Rules for the operation of gas equipment in a residential building

And we have gas in the apartment

For safe­ty rea­sons, any instal­la­tion, rein­stal­la­tion and main­te­nance of gas equip­ment in the house should be trust­ed only to pro­fes­sion­als, and when buy­ing equip­ment, you need to check not only the cer­tifi­cate, but also the ser­vice life of the prod­uct (it should be 15 years).

Safety regulations

Gas is a cheap type of fuel, burns with­out residue, has a high com­bus­tion tem­per­a­ture and, as a result, a high calorif­ic val­ue, how­ev­er, when mixed with air, it is explo­sive. Unfor­tu­nate­ly, gas leaks are not uncom­mon. In order to pro­tect your­self as much as pos­si­ble, you must strict­ly fol­low the safe­ty rules.

First of all, it is nec­es­sary to study the oper­at­ing instruc­tions for gas equip­ment and fol­low them, mon­i­tor the nor­mal oper­a­tion of gas appli­ances, chim­neys and ven­ti­la­tion.

House­hold liq­ue­fied gas con­sists of a mix­ture of propane and butane, does not have its own col­or and smell, there­fore, a strong-smelling odor­ant (eth­yl mer­cop­tan) is added to it, which gives it the smell of a rot­ten egg, to quick­ly detect a leak by smell.

The own­ers of res­i­den­tial premis­es are pro­hib­it­ed from dis­turb­ing the ven­ti­la­tion sys­tem of res­i­den­tial premis­es dur­ing the rede­vel­op­ment and reor­ga­ni­za­tion of the apart­ment.
Before light­ing the gas stove, the room must be ven­ti­lat­ed, the win­dow should be left open for the entire time of work­ing with the stove. The valve on the pipe in front of the stove is opened by mov­ing the flag of the han­dle to the posi­tion along the pipe.

The flame should light up in all holes of the burn­er, have a bluish-vio­let col­or with­out smoky tongues. If the flame is smoky — the gas does not burn com­plete­ly, it is nec­es­sary to con­tact the spe­cial­ists of the gas sup­ply com­pa­ny and adjust the air sup­ply. Please note: if the flame detach­es from the burn­er, this means that too much air is sup­plied, and in no case should you use such a burn­er!

Domes­tic liq­ue­fied gas is 2 times heav­ier than air, so when it leaks, it first fills the low­er rooms and can spread over dis­tances, so even a small leak can cause suf­fo­ca­tion and cause a fire.

If you catch the char­ac­ter­is­tic smell of gas in the room, you should not turn on or off any elec­tri­cal appli­ances in order to avoid an elec­tri­cal spark that can lead to a gas explo­sion. In this case, it is urgent to shut off the gas pipeline and ven­ti­late the room. In case of depar­ture to the coun­try or on vaca­tion, it is nec­es­sary to turn off the gas by turn­ing the tap on the pipe. Ide­al­ly, turn off the gas valve after each use of the stove or oven.

It is nec­es­sary to imme­di­ate­ly con­tact the emer­gency gas ser­vice in the fol­low­ing cas­es:

  • there is a smell of gas in the entrance;
  • if you find a mal­func­tion of the gas pipeline, gas valves, gas appli­ances;
  • when the gas sup­ply sud­den­ly stops.

Remem­ber that inspec­tion and repair of gas equip­ment can only be car­ried out by employ­ees of gas facil­i­ties. Their author­i­ty is con­firmed by ser­vice cer­tifi­cates, which they must present to the own­er of the apart­ment.

And we have gas in the apartment

General conditions for the use of gas

There are two types of gas equip­ment: in-house (gas pipeline, gas meters in apart­ment build­ings) and in-house (stove, hob, oven, water heat­ing equip­ment). The respon­si­bil­i­ty for main­tain­ing the gas net­works of an apart­ment build­ing lies with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny.

In order for the room to become gasi­fied, sev­er­al con­di­tions must be met.

  1. The apart­ment must have at least two iso­lat­ed rooms (a one-room stu­dio apart­ment can­not be gasi­fied).
  2. It is nec­es­sary to have good exhaust ven­ti­la­tion in the cor­ri­dors of the house.
  3. The gas inlet device must com­ply with the require­ments of fire and explo­sion safe­ty.
  4. In the cor­ri­dors where the gas pipeline will be laid, the ceil­ing height must be at least 1.6 m, while the ceil­ings them­selves must be fire resis­tant.

