How to properly and how to heat an apartment without heating?

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The off-sea­son is the most incon­ve­nient and uncom­fort­able peri­od for us. Until recent­ly, the sun was warm­ing on the street, and with great plea­sure we hur­ried to hide in the cool­ness of our apart­ments. With the onset of autumn, the sit­u­a­tion changes rad­i­cal­ly. I don’t want to rush home any­more. Despite the fact that it is dank and slushy out­side, there is no par­tic­u­lar desire to return to a cold, uncom­fort­able apart­ment. Until the heat­ing is turned on, we, res­i­dents of city apart­ments, have only to dream of com­fort. How to heat your own apart­ment with­out heat­ing becomes a “fixed” idea, with which we rush about until hot water bur­bles in home bat­ter­ies.

As the heat­ing sea­son approach­es, most of us can endure the sit­u­a­tion by try­ing to find dif­fer­ent ways to keep warm in our own home. Anoth­er thing is when there is a small child in the house and it is crit­i­cal­ly impos­si­ble to allow a sharp drop in tem­per­a­ture in the apart­ment dur­ing the off-sea­son. The sad­dest sit­u­a­tion is for those apart­ment own­ers who do not have heat­ing in the house for tech­ni­cal rea­sons, and the immi­nent onset of win­ter does not bode well. But you should not despair. We live in an age of mod­ern tech­nol­o­gy and great oppor­tu­ni­ties. Today, there are many options to heat your cold home in the absence of heat­ing. Every­one can solve such a prob­lem if they show inge­nu­ity and desire.

Cold in the apartment — the search for a solution to the problem

The nat­ur­al reac­tion of a nor­mal per­son to cold is to find a way to keep warm. Even under the con­di­tion that we live in apart­ment build­ings and some­times we do not have the tech­ni­cal capa­bil­i­ties to ful­ly express our imag­i­na­tion in this mat­ter, we have plen­ty of strength and means at our dis­pos­al. Do not pan­ic. The accu­mu­lat­ed prac­ti­cal expe­ri­ence will tell you how to solve the prob­lem. In addi­tion, today there is a fair­ly wide choice of tech­ni­cal means for heat­ing res­i­den­tial premis­es.

The most accept­able heat­ing options in the apart­ment are as fol­lows:

Of these options, the first two are the sim­plest and quick­ly give results. It is enough to show a lit­tle inge­nu­ity, skills and invest a cer­tain amount of mon­ey. The last third option, which involves the instal­la­tion of a gas boil­er for autonomous heat­ing, is asso­ci­at­ed with for­mal dif­fi­cul­ties. Get­ting per­mis­sion to install a gas boil­er in an apart­ment when the house is con­nect­ed to a cen­tral­ized heat­ing sys­tem is quite dif­fi­cult. The prob­lem is being solved for a long time, so with the onset of win­ter, such an under­tak­ing will have to be post­poned until lat­er.

When the sit­u­a­tion with the rapid cool­ing of the apart­ment due to a decrease in the tem­per­a­ture of the atmos­pher­ic air is repeat­ed from year to year, zeal­ous own­ers should think about how to increase the ther­mal effi­cien­cy of their homes. In order for the apart­ment not to cool down so quick­ly, to keep the heat accu­mu­lat­ed over the sum­mer longer, it is nec­es­sary to take care of the insu­la­tion of the apart­ment.

For ref­er­ence: Long count­ed! Ele­men­tary mea­sures for warm­ing a city apart­ment: seal­ing cracks in win­dow open­ings, installing seals on win­dows, vents and doors can increase the ther­mal effi­cien­cy of your apart­ment by 15–20% at once.

Hav­ing enough funds, you can think about rad­i­cal warm­ing of the apart­ment. Seal­ing and insu­lat­ing inter­pan­el seams, cre­at­ing foam or min­er­al wool fur coats on the out­side of your apart­ment pan­els will pro­vide a tan­gi­ble effect.

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See also: how to turn on the heat­ing in the apart­ment?

Mea­sures for warm­ing the apart­ment will pro­vide you with reli­able pro­tec­tion in the cold sea­son from hypother­mia in res­i­den­tial premis­es. The mon­ey invest­ed will pay off, both moral­ly and psy­cho­log­i­cal­ly, already at the first frost on the street.

There is elec­tric­i­ty in the house — this is already a real way to sal­va­tion. Many of us, if not most, in the off-sea­son, when the bat­ter­ies are still cold and it takes a long time to wait for the offi­cial onset of the heat­ing sea­son, resort to the help of elec­tric house­hold heaters.

Impor­tant! If house­hold elec­tri­cal heat­ing appli­ances are used inten­sive­ly, it is nec­es­sary to have appro­pri­ate wiring. The inter­nal elec­tri­cal net­work must be designed for an increased load, which increas­es sig­nif­i­cant­ly when elec­tric heaters are turned on. Install a resid­ual cur­rent cir­cuit break­er that will mon­i­tor the con­di­tion of your wiring and pre­vent short cir­cuits in the net­work.

We use electricity. What are the possibilities

Togeth­er with the insu­la­tion of the apart­ment, it does not hurt to think about the pos­si­bil­i­ty of equip­ping the apart­ment with a per­ma­nent source of heat in your house. Sta­tion­ary apart­ment heat­ing sys­tems using elec­tric­i­ty are the most afford­able way to avoid depen­dence on cen­tral­ized heat­ing. Here it is appro­pri­ate to talk about under­floor heat­ing, thanks to which the heat­ing of your apart­ment will no longer be a con­stant prob­lem for you. Elec­tric­i­ty is almost always avail­able, so you should try to use this oppor­tu­ni­ty. Now in autumn or spring, when the bat­ter­ies are not yet turned on, under­floor heat­ing will solve all your heat­ing prob­lems.

