All about the heating system in a wooden house


Recent­ly, liv­ing in wood­en hous­es has become fash­ion­able and pop­u­lar. This is due to their envi­ron­men­tal friend­li­ness, attrac­tive appear­ance, dura­bil­i­ty, etc. If ear­li­er life in such a house was fraught with many incon­ve­niences, now every­thing has changed for the bet­ter.

Thanks to the use of the lat­est tech­nolo­gies, liv­ing in a wood­en house can be com­fort­able and cozy. But one of the con­di­tions for this is the pres­ence of good heat­ing. It can be done inde­pen­dent­ly, with­out the involve­ment of spe­cial­ists. Options for heat­ing a house can be dif­fer­ent and which one to choose is up to you.

Choosing the Right System

For high-qual­i­ty heat­ing of a wood­en house, a lot depends on the cor­rect choice of fuel for the heat­ing sys­tem. As an ener­gy car­ri­er can be used:

  • liq­uid fuel;
  • gas;
  • coal, fire­wood, bri­quettes;
  • elec­tric­i­ty.

When choos­ing a fuel, con­sid­er:

  • com­pat­i­bil­i­ty with the installed heat­ing sys­tem;
  • its avail­abil­i­ty in the area where you live;
  • avail­abil­i­ty of stor­age space;
  • the pos­si­bil­i­ty of installing auto­mat­ic con­trol;
  • ease of use.

Much depends on the cost of ener­gy. The cheap­est is gas.

Atten­tion: Using diesel or elec­tric­i­ty for heat­ing will cost much more. If you intend to use sol­id or diesel fuel, you should pay atten­tion not only to their price, but also to the cost of deliv­ery.

A large role in the qual­i­ty heat­ing of the house is played by equip­ment for gen­er­at­ing heat. It can be a stove, a con­vec­tor, a boil­er, a fire­place, or some­thing else.

Instal­la­tion of heat­ing in a wood­en house requires draw­ing up a lay­out of the heat­ing sys­tem devices, since the dis­tri­b­u­tion of heat through­out the build­ing depends on this. At the same time, the com­plex­i­ty of the design of the heat­ing sys­tem can be any. You can, for exam­ple, install a com­plex sys­tem con­sist­ing of a boil­er or fur­nace, pipelines, radi­a­tors and var­i­ous addi­tion­al equip­ment. And you can use, for exam­ple, con­ven­tion­al infrared heaters, per­fect for local heat­ing.

When choos­ing a heat­ing sys­tem, it is imper­a­tive to draw up a project and cal­cu­late the cost of all nec­es­sary devices and the price of their instal­la­tion. When cal­cu­lat­ing, it is nec­es­sary to take into account what mate­r­i­al is used for radi­a­tors and pipes, take into account the area of ​​u200bu200bthe build­ing. You should decide in advance which brand of equip­ment is best to use.

The cost of equip­ment man­u­fac­tured in EU is always low­er than their for­eign coun­ter­parts. The qual­i­ty of domes­tic brands is quite good. If you decide to choose for­eign equip­ment, then Ger­man and Finnish man­u­fac­tur­ers will have the high­est cost, but their reli­a­bil­i­ty and qual­i­ty are always on top.

We must not for­get about a thor­ough analy­sis of the reg­u­lar heat­ing costs of a wood­en house. Month­ly fuel costs and the cost of pos­si­ble repairs or replace­ment of failed sys­tem ele­ments should be tak­en into account. Please note that if the heat­ing sys­tem used is Euro­pean-made, trou­bleshoot­ing it will cost much less than if the sys­tem is for­eign. We must not for­get about the cost of its main­te­nance.

Atten­tion: Only after care­ful cal­cu­la­tions, one should decide on the heat­ing sys­tem that will be the most effi­cient, high-qual­i­ty and at the same time the least expen­sive.


Gas heating

One of the most effi­cient and afford­able is heat­ing a wood­en house with gas. Despite the fact that the cost of this ener­gy car­ri­er is con­stant­ly grow­ing, its use is much cheap­er than the use of sol­id, liq­uid fuels or elec­tric­i­ty. In addi­tion, thanks to gas, you can heat your home well even in severe frosts. Of course, if you want to use this ener­gy source, you should not only con­duct heat­ing in the build­ing itself, but also con­nect to the gas main. Of course, if this has not been done before.

