The off-season is the most inconvenient and uncomfortable period for us. Until recently, the sun was warming on the street, and with great pleasure we hurried to hide in the coolness of our apartments. With the onset of autumn, the situation changes radically. I don’t want to rush home anymore. Despite the fact that it is dank and slushy outside, there is no particular desire to return to a cold, uncomfortable apartment. Until the heating is turned on, we, residents of city apartments, have only to dream of comfort. How to heat your own apartment without heating becomes a “fixed” idea, with which we rush about until hot water burbles in home batteries.
As the heating season approaches, most of us can endure the situation by trying to find different ways to keep warm in our own home. Another thing is when there is a small child in the house and it is critically impossible to allow a sharp drop in temperature in the apartment during the off-season. The saddest situation is for those apartment owners who do not have heating in the house for technical reasons, and the imminent onset of winter does not bode well. But you should not despair. We live in an age of modern technology and great opportunities. Today, there are many options to heat your cold home in the absence of heating. Everyone can solve such a problem if they show ingenuity and desire.
Cold in the apartment — the search for a solution to the problem
The natural reaction of a normal person to cold is to find a way to keep warm. Even under the condition that we live in apartment buildings and sometimes we do not have the technical capabilities to fully express our imagination in this matter, we have plenty of strength and means at our disposal. Do not panic. The accumulated practical experience will tell you how to solve the problem. In addition, today there is a fairly wide choice of technical means for heating residential premises.
The most acceptable heating options in the apartment are as follows:
Of these options, the first two are the simplest and quickly give results. It is enough to show a little ingenuity, skills and invest a certain amount of money. The last third option, which involves the installation of a gas boiler for autonomous heating, is associated with formal difficulties. Getting permission to install a gas boiler in an apartment when the house is connected to a centralized heating system is quite difficult. The problem is being solved for a long time, so with the onset of winter, such an undertaking will have to be postponed until later.
When the situation with the rapid cooling of the apartment due to a decrease in the temperature of the atmospheric air is repeated from year to year, zealous owners should think about how to increase the thermal efficiency of their homes. In order for the apartment not to cool down so quickly, to keep the heat accumulated over the summer longer, it is necessary to take care of the insulation of the apartment.
For reference: Long counted! Elementary measures for warming a city apartment: sealing cracks in window openings, installing seals on windows, vents and doors can increase the thermal efficiency of your apartment by 15–20% at once.
Having enough funds, you can think about radical warming of the apartment. Sealing and insulating interpanel seams, creating foam or mineral wool fur coats on the outside of your apartment panels will provide a tangible effect.
See also: how to turn on the heating in the apartment?
Measures for warming the apartment will provide you with reliable protection in the cold season from hypothermia in residential premises. The money invested will pay off, both morally and psychologically, already at the first frost on the street.
There is electricity in the house — this is already a real way to salvation. Many of us, if not most, in the off-season, when the batteries are still cold and it takes a long time to wait for the official onset of the heating season, resort to the help of electric household heaters.
Important! If household electrical heating appliances are used intensively, it is necessary to have appropriate wiring. The internal electrical network must be designed for an increased load, which increases significantly when electric heaters are turned on. Install a residual current circuit breaker that will monitor the condition of your wiring and prevent short circuits in the network.
We use electricity. What are the possibilities
Together with the insulation of the apartment, it does not hurt to think about the possibility of equipping the apartment with a permanent source of heat in your house. Stationary apartment heating systems using electricity are the most affordable way to avoid dependence on centralized heating. Here it is appropriate to talk about underfloor heating, thanks to which the heating of your apartment will no longer be a constant problem for you. Electricity is almost always available, so you should try to use this opportunity. Now in autumn or spring, when the batteries are not yet turned on, underfloor heating will solve all your heating problems.
Warm floors are becoming fashionable and commonplace today. With such a heating system, you are not afraid of cold central heating batteries. The required power is calculated based on the area of the room and the value of the specific heat flow for the corresponding type of room.
When using electric underfloor heating, it is important to remember the following: the electrical cable must cover up to 70% of the floor in the heated room.
For the main premises, the power of the warm floor should be at least 160–180 W per m2. For auxiliary premises, this figure is 120–140 W per 1 m2. During the installation of an electric floor, it is necessary to take into account the effective heating area (excluding the area occupied by furniture).
For example: To heat the kitchen in a city apartment on floors 2–7, a floor heating power of 2100W will be required. It is calculated as follows:
15x140= 2100W, where
- 15 sq. m. effective heated kitchen area;
- 140 W specific heat output for kitchen heating.
Properly made electrical wiring in the house and the corresponding calculations for the equipment of a warm floor will allow you to create a comfortable temperature inside the living quarters. The economic effect in this case will be quite noticeable when compared with the costs of operating household electric heaters.
A similar power calculation scheme is used when using all electric heaters.
Emergency heating methods
If you are going to heat a living space in an apartment with the help of electricity, you should carefully consider the selection of heating devices.
We have already dealt with the electric underfloor heating, and this method is more suitable for a major solution to the problem. On the other hand, domestic electric heaters have to be used as a temporary source of heat for the cold period. Each electrical appliance has its own optimal power, calculated for the effective heating of a certain space. To date, the following types of heaters using electricity are used in the domestic sphere.
- infrared thermal panels;
- oil coolers;
- thermal fans.
In each case, the scope of use of the device is determined. For each room, a specific type of electric heating is suitable. True, any housing can be equipped with convectors. The only condition is to correctly and competently carry out the installation of devices in the premises.
Important! There is one factor that few people take into account when choosing heaters. It’s about ceiling height. In standard new apartments, the average ceiling height does not exceed 2300–2400 mm. In houses of old construction, there are rooms with a ceiling height of 2.5–3 m. When choosing a heater, it is necessary to take into account the power at the rate of + 25% for every 500 mm exceeding the established norm.
Convectors have high efficiency, besides, they are quite economical in operation. Due to the circulation of air currents, the air in the room warms up faster. Most of the devices are equipped with an automation system that regulates the mode of switching on and off devices depending on the set temperature conditions inside the room.
Infrared heaters are represented by models with an average of 1.5–2 kW of power. Carbon heaters, as one of the varieties of infrared heat source, have two or three times less power, creating a similar thermal effect. Such heaters are best equipped with thermostatic sensors.
Also read: When is it necessary to turn on the heating in apartments?
Thermal fans, which are now massively on sale, are designed for the fastest possible effect. Small size and affordable cost are the main reasons for their popularity. At the same time, all the advantages are leveled by high power consumption and rather high noise.
As a successful alternative to stationary sources of electric heating, oil-filled radiators can be used. The simplicity of design and their durability captivate in terms of choosing such heat sources for heating residential premises. The only drawback that is typical for such heaters is a long warm-up and a lot of weight.
Using electrical appliances and equipment to heat a residential apartment due to the lack of centralized heating, you can quickly and efficiently solve your problems. In any situation, there is always a way out.