Vertical radiators for the home: beauty and functionality

Heat­ing radi­a­tors are devices through which ther­mal ener­gy from a boil­er plant is trans­ferred to the room. The effi­cien­cy of heat trans­fer is affect­ed by the sur­face area of ​​the radi­a­tor and its con­fig­u­ra­tion, through which con­vec­tive flows are cre­at­ed and heat is even­ly dis­trib­uted through­out the room.

The prob­lem is that a clas­sic radi­a­tor is a bulky and unpre­sentable struc­ture, usu­al­ly locat­ed under win­dow open­ings. And what to do in the case of the pop­u­lar panoram­ic glaz­ing, if there is no pos­si­bil­i­ty of installing an under­floor heat­ing sys­tem? In this case, there is one proven method, which is to use ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors for a pri­vate house.

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The types and design fea­tures of these devices will be dis­cussed in this pub­li­ca­tion.

Dealing with definitions

Many will say that almost all bat­ter­ies can be con­sid­ered ver­ti­cal. And they will be right. Ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors dif­fer from con­ven­tion­al ones in the pre­dom­i­nance of the height of the heater over the width. For a bet­ter under­stand­ing, below are pho­tos of ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors and clas­sic radi­a­tors.

Impor­tant! There are no dimen­sions or exact pro­por­tions that clas­si­fy this equip­ment. The device of ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors does not dif­fer from the clas­sic ones. The dif­fer­ence is only in exter­nal per­cep­tion and some per­for­mance char­ac­ter­is­tics, which deter­mine the pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive aspects of their use.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main idea behind the pro­duc­tion of ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors is the cre­ation of new radi­a­tors, which would not only ful­fill their main func­tion, but also be able to dec­o­rate the room, become part of the inte­ri­or design solu­tion. From a pure­ly func­tion­al point of view, ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors have the fol­low­ing advan­tages:

  • The min­i­mum occu­pied space on the wall, with the max­i­mum pos­si­ble ther­mal pow­er for its dimen­sions.
  • The spread of IR radi­a­tion at the lev­el of an adult’s height, which makes it more com­fort­able to stay indoors.
  • The pos­si­bil­i­ty of instal­la­tion in any inte­ri­or due to the vari­ety of appear­ance, designs and con­fig­u­ra­tions.

On the design and some design fea­tures, you should stop and con­sid­er the options in more detail.

The dimen­sions of these heat­ing devices prompt­ed design­ers and design­ers to come up with an idea that allows radi­a­tors to per­form addi­tion­al func­tions.Left: radiator as a partition, right - mirrors

Chang­ing the con­fig­u­ra­tion from the clas­sic rec­tan­gu­lar one allows the use of a ver­ti­cal radi­a­tor as fur­ni­ture ele­ments, inte­ri­or par­ti­tions, dec­o­ra­tive items.

When choos­ing bat­ter­ies for a pri­vate house, one should not for­get about the short­com­ings of ver­ti­cal mod­els, which include:

  • Uneven heat­ing of the entire vol­ume of the room due to design fea­tures. In the upper part of the room, a “ther­mal cush­ion” is cre­at­ed, which reduces the speed of move­ment of con­vec­tive flows.
  • The char­ac­ter­is­tic shape of the prod­ucts often caus­es air in the sys­tem.
  • The mas­sive­ness of ver­ti­cal bat­ter­ies requires the use of more seri­ous mounts.
  • High cost, which, depend­ing on the mod­el, is many times high­er than clas­sic bat­ter­ies of a sim­i­lar design.

Accord­ing to experts, the main prob­lem with the use of ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors is their con­nec­tion scheme. Most mod­els use a bot­tom con­nec­tion, and, as you know, it is the diag­o­nal move­ment of the coolant through the heater, from the posi­tion of heat exchange, that is the most effec­tive.

As men­tioned above, the design of ver­ti­cal bat­ter­ies, as well as the mate­ri­als from which they are made, do not dif­fer from clas­sic radi­a­tor mod­els.