When heat­ing a coun­try house with gas, it should be borne in mind that this event is quite com­pli­cat­ed, cost­ly and takes a lot of time. Be sure to draw up a project and car­ry out the nec­es­sary cal­cu­la­tions. But by con­nect­ing gas to the build­ing, you can ful­ly enjoy the heat. In addi­tion, the house can be heat­ed with reduced gas by installing a gas tank on your site. This method of heat­ing is in no way infe­ri­or to the pres­ence of a gas main in terms of effi­cien­cy, but it is also quite expen­sive.

If you intend to heat a coun­try house with this ener­gy car­ri­er, you will need to install a gas boil­er, a radi­a­tor, or a warm water floor sys­tem. The cost of such heat­ing will be rea­son­able and will allow you to quick­ly recoup all costs.

As prac­tice shows, it is most ratio­nal to install a wall-mount­ed dou­ble-cir­cuit boil­er, which can not only effec­tive­ly heat the build­ing, but also serve as a source of hot water at any time of the year. Among the advan­tages of this boil­er are its safe­ty, high effi­cien­cy and ease of main­te­nance.

If the area of ​​u200bu200bthe wood­en house is small, you can con­sid­er installing gas con­vec­tors. Their cost is objec­tive and rea­son­able, and the heat­ing effi­cien­cy is at its best. But they are quite “glut­to­nous” and con­sume much more fuel than a boil­er.

The gas-based heat­ing sys­tem in a wood­en house will save you from the need to par­tic­i­pate in the heat­ing process. It will be nec­es­sary only occa­sion­al­ly to check the cor­rect oper­a­tion of the sys­tem. With the help of gas, you can qual­i­ta­tive­ly heat a house of any area, even in severe frosts. At the same time, the cost of pay­ing for gas con­sump­tion will not be too large.

Liquid fuel

If the house is not gasi­fied, a good alter­na­tive to gas is liq­uid fuel. Heat­ing in a wood­en house by this method will require the instal­la­tion of a diesel boil­er. Despite the fact that the cost of installing such a heat­ing sys­tem is quite decent, there are also a lot of advan­tages of its oper­a­tion. First of all, it is auton­o­my. Also, the effi­cien­cy of diesel boil­ers is prac­ti­cal­ly in no way infe­ri­or in effi­cien­cy to their gas coun­ter­parts. There will be no prob­lems with the ener­gy car­ri­er. After all, diesel fuel is afford­able for almost every­one, and it can be deliv­ered in the right amount to almost any local­i­ty.

Atten­tion: For a heat­ing device in a wood­en house based on liq­uid fuel, it is nec­es­sary to equip a spe­cial room in which the boil­er will be installed. Such a room must have a good ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem, be resis­tant to fire. The only dif­fi­cul­ty is that if the house is small, you will have to allo­cate sev­er­al square meters of free space for installing the boil­er.


The eas­i­est and fastest way to heat a wood­en house is to use elec­tric­i­ty. This method is envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly and has a good lev­el of automa­tion. There are many ways to heat a wood­en build­ing with elec­tric­i­ty. In par­tic­u­lar, you can con­sid­er such options as installing con­vec­tors, an elec­tric boil­er, warm base­boards, infrared heaters, etc. The cost of elec­tric heat­ing means is much low­er than sim­i­lar ones run­ning on gas or liq­uid fuel.

But despite the advan­tages, the elec­tric heat­ing sys­tem also has some dis­ad­van­tages that must be tak­en into account. If you decide to do the heat­ing of a wood­en house with your own hands based on elec­tric­i­ty, with­out the involve­ment of spe­cial­ists, be sure to pay atten­tion to the exist­ing wiring. It must be new, of high qual­i­ty and able to with­stand heavy loads.

If you have old wiring and you, for some rea­son, can­not change it, elec­tric heat­ing should be aban­doned, since you, at least, risk being left with­out elec­tric­i­ty for a while, and you may have to put out a fire.

