­ings have the same prob­lem — the cold is com­ing, whether the qual­i­ty of heat­ing will cor­re­spond to the val­ue of tar­iffs for util­i­ties. Heat­ing in an apart­ment for the bulk of urban res­i­dents turns into an age-old strug­gle for sur­vival. Pay­ing a lot of mon­ey and receiv­ing mediocre ser­vices as a result is a sit­u­a­tion that many do not want to put up with. If it is pos­si­ble to insu­late an apart­ment on your own, then it is a moot point to achieve an improve­ment in the qual­i­ty of ser­vice by ener­gy com­pa­nies. Inde­pen­dent heat­ing will help to rad­i­cal­ly resolve the issue — equip­ment with which you will final­ly get the expect­ed com­fort and cozi­ness in your apart­ment.

Independent heating — what is independence

The main task that res­i­dents of a city apart­ment who have expressed a desire to become inde­pen­dent of dis­trict heat­ing may face is obtain­ing a per­mit. With­out offi­cial doc­u­ments allow­ing you to dis­con­nect from the cen­tral heat­ing and a ready-made project for the future autonomous heat­ing in the apart­ment, it is impos­si­ble to dis­man­tle the equip­ment.

Impor­tant! Unau­tho­rized actions to turn off and dis­man­tle cen­tral heat­ing ele­ments in the premis­es of an apart­ment build­ing can be regard­ed as an admin­is­tra­tive offense. If such facts are revealed, the own­er of the apart­ment is forced not only to pay a fine, but also to restore the dis­man­tled equip­ment at his own expense.

In the process of solv­ing orga­ni­za­tion­al issues, one should not leave the devel­op­ment of the project for lat­er. In oth­er words, if you decide to equip your apart­ment with decen­tral­ized heat­ing, you will have to decide in advance which type of autonomous heat­ing to pre­fer.

The con­cept of “inde­pen­dent” in rela­tion to a city apart­ment looks very con­di­tion­al. Unlike a pri­vate house, where the own­er has great tech­no­log­i­cal capa­bil­i­ties, a city apart­ment has lim­it­ed resources. In pri­vate house­holds, you can install autonomous heat­ing of almost any kind. With the desire of the home­own­er and cer­tain finances, one can real­ly achieve com­plete inde­pen­dence from cen­tral­ized ener­gy sup­pli­ers.

The main advan­tages of inde­pen­dent heat­ing sys­tems are as fol­lows:

  • the abil­i­ty to inde­pen­dent­ly adjust the inten­si­ty of heat­ing of res­i­den­tial premis­es;
  • quick start and quick shut­down of autonomous heat­ing sys­tems;
  • a real oppor­tu­ni­ty to achieve sav­ings on ener­gy costs;
  • main­tain­ing the opti­mal tem­per­a­ture in the apart­ment at any time of the year.

The pres­ence of intra-house com­mu­ni­ca­tions, the lay­out of apart­ments and strict tech­ni­cal stan­dards do not allow apart­ment own­ers in an apart­ment build­ing to use stove and air heat­ing, and oth­er options for alter­na­tive heat­ing. In this case, you have to be con­tent with gas or elec­tric­i­ty. Any inter­rup­tion in pow­er sup­ply or gas sup­ply will reduce all your inde­pen­dence to zero. The only thing that can be done is to equip autonomous home heat­ing using one of the main sources, and keep the sec­ond as a back­up, fall­back option.

Note: when sub­mit­ting doc­u­ments for dis­con­nec­tion from cen­tral heat­ing, you will have to attach an alter­na­tive heat­ing project for your apart­ment. The choice of ener­gy sources is not great, the project can be designed for the instal­la­tion of gas heat­ing equip­ment or elec­tric. Any oth­er options for inde­pen­dent heat­ing will not be approved and will be reject­ed.

We make a choice — we use gas for heating or focus on electricity

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Gas water heating — what and how?

The source of heat for any heat­ing sys­tem is a key issue. Two points remain fun­da­men­tal­ly impor­tant for the inhab­i­tants of a city apart­ment.