Types of vertical radiators

All bat­ter­ies of this design can be:

  1. Alu­minum. They are char­ac­ter­ized by good heat dis­si­pa­tion and a wide range of mod­els. They are not rec­om­mend­ed for instal­la­tion in cen­tral heat­ing sys­tems due to the abil­i­ty to with­stand rel­a­tive­ly low oper­at­ing pres­sure (up to 6 kg / cm2).
  2. Cast iron. Cor­ro­sion resis­tant, with­stand (depend­ing on mod­el) pres­sure up to 18 kg/cm2.Can be used in cen­tral­ized and autonomous heat­ing sys­tems. Dis­ad­van­tages: poor resis­tance to mechan­i­cal dam­age, large mass.Cast iron elements
  3. Bimetal­lic. They con­sist of two types of met­al: the inter­nal struc­ture is made of steel; alu­minum out­er shell. They are char­ac­ter­ized by high heat trans­fer, cor­ro­sion resis­tance and high pres­sure resis­tance (up to 40 kg/cm2).2). The dis­ad­van­tage is the high cost.
  4. Steel. This type of radi­a­tors, accord­ing to their design, can be divid­ed into:
    • Sec­tion­al.
    • Pan­el.
    • Tubu­lar.

The first type of bat­ter­ies con­sists of sep­a­rate sec­tions, which are mount­ed to each oth­er using thread­ed con­nec­tions. You can cre­ate a radi­a­tor of the required ther­mal pow­er and width. The height of the sec­tions can reach 2 meters.

Pan­el-type radi­a­tors are steel sheets fixed at a cer­tain dis­tance from each oth­er. Con­vec­tors are pro­vid­ed by the man­u­fac­tur­er inside the pan­el. Steel pan­el bat­ter­ies can be installed both in autonomous and cen­tral­ized heat­ing sys­tems, as they have a suf­fi­cient mar­gin of safe­ty and can with­stand pres­sure up to 16 atmos­pheres.An example of a steel radiator

These prod­ucts have a num­ber of advan­tages and have some dis­ad­van­tages, name­ly:

  • They heat up quick­ly, but prac­ti­cal­ly can­not accu­mu­late heat.
  • They are quite dec­o­ra­tive and take up lit­tle space, but they have all the con­nec­tion prob­lems inher­ent in ver­ti­cal mod­els (only the bot­tom one).
  • For nor­mal oper­a­tion, they do not require a large vol­ume of coolant, but they do not tol­er­ate sud­den pres­sure surges in the heat­ing sys­tem.

Tubu­lar radi­a­tors are a weld­ed non-sep­a­ra­ble struc­ture of ver­ti­cal pipes con­nect­ed to each oth­er in the low­er and upper parts by hor­i­zon­tal col­lec­tors. Ver­ti­cal pipes, depend­ing on the mod­el. They may be in one or more rows.

Most domes­tic man­u­fac­tur­ers have fore­seen pos­si­ble pres­sure surges in the sys­tem and use a steel pipe 2 mm thick for the man­u­fac­ture of ver­ti­cal tubu­lar radi­a­tors, due to which these prod­ucts can with­stand pres­sure up to 20 atmos­pheres.

Main advan­tages:

  • Reli­a­bil­i­ty and dura­bil­i­ty.
  • Cor­ro­sion resis­tance due to the poly­mer coat­ing of the inside of the pipes.
  • Resis­tant to pres­sure drops.
  • The most var­ied design.

Among the short­com­ings, experts note mediocre heat trans­fer.

Tip: in order to answer the ques­tion of how to choose heat­ing bat­ter­ies for a pri­vate house, you should con­sid­er such aspects as the design of radi­a­tors, their dimen­sions, weight and required ther­mal pow­er. We should not for­get about the pos­si­bil­i­ty of work­ing one or anoth­er mod­el with a cer­tain coolant, as well as the resis­tance of heat­ing devices to pres­sure drops. Experts rec­om­mend that the choice of the type of ver­ti­cal radi­a­tors and the cor­rect cal­cu­la­tion of pow­er be entrust­ed to pro­fes­sion­als.

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