The use of gas input devices installed direct­ly in apart­ments, ele­va­tors, ven­ti­la­tion sys­tems of a res­i­den­tial build­ing is strict­ly unac­cept­able. Gas ris­ers are installed ver­ti­cal­ly in kitchens and stair­wells; their instal­la­tion in oth­er parts of the apart­ment is not pos­si­ble. Through­out the gas pipeline, spe­cial valves are being made to turn off cer­tain sec­tions.

The gas hose for con­nect­ing the stove must be cer­ti­fied; its length should not exceed 5 m. Experts warn that it is bet­ter to refrain from paint­ing the gas hose, as the paint can cause it to crack.

There should be no extra con­nec­tions when con­nect­ing a gas stove. The hose con­nects direct­ly at one end to the faucet and the oth­er end to the stove.

When installing the stove, it must be tak­en into account that the hose and gas ris­er must be acces­si­ble for inspec­tion. There­fore, gas com­mu­ni­ca­tions can­not be removed under dry­wall, sta­tion­ary false pan­els or inte­ri­or details.

Checking gas equipment

Please note: in accor­dance with hous­ing law, the respon­si­bil­i­ty for main­tain­ing gas equip­ment lies with the home­own­er. To pre­vent pos­si­ble leaks and gas poi­son­ing, emer­gency ser­vices car­ry out sched­uled inspec­tions. Gas water boil­ers must be checked annu­al­ly; gas stoves — once every 3 years. Out­dat­ed or defec­tive equip­ment must be replaced.

The man­age­ment com­pa­ny is oblig­ed to noti­fy all res­i­dents in writ­ing of the time of the next inspec­tion of gas equip­ment, oth­er­wise the vio­la­tions iden­ti­fied and record­ed dur­ing the inspec­tion may be chal­lenged.

During the inspection, gas specialists must carry out:

  • visu­al check for leak­age at the junc­tions of the gas pipeline and at the gas shut-off point, if nec­es­sary, mea­sure the leak­age with a liq­uid manome­ter;
  • check­ing the tight­ness of fas­ten­ing parts in the places of all joints on the equip­ment;
  • inspec­tion of the exhaust pipe and chim­ney of res­i­den­tial build­ings;
  • check­ing the sta­bil­i­ty of gas sup­ply to stoves and water heaters;
  • set­ting the inten­si­ty of gas sup­ply in the equip­ment;
  • check of auto­mat­ic and elec­tron­ic oper­a­tion of devices.

And we have gas in the apartment

gas cut off

The list of rea­sons why gas sup­ply may be tem­porar­i­ly ter­mi­nat­ed is fixed in the con­tract with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny or gas sup­ply orga­ni­za­tion. Due to cer­tain cir­cum­stances, this list may be changed.

Here is an approx­i­mate list of rea­sons for shut­ting down gas sup­ply:

  1. the sub­scriber of the gas net­work has inde­pen­dent­ly installed or retro­fit­ted gas appli­ances;
  2. the gas ser­vice has detect­ed mal­func­tions in gas com­mu­ni­ca­tions, or there is no sta­ble exhaust in the chim­neys (ven­ti­la­tion), or an insuf­fi­cient con­cen­tra­tion of gas in the pipes has been detect­ed when it is sup­plied to gas-using equip­ment;
  3. signs of ille­gal access to gas sup­ply net­works were found;
  4. an emer­gency (emer­gency) sit­u­a­tion has arisen that can­not be elim­i­nat­ed with­out dis­con­nec­tion;
  5. in the process of planned (includ­ing major) repairs of gas equip­ment and com­mu­ni­ca­tions;
  6. an agree­ment has not been con­clud­ed that pro­vides for emer­gency main­te­nance;
  7. ten­ants of an apart­ment build­ing are evict­ed due to the demo­li­tion of the house;
  8. the amount of con­sumer debt exceeds the amount of pay­ments for two billing peri­ods;
  9. the con­sumer reg­u­lar­ly vio­lates the claus­es of the agree­ment with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny and cre­ates all sorts of obsta­cles in obtain­ing the data nec­es­sary to deter­mine the actu­al vol­ume of gas con­sump­tion;
  10. the con­sumer uses equip­ment that does not meet legal stan­dards or does not com­ply with the one pre­scribed under the con­tract;
  11. there is no main­te­nance agree­ment between the man­age­ment com­pa­ny and the sub­scriber.

