Heating standards in the apartment during the heating season

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At the end of the Indi­an sum­mer, on the eve of the onset of cold weath­er, we begin to impa­tient­ly think about how to keep such a frag­ile and pre­cious warmth in our homes. The cold out­side, the uncom­fort­able micro­cli­mate at home due to the lack of heat­ing, the rapid­ly declin­ing day­light hours — these and many oth­er fac­tors become the caus­es of fre­quent colds and lack of sleep. Many neg­a­tive phe­nom­e­na for our well-being are asso­ci­at­ed with the usu­al dis­crep­an­cy between the air tem­per­a­ture on the street, with the tem­per­a­ture regime in res­i­den­tial premis­es and at work. We are try­ing, by look­ing at the ther­mome­ter inside the apart­ment, to remem­ber what the tem­per­a­ture should be in a city apart­ment when the heat­ing sea­son begins.

A suf­fi­cient­ly low tem­per­a­ture in a house or apart­ment in the absence of heat on the street is a fre­quent and well-known phe­nom­e­non to us, espe­cial­ly in the off-sea­son. In many respects, this sit­u­a­tion is explained by the poor ther­mal effi­cien­cy of apart­ment build­ings, which were built back in Sovi­et times and make up the lion’s share of the hous­ing stock in almost all set­tle­ments. The issue of sav­ing ener­gy resources then was not as acute as it is now.

What are the norms for heat­ing in an apart­ment that exist today. What fig­ures do we have to focus on today, in what con­di­tions should we live in our apart­ments? We will try to find an objec­tive answer to these ques­tions.

What is the actual temperature should be in our apartments

In the­o­ry, in accor­dance with long-term sci­en­tif­ic cal­cu­la­tions, the tem­per­a­ture in our apart­ments should be at around 20–250 Cel­sius. From a med­ical point of view, it is gen­er­al­ly accept­ed that each per­son has his own tem­per­a­ture com­fort thresh­old. One likes when the apart­ment is only +16–180C, anoth­er likes it when the apart­ment is hot and the ther­mome­ter shows 23–250C. In order to achieve a com­fort­able tem­per­a­ture regime inside the apart­ment, it is nec­es­sary to take into account many fac­tors, among which there are both pure­ly tech­ni­cal and tech­no­log­i­cal, as well as social and house­hold ones.

One of the aspects that is of deci­sive impor­tance for the tem­per­a­ture stan­dards inside res­i­den­tial premis­es is the sick build­ing syn­drome. The poor con­di­tion of engi­neer­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions, the unsat­is­fac­to­ry con­di­tion of tech­no­log­i­cal premis­es and the main struc­tur­al ele­ments of the build­ing can cause a decrease in the lev­el of com­fort in an apart­ment build­ing.

The fig­ure shows what effect is achieved from the insu­la­tion of the out­er walls of the dwelling.

Impor­tant! In order to make your home com­fort­able, to cre­ate a cozy micro­cli­mate inside each room, you need to take care of the nor­mal oper­a­tion of the heat­ing sys­tem in the house, pro­vide your­self with addi­tion­al sources of heat­ing. In order to achieve max­i­mum effect, you need to prop­er­ly pre­pare your apart­ment for the onset of cold weath­er. Exter­nal insu­la­tion of pan­els, insu­la­tion of win­dow and door open­ings are mea­sures that increase the ther­mal effi­cien­cy of an apart­ment by 20–25%.

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If we talk about the fac­tors that affect the tem­per­a­ture in your home, then you need to con­sid­er the fol­low­ing:

  • cli­mat­ic fea­tures of the area in which you live;
  • the inten­si­ty of the change of sea­sons;
  • age and per­son­al pref­er­ences of the inhab­i­tants of the apart­ment.

The norm of tem­per­a­ture in a res­i­den­tial build­ing in each region of our coun­try varies. For the north­ern regions of San­PiN (san­i­tary rules and norms) are the same, for the mid­dle lane and the south­ern regions they are com­plete­ly dif­fer­ent. The cli­mate is always dif­fer­ent and this applies not only to air tem­per­a­ture, but also to the lev­el of humid­i­ty in the area, atmos­pher­ic pres­sure. For exam­ple, for more humid south­ern regions, tem­per­a­ture stan­dards are high­er.

The tem­per­a­ture in the apart­ment is influ­enced by sea­son­al­i­ty. For the mid­dle zone of our coun­try, the opti­mum tem­per­a­ture in a res­i­den­tial area in win­ter is 19–22 0C, in sum­mer — 22–250C. Despite the fact that the dif­fer­ence does not seem sig­nif­i­cant, even small changes in tem­per­a­ture affect the state of our body.

The main task of tem­per­a­ture con­trol in res­i­den­tial premis­es is to cre­ate a com­fort zone for the inhab­i­tants of a city apart­ment. Human pref­er­ences do not always sat­is­fy the cor­rect, from a med­ical point of view, tem­per­a­ture regime. Super­heat­ed, dry air, as well as exces­sive­ly cool air in a res­i­den­tial area, can adverse­ly affect our con­di­tion.

