Well in a private house pros and cons, reviews


For the water sup­ply of a pri­vate house, you can con­nect to the cen­tral net­works or equip an autonomous source.

Each of these options has lim­i­ta­tions in appli­ca­tion, pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive sides.

Wells are becom­ing more and more pop­u­lar, and more and more often the own­ers of coun­try hous­es stop at this water sup­ply option.

Central or autonomous water supply?

Con­nect­ing to cen­tral net­works is con­ve­nient for sev­er­al rea­sons:

central water supply

  • it’s eas­i­er and cheap­er to imple­ment, although the per­mis­sion of the orga­ni­za­tion sup­ply­ing water and serv­ing the net­work is required;
  • water is sup­plied in unlim­it­ed vol­umeit is usu­al­ly enough for all wiring points;
  • inde­pen­dence from the sup­ply of elec­tric­i­ty to the house.

But cen­tral water sup­ply is not always avail­able in the pri­vate sec­tor. Exit — oharrange­ment of a local source, which also has some advan­tages.

  1. Dete­ri­o­rat­ing urban net­works affect water qual­i­ty
  2. The cen­tral water sup­ply con­tains resid­ual chlo­rine.
  3. Cen­tral water treat­ment plants in some areas can not cope with water purifi­ca­tion.
  4. In case of acci­dents or planned repairs, water sup­ply is tem­porar­i­ly inter­rupt­ed.
  5. You will have to pay month­ly for the sup­ply of water.

If autonomous water sup­ply is more attrac­tive, it remains only to decide what it will be — a well or a well.

Types of wells and their features

There are three types of wells:

  1. Abyssin­ian well, or well-nee­dle, — an inch pipe that nar­rows into a fil­ter pipe with a sharp tip. The depth of the source is no more than 12 m, and the sur­face of the water table should not be deep­er than 8 m due to the capa­bil­i­ties of the sur­face water sup­ply equip­ment (elec­tric or man­u­al pump). Aver­age pro­duc­tiv­i­ty — 1 m3.
  2. fil­ter well (well in the sand) are drilled at a depth of 15 to 50 in the sand lay­er. Its pro­duc­tiv­i­ty is up to 1.5 m3/hour. This type of under­ground source con­sists of a water sup­ply shaft, which is also a cas­ing pipe, a head, a bot­tom fil­ter at the low­er end of the col­umn, and a deep pump.
  3. Arte­sian well can give over 2 m3/ hour of water. The aquifer runs at a depth of more than 100 m and is locat­ed between 2 lay­ers of rocks, usu­al­ly lime­stone. The design con­sists of a cas­ing, water sup­ply pipes, a deep pump and a head.

Advantages and disadvantages

wells benefitsA well in a pri­vate house has pros and cons, which large­ly depend on the type of this source.

But there is also sev­er­al gen­er­al ben­e­fits:

  • water secu­ri­ty from exter­nal influ­ence;
  • per­for­mance is usu­al­ly suf­fi­cient for a full water sup­ply at least a small house.

Among the minus­es of wells, noise is called, but the head is more often locat­ed out­side the house in a spe­cial cais­son. Even if the source is in the base­ment, the noise is min­i­mal.

Anoth­er dis­ad­van­tage is the need to pur­chase addi­tion­al equip­ment.

Pros and cons of the Abyssinian well

“Abyssin­ian” is very sim­ply arranged. There are oth­er pos­i­tives as well:

  • easy instal­la­tion and dis­man­tling
  • pos­si­bil­i­ty of block­ing in the base­ment even a ready-made house;
  • ser­vice life — an aver­age of 15 yearsafter its com­ple­tion, the struc­ture can be dis­man­tled and moved to anoth­er loca­tion;
  • low cost arrange­ment;
  • per­for­mance – about 1 m3 per hour, this is enough to serve a small coun­try house;
  • if a hand pump is used, then water sup­ply does not depend on elec­tric­i­ty.

abessinian well

The neg­a­tive fea­tures are:

  • the impos­si­bil­i­ty of arrange­ment in the rock and when the depth of the water lay­er is more than 12 m;
  • the pos­si­bil­i­ty of seep­age of con­t­a­m­i­nants from the sur­face.

“Gerbil”: pros and cons

The pro­duc­tiv­i­ty of a sand well is usu­al­ly enough to ser­vice a small cot­tage.

Drilling and instal­la­tion is done quick­ly. The water is usu­al­ly of good qual­i­ty, but there is comparison of filter and artesianprob­a­bil­i­ty of exter­nal influ­enceand in some regions the iron con­tent is record­ed in the source.

This source has more sev­er­al neg­a­tive char­ac­ter­is­tics:

  • short ser­vice life — up to 15 years;
  • sus­cep­ti­bil­i­ty to silt­ingespe­cial­ly when idle;
  • the need for annu­al flush­ing bot­tom fil­ter.