  • first moment. Do you want to end up with a cheap way to heat your own apart­ment or are you focus­ing on sol­id and cap­i­tal heat­ing equip­ment that can cre­ate com­fort and cozi­ness in the apart­ment;
  • sec­ond moment. What region do you live in, what is the aver­age month­ly tem­per­a­ture out­side your win­dows dur­ing the cold sea­son;

These aspects can fur­ther help you make the right choice, solve the ques­tion — how to make inde­pen­dent heat­ing in your apart­ment faster and cheap­er?

On the first ques­tion, it is worth decid­ing right away, since the con­cepts of cheap and com­fort­able are not com­pat­i­ble. Any inde­pen­dence from cen­tral­ized ener­gy sources costs a lot of mon­ey. Hav­ing aban­doned cen­tral heat­ing, you will have to dis­man­tle the ele­ments of house heat­ing at your own expense. The sub­se­quent instal­la­tion and instal­la­tion of new heat­ing equip­ment will cost a pret­ty pen­ny.

As for the ques­tion of which type of heat­ing to give pref­er­ence, here it is nec­es­sary to take into account the sec­ond aspect. If you have freez­ing tem­per­a­tures out­side your win­dow most of the time in win­ter, then only an autonomous gas boil­er can save you with­out cen­tral heat­ing. Oth­er heat­ing options in cold win­ters will not give a tan­gi­ble effect.

For ref­er­ence: heat­ing with wood and coal is com­pa­ra­ble in eco­nom­ic terms with gas heat­ing, but we are talk­ing about a city apart­ment. Where will you install the sol­id fuel boil­er, how will your chim­ney work, and where will your fuel stor­age be locat­ed. At cost, such heat­ing will be extreme­ly incon­ve­nient for res­i­dents of an apart­ment build­ing, unprof­itable and dan­ger­ous. That is why they are pro­hib­it­ed by reg­u­la­tions.


Gas heat­ing is ben­e­fi­cial not only from an eco­nom­ic point of view. Mod­ern mod­els of gas boil­ers are equipped with automa­tion and can work com­plete­ly offline. In addi­tion, today there are a lot of ready-made projects that have already been agreed and are being put into prac­tice. In terms of per­mits, gas autonomous heat­ing does not cause any com­plaints from the reg­u­la­to­ry ser­vices. For a city apart­ment, the choice with the autonomous heat­ing option is more than obvi­ous. A dou­ble-cir­cuit gas boil­er equipped with a pro­gram­ma­ble ther­mo­stat is able to ful­ly sat­is­fy the house­hold needs of res­i­dents of a city apart­ment for heat and hot water. There is almost com­plete inde­pen­dence of your apart­ment from the work of util­i­ties.

A nor­mal­ly oper­at­ing autonomous gas heat­ing sys­tem in auto­mat­ic mode is able to main­tain the required tem­per­a­ture in the apart­ment. Automa­tion con­trols the oper­a­tion of the boil­er and, accord­ing­ly, the heat­ing tem­per­a­ture of the coolant, opti­miz­ing the gas flow.

Electric heating — is it worth getting involved

Heat­ing city apart­ments with elec­tric­i­ty is today not so mas­sive in com­par­i­son with gas autonomous heat­ing. Despite the high lev­el of safe­ty and ease of instal­la­tion of heat­ing equip­ment, the con­stant increase in elec­tric­i­ty tar­iffs casts doubt on this heat­ing option. Fre­quent rolling black­outs in win­ter are asso­ci­at­ed with an increased load on exist­ing pow­er grids and trans­form­ers. Would you like to sit with­out heat in a severe frost, if the elec­tric­i­ty was turned off in the area for two, three hours. Prob­a­bly not!

In addi­tion, accord­ing to ther­mal engi­neers, heat­ing with elec­tric­i­ty through direct heat­ing is an unaf­ford­able lux­u­ry today. From a prac­ti­cal point of view, it is uneco­nom­i­cal to use elec­tric­i­ty to heat an apart­ment, although the effi­cien­cy of elec­tric boil­ers is quite high and exceeds all oth­er types and types of heat­ing devices.

