What kind of stone is better to veneer a fireplace?

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Even in the old days, stones were used to build a hearth. In our time, when tech­nol­o­gy allows the use of syn­thet­ic mate­ri­als, nev­er­the­less, very often stone is used for fac­ing the fire­place.

The demand for stone mate­ri­als is due to the nobil­i­ty, excel­lent taste and reli­a­bil­i­ty of this type of cladding. Fin­ish­ing not only gives beau­ty to the appear­ance, but also cor­re­sponds to the prac­ti­cal­i­ty and dura­bil­i­ty of the struc­ture.

Stone refers to a nat­ur­al, envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly mate­r­i­al that can with­stand a long peri­od of heat­ing at high tem­per­a­tures, retain­ing heat in the fur­nace. Has a long ser­vice life.

Fac­ing a fire­place with a dec­o­ra­tive stone means coor­di­nat­ing the over­all design of the room with the loca­tion and col­or shades of the fire­place for a har­mo­nious com­po­si­tion of the entire inte­ri­or.

Characteristics of natural stones

Fac­ing stone is cho­sen from many vari­eties of nat­ur­al mate­ri­als. At the same time, the tex­ture reflects the ele­gance, style and nobil­i­ty of the struc­tures being built.

To have an idea of ​​the vari­ety of nat­ur­al mate­ri­als, let’s get acquaint­ed with the most pop­u­lar options.

Marble

The most com­mon type of lin­ing. Mar­ble has a rich palette of shades of white, red, gray, pink, green, brown and black. Stone pat­terns are cre­at­ed by its struc­ture and depend on the meth­ods of saw­ing the rock. The unique pat­tern of mar­ble is used to cre­ate pic­to­r­i­al com­po­si­tions.

Mar­ble is char­ac­ter­ized by many inclu­sions of var­i­ous shades with veins and stripes. Pro­cess­ing meth­ods affect the sur­face tex­ture of the mate­r­i­al: smooth, glossy or aged.

Fire­place cladding with mar­ble can be used in com­bi­na­tion with oth­er build­ing mate­ri­als. An excel­lent option based on mar­ble stone, while main­tain­ing high nat­ur­al qual­i­ty, can be con­sid­ered the use of ground mar­ble.

Almost all vari­eties of rock are crushed into var­i­ous frac­tions, which are used to pro­duce mar­ble mosaics or the main filler. Most often, plain vari­eties of white and black mar­ble are used.

Granite

It belongs to the most durable, mas­sive and durable types of mate­ri­als. Fin­ish­ing the fire­place with nat­ur­al gran­ite ensures the reli­a­bil­i­ty and attrac­tive­ness of the struc­ture. The nat­ur­al tex­ture blends in har­mo­nious­ly with the design of the space, con­tain­ing match­ing gran­ite items such as fur­ni­ture or rail­ings.

Gran­ite mate­r­i­al has unique dec­o­ra­tive prop­er­ties. The fin­ish is char­ac­ter­ized by bright pat­terns and uni­form grain through­out the plane.

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The place of pro­duc­tion affects the vari­ety of col­or and its shades. High strength ensures long-term use. In his­to­ry, the facts of hun­dred-year-old gran­ite fire­places are record­ed, still heat­ing cas­tles, as well as large man­sions.

This stone is eas­i­ly processed, pro­vid­ing the embod­i­ment of a wide vari­ety of design ideas. The con­nec­tion of var­i­ous plates, mosaics, col­lages cre­at­ed when fac­ing the fire­place looks spec­tac­u­lar. A sim­i­lar design method gives exclu­siv­i­ty to each ele­ment of the design.

The use of gran­ite for fin­ish­ing the fire­place demon­strates the sta­tus of the own­er and his atti­tude to life. Rich peo­ple enhanced the impres­sion by using rare col­ors in order to give not just beau­ty, but to cre­ate the orig­i­nal­i­ty and unique­ness of the inte­ri­or.

Advantages of marble and granite for decoration:

  • resis­tance to tem­per­a­ture extremes;
  • when heat­ed, they do not emit harm­ful odors and smoke;
  • always spec­tac­u­lar appear­ance;
  • com­bi­na­tion with var­i­ous build­ing mate­ri­als, such as wood, met­al, glass, ceram­ics and oth­er nat­ur­al stones;
  • unde­mand­ing in oper­a­tion;
  • high strength, resis­tance to exter­nal influ­ences.

