Even in the old days, stones were used to build a hearth. In our time, when technology allows the use of synthetic materials, nevertheless, very often stone is used for facing the fireplace.
The demand for stone materials is due to the nobility, excellent taste and reliability of this type of cladding. Finishing not only gives beauty to the appearance, but also corresponds to the practicality and durability of the structure.
Stone refers to a natural, environmentally friendly material that can withstand a long period of heating at high temperatures, retaining heat in the furnace. Has a long service life.
Facing a fireplace with a decorative stone means coordinating the overall design of the room with the location and color shades of the fireplace for a harmonious composition of the entire interior.
Characteristics of natural stones
Facing stone is chosen from many varieties of natural materials. At the same time, the texture reflects the elegance, style and nobility of the structures being built.
To have an idea of the variety of natural materials, let’s get acquainted with the most popular options.
The most common type of lining. Marble has a rich palette of shades of white, red, gray, pink, green, brown and black. Stone patterns are created by its structure and depend on the methods of sawing the rock. The unique pattern of marble is used to create pictorial compositions.
Marble is characterized by many inclusions of various shades with veins and stripes. Processing methods affect the surface texture of the material: smooth, glossy or aged.
Fireplace cladding with marble can be used in combination with other building materials. An excellent option based on marble stone, while maintaining high natural quality, can be considered the use of ground marble.
Almost all varieties of rock are crushed into various fractions, which are used to produce marble mosaics or the main filler. Most often, plain varieties of white and black marble are used.
It belongs to the most durable, massive and durable types of materials. Finishing the fireplace with natural granite ensures the reliability and attractiveness of the structure. The natural texture blends in harmoniously with the design of the space, containing matching granite items such as furniture or railings.
Granite material has unique decorative properties. The finish is characterized by bright patterns and uniform grain throughout the plane.
The place of production affects the variety of color and its shades. High strength ensures long-term use. In history, the facts of hundred-year-old granite fireplaces are recorded, still heating castles, as well as large mansions.
This stone is easily processed, providing the embodiment of a wide variety of design ideas. The connection of various plates, mosaics, collages created when facing the fireplace looks spectacular. A similar design method gives exclusivity to each element of the design.
The use of granite for finishing the fireplace demonstrates the status of the owner and his attitude to life. Rich people enhanced the impression by using rare colors in order to give not just beauty, but to create the originality and uniqueness of the interior.
Advantages of marble and granite for decoration:
- resistance to temperature extremes;
- when heated, they do not emit harmful odors and smoke;
- always spectacular appearance;
- combination with various building materials, such as wood, metal, glass, ceramics and other natural stones;
- undemanding in operation;
- high strength, resistance to external influences.
Refers to the popular type of finishing materials. Due to the layered structure, it provides high heat capacity, so heat is stored in the stone and its surface is always warm.
It has been known about for centuries. In ancient Egypt and Asian countries, magical properties were attributed to him. The frequency of the radiated heat coincides with human radiation. It is believed that the stone transmits a healthy natural force in contact with the human body. Such strength increases the body’s immunity and increases resistance to various bacteria and diseases.
In folk medicine, there is information about the beneficial effects on human health, the normalization of blood pressure, the restoration of the respiratory system and metabolism.
Talcochlorite has a high density, thermal conductivity and low thermal expansion. These qualities are best used in the decoration of fireplaces and stoves.
It is used for the front decoration of the fireplace, as it is resistant to high temperatures, durability and strong structure. Due to the uniqueness of this stone, a variety of original solutions for the fireplace are obtained.
It is easy to process and cut. It has a large selection of colors, shades and unique appearance. When facing with sandstone, you can create picturesque stone paintings.
In this type of material, the qualities of decorativeness, environmental friendliness and affordable prices are best combined.
Refers to a kind of finishing material, which is made from natural clay and is used for decorative finishing. The appearance is similar to the texture and color of granite, marble and similar stones.
