The project of a heating structure is a drawing of a fireplace of a future design on paper. Before starting masonry, it is necessary to correctly think through all the points and draw up a sketch correctly.
Studying the projects of houses with a fireplace, you should know the following parameters:
- what size of foundation to fill under the fireplace;
- room height;
- the strength of a high brick structure;
- compliance with fire safety measures;
- the appearance of the attractiveness of the fireplace.
A properly designed brick fireplace scheme will save time and effort, and will make it possible to carry out the planned construction in the best possible way, as well as avoid difficulties during operation. Brick fireplace projects
Corner fireplace and its uniqueness
Let’s consider a detailed drawing of laying a brick corner fireplace and an order with a description. To date, there are a huge number of fireplace projects, but at the moment we offer you a convenient fireplace built into the corner, which can be installed in a small, at least 12 m2 room, as there will not be enough oxygen to heat it. To create it, you should find a bricklayer of the 4th — 5th category, so that he would have the intricacies of erecting this structure or delve into the subtleties of this process on his own.
It should be remembered that the internal structure of fireplaces is created in almost the same way, and the burning of fire in the furnace is the same.
Corner foci have their advantages:
Its peculiarity is that it is not located in the center of the building, but in the corner, and has small dimensions. In addition, it evenly transfers heat energy throughout the room.
Folded neatly, with the least deviations and tolerances in construction, the corner fireplace is a heating equipment, carries a certain decorative beauty and shows the status of the owner of this building.
Its disadvantage is an expensive, decorative finish.
Brick for the construction of this structure needs a high grade, of course, it can be laid out with grade 100, but it should be remembered that this material is of poor quality for laying it out. In this case, if a fireplace is built from this brick, then, according to fire safety, it should be plastered.
This brand of brick is used for laying out the outer part of the body and for erecting a pipe. And the inside of the firebox is laid out of refractory bricks.
See also: fireplace chimney
- A separate base must be poured under this brick structure so as not to disturb the main foundation, since the heater has its own shrinkage.
- It is required to attach a special heat-insulating material between the wall and the future fireplace or lay the masonry in a quarter of a brick, that is, on the edge (it is advisable to lay wire through two rows, for the strength of the structure).
Its masonry is made according to the project, performing dressing of the seams. The work is done without haste, as the clay solution tends to float.
It is desirable to observe the level of the horizon, the vertical surface and equal points of the diagonal. With this observance of the rules, the quality of the output of combustion products to the outside depends.
See also: Types of gazebos with beautiful fireplaces.
Diagram of a rectangular fireplace and drawing
Its size is 5 × 2.5 brickwork order consists of 33 rows
This structure is used without a door on the firebox. The designer, when creating this drawing, used a flue through channel that provides good draft. In this regard, its heat capacity is reduced in order to increase the efficiency of this structure. To do this, use standard methods, such as laying empty channels along the firebox and chimney.
- The inside of the firebox should be laid out from refractory bricks that can withstand 1100 degrees.
The main massive part of the fireplace is laid out with high quality full-bodied ceramic bricks, it must correspond to grade 125 and higher, its temperature heating is 750 degrees.
You should remember that refractory and ceramic bricks must not be tied up, but they can be tied together thanks to a 3 mm wire laid in the seam between the bricks.
Ordinal diagram of a rectangular fireplace 5 × 2.5 brick
When laying out this structure, it is necessary to maintain the same thickness between the bricks, equal to 5–7 mm.
If the material contains flaws, let’s say oblique corners, then they should be cut off from each other, so you will achieve the desired seam thickness.
The rows should be checked with a level or plumb to achieve the correct geometric shape of the structure.
This drawing is used by master stove-makers, even with vast experience, they consult it.
Drawing of a mini fireplace
This heater is recommended to be installed in a room of at least 16 m2. It is built into a partition for heating two rooms. To increase heat transfer, the firebox is laid out without refractory bricks. Thus, the ceramic brick heats up much faster, because it retains the heat capacity of the array less than the refractory brick.
- In this case, in order to protect the firebox from high temperatures, the master stove-maker uses a metal sheet 3 mm thick instead of a stone tooth.
A drawing of a brick fireplace is attached below in the description. If the master has little qualification in this direction, then instead of the arch of the portal, you can build a horizontal ceiling. To do this, you will need 2 metal corners of the desired length.
A positive characteristic of this fireplace is that when purchasing materials for its construction, you spend your money minimally.
