Heating without electricity: features and scope

Elec­tric heat­ing is the sim­plest and most effi­cient way to gen­er­ate ther­mal ener­gy thanks to its 99.99% effi­cien­cy and the direct con­ver­sion of one type of ener­gy into anoth­er through the use of elec­tric heat­ing ele­ments. But at the same time, this method is also one of the most expen­sive, yield­ing in ener­gy costs only to liq­uid fuels and lubri­cants, such as gaso­line, diesel fuel, and oil.

Gas boil­ers are posi­tioned as the sec­ond pop­u­lar source of heat. Of course, they are good for every­one, with the excep­tion of one nuance — not every­where there is the pos­si­bil­i­ty of con­nect­ing to a gas main, and the cost of such a con­nec­tion amounts to many tens of thou­sands.

There­fore, there is no doubt that the major­i­ty of peo­ple who have coun­try res­i­dences are con­cerned about the prob­lem of heat­ing their homes with the low­est mon­e­tary costs for both equip­ment and ener­gy.Difference in boilers with combined type of fuel


How to organize the heating system of a house in which there is no electricity

The most promis­ing heat­ing sys­tem in con­di­tions of lim­it­ed access to blue fuel at present is sol­id fuel boil­ers, which are both pure­ly wood-fired and designed for a wide range of com­bustible mate­ri­als, which sig­nif­i­cant­ly expands the range of appli­ca­tions. A sep­a­rate sub­species are the com­bined boil­ers of the fire­wood / elec­tric­i­ty, fire­wood / gas, gas / elec­tric­i­ty and oth­er com­bi­na­tions.

The pyrolysis boiler is certainly good, but it needs electricity to work.

How­ev­er, of sig­nif­i­cant inter­est, for com­plete inde­pen­dence from cen­tral­ized sup­ply and the abil­i­ty to imple­ment heat­ing with­out elec­tric­i­ty, are pre­cise­ly sim­ple sol­id fuel boil­ers that do not require elec­tric­i­ty, gas or any­thing else besides the main fuel for their oper­a­tion.

Types of boilers that do not require a power supply network

There are not so many types of equip­ment based on design dif­fer­ences. There are much more devices that dif­fer in the type of fuel:

  1. Wood.
  2. Coal and coke.
  3. Pel­let.

Wide range of fuels used

Of course, now there are com­bined boil­ers that digest any kind of com­bustible mate­ri­als with the same dili­gence, but they are usu­al­ly quite expen­sive, com­plex and do not have such tech­ni­cal per­fec­tion as instances that use one thing. Yes, and most of them require elec­tri­cal pow­er, oth­er­wise the boil­er will turn off, and the heat­ing sys­tem will stop work­ing.

There­fore, the range of devices is sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduced, which great­ly sim­pli­fies the selec­tion process:

  1. Pure­ly mechan­i­cal boil­ers.
  2. con­ven­tion­al ovens.
  3. Fire­places.

Due to the dif­fi­cul­ties in instal­la­tion and oper­a­tion, only boil­ers are of inter­est, which do not take up too much space, have a fair­ly high effi­cien­cy, are reli­able and can be eas­i­ly inte­grat­ed into any heat­ing sys­tem using stan­dard tools.

The main dif­fer­ence from elec­tron­ic coun­ter­parts with micro­proces­sor brains is the lack of the pos­si­bil­i­ty of fine tun­ing the sys­tem para­me­ters and auto­mat­ic con­trol. On the one hand, this is a minus, and on the oth­er, a plus. Minus — because it is incon­ve­nient and all manip­u­la­tions have to be done man­u­al­ly, not for­get­ting to inde­pen­dent­ly con­trol all indi­ca­tors. The plus lies in excep­tion­al reli­a­bil­i­ty — there is prac­ti­cal­ly noth­ing to break in a mechan­i­cal boil­er and the heat­ing of a pri­vate house with­out elec­tric­i­ty is car­ried out smooth­ly. Unless a man­u­fac­tur­ing defect can over­shad­ow the joy of enjoy­ing warmth.

Features of installation and operation

Fea­tures of the instal­la­tion of stoves and fire­places should not be con­sid­ered — this is a whole sci­ence. This process is not some­thing to repeat, but even to con­trol an inex­pe­ri­enced per­son will not be able to do it. There­fore, we restrict our­selves only to such more or less stan­dard­ized devices as sol­id fuel boil­ers.This woodpile still needs to be filled

First, and most impor­tant­ly, the boil­er must have a sep­a­rate room, which is iso­lat­ed from liv­ing rooms.

Sec­ond — draft and ven­ti­la­tion should always be in per­fect order. Car­bon monox­ide poi­son­ing occurs very qui­et­ly, and sta­tis­tics say that 85% of acci­dents are fatal.

Third­ly, the qual­i­ty of the fuel plays a deci­sive role. In order to achieve pass­port char­ac­ter­is­tics, you need to feed your friend only high-qual­i­ty food. The main para­me­ters are ash con­tent, calorif­ic val­ue and humid­i­ty. Wood mois­ture con­tent of 10 and 20% gives a dif­fer­ence in the gen­er­a­tion of ther­mal ener­gy up to two times. There­fore, from one cube of dry wood you can get as much heat as from two cubes of wet wood. There is a dif­fer­ence in mon­ey.

The fourth fol­lows from the third — a place to store fuel sup­plies. It must be dry, ven­ti­lat­ed and eas­i­ly acces­si­ble — you still have to car­ry fire­wood there. Or bags of pellets/charcoal.

There­fore, heat­ing a house with­out elec­tric­i­ty will force its own­er to work phys­i­cal­ly and require a cer­tain amount of atten­tion to the process.


Tips & Tricks

  • If the boil­er is pel­let, then it is bet­ter to pur­chase a copy with a large vol­ume of the fuel bunker, which will reduce trips with a shov­el to the boil­er room to load fuel.
  • In places remote from civ­i­liza­tion, or with dif­fi­cult access roads, a boil­er ori­ent­ed to the use of fire­wood will be more prefer­able. Because no one will be able to bring a cou­ple of hun­dred kilo­grams of pel­lets to the cus­tomer along a snowy or flood­ed road, which are the only ones suit­able for the boil­er. Fire­wood is always in abun­dance can be found around the house.


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