We choose solid fuel boilers for long burning with a water circuit for the house.

Recent­ly, the con­struc­tion of pri­vate hous­es out­side the city lim­its has been devel­op­ing espe­cial­ly rapid­ly. Peo­ple want to be clos­er to nature, take a break from the bus­tle of the city and live in their own home with­out neigh­bors. Such a life has a lot of advan­tages, the main of which is the avail­abil­i­ty of space for liv­ing and per­son­al space, which is so lack­ing for res­i­dents of dense urban devel­op­ment. When pur­chas­ing a coun­try house, each per­son must be aware of the full respon­si­bil­i­ty of such a deci­sion.

[con­tents]

If in apart­ment build­ings the man­age­ment com­pa­ny takes care of many things, and the res­i­dents do not even notice this, then in a pri­vate house you will have to take care of every­thing on your own. Heat­ing boil­ers help cre­ate a com­fort­able cli­mate in the house. Thanks to such units, you can eas­i­ly heat a pri­vate house of any size.

Types of combined boilers

There are sev­er­al fuel com­bi­na­tion options. Depend­ing on this, types of boil­ers are dis­tin­guished. Each per­son selects the appro­pri­ate option depend­ing on the resources avail­able on the site.

  • Liq­uid fuel and gas.
  • Sol­id fuel and gas.
  • Sol­id fuel, gas and elec­tric­i­ty.
  • Sol­id fuel and elec­tric­i­ty.

Not every site has a gas pipeline, and the deliv­ery and stor­age of liq­uid fuels can cause some dif­fi­cul­ties, so one of the most pop­u­lar options is a com­bi­na­tion of wood heat­ing with elec­tric heat­ing. Such heat­ing sys­tems can be installed in almost every home, because in the mod­ern world elec­tric­i­ty is ubiq­ui­tous, and fire­wood is avail­able in almost every region. That is why this option is the most eco­nom­i­cal.

Addi­tion by top­ic

Note!

To choose a real­ly suit­able unit, you should famil­iar­ize your­self with the dif­fer­ent options for boil­ers and under­stand the prin­ci­ple of their oper­a­tion. After read­ing the arti­cle How to choose a sol­id fuel boil­er with a water cir­cuit, you should not have any ques­tions about the selec­tion algo­rithm.

Advantages and disadvantages

A com­bined boil­er for heat­ing a pri­vate house using wood and elec­tric­i­ty has a num­ber of advan­tages over both sim­ple non-com­bined units and ana­logues oper­at­ing on a dif­fer­ent com­bi­na­tion of fuel.

Advan­tages of com­bined boil­ers

  • With a lack of one of the fuel resources, the boil­er with­out prob­lems and almost instant­ly switch­es to anoth­er mode of oper­a­tion, this allows you to con­tin­u­ous­ly heat the room.
  • You can choose the most eco­nom­i­cal heat­ing method. This can often depend on the time of day.
  • The boil­er can also pro­vide hot water. By con­nect­ing the boil­er to a sin­gle-cir­cuit boil­er or using a sec­ond cir­cuit.
  • Envi­ron­men­tal friend­li­ness. Due to the two-cham­ber com­bus­tion of fire­wood, the emis­sion of heavy sub­stances into the atmos­phere is reduced.
  • Unlike sol­id fuel boil­ers. Com­bined devices can work autonomous­ly, they allow the own­ers to leave the house and at the same time the dwelling will be warmed up by the time they arrive.
  • These heaters have a high effi­cien­cy, often exceed­ing 90%.
  • Con­tin­u­ous oper­a­tion.
  • Unlike diesel boil­ers, this unit does not require a fuel stor­age tank. But fire­wood also needs to be stored some­where, so you will have to allo­cate a dry place for this.
  • Ben­e­fits of heat­ing your home with elec­tric­i­ty over wood heat­ing.

Dis­ad­van­tages of com­bined boil­ers

  • High cost. Low pow­er also does not please the own­ers, so this boil­er can­not be placed in a large house.
  • A lot of weight sug­gests the pres­ence of its own foun­da­tion. Such a design fea­ture of the build­ing should be thought out in advance.
  • The pres­ence of a chim­ney. You will have to sep­a­rate the pipe to the out­side in accor­dance with cur­rent build­ing codes.

To be sure of your choice, you should study the range pro­vid­ed by var­i­ous man­u­fac­tur­ers.

