Autonomous gas heating of an apartment in an apartment building: what you need to know?

Since the com­mis­sion­ing of an apart­ment build­ing, res­i­dents depend on the qual­i­ty of the work of enter­pris­es that pro­vide this house with gas, water, elec­tric­i­ty, heat­ing and the Inter­net. And if you can stock up on water for future use, and you can live with­out a TV or the Inter­net for some time, then it is dif­fi­cult to imag­ine a person’s actions in the win­ter dur­ing inter­rup­tions in heat­ing. That is why the low qual­i­ty of ser­vices pro­vid­ed by heat­ing net­work enter­pris­es and high aver­age tar­iffs are push­ing many of our com­pa­tri­ots to cre­ate autonomous gas heat­ing for apart­ments in apart­ment build­ings. All the intri­ca­cies of heat­ing a home in this way will be dis­cussed in this arti­cle.

What to prepare for? Educational program for beginners

If you are not sat­is­fied with cold radi­a­tors, when it is already cold out­side, and the heat­ing sea­son has not yet begun, if you do not under­stand why the bat­ter­ies are “ice” in one room, and in the oth­er they are red-hot so that you can­not put your hand on their sur­face if there are inter­rup­tions with heat­ing and hot water have become more the rule than the excep­tion, then experts rec­om­mend installing autonomous gas heat­ing in the apart­ment, unless, of course, the apart­ment is gasi­fied.

If you decide to install “auton­o­my” in your own apart­ment, then you need to be pre­pared for the fol­low­ing:

  1. Suf­fi­cient­ly tough oppo­si­tion to your heat sup­ply orga­ni­za­tion.
  2. Non-accep­tance of your deci­sion by the co-own­ers of the apart­ment build­ing, in oth­er words, by your neigh­bors.
  3. Leg­isla­tive denials and bureau­crat­ic delays in the gas, fire ser­vice, as well as in the bod­ies for the pro­tec­tion of archi­tec­tur­al mon­u­ments.
  4. Com­plete replace­ment of inter­nal pip­ing.
  5. Finan­cial costs for the cre­ation of the project, pur­chase and instal­la­tion of equip­ment.

In fact, oppo­nents of indi­vid­ual heat­ing have quite good rea­sons for this. After dis­con­nect­ing any room of a res­i­den­tial build­ing from cen­tral­ized heat­ing, ther­mal work­ers have to re-bal­ance the entire heat­ing sys­tem of the house. In addi­tion, the refusal of cen­tral heat­ing is the ter­mi­na­tion of financ­ing of the heat sup­ply orga­ni­za­tion. With­in the frame­work of one apart­ment, this is imper­cep­ti­ble, but with a mas­sive tran­si­tion to “auton­o­my” — this is the bank­rupt­cy of a huge orga­ni­za­tion.

Indi­vid­ual gas heat­ing in an apart­ment build­ing requires com­pe­tent removal of the prod­ucts of com­bus­tion of the gas mix­ture. In hous­es with chim­neys, this is not a prob­lem. In mod­ern build­ings, a chim­ney is not pro­vid­ed, there­fore, exhaust gas­es are dis­charged into a sep­a­rate ven­ti­la­tion branch or through a coax­i­al chim­ney, which is dis­charged through a load-bear­ing wall. With such a chim­ney, car­bon monox­ide can­not be exclud­ed from enter­ing neigh­bor­ing apart­ments: in the first case, through a vent; in the sec­ond — through open vents and win­dows.

The deci­sion to install an indi­vid­ual heat­ing sys­tem is very good to ini­tial­ly dis­cuss with a lawyer. The thing is that in some regions of Europe the cre­ation of an “auton­o­my” is pro­hib­it­ed by local leg­isla­tive bod­ies.

There is anoth­er option for avoid­ing cen­tral heat­ing, with­out delay and has­sle — con­tact­ing an orga­ni­za­tion that sells equip­ment, installs and main­tains indi­vid­ual heat­ing sys­tems. For some remu­ner­a­tion, these offices inde­pen­dent­ly solve prob­lems with per­mits, projects, with­in an accept­able time frame.