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Warm floors are becom­ing fash­ion­able and com­mon­place today. With such a heat­ing sys­tem, you are not afraid of cold cen­tral heat­ing bat­ter­ies. The required pow­er is cal­cu­lat­ed based on the area of ​​the room and the val­ue of the spe­cif­ic heat flow for the cor­re­spond­ing type of room.

When using elec­tric under­floor heat­ing, it is impor­tant to remem­ber the fol­low­ing: the elec­tri­cal cable must cov­er up to 70% of the floor in the heat­ed room.

For the main premis­es, the pow­er of the warm floor should be at least 160–180 W per m2. For aux­il­iary premis­es, this fig­ure is 120–140 W per 1 m2. Dur­ing the instal­la­tion of an elec­tric floor, it is nec­es­sary to take into account the effec­tive heat­ing area (exclud­ing the area occu­pied by fur­ni­ture).

For exam­ple: To heat the kitchen in a city apart­ment on floors 2–7, a floor heat­ing pow­er of 2100W will be required. It is cal­cu­lat­ed as fol­lows:

15x140= 2100W, where

  • 15 sq. m. effec­tive heat­ed kitchen area;
  • 140 W spe­cif­ic heat out­put for kitchen heat­ing.

Prop­er­ly made elec­tri­cal wiring in the house and the cor­re­spond­ing cal­cu­la­tions for the equip­ment of a warm floor will allow you to cre­ate a com­fort­able tem­per­a­ture inside the liv­ing quar­ters. The eco­nom­ic effect in this case will be quite notice­able when com­pared with the costs of oper­at­ing house­hold elec­tric heaters.

A sim­i­lar pow­er cal­cu­la­tion scheme is used when using all elec­tric heaters.

Emergency heating methods

If you are going to heat a liv­ing space in an apart­ment with the help of elec­tric­i­ty, you should care­ful­ly con­sid­er the selec­tion of heat­ing devices.

We have already dealt with the elec­tric under­floor heat­ing, and this method is more suit­able for a major solu­tion to the prob­lem. On the oth­er hand, domes­tic elec­tric heaters have to be used as a tem­po­rary source of heat for the cold peri­od. Each elec­tri­cal appli­ance has its own opti­mal pow­er, cal­cu­lat­ed for the effec­tive heat­ing of a cer­tain space. To date, the fol­low­ing types of heaters using elec­tric­i­ty are used in the domes­tic sphere.

  • con­vec­tors;
  • infrared ther­mal pan­els;
  • oil cool­ers;
  • ther­mal fans.

In each case, the scope of use of the device is deter­mined. For each room, a spe­cif­ic type of elec­tric heat­ing is suit­able. True, any hous­ing can be equipped with con­vec­tors. The only con­di­tion is to cor­rect­ly and com­pe­tent­ly car­ry out the instal­la­tion of devices in the premis­es.

Impor­tant! There is one fac­tor that few peo­ple take into account when choos­ing heaters. It’s about ceil­ing height. In stan­dard new apart­ments, the aver­age ceil­ing height does not exceed 2300–2400 mm. In hous­es of old con­struc­tion, there are rooms with a ceil­ing height of 2.5–3 m. When choos­ing a heater, it is nec­es­sary to take into account the pow­er at the rate of + 25% for every 500 mm exceed­ing the estab­lished norm.

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Con­vec­tors have high effi­cien­cy, besides, they are quite eco­nom­i­cal in oper­a­tion. Due to the cir­cu­la­tion of air cur­rents, the air in the room warms up faster. Most of the devices are equipped with an automa­tion sys­tem that reg­u­lates the mode of switch­ing on and off devices depend­ing on the set tem­per­a­ture con­di­tions inside the room.

Infrared heaters are rep­re­sent­ed by mod­els with an aver­age of 1.5–2 kW of pow­er. Car­bon heaters, as one of the vari­eties of infrared heat source, have two or three times less pow­er, cre­at­ing a sim­i­lar ther­mal effect. Such heaters are best equipped with ther­mo­sta­t­ic sen­sors.

Also read: When is it nec­es­sary to turn on the heat­ing in apart­ments?

Ther­mal fans, which are now mas­sive­ly on sale, are designed for the fastest pos­si­ble effect. Small size and afford­able cost are the main rea­sons for their pop­u­lar­i­ty. At the same time, all the advan­tages are lev­eled by high pow­er con­sump­tion and rather high noise.

As a suc­cess­ful alter­na­tive to sta­tion­ary sources of elec­tric heat­ing, oil-filled radi­a­tors can be used. The sim­plic­i­ty of design and their dura­bil­i­ty cap­ti­vate in terms of choos­ing such heat sources for heat­ing res­i­den­tial premis­es. The only draw­back that is typ­i­cal for such heaters is a long warm-up and a lot of weight.

Using elec­tri­cal appli­ances and equip­ment to heat a res­i­den­tial apart­ment due to the lack of cen­tral­ized heat­ing, you can quick­ly and effi­cient­ly solve your prob­lems. In any sit­u­a­tion, there is always a way out.

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