For ref­er­ence: the rel­a­tive­ly afford­able cost of elec­tric heat­ing is off­set by the costs asso­ci­at­ed with refur­bish­ing the home elec­tri­cal net­work. For the effi­cient and nor­mal oper­a­tion of an elec­tric boil­er, oth­er heat­ing devices on an ongo­ing basis, it will be nec­es­sary to install a three-phase meter and pro­tec­tive devices.

Accord­ing to the retail net­work, most­ly elec­tric boil­ers are pur­chased by own­ers of coun­try hous­es and cot­tages, which are lim­it­ed in the use of domes­tic gas. The own­ers of many apart­ments in high-rise build­ings, hav­ing elec­tric stoves at their dis­pos­al, are not par­tic­u­lar­ly eager to install elec­tric heat­ing.

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For exam­ple: a dou­ble-cir­cuit elec­tric boil­er with a capac­i­ty of 5–9 kW, suit­able for heat­ing and hot water sup­ply of an apart­ment of 80 square meters. m, no more. Such a unit costs, we are talk­ing about a good brand and reli­able mod­els of 12–160 $. To this we must add the costs asso­ci­at­ed with obtain­ing approval from the oblener­go, the devel­op­ment of a heat­ing sys­tem project. This is up to about 50 dol­lars. Sub­se­quent instal­la­tion and instal­la­tion will also cost a con­sid­er­able amount. Total: total costs will amount to 200–250$. Are such expens­es worth all those trou­bles, if in real­i­ty there are no sig­nif­i­cant sav­ings. Inde­pen­dence in this case will only be on paper.

Warm floors, con­vec­tors or infrared lamps — all this is won­der­ful. And what about hot water? If you also use an elec­tric boil­er to heat water in the house, then your elec­tri­cal net­work at home will not be red, but “gold­en”. Every­thing looks great in the project, only the real fig­ures in the elec­tric­i­ty bills say oth­er­wise.

Conclusions and conclusion

Gas autonomous heat­ing today is a real step towards the inde­pen­dence of your apart­ment in the win­ter. Elec­tric­i­ty can be used as an addi­tion­al, aux­il­iary source of heat­ing. When there are small chil­dren in the apart­ment, or there is an over­ex­pen­di­ture of gas for heat­ing, you can use house­hold elec­tric heaters.

For ref­er­ence: a gas boil­er can be installed in apart­ments locat­ed no high­er than the 10th floor. The cor­re­spond­ing norm is enshrined in SNiPs, no one will allow you to vio­late it.

The choice of a boil­er of the appro­pri­ate pow­er is sim­ply cal­cu­lat­ed by the for­mu­la: 1 kW of heat — 10 m2heat­ed area + 10–20% for heat loss­es due to low ther­mal effi­cien­cy of hous­ing. For an aver­age apart­ment of 50 m²2 you will need a gas boil­er with a capac­i­ty of 6 kW. A sin­gle-cir­cuit boil­er is suit­able pure­ly for heat­ing an apart­ment. In order to get hot water in addi­tion, buy a dou­ble-cir­cuit boil­er. The required Pow­er for such units is high­er, how­ev­er, it is only used if you turn on the hot water tap.

Inde­pen­dent heat­ing is not an easy and time-con­sum­ing task. With a com­pe­tent approach, patience and dili­gence, you can achieve not only opti­mal heat­ing con­di­tions for your­self dur­ing the cold peri­od, but also sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduce the finan­cial costs asso­ci­at­ed with heat­ing. Your inde­pen­dence will con­sist in opti­miz­ing fuel con­sump­tion for your own needs. While sav­ing gas, the use of elec­tric heaters in extreme cas­es will allow you to achieve the nec­es­sary com­fort in the apart­ment. At the same time, your bud­get will be quite pre­dictable and bal­anced.

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