In the market of heating equipment, you can easily find a lot of devices for space heating. Due to their diversity, making the right choice can sometimes be quite problematic. In order to purchase the most suitable heating device, it is recommended to conduct a comparative analysis of them. It will be necessary to carefully find out their strengths and weaknesses, technical characteristics, etc. As an example, let’s figure out what is more efficient for heating a room — a convector or an infrared heater. Consider their advantages, disadvantages and operating conditions.
The principle of operation of convectors is that the air flow passes through a radiator, which has a large area, warms up and transfers heat to the room, thus heating it.
Air moves through a pipe with a small cross section, which is equipped with a heating element or some other heating element. The energy source for convectors is most often gas or electricity.
Attention: A gas convective heater is not only efficient, but also the ability not to depend on central heating systems.
These heating devices allow you to save a lot, because the process of their operation will cost much less than their electrical counterparts. But when using a gas convector, you will have to make a hole in the wall to let the combustion products out. And this is by no means suitable for everyone.
In addition, all work related to gas always involves a certain risk and should not be carried out independently. To do this, contact a special service that provides such services. But despite some difficulties during installation, gas convectors are great for heating a country or private house. In addition, its operation will be much cheaper than, for example, heating with a solid fuel boiler.
Another important advantage of a gas convector is the possibility of installation in any place suitable for this. Thanks to its presence, it is possible to heat the room with high quality in the shortest possible time.
If for some reason it is not possible to install a gas convector, its electrical counterpart is mounted. Some models of this type of convectors can be installed not only on the wall, but also on the floor. In terms of their performance, they are not much inferior to their gas “brothers”.
Electric convectors have a fairly simple design. Its main parts are the body and the heating element. There are holes in the lower part of the housing for drawing cold air into the device. After the air has warmed up, it leaves the room from the top of this device.
The heating element is located at the bottom of the electric convector. Such an arrangement gives it the ability to effectively heat the air located between the walls of the case. After that, the air currents rise and enter the room. Usually the outlets are at some angle.
Most often, convectors used to heat private and country houses are equipped with a closed circuit through which the coolant circulates. Due to the presence of radiators, it is possible to collect all the energy received and transfer it to the space, thus heating the room.
The shape of the convectors is designed so that the air flow is able to pass through the slots in the metal surface at maximum speed. Quite often, convectors are equipped with radiators. Their presence can significantly speed up the heating process.
Advantages of convectors and features of their work
Convectors have numerous advantages that make the demand for these devices consistently high. Among the advantages of convector heating are:
- ease of installation;
- high efficiency;
- the ability to quickly heat even a cold room;
- affordable cost;
- long service life.
Attention: The main advantage and at the same time the disadvantage of convectors is that they increase the temperature throughout the room.
This is of course good, because warm air will quickly spread throughout the room. But at the same time, if there is a draft, heating with a convector will not bring the desired result, since cold air will enter the room.
Heating with a convector, ideal for heating small rooms with good insulation. This allows you to achieve fast and high-quality heating. In addition, one of their advantages is that they heat rather than burn the air. Also, their body does not heat up during operation, which means that they can be safely installed in children’s rooms and bedrooms.
IR heaters are used for space heating. They are actively used not only in residential buildings, but also in various industrial facilities. Infrared heaters are characterized by efficiency, fast space heating speed and the ability to work in conjunction with other heating devices. There are the following types of infrared heaters:
Lamp infrared heaters, in turn, are divided into carbon, quartz and halogen, which practically do not differ from each other in appearance and consist of a reflector and an irradiating lamp. In addition, the heaters include a control panel.
Lamp infrared heaters
The source of radiation in this type of IR heater is a lamp. It practically does not warm the air, but transfers all the heat to objects. They are of two types: ceiling and floor. With their help, you can warm the room in the shortest possible time.
Lamp heaters are equipped with a spiral, which is in a gaseous inert atmosphere or in a vacuum. Heat is radiated by the lamp as an electric current passes through the coil. To direct the heat in the right direction, this device is equipped with a reflector. Because of this, heat is felt only directly in front of the heater. Behind him, it’s almost invisible.
Attention: The main advantage of these heating devices is the ability to direct radiation to the desired area.
The lamp heater can be mounted on a wall or ceiling, installed on the floor. The only drawback of this device is a fragile lamp, which, even from a weak push, can fail. At the same time, the lamp-type IR heater is compact and lightweight.
Mica IR Heaters
Infrared mica heaters look a lot like oil heaters. Their main similarity is the presence of powerful plates. In terms of heating efficiency, they are not inferior to their lamp counterparts.
Due to the presence of a steel grid that surrounds the heating plate, it is impossible to get burned by accidentally touching the hot surface of the device. In addition, since the mica coating is inert, it does not oxidize the air even when it is very hot. Mica, perfectly insulates heat, but at the same time, transmits radiation well.
The heating plate heats up to a temperature of 450 degrees and evenly transfers heat. Mica models of IR heaters are rarely equipped with reflectors. After all, the plate area is large enough and the reflector would cover the entire reflector, interfering with the normal operation of this device.
Mica infrared heaters are superior in efficiency to oil heating devices. They make it possible to quickly and efficiently warm the room even in severe frosts.
Gas infrared heaters
Infrared gas heaters are one of the most economical types of climate control equipment. Initially, they were developed for heating country and country houses, but gradually they began to be used for heating almost any domestic and industrial premises. They allow not only to achieve significant savings, but also high-quality heating. The heat dissipation and performance of this type of device is excellent.
Attention: Heating with gas infrared heaters occurs due to the heating of the metal surface to the temperature at which heat transfer begins to occur.
They are capable of running on natural or liquefied gas. Gas infrared heaters are small in size and weight. Thanks to this, they can be easily transported or rearranged from one place to another.
What is better to choose
You need to decide which heater — a convector or an infrared heater — will be the most suitable for you after careful consideration of all their advantages, disadvantages and operating conditions.
There are a lot of advantages of infrared heaters and convectors. But they also have some disadvantages, which should also be paid attention to. When comparing modern heaters, it should be noted that they are not only able to effectively heat the room, but also quite safe. In particular, many models have a tipping and overheating sensor.
Infrared heaters are superior to convectors in terms of greater variety in terms of placement. At the same time, some models of convectors can even be mounted on the floor. In addition, due to the thoughtful design, they can fit more harmoniously into the design of the room.
The convector will be indispensable for heating small, well-insulated rooms in which there are no drafts. This heating device allows you to quickly heat up the entire room well.
If you need to warm a specific area, since there is no need to heat the entire room, then it is better to use an infrared heater for this purpose. In addition, it allows you to save a lot during operation.
Infrared heaters and various convectors can be used as main or additional heating devices. Before using them, you should determine in advance the conditions of use. This will allow you to make the right choice and achieve high-quality heating of the room even in severe frosts. Convectors and infrared heaters over the years of use have fully proven their effectiveness.