Soapstone

Refers to the pop­u­lar type of fin­ish­ing mate­ri­als. Due to the lay­ered struc­ture, it pro­vides high heat capac­i­ty, so heat is stored in the stone and its sur­face is always warm.

It has been known about for cen­turies. In ancient Egypt and Asian coun­tries, mag­i­cal prop­er­ties were attrib­uted to him. The fre­quen­cy of the radi­at­ed heat coin­cides with human radi­a­tion. It is believed that the stone trans­mits a healthy nat­ur­al force in con­tact with the human body. Such strength increas­es the body’s immu­ni­ty and increas­es resis­tance to var­i­ous bac­te­ria and dis­eases.

In folk med­i­cine, there is infor­ma­tion about the ben­e­fi­cial effects on human health, the nor­mal­iza­tion of blood pres­sure, the restora­tion of the res­pi­ra­to­ry sys­tem and metab­o­lism.

Tal­cochlo­rite has a high den­si­ty, ther­mal con­duc­tiv­i­ty and low ther­mal expan­sion. These qual­i­ties are best used in the dec­o­ra­tion of fire­places and stoves.

Sandstone

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It is used for the front dec­o­ra­tion of the fire­place, as it is resis­tant to high tem­per­a­tures, dura­bil­i­ty and strong struc­ture. Due to the unique­ness of this stone, a vari­ety of orig­i­nal solu­tions for the fire­place are obtained.

It is easy to process and cut. It has a large selec­tion of col­ors, shades and unique appear­ance. When fac­ing with sand­stone, you can cre­ate pic­turesque stone paint­ings.

In this type of mate­r­i­al, the qual­i­ties of dec­o­ra­tive­ness, envi­ron­men­tal friend­li­ness and afford­able prices are best com­bined.

Granitoceramics

Refers to a kind of fin­ish­ing mate­r­i­al, which is made from nat­ur­al clay and is used for dec­o­ra­tive fin­ish­ing. The appear­ance is sim­i­lar to the tex­ture and col­or of gran­ite, mar­ble and sim­i­lar stones.

This mate­r­i­al dif­fers from ordi­nary ceram­ic tiles only in the basis of man­u­fac­tur­ing. Gran­i­to­ce­ram­ics are made using espe­cial­ly durable clay. In oth­er respects, they are very sim­i­lar, espe­cial­ly in appear­ance.

Thanks to the clay includ­ed in porce­lain stoneware, this mate­r­i­al has a strong struc­ture, is not sub­ject to mechan­i­cal stress, is resis­tant to ele­vat­ed tem­per­a­tures and is durable. Dur­ing oper­a­tion, the fin­ish­ing stone always retains its col­or and orig­i­nal lus­ter.

shell rock

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It is one of the most unique nat­ur­al stones that cre­ate an orig­i­nal fire­place lin­ing. Due to its nat­ur­al porous struc­ture, it has high ther­mal insu­la­tion and resis­tance to high tem­per­a­tures, which is an impor­tant fac­tor for fin­ish­ing a fire­place.

The com­po­si­tion of the shell rock con­tains the remains of fos­silized sea shells and mol­lusks that have been pre­served inside the stone.

To cre­ate the nec­es­sary forms from shell rock, it is sub­ject­ed to grind­ing.

The most com­mon yel­low and white col­ors with var­i­ous shades are suc­cess­ful­ly used for inte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tion. Cut­ting out orig­i­nal details from shell sand­stone allows you to arrange the design in accor­dance with any requests of the own­ers.

Fac­ing with nat­ur­al stone is not always suit­able for dec­o­rat­ing fire­places. Mod­ern tech­nolo­gies allow the use of mate­ri­als that are supe­ri­or to nat­ur­al stones in terms of heat trans­fer.

There­fore, for fin­ish­ing fire­places, use stone if you are sat­is­fied with the low heat capac­i­ty of its sur­face.

It is impor­tant to know that:

  • stone fin­ish reduces the effi­cien­cy of the struc­ture, tak­ing heat onto itself;
  • fac­ing the fire­place with gran­ite can be done in the house, if it is not heat trans­fer that is impor­tant, but the pres­ence of live fire;
  • the dura­bil­i­ty of mar­ble and gran­ite fire­places is an indis­putable fact.

