Details about individual heating in an apartment building


Poor-qual­i­ty heat sup­ply in apart­ment build­ings is push­ing many of their res­i­dents to switch to indi­vid­ual heat­ing. The demand for this sys­tem is due to the abil­i­ty to inde­pen­dent­ly reg­u­late the tem­per­a­ture in the house and not depend on var­i­ous exter­nal fac­tors. Thanks to the pres­ence of indi­vid­ual heat­ing, at any time of the year, the room will be as warm as you want. But a warm house, even in severe frosts, is always com­fort and cozi­ness.

In addi­tion, you can save a lot. After all, you do not need to use addi­tion­al heaters in cool weath­er and con­sume elec­tric­i­ty. It will only be nec­es­sary to turn on indi­vid­ual heat­ing, set­ting the tem­per­a­ture that will make you feel com­fort­able.

Atten­tion: sys­tems based on dou­ble-cir­cuit boil­ers allow not only to heat the room, but also to pro­vide hot water sup­ply. This ver­sa­til­i­ty fur­ther increas­es the demand for indi­vid­ual heat­ing. After all, thanks to him, you can enjoy not only heat, but also hot water.

Advantages and disadvantages of individual heating

As prac­tice shows, indi­vid­ual heat­ing in an apart­ment build­ing is more prof­itable than cen­tral­ized heat­ing. Its advan­tages are as fol­lows:

  1. Pos­si­bil­i­ty to reg­u­late the tem­per­a­ture. To do this, you only need to set the desired para­me­ters. If nec­es­sary, they can be reduced or increased.
  2. Sav­ing. It allows you to save a lot. After all, if nec­es­sary, the tem­per­a­ture in the rooms can be reduced inde­pen­dent­ly. This means that the amount of fuel burned will decrease. Accord­ing­ly, the costs will be less.
  3. Pos­si­bil­i­ty to set the desired tem­per­a­ture. Dif­fer­ent peo­ple require dif­fer­ent tem­per­a­tures in the apart­ment to feel com­fort­able. This can be achieved only with the help of indi­vid­ual heat­ing.

This sys­tem also has some dis­ad­van­tages — the dif­fi­cul­ty of obtain­ing per­mits and the high cost of its pur­chase and instal­la­tion. But the lat­ter will quick­ly pay off.

When installing indi­vid­ual heat­ing for an apart­ment, it should be borne in mind that it is some­what dif­fer­ent from a sim­i­lar sys­tem for heat­ing a pri­vate house.

Heating of a private house

Before mov­ing on to indi­vid­ual heat­ing for apart­ments, you should briefly con­sid­er the sys­tem respon­si­ble for heat­ing and hot water sup­ply of an indi­vid­ual house. After all, not every boil­er that is suit­able for a pri­vate house can be installed in an apart­ment.

The scheme of indi­vid­ual heat­ing of a pri­vate house is also sig­nif­i­cant­ly dif­fer­ent, since in the first ver­sion sin­gle- and dou­ble-cir­cuit boil­ers can be used.

Atten­tion: Sin­gle-cir­cuit boil­ers are used only for heat­ing. To heat water in them, you should addi­tion­al­ly install a boil­er. If for hous­es this option is accept­able, then for apart­ments, no, since the boil­er will take up free space, and this is not ratio­nal. There­fore, it is rec­om­mend­ed to install dou­ble-cir­cuit boil­ers in apart­ments.


Disconnection from central heating

Before installing the indi­vid­ual heat­ing sys­tem, dis­con­nect from the exist­ing heat source. A lot depends on where your apart­ment is locat­ed.

If the high-rise build­ing is new, then it will not take much time and effort. In addi­tion, mod­ern apart­ment build­ings with indi­vid­ual heat­ing installed by devel­op­ers are now not uncom­mon. After all, one of the main goals of mod­ern con­struc­tion is the effi­cient use of ener­gy resources.

But if the house in which your apart­ment is locat­ed does not belong to this cat­e­go­ry, then you should not be upset. After all, to turn off the cen­tral heat­ing in a mod­ern house, it is enough to turn off the nec­es­sary valve and you will no longer receive heat. Such ease of shut­down is asso­ci­at­ed with the pres­ence of indi­vid­ual wiring of heat car­ri­ers. In addi­tion, each apart­ment has its own counter.

It will be more dif­fi­cult to dis­con­nect from the cen­tral­ized heat sup­ply in old-built hous­es, because the heat sup­ply is com­mon there, and pass­es through the ris­er from one apart­ment to anoth­er. If you live on the mid­dle floors of a high-rise build­ing, then dis­man­tling heat­ing devices will be prob­lem­at­ic. But if you live on the edges of the ris­ers, for exam­ple, on the top floor, then this is much eas­i­er, although it will take some time.