In the event of a planned shut­down of gas sup­ply, the ser­vice provider is oblig­ed to noti­fy the sub­scriber in writ­ing, and this must be done no lat­er than 20 days before the pro­posed shut­down with an expla­na­tion of the rea­son (or rea­sons). In the event of an emer­gency, the gas sup­ply is turned off with­out warn­ing.

Gas shutdown dates

To car­ry out repair work, gas sup­ply can be turned off for 4 hours in total dur­ing a month. If the gas is turned off for a longer peri­od, for each hour in excess of the norm, the amount of pay­ment for this ser­vice in the cur­rent month should be reduced by 0.15%.

Please note: the premis­es are con­sid­ered non-gasi­fied if there are no gas util­i­ties in it (includ­ing tran­sit pipes); there­fore, when replac­ing a gas stove with an elec­tric mod­el, it is nec­es­sary to com­plete­ly remove the pipe from the apart­ment.

In the event of an emer­gency, gas can be turned off with­out warn­ing for no more than 24 hours. Full resump­tion of gas sup­ply is car­ried out with­in 2 days fol­low­ing the restora­tion.

In accor­dance with the Rules for the sup­ply of gas to ensure the domes­tic needs of cit­i­zens, if gas is turned off for non-pay­ment, two noti­fi­ca­tions must be sent to the vio­la­tor — the first 40, the sec­ond 20 days before the shut­down date. Only in the event that the own­er does not take any action to pay off the debt, the gas sup­ply is turned off with­in three days with­out addi­tion­al warn­ing.

If the gas was turned off for non-pay­ment, then the resump­tion of the ser­vice will occur only after the require­ments of the man­age­ment com­pa­ny are met. After pay­ing off the debt, gas sup­ply is resumed with­in 5 days.

In order to reduce the time for shut­ting off gas sup­ply dur­ing a major over­haul, coop­er­ate with the senior in the house (or at the entrance) and with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny. Ensure that all res­i­dents will be on site dur­ing the repair of gas equip­ment. Please note that the tim­ing of the repair (replace­ment) of gas equip­ment large­ly depends on the res­i­dents of the house them­selves. There are cas­es when, due to absent neigh­bors, gas sup­ply could not be turned on in the hous­es due to the fact that the ten­ants of the apart­ments did not want to let the gas work­ers in, and oth­er apart­ment own­ers sim­ply did not know about the work being done due to their long absence.

Illegal shutdown of gas

The man­age­ment com­pa­ny is oblig­ed to noti­fy ten­ants in advance and in writ­ing about the ver­i­fi­ca­tion work. Accord­ing­ly, if there was no noti­fi­ca­tion, the shut­down of gas sup­ply is ille­gal.

We list the cas­es when turn­ing off the gas is ille­gal:

  • planned tech­ni­cal work in the apart­ment build­ing is com­plet­ed;
  • there is no debt to pay for the ser­vices of the gas sup­ply com­pa­ny;
  • gas equip­ment was found not to com­ply with the stan­dard or con­tract, but the con­sumer dis­putes this fact in court;
  • the emer­gency sit­u­a­tion has been elim­i­nat­ed and the peri­od for the restora­tion of gas sup­ply estab­lished by the reg­u­la­tions has expired.

In addi­tion, the rea­son for turn­ing off the gas can­not be the inabil­i­ty to inspect the gas equip­ment locat­ed in the apart­ment at a time when the own­er was not there. It must be said that the home­own­er may refuse to inspect gas equip­ment, the gas com­pa­ny has no lever­age over it.

Remem­ber: the man­age­ment com­pa­ny is not enti­tled to make a deci­sion to turn off the gas sup­ply to all res­i­dents of an apart­ment build­ing if only a few res­i­dents have debts.

Complaint when gas is cut off

In the event of an ille­gal inter­rup­tion of gas sup­ply, apart­ment own­ers, per­son­al­ly or through the head of the entrance or house, must demand an expla­na­tion from the man­age­ment com­pa­ny. The jus­ti­fi­ca­tion for shut­ting off the gas must be pro­vid­ed in writ­ing.