The device and principle of operation of the individual heating system

A stan­dard autonomous heat­ing sys­tem con­sists of a gas boil­er, a chim­ney, the required amount of pipeline, radi­a­tors, valves, coarse fil­ters. The main device in the autonomous heat­ing sys­tem is the boil­er. It can be sin­gle-cir­cuit and dou­ble-cir­cuit. The first type of boil­er units is designed only for heat­ing the coolant. The sec­ond allows you to cre­ate, along with autonomous heat­ing, an apart­ment hot water sys­tem.Apartment with autonomous heating

There are two main schemes of the heat­ing sys­tem: one-pipe and two-pipe. The for­mer is struc­tural­ly sim­pler and requires few­er mate­ri­als, which makes it finan­cial­ly attrac­tive. But such a scheme assumes a sequen­tial arrange­ment of radi­a­tors, which leads to the fact that already cooled coolant enters the last bat­ter­ies in turn. The sec­ond option is more com­pli­cat­ed and more expen­sive, but thanks to the two-pipe scheme, the coolant is even­ly dis­trib­uted between the radi­a­tors.

The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of this sys­tem is quite sim­ple: a gas-air mix­ture is burned in the burn­er. The heat released dur­ing com­bus­tion heats the walls of the heat exchang­er, which, in turn, heat the coolant. Through the pipeline, it enters the radi­a­tors, where it cools slight­ly. After that, the coolant returns to the boil­er heat exchang­er, where it is heat­ed and the process is repeat­ed.

The fig­ure shows a stan­dard two-pipe scheme for indi­vid­ual heat­ing and hot water sup­ply of an apart­ment with a coolant out­let for “warm floors”.

Advantages and disadvantages

Before you decide to install gas heat­ing in an apart­ment: the pros and cons must be deter­mined imme­di­ate­ly. So, the advan­tages:

  1. The hap­py own­er of indi­vid­ual heat sup­ply pays only for the amount of cubic meters of blue fuel that he actu­al­ly spent on heat­ing. In this case, the more eco­nom­i­cal the boil­er, the low­er the gas bill.
  2. The own­er of the “auton­o­my” does not pay for heat loss­es dur­ing the trans­porta­tion of the coolant. As prac­tice shows, this is up to 30% sav­ings.
  3. The indi­vid­ual heat­ing sys­tem allows you to inde­pen­dent­ly set the most com­fort­able ther­mal regime in the premis­es.
  4. This apart­ment heat­ing sys­tem allows the own­er to start and end the heat­ing sea­son at will.
  5. Mod­ern equip­ment for “auton­o­my” is quite com­pact and has sev­er­al lev­els of pro­tec­tion.

In addi­tion, accord­ing to sta­tis­tics, the own­er of an “autonomous apart­ment” saves on util­i­ty bills by more than 2 times. Despite the abun­dance of advan­tages, a per­son who decides to refuse cen­tral heat­ing must real­ly rep­re­sent all the short­com­ings of indi­vid­ual heat­ing that he will have to face.

  1. The avail­abil­i­ty of heat and hot water sup­ply depends on the gas pres­sure and the avail­abil­i­ty of elec­tric­i­ty. If in your home a reg­u­lar black­out is the norm, then in order not to freeze in win­ter, you should bet­ter refuse such a heat­ing sys­tem.
  2. This sys­tem requires reg­u­lar main­te­nance and expen­sive main­te­nance.

Before you start cre­at­ing an indi­vid­ual heat sup­ply for your own home, you must under­stand that as the own­er you take full respon­si­bil­i­ty for the ser­vice­abil­i­ty and prop­er use of the sys­tem. Remem­ber that improp­er oper­a­tion of gas appli­ances can lead to an explo­sion, from which the entire apart­ment build­ing will suf­fer.

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