This material differs from ordinary ceramic tiles only in the basis of manufacturing. Granitoceramics are made using especially durable clay. In other respects, they are very similar, especially in appearance.
Thanks to the clay included in porcelain stoneware, this material has a strong structure, is not subject to mechanical stress, is resistant to elevated temperatures and is durable. During operation, the finishing stone always retains its color and original luster.
It is one of the most unique natural stones that create an original fireplace lining. Due to its natural porous structure, it has high thermal insulation and resistance to high temperatures, which is an important factor for finishing a fireplace.
The composition of the shell rock contains the remains of fossilized sea shells and mollusks that have been preserved inside the stone.
To create the necessary forms from shell rock, it is subjected to grinding.
The most common yellow and white colors with various shades are successfully used for interior decoration. Cutting out original details from shell sandstone allows you to arrange the design in accordance with any requests of the owners.
Facing with natural stone is not always suitable for decorating fireplaces. Modern technologies allow the use of materials that are superior to natural stones in terms of heat transfer.
Therefore, for finishing fireplaces, use stone if you are satisfied with the low heat capacity of its surface.
It is important to know that:
- stone finish reduces the efficiency of the structure, taking heat onto itself;
- facing the fireplace with granite can be done in the house, if it is not heat transfer that is important, but the presence of live fire;
- the durability of marble and granite fireplaces is an indisputable fact.
If you use the softest of stones — limestone, then only after a few decades you will be able to see the destruction of its structure. The rest of the stones are less susceptible to external influences, so finishing with natural materials does not have an expiration date.
Disadvantages of natural stones
- Marble slabs fade over time, small cracks form on their surface;
- All natural stones are mined from the depths of the earth, so they have a high cost;
- Natural granite emits natural radioactive background;
- Sandstone is characterized by abrasion and the ability to quickly absorb moisture from the air;
- Due to the loose structure, the shell rock can accumulate soot, dust and get dirty.
On the other hand, in comparison with natural beauty, such flaws are negligible, and therefore, when choosing finishing materials, be guided by practical and theoretical knowledge about stones.
Advantages of natural stones
- Unique, diverse and beautiful in multiple manifestations of textures and shades of color.
- Granite has a powerful natural energy, it has a positive effect on the human psyche and calms the nervous system.
- Stone trim can be used in rooms without a regular heating regime, as it is resistant to temperature extremes.
- You can veneer almost any shape and configuration of the structure.
Finishing with natural stone gives a spectacular appearance and pleases residents with its constancy for many years.
Finishing with artificial materials
Interior decoration with artificial stones conveys the appearance of the power and strength of stone, creating the original beauty of modern styles. The latest technology makes it easy to embody the most incredible fantasies with the help of stone finishes.
Due to the convenience of working with artificial stone, it is used for the manufacture of complex designs of fireplaces.
The advantages include:
- ease of processing and the creation of various shapes and sizes when facing;
- light weight, which simplifies the process of decorating;
- can be combined with other types of materials such as metal, glass or ceramics.
The use of decorative stone for finishing the fireplace allows you to create surfaces that are similar in appearance to natural materials, while the work is much easier and faster.
The appearance of artificial stones among building materials allows the use of inexpensive analogues of the place where expensive stones were purchased. At the same time, the functionality and aesthetics of the quality of the finish are preserved.
Although, nevertheless, artificial stones can be inferior to natural ones in terms of energy and natural benefits. Natural stones can heal and fill the space with healing ions and vibrations. For these purposes, semi-precious or natural gems are used, such as jadeite, agate, onyx or malachite.
The harmony of the home atmosphere created by a stone fireplace conveys not only beauty, but also a sense of reliability, stability and well-being.
With the help of a fireplace lined with wild stone, you can create a work of art, and its originality and uniqueness will correspond to your plans and attitude to life.
Such a fireplace can only be in a single copy, because natural stones have a unique pattern and inimitable shades created by nature itself. A variety of color shades, various ways of laying and design create the originality and sophistication of your home.