Zota

This is a rel­a­tive­ly young com­pa­ny. The trade­mark was reg­is­tered only 10 years ago, but infor­ma­tion about the pro­duc­tion of heat­ing boil­ers was already known in 1999. The com­pa­ny is geo­graph­i­cal­ly locat­ed in Kras­no­yarsk, in the very cen­ter of Siberia, where the air tem­per­a­ture drops to incred­i­ble lev­els in win­ter, espe­cial­ly in the north of the Kras­no­yarsk Ter­ri­to­ry. This inspires con­fi­dence in this man­u­fac­tur­er, because if their boil­ers are in demand in harsh and cold Siberia, then in any oth­er cor­ner of the coun­try they will be able to effec­tive­ly cope with their duties. Zota spe­cial­izes in the pro­duc­tion of wood-fired boil­ers, but also pro­duces some relat­ed prod­ucts.

Overview of solid fuel boilers for long burning with a water circuit for the home

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Zota Mas­ter 14 Zota M20 Zota M40 Zota M50
Max­i­mum ther­mal pow­er, kW four­teen twen­ty 40 fifty
Effi­cien­cy, % 80 80 80 80
Fuel Fire­wood, coal, nat­ur­al gas Wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas, LPG Wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas, LPG Wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas, LPG
coolant tem­per­a­ture, oFROM 95 95 95 95
Grade

Teplodar

The his­to­ry of the com­pa­ny’s devel­op­ment began in 1997 in of the world, this is exact­ly the city where, due to the con­ti­nen­tal cli­mate, short but very hot sum­mers and long cold win­ters. The founders of the com­pa­ny began to pro­duce and test prod­ucts in their own homes. This indi­cates the qual­i­ty of the goods pro­duced, the com­pa­ny’s employ­ees make heat­ing appli­ances as if for them­selves. At the moment, the prod­uct cat­a­log con­tains more than a hun­dred dif­fer­ent mod­i­fi­ca­tions of heat­ing devices. Such a wide selec­tion allows you to choose the per­fect heat­ing boil­er for any home. the devel­op­ment of new solu­tions for more effi­cient work does not stop for a minute and “teplo­dar” pro­duces more and more new mod­els of heat­ing equip­ment for pri­vate homes.

Kup­per OVK 10 Kup­per OVK 18 Kup­per PRO 22 Kup­per PRO 42
Max­i­mum ther­mal pow­er, kW ten eigh­teen 22 42
Effi­cien­cy, % 75 83 83 95
Fuel Fire­wood, pal­lets, coal, nat­ur­al gas Fire­wood, pal­lets, coal, nat­ur­al gas Fire­wood, wood bri­quettes, pal­lets, coal, coal bri­quettes, nat­ur­al gas Fire­wood, wood bri­quettes, pal­lets, coal, coal bri­quettes, nat­ur­al gas
coolant tem­per­a­ture, oFROM 60–80 60–80 50–90 60–80
Grade

Kirov Plant

The plant itself was cre­at­ed more than two hun­dred years ago, dur­ing this time the tech­nolo­gies have changed a lot, but the com­pa­ny has been intro­duc­ing new prod­ucts into pro­duc­tion for pro­duc­tion through­out the entire peri­od. This is one of the old­est enter­pris­es in EU engaged in the man­u­fac­ture of heat­ing equip­ment. For a long time, the plant has been pro­duc­ing com­bined heat­ing boil­ers, they are much more con­ve­nient than con­ven­tion­al ones and there­fore are in great demand. Since peo­ple are used to help­ing peo­ple here, com­bined heaters are avail­able in large quan­ti­ties and are suit­able for any home.

Overview of solid fuel boilers for long burning with a water circuit for the home

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KChM-5-K-03M1 21 KChM-5-K-03M1 60 KChM-5-K-03M1 70 KChM-5-K-03M1 80
Max­i­mum ther­mal pow­er, kW 21 60 70 80
Effi­cien­cy, % 77.6 79.6 79.8 80
Fuel Fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, waste oil, gas Fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, waste oil, gas Fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, waste oil, gas Fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, waste oil, gas
coolant tem­per­a­ture, oFROM 95 95 95 95
Grade

Boiler Center

This com­pa­ny began its activ­i­ties in the cen­ter of Siberia, at the junc­tion of the Tom­sk and Kemero­vo regions in the small vil­lage of Yur­ga. The begin­ning of the com­pa­ny’s activ­i­ties was laid by sev­er­al peo­ple who are well versed in mechan­i­cal engi­neer­ing and heat­ing. All of them were unit­ed by the idea of ​​cre­at­ing high-qual­i­ty equip­ment. It is quite cold in the vil­lage where the pro­duc­tion is locat­ed, and there­fore it is sim­ply impos­si­ble to live com­fort­ably with­out a per­fect­ly work­ing heat­ing sys­tem. It is thanks to the con­stant demand for qual­i­ty prod­ucts that the com­pa­ny’s engi­neers were able to cre­ate real­ly high-qual­i­ty mod­els of boil­ers that can help peo­ple live in warmth even in the harsh Siber­ian win­ter.

