Reliable installation of an infrared heater on the ceiling

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Tra­di­tion­al heat­ing based on the con­vec­tion effect, despite its pop­u­lar­i­ty, has many dis­ad­van­tages. The strat­i­fi­ca­tion of air mass­es, the uneven heat­ing of the room by vol­ume, the cre­ation of con­vec­tion cur­rents and drafts, sig­nif­i­cant heat loss­es, slow heat­ing are the most typ­i­cal exam­ples.

It is not sur­pris­ing that many are begin­ning to think about how to install an infrared heater on the ceil­ing, because it is this tech­nique that is con­sid­ered the most per­fect, since it is devoid of all the dis­ad­van­tages list­ed above, is char­ac­ter­ized by eco­nom­i­cal ener­gy con­sump­tion and dura­bil­i­ty.

Main varieties

For ceil­ing instal­la­tion, the fol­low­ing types of devices are used:

  • Low tem­per­a­ture tech­nol­o­gy. The emit­ted wave­length varies from 5.6 to 100 µm. It is these mod­i­fi­ca­tions that are most often used in domes­tic con­di­tions, as they are focused on ceil­ings with a height of 250–300 cen­time­ters, which are most often found in apart­ments.
  • Medi­um tem­per­a­ture tech­nol­o­gy. The wave­length varies from 2.5 to 5.6 microns, the min­i­mum allow­able ceil­ing height is 360 cen­time­ters.
  • High tem­per­a­ture tech­nol­o­gy. The wave­length is from 0.74 to 2 microns, the min­i­mum allow­able ceil­ing height is 800 cen­time­ters.

An IR heater for ceil­ings can also be a sep­a­rate device or a spe­cial film. The instal­la­tion method depends on this para­me­ter.

Heater installation

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Com­pared with the film, the instal­la­tion of this unit is quite sim­ple, just fol­low some prin­ci­ples:

  • The clamps should eas­i­ly sup­port the weight of the equip­ment, not deform or bend under its weight;
  • In most cas­es, rigid brack­ets or steel chains are imme­di­ate­ly sup­plied with the IR device, with the help of which the instal­la­tion is car­ried out. If these parts are not pro­vid­ed, you must pur­chase them sep­a­rate­ly, guid­ed by weight and strength;
  • It is nec­es­sary to exclude con­tact of the heat­ing sur­face with mate­ri­als that can ignite;
  • All con­tacts are care­ful­ly insu­lat­ed so that there are no exposed wiring sec­tions.

Working with film: basic principles

It is nec­es­sary to install the film, guid­ed by a num­ber of rules:

  • The min­i­mum allow­able ceil­ing height is 230 cen­time­ters;
  • Before lay­ing it is nec­es­sary to com­plete all fin­ish­ing work;
  • If it is planned to install elec­tri­cal equip­ment and duct cov­ers, then the dis­tance between them and the film should be more than 5 cen­time­ters;
  • The base on which the mate­r­i­al will have to be fixed should not accu­mu­late mois­ture;
  • If the ceil­ing is adja­cent to the attic, then first you need to insu­late the room.

Working instruction

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You need to attach the film accord­ing to the fol­low­ing scheme:

  • An ini­tial plan is drawn up, which indi­cates exact­ly where the film will be locat­ed. If it is planned to oper­ate as the main heat­ing, then the cov­er­age area should be about 70 per­cent of the total.
  • The pow­er is cal­cu­lat­ed, on the basis of which it is deter­mined whether the exist­ing wiring is able to with­stand the cur­rent strength that will be reached when the IR equip­ment is launched.
  • A lay­er of heat-insu­lat­ing mate­r­i­al of 5 mil­lime­ters with an addi­tion­al reflec­tive lay­er is fixed on the ceil­ing. The insu­la­tion is fixed with screws or dow­els, the joints are addi­tion­al­ly rein­forced with adhe­sive tape.
  • The nec­es­sary quan­ti­ties of film are pre­pared. It must be remem­bered that the mate­r­i­al can only be cut along spe­cial lines, observ­ing the min­i­mum allow­able length of the seg­ment, which depends on the man­u­fac­tur­er.
  • The wires are con­nect­ed to the cop­per bars of the mate­r­i­al. When the required con­tact den­si­ty is reached, it is iso­lat­ed and fixed.
  • Based on the cal­cu­la­tions of the cur­rent strength, wires are pre­pared whose cross-sec­tion­al area exceeds one and a half mil­lime­ters. The strips are con­nect­ed in par­al­lel, it is impor­tant to remem­ber that the total pow­er of all IR ele­ments con­nect­ed to the tem­per­a­ture con­troller should not exceed its own pow­er. If a large load is expect­ed, a sep­a­rate wiring with a safe­ty switch is formed.
  • The heat­ing ele­ments are fixed on the heat-insu­lat­ing lay­er, while con­tact between adja­cent strips, the for­ma­tion of air cav­i­ties and loss of tight­ness, which can pro­voke cor­ro­sion of the con­duc­tive ele­ments, must be avoid­ed.
  • The reli­a­bil­i­ty of the fas­ten­ers is checked, a test run is car­ried out, includ­ing at full capac­i­ty, in order to find and elim­i­nate prob­a­ble weak points in a time­ly man­ner.
  • Fin­ish­ing dec­o­ra­tive fin­ish­ing is car­ried out with the pre­vi­ous­ly select­ed mate­r­i­al.

General Benefits

Regard­less of the design of the device oper­at­ing in the infrared range, it is char­ac­ter­ized by the fol­low­ing pos­i­tive qual­i­ties:

  • There is no need for lay­ing heat­ing mains and installing heavy appli­ances, which is asso­ci­at­ed with high labor costs;
  • Com­plete absence of noise in work;
  • High degree of automa­tion;
  • Pos­si­bil­i­ty to estab­lish zone heat­ing, and micro­cli­mat­ic con­di­tions in each zone will be unique;
  • Safe­ty and envi­ron­men­tal friend­li­ness, use even in med­ical insti­tu­tions and chil­dren’s rooms is allowed;
  • The installed device spends a min­i­mum of ener­gy with­out sac­ri­fic­ing effi­cien­cy, the effi­cien­cy reach­es 97 per­cent.

Thus, heat­ing based on infrared mod­els may well be an excel­lent alter­na­tive to clas­sic water and air instal­la­tions.

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