If you use the soft­est of stones — lime­stone, then only after a few decades you will be able to see the destruc­tion of its struc­ture. The rest of the stones are less sus­cep­ti­ble to exter­nal influ­ences, so fin­ish­ing with nat­ur­al mate­ri­als does not have an expi­ra­tion date.

Disadvantages of natural stones

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  • Mar­ble slabs fade over time, small cracks form on their sur­face;
  • All nat­ur­al stones are mined from the depths of the earth, so they have a high cost;
  • Nat­ur­al gran­ite emits nat­ur­al radioac­tive back­ground;
  • Sand­stone is char­ac­ter­ized by abra­sion and the abil­i­ty to quick­ly absorb mois­ture from the air;
  • Due to the loose struc­ture, the shell rock can accu­mu­late soot, dust and get dirty.

On the oth­er hand, in com­par­i­son with nat­ur­al beau­ty, such flaws are neg­li­gi­ble, and there­fore, when choos­ing fin­ish­ing mate­ri­als, be guid­ed by prac­ti­cal and the­o­ret­i­cal knowl­edge about stones.

Advantages of natural stones

  • Unique, diverse and beau­ti­ful in mul­ti­ple man­i­fes­ta­tions of tex­tures and shades of col­or.
  • Gran­ite has a pow­er­ful nat­ur­al ener­gy, it has a pos­i­tive effect on the human psy­che and calms the ner­vous sys­tem.
  • Stone trim can be used in rooms with­out a reg­u­lar heat­ing regime, as it is resis­tant to tem­per­a­ture extremes.
  • You can veneer almost any shape and con­fig­u­ra­tion of the struc­ture.

Fin­ish­ing with nat­ur­al stone gives a spec­tac­u­lar appear­ance and pleas­es res­i­dents with its con­stan­cy for many years.

Finishing with artificial materials

Inte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tion with arti­fi­cial stones con­veys the appear­ance of the pow­er and strength of stone, cre­at­ing the orig­i­nal beau­ty of mod­ern styles. The lat­est tech­nol­o­gy makes it easy to embody the most incred­i­ble fan­tasies with the help of stone fin­ish­es.

Due to the con­ve­nience of work­ing with arti­fi­cial stone, it is used for the man­u­fac­ture of com­plex designs of fire­places.

The advan­tages include:

  • ease of pro­cess­ing and the cre­ation of var­i­ous shapes and sizes when fac­ing;
  • light weight, which sim­pli­fies the process of dec­o­rat­ing;
  • can be com­bined with oth­er types of mate­ri­als such as met­al, glass or ceram­ics.

The use of dec­o­ra­tive stone for fin­ish­ing the fire­place allows you to cre­ate sur­faces that are sim­i­lar in appear­ance to nat­ur­al mate­ri­als, while the work is much eas­i­er and faster.

The appear­ance of arti­fi­cial stones among build­ing mate­ri­als allows the use of inex­pen­sive ana­logues of the place where expen­sive stones were pur­chased. At the same time, the func­tion­al­i­ty and aes­thet­ics of the qual­i­ty of the fin­ish are pre­served.

Although, nev­er­the­less, arti­fi­cial stones can be infe­ri­or to nat­ur­al ones in terms of ener­gy and nat­ur­al ben­e­fits. Nat­ur­al stones can heal and fill the space with heal­ing ions and vibra­tions. For these pur­pos­es, semi-pre­cious or nat­ur­al gems are used, such as jadeite, agate, onyx or mala­chite.

The har­mo­ny of the home atmos­phere cre­at­ed by a stone fire­place con­veys not only beau­ty, but also a sense of reli­a­bil­i­ty, sta­bil­i­ty and well-being.

With the help of a fire­place lined with wild stone, you can cre­ate a work of art, and its orig­i­nal­i­ty and unique­ness will cor­re­spond to your plans and atti­tude to life.

Such a fire­place can only be in a sin­gle copy, because nat­ur­al stones have a unique pat­tern and inim­itable shades cre­at­ed by nature itself. A vari­ety of col­or shades, var­i­ous ways of lay­ing and design cre­ate the orig­i­nal­i­ty and sophis­ti­ca­tion of your home.

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