Wirt Smart 15 Wirt Smart 40 Wirt Clas­sic 20 Wirt Elec­tro 20
Max­i­mum ther­mal pow­er, kW fif­teen 40 twen­ty twen­ty
Effi­cien­cy, % No data 90 75 80.2
Fuel Fire­wood, pal­lets, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas Fire­wood, pal­lets, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas Fire­wood, coal Fire­wood, pal­lets, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas
coolant tem­per­a­ture, oFROM 90 90 95 60–90
Grade

Comparison of boilers of different brands

To com­plete the pic­ture, you need to look at the com­par­i­son table of mod­els with the high­est rat­ings. Choos­ing a suit­able heater should be based on the char­ac­ter­is­tics required in the house. They should be the basis of the deci­sion. It would not be super­flu­ous to inquire about the loca­tion of the plant, because the deliv­ery of heavy objects is an expen­sive plea­sure. It is much bet­ter to find a plant that pro­duces boil­ers in the neigh­bor­ing region, then the deliv­ery will not be very expen­sive, and each own­er will be able to afford the pur­chase of a high-qual­i­ty heat­ing boil­er.

It is con­ve­nient to choose a suit­able mod­el using a com­par­a­tive table, which presents heat­ing boil­ers of dif­fer­ent com­pa­nies, mod­els and mod­i­fi­ca­tions.

Char­ac­ter­is­tics Grade Cost, rub

Zota Mas­ter 14
  • Pow­er, kWt: four­teen
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al, liq­ue­fied gas
  • Add. fea­tures: ther­mome­ter
20 240
Zota MIX 20
  • Pow­er, kWt: twen­ty
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al, liq­ue­fied gas
  • Add. fea­tures:ther­mome­ter, manome­ter
40 860
Zota MIX 40
  • Pow­er, kWt: 40
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al, liq­ue­fied gas
  • Add. fea­tures: ther­mome­ter, manome­ter, hob
59 760
Zota MIX 50
  • Pow­er, kWt: fifty
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al, liq­ue­fied gas
  • Add. fea­tures: ther­mome­ter, manome­ter, hob
64 434
Teplo­dar Kup­per OVK 10
  • Pow­er, kWt: ten
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 60–80
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, pal­lets, coal, nat­ur­al gas
  • Add. fea­tures: exter­nal con­trol con­nec­tion, hob, ther­mome­ter
20 058
Teplo­dar Kup­per OVK 18
  • Pow­er, kWt: eigh­teen
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, pal­lets, coal, nat­ur­al gas
  • Add. fea­tures: exter­nal con­trol con­nec­tion, hob, ther­mome­ter
24 650
Teplo­dar Kup­per PRO 22
  • Pow­er, kWt: 22
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 90
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, wood bri­quettes, pal­lets, coal, coal bri­quettes, nat­ur­al gas
  • Add. fea­tures: turnome­ter
26 980
Teplo­dar Kup­per PRO 42
  • Pow­er, kWt: 42
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 60–80
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, wood bri­quettes, pal­lets, coal, coal bri­quettes, nat­ur­al gas
  • Add. fea­tures: turnome­ter
39 414
KChM-5-K-03M1 21
  • Pow­er, kWt: 21
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, used oil, gas
  • Add. fea­tures: turnome­ter
  • Heat­ed area, m2: 210
43 000
KChM-5-K-03M1 60
  • Pow­er, kWt: 60
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, waste oil, gas
  • Add. fea­tures: turnome­ter
  • Heat­ed area, m2: 600
94 500
KChM-5-K-03M1 70
  • Pow­er, kWt: 70
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, waste oil, gas
  • Add. fea­tures: turnome­ter
  • Heat­ed area, m2: 700
96 900
KChM-5-K-03M1 80
  • Pow­er, kWt: 80
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, fuel oil, used oil, gas
  • Add. fea­tures: turnome­ter
  • Heat­ed area, m2: 800
103 990
Wirt Smart 15
  • Pow­er, kWt: fif­teen
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 90
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, pal­lets, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas
  • Add. fea­tures: No data
  • Heat­ed area, m2:
51 500
Wirt Smart 40
  • Pow­er, kWt: 40
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 90
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, pal­lets, peat bri­quettes, coal, diesel, nat­ur­al gas
  • Add. fea­tures: ther­mome­ter
  • Heat­ed area, m2:
82 500
Wirt Clas­sic 20
  • Pow­er, kWt: twen­ty
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 95
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, coal
  • Add. fea­tures: ther­mome­ter, hob
  • Heat­ed area, m2:
26 500
Wirt Elec­tro 20
  • Pow­er, kWt: twen­ty
  • Heat car­ri­er tem­per­a­ture: 60–90
  • Fuel types: fire­wood, coal
  • Add. fea­tures: ther­mome­ter, hob
  • Heat­ed area, m2:
42 100