Pros and cons of an artesian well

This resource has oth­er advan­tages as well.

  1. Does not con­tain pathogens and sur­face con­t­a­m­i­nants.
  2. Long ser­vice life.
  3. Con­stan­cy of water sup­ply regard­less of the sea­son, drought and oth­er things.

But the dis­ad­van­tages are also quite sig­nif­i­cant.

  1. Drilling is car­ried out only by spe­cial­ists.
  2. To car­ry out work, you need to obtain per­mis­sion, it is also nec­es­sary to license the source and enter it in the reg­is­ter.
  3. The high cost of arrange­ment.
  4. Often char­ac­ter­ized by high min­er­al­iza­tion of water, so the pur­chase of a water treat­ment sta­tion is required.

types of wells

Arte­sian­ka is the most pro­duc­tive source. It may be enough to pro­vide a group of cot­tages and the whole vil­lage.

The need to maintain and equip wells is a common disadvantage

A well in the sand and an “arte­sian” are tech­no­log­i­cal sources of water. When arrang­ing them, in addi­tion to drilling and installing pipes and a pump, you need to take care of sev­er­al ele­ments.

  1. To pro­tect the well­head and equip­ment from atmos­pher­ic influ­ences need a cais­son. This is a sealed con­tain­er with a bot­tom hole, which includes a tip. Usu­al­ly the cais­son is buried in the ground.
  2. To reduce the num­ber of pump on and off cycles, it is impor­tant to install a hydraulic accu­mu­la­tor. This is a con­tain­er for the accu­mu­la­tion of liq­uid. It is mount­ed either in the base­ment of the house or in the cais­son.
  3. Con­trol and pro­tec­tion of the pump oper­a­tion is car­ried out by automa­tion. Its instal­la­tion and launch is best left to pro­fes­sion­als.

The well itself and the equip­ment needs main­te­nance.

  1. With a decrease in deb­it, the appear­ance of sed­i­ment in the water, the source is cleaned. You can clean the fil­ter well your­self using a vibra­tion pump. An arte­sian well is cleaned by var­i­ous meth­ods, but it is bet­ter to leave the pro­ce­dure to spe­cial­ists.
  2. Flush the accu­mu­la­tor once a year.
  3. Annu­al main­te­nance of the sub­mersible pump and automa­tion, which is bet­ter to entrust to spe­cial­ists installing equip­ment.
  4. Check the tight­ness of the joints in the cais­sonespe­cial­ly at the point of entry into the tank head.

Advantages and disadvantages of wells

For a small coun­try house, which is used only in the sum­mer sea­son, a well is more often equipped.

The pos­i­tive prop­er­ties of such a source are:

  • sim­plic­i­ty and low cost instal­la­tion;
  • Pos­si­bil­i­ty of man­u­al lift­ing of waterwhich is rel­e­vant in case of pow­er out­ages;
  • ease of main­te­nance.

But the source also has dis­ad­van­tages:

  • poor per­for­mance;
  • expo­sure to exter­nal pol­lu­tion;
  • the com­plex­i­ty of dig­ging and the need to remove the soil.

Features of autonomous water supply systems

Instal­la­tion and oper­a­tion of an autonomous water sup­ply sys­tem at home requires knowl­edge of sev­er­al nuances.

  1. When choos­ing a pump, it is impor­tant to take into account not only the deb­it of the well, but also its depth.the dis­tance from the source to the house and the height of the build­ing.
  2. The vol­ume of the accu­mu­la­tor depends on the num­ber of water con­sumers. It is usu­al­ly cal­cu­lat­ed that one per­son has 50 liters of water.
  3. Before com­mis­sion­ing the source it is impor­tant to con­duct a micro­bi­o­log­i­cal and chem­i­cal analy­sis of water. If nec­es­sary, select water treat­ment equip­ment.

well construction

The cost of implementing two types of systems

The fee for con­nec­tion to the cen­tral net­work depends on the region. The min­i­mum price is 12–150 $. Water tar­iffs also dif­fer.

Turnkey fil­ter well costs about 200 thou­sand rubles. Arte­sian well — at least 2 times more expen­sive.

Well with all mate­ri­als will cost about 15–250$. About 250$ and the cost of a turnkey Abyssin­ian well.

Conclusions and recommendations

A well is a more expen­sive source of water sup­ply and requires spe­cial costs. It is bet­ter to stop at it if there is no pos­si­bil­i­ty of con­nect­ing to cen­tral net­works or the water from them is of very poor qual­i­ty.

At the same time, you should not save mon­ey by choos­ing cheap equip­ment and hir­ing dubi­ous offices for its arrange­ment. For drilling, you need to choose a com­pa­ny that oper­ates in your area and has exten­sive expe­ri­ence and good reviews. Also, do not neglect the ini­tial and annu­al water analy­sis.

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