If the man­age­ment com­pa­ny does not take mea­sures to restore gas sup­ply or can­not explain the rea­sons for the inter­rup­tion of gas sup­ply, it is nec­es­sary to write an appli­ca­tion to the local author­i­ties and ask for an exam­i­na­tion.

After con­duct­ing an exam­i­na­tion and obtain­ing a spe­cial­ist opin­ion, you need to apply to the judi­cial author­i­ties for pro­ceed­ings. The state­ment of claim must be accom­pa­nied by an expert opin­ion, an agree­ment with the man­age­ment com­pa­ny, a title doc­u­ment for an apart­ment with a dis­con­nect­ed gas sup­ply, a cer­tifi­cate of no debt for util­i­ties.

In the event of a pos­i­tive deci­sion on the issue, the court, hav­ing con­sid­ered the case mate­ri­als, must decide to reduce the amount of pay­ment for gas sup­ply with­in the frame­work of the norms estab­lished by law.

How to replace gas with electricity

There is an opin­ion among house­wives that pies are tasti­er in an elec­tric oven than in a gas one, and elec­tric­i­ty bills in a non-gasi­fied apart­ment are small­er, plus every­thing — you can afford more rede­vel­op­ment options. Per­haps it is for these rea­sons that the num­ber of those eager to replace a gas stove with an elec­tric one is steadi­ly grow­ing, although such a reor­ga­ni­za­tion can def­i­nite­ly be called one of the most dif­fi­cult to coor­di­nate. First of all, the prob­lem lies in the fact that the reg­u­la­to­ry doc­u­ments gov­ern­ing the reor­ga­ni­za­tion and rede­vel­op­ment do not con­tain an accu­rate and unam­bigu­ous algo­rithm of actions. In prac­tice, to solve such a prob­lem, you will have to shov­el depart­men­tal instruc­tions and reg­u­la­tions, so we will tell you an approx­i­mate plan of action.

  1. Enlist the sup­port of neigh­bors. Let’s say right away that it is extreme­ly dif­fi­cult to obtain such con­sent, only if you do not find like-mind­ed peo­ple among the neigh­bors.
  2. By con­tact­ing the man­age­ment com­pa­ny, get per­mis­sion to allo­cate addi­tion­al elec­tri­cal pow­er to your apart­ment.
  3. The man­age­ment com­pa­ny must also approve the change in the appear­ance of the house, because the tran­sit gas pipe will have to be led around your apart­ment along the out­er wall of the house.
  4. Then you can con­tact a spe­cial­ized orga­ni­za­tion to pre­pare a project for a new elec­tri­cal instal­la­tion and a project for the recon­struc­tion and rede­vel­op­ment of an apart­ment. The rede­vel­op­ment project must be coor­di­nat­ed with the gas sup­ply com­pa­ny and the elec­tric grid com­pa­ny (ESC).
  5. After the doc­u­ments are received, the spe­cial­ists of the gas com­pa­ny (in the world — OAO Mosgaz) car­ry out work to dis­con­nect the apart­ment from the gas sup­ply. ESC spe­cial­ists are lay­ing and con­nect­ing a new pow­er cable. Rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the man­age­ment com­pa­ny record all work.
  6. The instal­la­tion of a new elec­tri­cal instal­la­tion of the apart­ment is in progress. These works are also for­mal­ized in the Crim­i­nal Code and ESC, an Act of delim­i­ta­tion of bal­ance sheet own­er­ship and oper­a­tional respon­si­bil­i­ty is drawn up.
  7. In the ter­ri­to­r­i­al body of Ros­tekhnad­zor, an Act on the admis­sion to oper­a­tion of a new elec­tri­cal instal­la­tion of the apart­ment is drawn up.
  8. After the com­ple­tion of the recon­struc­tion and rede­vel­op­ment work, the Hous­ing Inspec­torate draws up an Act on the Com­plet­ed Reor­ga­ni­za­tion in the usu­al man­ner.
  9. The sup­pli­er of elec­tric­i­ty (in the world this is most often OAO Mosen­er­gos­byt) should issue doc­u­ments for chang­ing the tar­iff for pay­ing for elec­tric­i­ty.

In prac­tice, this path takes at least a year and a half. Only close-knit groups of neigh­bors — home­own­ers — can pass it.

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