This table clear­ly shows the depen­dence of the mul­ti­func­tion­al­i­ty of the boil­er on its price. Expen­sive mod­els are able to run on more fuel. It can also be seen that the num­ber of addi­tion­al func­tions for some man­u­fac­tur­ers is very lim­it­ed. This indi­cates a spe­cial­iza­tion in the most impor­tant func­tion of a heat­ing boil­er — build­ing heat­ing. Such a device should be select­ed, rely­ing pri­mar­i­ly on the required pow­er. The remain­ing func­tions will not be so impor­tant, and they can only help you make a choice in favor of one or anoth­er mod­el of the same pow­er.

Installation and assembly

First of all, it should be not­ed the need to install a foun­da­tion under mas­sive boil­ers. To do this, long before the start of con­struc­tion work, they decide where the boil­er will be locat­ed and install a full-fledged foun­da­tion in this place.

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There are some require­ments for the instal­la­tion of heat­ing sys­tems:

  • Good sup­ply ven­ti­la­tion must be pro­vid­ed in the boil­er room.
  • The area of ​​the room should not be less than 7 m2.
  • All fin­ish­ing of the boil­er room must be made of mate­ri­als that meet fire safe­ty require­ments.
  • The cal­cu­la­tion of the chim­ney must be made in accor­dance with the tech­ni­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics of the boil­er.

You can read about the arrange­ment of ven­ti­la­tion in the boil­er room of a pri­vate house in the fol­low­ing arti­cles:

Direct instal­la­tion con­sists of sev­er­al impor­tant steps:

  1. Train­ing. This stage includes the arrange­ment of the boil­er room, fin­ish­ing and prepa­ra­tion of a con­crete site or foun­da­tion.
  2. Installing the boil­er in its place of per­ma­nent res­i­dence.
  3. Con­nec­tion of com­mu­ni­ca­tions. At this stage, it is impor­tant to cor­rect­ly con­nect the boil­er and all the sys­tems that feed it, con­nect the sys­tem of heat­ing radi­a­tors to the device. Some­times you have to con­nect an expan­sion tank. And in the case of a dou­ble-cir­cuit boil­er, you will have to pro­vide the house with hot water.
  4. Next, the chim­ney is installed.

The chim­ney should be dis­cussed sep­a­rate­ly, because it is an impor­tant ele­ment of the heat­ing sys­tem. The effi­cien­cy of the entire heat­ing sys­tem of the build­ing depends on the cor­rect­ness of its instal­la­tion.

  • Do not allow sharp turns of the chim­ney, it is best to make it absolute­ly straight.
  • All joints of the pipe parts and the junc­tion with the boil­er must be sealed with heat-resis­tant sub­stances.
  • The strength of the chim­ney should be cal­cu­lat­ed with some mar­gin.
  • Be sure to ensure that the cross-sec­tion­al diam­e­ters at the out­let of the boil­er and the chim­ney pipe match.

Before start­ing the heat­ing sys­tem, check the tight­ness of all con­nec­tions, the cor­rect­ness of the con­nec­tions. After that, you can start to start the equip­ment. Before doing this, you must read and under­stand the instruc­tions.

Dur­ing oper­a­tion, it is nec­es­sary to observe cer­tain fire safe­ty reg­u­la­tions:

  • Flam­ma­ble debris is not allowed near the fire­box; it is best to equip a plat­form made of non-com­bustible mate­r­i­al near the door.
  • All clean­ing doors should be checked for leaks before use.
  • Do not leave a work­ing boil­er unat­tend­ed for a long time.

If you fol­low all the tips, the boil­er will serve for a long time and will not require an ear­ly repair.

Your choice of long-burn­ing sol­id fuel boil­er with water cir­cuit

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