For those fam­i­lies in which there is a small child, the tem­per­a­ture in the apart­ment in win­ter should be sta­ble. The opti­mal tem­per­a­ture regime for any room in this sit­u­a­tion is 20–230C. In sum­mer, these stan­dards should be with­in the same lim­its. The main rea­son for this tem­per­a­ture bal­ance is that young chil­dren, espe­cial­ly infants, do not have a nat­ur­al self-reg­u­la­tion of body tem­per­a­ture. The child either over­heats quick­ly in a hot room, or cools down quick­ly in a cool room.

Impor­tant! Large dif­fer­ences in tem­per­a­ture bal­ance in dif­fer­ent rooms should not be allowed.

The tem­per­a­ture stan­dards in the apart­ment are estab­lished by the Rules for the pro­vi­sion of pub­lic ser­vices, approved by Decree of the Gov­ern­ment of the EU No. 354 dat­ed May 06, 2011.


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On a note: These stan­dards set a low­er tem­per­a­ture lim­it of +180C, while not a word is said about the upper lim­it. We choose the upper mark of accept­able tem­per­a­ture our­selves, focus­ing on our own pref­er­ences and feel­ings.

We study the existing temperature standards for our apartment

Why is it cold in our apart­ment? There may be sev­er­al true rea­sons for such a prob­lem, not only a poor heat­ing sys­tem is the main rea­son for insuf­fi­cient­ly com­fort­able indoor tem­per­a­tures in win­ter. A cool micro­cli­mate in an apart­ment may occur due to the fol­low­ing aspects:

  • dis­crep­an­cy between the tem­per­a­ture and pres­sure of the coolant at the entrance to the house with the cal­cu­lat­ed para­me­ters;
  • poor paten­cy of engi­neer­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions in the house;
  • dif­fer­ences in SNiPs, in accor­dance with which in dif­fer­ent years the con­struc­tion of res­i­den­tial apart­ment build­ings was car­ried out, the lay­ing of engi­neer­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions was car­ried out.

In the table you can see the tem­per­a­ture para­me­ters that are approved by the cur­rent SNiP 2.1.2 1002–00.

The temperature in the apartment

Room type t air, C Result­ing t, С Humid­i­ty, % Air move­ment, m/s
Autumn-win­ter peri­od
Liv­ing room 18–24 17–23 60 0.2
The same para­me­ters in regions with the cold­est five-day peri­od

(-31 0C and below)

20–24 19–23 60 0.2
Kitchen 18–26 17–25 n/n* 0.2
bath­room 18–26 17–25 n/n 0.2
Bath­room, shared bath­room 18–26 17–26 n/n 0.2
Area 16–22 15–21 60 0.2
Stair­case, vestibule 14–20 13–19 n/n 0.2
Store­rooms, mez­za­nines 12–22 11–21 n/n n/n

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Eval­u­at­ing the infor­ma­tion obtained from the table, we can draw the fol­low­ing con­clu­sion.

In an ordi­nary city apart­ment, in ordi­nary rooms, the min­i­mum tem­per­a­ture thresh­old in win­ter is set at around 180C. Cor­ner rooms should be some­what bet­ter heat­ed. In them, the tem­per­a­ture should not fall below 20 degrees Cel­sius. For the bath­room, the high­est para­me­ter is +250FROM.

To cre­ate such a tem­per­a­ture regime in an apart­ment, the stan­dards for heat­ing in a city apart­ment assume the tem­per­a­ture of the dis­trict heat­ing bat­ter­ies at a lev­el of: at least 35 0C and not more than 950C. Ide­al­ly, the bat­ter­ies in the apart­ment should have a tem­per­a­ture in the range of 50–700FROM.

Impor­tant! At night, slight fluc­tu­a­tions in tem­per­a­ture are allowed due to a sharp decrease in the tem­per­a­ture of the atmos­pher­ic air.

San­PiN estab­lish­es a time frame under which an apart­ment may not be heat­ed in win­ter — no more than 24 hours a month, while the one-time absence of heat in the bat­ter­ies should not exceed 16 hours in a row.

The offi­cial opin­ion of experts on the tem­per­a­ture stan­dards for hous­ing facil­i­ties that exist today can be seen by watch­ing the pro­posed video.

The norms that we con­sid­ered are the start­ing point for res­i­dents of apart­ment build­ings. On their basis, an opti­mal heat­ing option is devel­oped in the apart­ment, the nor­mal oper­a­tion of res­i­den­tial build­ings and premis­es is main­tained. If any of the spec­i­fied para­me­ters does not cor­re­spond to the norm, you can safe­ly con­tact the man­age­ment com­pa­ny, the orga­ni­za­tion — the sup­pli­er of ther­mal resources, the hous­ing office or the hous­ing inspec­torate.

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