Hav­ing coped with the shut­down of cen­tral heat­ing, you will need to draw up the nec­es­sary doc­u­ments on putting the apart­ment into oper­a­tion, but with a new heat­ing sys­tem, after which, hand over the papers to the right orga­ni­za­tion.

Boiler for an apartment

Before installing indi­vid­ual heat­ing, you should decide in advance which source of heat you will use. Many peo­ple pre­fer elec­tric­i­ty. But the ide­al option for apart­ments with gas sup­ply is gas.

Much depends on the choice of boil­er. You should imme­di­ate­ly aban­don the idea, install a boil­er for liq­uid or sol­id fuel. They are suit­able for heat­ing a pri­vate house, but not an apart­ment. After all, such equip­ment will require a sep­a­rate room. You can not do with­out a sup­ply of fire­wood, pel­lets, diesel fuel or coal. And they are sim­ply not allowed to be stored.

Atten­tion: the ide­al option for an apart­ment would be to install indi­vid­ual heat­ing based on a dou­ble-cir­cuit gas boil­er. The demand for them is quite high. Instal­la­tion is quite sim­ple and does not take much time.

Read the mate­r­i­al about the advan­tages and dis­ad­van­tages of elec­tric heat­ing in an apart­ment.

Advantages of the boiler

For the oper­a­tion of a dou­ble-cir­cuit gas boil­er, air tak­en from the street is used, and all com­bus­tion prod­ucts are removed using ven­ti­la­tion pipes. Their lev­el of automa­tion is quite high and you will only need to set the nec­es­sary para­me­ters for it to work.

Thanks to a well-thought-out automa­tion sys­tem, gas is sup­plied and ignit­ed in the burn­ers after receiv­ing a pos­i­tive sig­nal from the exist­ing sen­sors. This can­not hap­pen spon­ta­neous­ly.

The coolant in the sys­tem cir­cu­lates due to the pres­ence of a pump. Ordi­nary water or a spe­cial antifreeze can be used as a coolant.

In what room should it be installed

Atten­tion: Gas boil­ers in apart­ments can not be installed in all rooms. The room in which it will be locat­ed must meet the fol­low­ing require­ments:

  1. An area of ​​at least 4 square meters, have an entrance door with a width of more than 80 cen­time­ters and a win­dow.
  2. Depend­ing on the mod­el, a forced ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem may be required in the room.
  3. The wall on which the boil­er will be mount­ed must be made of non-com­bustible mate­r­i­al. If there is no such wall, a cov­er­ing of fire-resis­tant mate­r­i­al should be placed between the wall and the boil­er.
  4. If there are oth­er heat­ing or gas appli­ances near­by, the dis­tance to them should be at least 30 cen­time­ters.

All of the above require­ments are manda­to­ry. They must be observed in full to pre­vent neg­a­tive con­se­quences.

Boiler installation

Before installing the boil­er, you should obtain all per­mits for its use. The com­mis­sion­ing of the tank must be car­ried out in the pres­ence of rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the orga­ni­za­tion respon­si­ble for the use of such equip­ment. They are also involved in the prepa­ra­tion of projects for their instal­la­tion. Even if the project was drawn up inde­pen­dent­ly, it must be approved by a sim­i­lar orga­ni­za­tion.

Due to its com­pact­ness and low weight, a gas dou­ble-cir­cuit heat­ing boil­er is most often mount­ed on a main wall. If nec­es­sary, a par­ti­tion wall is also suit­able for this pur­pose. But it must be well for­ti­fied.

Hav­ing cho­sen the place where the boil­er will be locat­ed, it is nec­es­sary to fix the mount­ing strips on the wall. After that, you can hang the boil­er itself.

Atten­tion: When fix­ing it, it should be not­ed that the low­er part of the boil­er must be locat­ed from the floor, at a dis­tance of at least 1.6 m. A detailed instal­la­tion dia­gram must be avail­able in the instruc­tions for its oper­a­tion.

The boil­er must be con­nect­ed to the gas pipeline with met­al pipes that have the nec­es­sary cer­tifi­cates or with spe­cial rub­ber hoses. Con­nec­tion points, with­out fail, should be care­ful­ly checked for tight­ness. For this pur­pose, you can use a solu­tion of soap. After the instal­la­tion of the tank, the heat­ing cir­cuit must be con­nect­ed to the exist­ing heat­ing sys­tem.


Indi­vid­ual heat­ing is an oppor­tu­ni­ty to enjoy the heat, regard­less of exter­nal fac­tors. The tem­per­a­ture can be eas­i­ly adjust­ed by your­self. By installing a wall-mount­ed dou­ble-cir­cuit gas boil­er in the apart­ment, you can pro­vide not only good heat­ing in the house, but also always have hot water avail­able. Of course, the instal­la­tion of such a sys­tem will require a sig­nif­i­cant invest­ment of time and mon­ey, but all this will quick­ly pay off.


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