This heat­ing sys­tem is not very effec­tive if the area of ​​u200bu200bthe house is large enough. It also con­sumes a large amount of elec­tric­i­ty, and its cost is quite sig­nif­i­cant. Espe­cial­ly in win­ter in frosts, you will have to turn it on at full capac­i­ty. But if your house is large, then even in this case, you will not be able to heat it with high qual­i­ty.

Elec­tric heat­ing sys­tems are best used if you do not live in the house per­ma­nent­ly, but will spend some time in it, for exam­ple, on vaca­tion, dur­ing hol­i­days or on week­ends. Heat­ing with elec­tric­i­ty is also suit­able as a “safe­ty net” for the main heat­ing sys­tem.

solid fuel

One of the most afford­able ener­gy sources for heat­ing a wood­en house is sol­id fuel. By installing a heat­ing sol­id fuel boil­er that can run on coal, wood or bri­quettes, you can achieve high-qual­i­ty heat­ing with­out much mon­ey.

Among the short­com­ings, one can sin­gle out the need for reg­u­lar mon­i­tor­ing of the oper­a­tion of the sys­tem and a high risk of fire. After all, the tree quick­ly lights up. If you decide to use a sol­id fuel heat­ing sys­tem, you should ful­ly com­ply with the oper­at­ing rec­om­men­da­tions.

Atten­tion: In gen­er­al, this method is quite effec­tive and afford­able for a wood­en house. You just need to use the sys­tem cor­rect­ly and fol­low the safe­ty rules.

What do we pay attention to

Remem­ber, no mat­ter what type of heat­ing of a wood­en house you choose, safe­ty should always come first. This is due to the fact that the heat­ing sys­tem, which is based on the com­bus­tion of fuel, is always more or less dan­ger­ous. Pos­si­ble risks include:

  • ener­gy leak­age;
  • open fire;
  • strong heat­ing of the chim­ney and equip­ment;
  • gas explo­sion;
  • the occur­rence of a fire.

All this is dan­ger­ous not only for the house, but also for the peo­ple liv­ing in it. There­fore, no mat­ter what equip­ment you use to heat your home, you should always fol­low the instruc­tions for its oper­a­tion.

Heat­ing a pri­vate house is impos­si­ble with­out sta­ble ven­ti­la­tion. After all, com­bus­tion prod­ucts can adverse­ly affect the air in the house. First of all, this is typ­i­cal for fire­places, stoves and gas con­vec­tors. The ven­ti­la­tion scheme should be includ­ed in the design of the heat­ing sys­tem.

Atten­tion: When choos­ing a heat­ing sys­tem, be sure to pay atten­tion to its effi­cien­cy. After all, most of the costs are con­nect­ed with him. Try to choose sys­tems with an effi­cien­cy of 90%. If it is low­er, it will turn out that you will throw away part of the mon­ey to the wind. For exam­ple, if the effi­cien­cy is 75%, then out of every 1 dol­lars, you will waste 25.

The cheap­est options for heat­ing in a house with your own hands are the instal­la­tion of gas and sol­id fuel boil­ers, wood stoves, gas con­vec­tors. The most expen­sive are oil-fired boil­ers and elec­tric heat­ing sys­tems.

Much depends on the rate of heat­ing of the build­ing. Here, sys­tems that heat not the coolant, but direct­ly the air come to the fore. For exam­ple, infrared heaters.

Atten­tion should be paid to the sim­plic­i­ty and ease of oper­a­tion of heat­ing sys­tems. It is desir­able that the man­age­ment be auto­mat­ed and human par­tic­i­pa­tion is required to be min­i­mal. Here in the first place are elec­tric, gas and liq­uid fuel heat­ing sys­tems.

There are many sys­tems for heat­ing a wood­en house, and it is up to you to decide which heat­ing is bet­ter. The main thing is that it is safe, effi­cient and quick­ly heats the build­ing, and the ener­gy sources used are afford­able. Before instal­la­tion of the select­ed sys­tem, a project must be drawn up, all cal­cu­la­tions must be made. Do not for­get that when oper­at­ing any sys­tem, you should fol­low all rec­om­men­da­tions for its use, and adhere to safe­ty rules.


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