To build you will need:
- ceramic bricks 235 pieces;
- clay — 0.12 m3;
- sand — 0, 3m3;
- cleaning door — 1 piece;
- furnace valve — 1 piece;
- grate — 1 piece;
- airbags — 2 pieces;
- steel sheet thickness — 3 mm and a size of 0.25 m2;
- roofing material — 1.5 m2;
- cement — 15 kilograms.
Fireplace “mini” and its ordinal masonry scheme
To maximize the efficiency of this structure, the side walls of the firebox are laid out at an angle of 25 degrees.
The back wall is laid out in 10 rows in the usual way, that is, horizontally. Starting from the 11th row, the brick extends a quarter at an angle of 30 degrees into the inside of the firebox. This action forms the pass of the chimney tooth, metal pins are inserted into the seams between the bricks further, a sheet of metal will be attached to them.
Below is a metal drawing for the firebox.
Due to the absence of fireclay bricks in this building, the space in the room heats up much faster, since the side air channels are laid out.
In the lower part there are openings through which cold air enters, and the hot air heated from the fireplace insert through the “air dampers” located in the 13th and 14th rows exits into the interior of the room with already hot air. Thus, its efficiency increases by 15, 20%
medium sized english fireplace
An English do-it-yourself brick fireplace is one of the oldest built in general. It is also called the classic open-type brick fireplace.
The parameters include the following features:
- protruding tooth;
- open firebox;
- posterior wall of the oblique fracture.
The inner recess of the firebox or hearth is laid out from refractory bricks on a mortar, which includes clay and fireclay chips, as well as a little cement. The outer contour of the structure is created from ceramic, full-bodied material.
Elements and diagram of an English type fireplace
This scheme is relevant for most models of the English type.
This English type scheme is complex, but it pays off in that it has stable traction and good efficiency. Drawing of a fireplace made of English type bricks 5 × 3 and its ordinal scheme.
To build it you will need:
- solid ceramic bricks — 350 pieces;
- fireclay bricks — 125 pieces;
- sand-clay mortar — 215 kg;
- refractory mortar — 155 kg.
Below is a detailed drawing of an English 5 × 3 brick heater
The first four rows of the base are laid out of ceramic bricks of brand 100, then better material of brand 150 and higher is used.
This building is installed indoors at least 80 m3 common space. Having studied its order, the following points should be noted, note that there is no blower and grate.
If a small room has hermetically sealed windows on all sides, you should install an oxygen supply from the street to the firebox for better combustion.
To create an overlap for the firebox on the twelfth row, a corner of steel and 2 strips of the same material are laid.
In this design, a cleaning door is provided on the 16th — 17th row, which is installed on the rear wall. This hole limits the placement of the fireplace adjacent to the load-bearing wall, or to the wall. In this case, this heater will not be able to warm the second room.
To preserve the elasticity of the mortar and its natural setting, ceramic bricks should be soaked in a container of water for 5 minutes before erecting the masonry structure. Heat-resistant brick is wiped with a damp cloth in order to get rid of dust.
After the completion of the construction of the English fireplace, it should be gradually heated for 3 weeks — to dry it, and only after this time has passed, you can lay the firebox up to half. After another month, you can flood the heater at full power.
By following this rule, you will allow the mortar to naturally set, if it is violated, then you expose your structure to a service life limit. The decision is yours.
Masonry of a three-level fireplace with a grate
This design is the European version, but the main elements are taken from the themes of English and Swedish modeling.
photo of a fireplace consisting of three levels
The draft in the chimney of this building is consistently good, even at a height of three meters, thanks to the large cross section of the inside of the chimney.
It should be remembered that this structure is used in those rooms where there is high humidity.
Drawing diagram of a three-level fireplace with a grate
For laying you will need the following materials:
- ceramic brick — 620 pieces;
- fireclay brick (refractory) — 220 pcs;
- grate 420x200mm — 2 pieces;
- smoke damper 260x260 mm — 1 pc;
- steel corner No. 40 — 150cm;
- steel corner No. 60 — 100 cm;
- steel strip 4x60 mm — 300 cm;
- clay mortar — 750 kg.
Having studied the above orders and drawings of brick fireplaces for DIY construction, you should know how to calculate all the dimensions of this structure.
Be patient for self-construction or find a master stove-maker with good qualifications to install this heating equipment.