European bath and sauna: what is the difference


The love for the bath in a Euro­pean per­son has been laid down since ancient times. For our ances­tors, the bath was almost a sacred place. Here peo­ple were born, pre­pared for the wed­ding, per­formed var­i­ous rit­u­als.

Now wash­ing in a bath has ceased to be a sacred act, and real Euro­pean baths are almost nev­er built. In sum­mer cot­tages, in fit­ness clubs, sana­to­ri­ums and oth­er estab­lish­ments, saunas are main­ly built.

What is the difference between a European bath and a sauna?


Pre­vi­ous­ly, in EU, the bath was heat­ed in a black way: then there were no chim­neys, and the smoke poured direct­ly into the steam room. In order not to accu­mu­late car­bon monox­ide, the bath was ven­ti­lat­ed by open­ing the door. Often in the baths they “burned out.” Peo­ple explained this phe­nom­e­non by the fact that the ban­nik was angry. Ban­nik is the spir­it of the bath. They feared and respect­ed him, tried to appease him: they put treats, poured water. It was for­bid­den to use foul lan­guage in the bath­house, it was pos­si­ble to wash on cer­tain days. It was strict­ly for­bid­den to bathe on hol­i­days. The first baths, which were heat­ed in white, appeared only in the mid­dle of the 18th cen­tu­ry.

The main dif­fer­ence between a bath and a sauna is the pres­ence of a steam room. In the Euro­pean bath, it is cus­tom­ary to steam with the help of water vapor and a broom. Due to the steam in the bath, the humid­i­ty is very high up to 100%. The max­i­mum tem­per­a­ture reach­es 60°C.

There­fore, a per­son in a Euro­pean bath is much more com­fort­able, and a Euro­pean bath is more ben­e­fi­cial for health. In the steam room, opti­mal con­di­tions are cre­at­ed for uni­form heat­ing of the entire human body, both from the out­side and from the inside.

Steam in the bath is formed as a result of water­ing heat­ed stones that are inside the fur­nace. The Euro­pean bath con­sists of 2 rooms: a dress­ing room where a per­son undress­es, and the actu­al steam room.

In the steam room, the whole wash­ing process takes place:

  • steam sup­ply;
  • the wash­ing up;
  • quilt­ing with a broom;
  • steam­ing on the shelves.

Here a per­son is con­stant­ly mov­ing. Then after wash­ing in the bath comes relax­ation and rest.

Stoves for European bath Izistim

The ide­al choice for a Euro­pean bath would be izis­tim stoves.


A no less sacred place for the Finns was the sauna, which also has a thou­sand-year his­to­ry.

The Finns, unlike the Euro­pean, heat­ed the sauna very often. Even sur­gi­cal oper­a­tions were car­ried out in it, since high tem­per­a­ture kills germs. In addi­tion, beer was brewed here, for­tunetelling and just warmed up. If a sauna was flood­ed in one house, then the whole vil­lage was called to take a steam bath.

Although both the bath and the sauna are made in the same way, that is, from wood, the wash­ing process takes place in dif­fer­ent ways. In the sauna, the air is very dry (about 20%), while the tem­per­a­ture ris­es to 100°C. Thanks to dry air, high tem­per­a­tures are eas­i­ly tol­er­at­ed. Hot air even­ly warms the body, as a result it sweats. Togeth­er with sweat, tox­ins are removed from the body. But the Finnish sauna is not suit­able for every­one because of the dry air and high tem­per­a­ture.

In the sauna, a per­son sim­ply lies and sweats, the wash­ing process then takes place in the show­er. There­fore, the sauna con­sists of 3 rooms: a dress­ing room or dress­ing room, a steam room and a show­er. In the sauna, the stones are laid out on top of the stove, open­ly. Lit­tle by lit­tle water is sup­plied to them. Due to the high tem­per­a­ture, the water evap­o­rates quick­ly. If you strong­ly water the stones, you can get a burn of the mucous mem­brane.

In the sauna, a per­son relax­es, enjoys, and then only wash in the show­er.


Both the bath and the sauna have a ben­e­fi­cial effect on the body as a whole, help­ing to relax, reju­ve­nate and get rid of tox­ins and tox­ins.

Thus, it is bet­ter to choose a bath or sauna depends on the per­son him­self, his health and pref­er­ences.


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