Which electric underfloor heating is better to use under the tile

[ad_1]

Underfloor heating is ideal for families with small children

Under­floor heat­ing is an ide­al type of heat­ing if there are small chil­dren in the house, or if you your­self like to walk bare­foot.

The undoubt­ed advan­tage of such a sys­tem over con­ven­tion­al radi­a­tors is the loca­tion of the heat­ing ele­ments, in which the heat­ed air ris­es, cov­er­ing the entire area of ​​u200bu200bthe room and cre­at­ing a com­fort­able tem­per­a­ture regime. Wall-mount­ed radi­a­tors can­not boast of this, due to their point loca­tion on the wall.

The main types of underfloor heating

  1. Water. A net­work of pipelines is mount­ed between the floor and the floor cov­er­ing, through which the heat­ed liq­uid moves.
  2. cable elec­tric. A spe­cial cable, cut into sec­tions, is installed in a con­crete screed.
  3. From mats. A thin heat­ing cable is attached to a fiber­glass mesh.
  4. Film infrared. The design uses car­bon and bimetal­lic heat­ing ele­ments oper­at­ing on the prin­ci­ple of infrared radi­a­tion.

Water heated floor

Rep­re­sents embed­ded in a screedWater heated floors are powered by a heating system heat­ing sys­tem, akin to a con­ven­tion­al radi­a­tor. With the help of a pump, liq­uid cir­cu­lates through the pipes (hot water, less often antifreeze and oth­er spe­cial fillers). Under the pipeline is laid ther­mal insu­la­tion lay­er not less than 50 mm, in order to avoid unnec­es­sary heat loss­es and effi­cient oper­a­tion of the sys­tem in the future.

Requires a boil­er plantwhich will sup­ply the heat­ed liq­uid to the sys­tem, and cir­cu­la­tion pump will main­tain the desired speed of move­ment of the water flow through the pipes.

Peo­ple liv­ing in pri­vate hous­es with an indi­vid­ual heat­ing sys­tem will be able to appre­ci­ate such a space heat­ing sys­tem and com­bine it with radi­a­tors or even refuse to use them alto­geth­er.

Advan­tages:

  1. Eco­nom­i­cal­ly prof­itable dur­ing oper­a­tion.
  2. Reli­a­bil­i­ty and long ser­vice life (up to 50 years).
  3. Deposits in pipes are eas­i­ly cleaned with­out dis­man­tling the sys­tem, and in the case of using spe­cial flu­ids, they do not form at all. Clean­ing is done every 10–15 years.
  4. Com­plete inde­pen­dence from the volt­age in the mains.
  5. Instal­la­tion can be car­ried out both in the fin­ished room and in the room at the con­struc­tion stage.

Flaws:

  1. Large instal­la­tion costs.
  2. The need to fill a new insu­lat­ed screed.
  3. Pro­hib­it­ed in apart­ment build­ings.

Prices for instal­la­tion and mate­ri­als for under­floor heat­ing vary depend­ing on sev­er­al fac­tors:



  • The com­plex­i­ty of the work: num­ber of storeys, dis­man­tling of the old screed, pipeline schemes of vary­ing com­plex­i­ty.
  • Mate­r­i­al selec­tion: the cost of met­al-plas­tic, propy­lene and cop­per pipes dif­fer sig­nif­i­cant­ly.

Aver­age a square meter of pipe will cost you 360 rubles, and instal­la­tion work — 380 rubles. Will cost the most mix­ing group — from 160$.

Cable electric floor heating

Cable electrical optionHeat­ing in such a sys­tem is car­ried out using heat­ing cable. Its task is to release heat when cur­rent flows. It is installed in a spe­cial screed, on top of the exist­ing one, which leads to rais­ing the floor lev­el by about 5 — 8 cen­time­ters. An addi­tion­al screed also acts as a heat accu­mu­la­tor, which leads to an increase in the cool­ing time of the heat­ed sur­face and to a reduc­tion in mon­e­tary costs for fur­ther main­te­nance. A lay­er of ther­mal insu­la­tion laid between the new screed and the floor com­plete­ly elim­i­nates heat loss.

Advan­tages:

  1. Rapid heat­ing of the room.
  2. Prac­ti­cal­i­ty and auton­o­my.
  3. Pos­si­bil­i­ty of reg­u­la­tion of lev­el of heat­ing.
  4. Rea­son­able price for mate­ri­als and instal­la­tion.

Flaws:

  1. The need to fill a new screed.
  2. The cost of pay­ing elec­tric­i­ty bills.

The price of elec­tric floor equip­ment will aver­age 2,5 dol­lars per square meter. This includes the cost of mate­r­i­al and instal­la­tion work. Addi­tion­al work, such as: open­ing and lay­ing the floor­ing, are paid sep­a­rate­ly.

Electric underfloor heating from heating mats

The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion of this elec­tri­cal sys­tem is sim­i­lar to the pre­vi­ous one, with one impor­tantHeating mat system
hon­ors: the heat­ing cable is small­er in diam­e­ter and is already ini­tial­ly fixed on a syn­thet­ic mesh. When fold­ed, it is a roll that fits direct­ly on the floor, under the floor cov­er­ing. Where­in no need to pour a lay­er of addi­tion­al screed.

It should be tak­en into account that ther­mo­mats are locat­ed only on the sur­face, not clut­tered with fur­ni­ture or plumb­ing, but this does not affect the qual­i­ty of space heat­ingbut on the con­trary, sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduces the cost of pur­chas­ing mate­r­i­al and its instal­la­tion.

Heat­ing mats come in dif­fer­ent capac­i­ties: from one- and two-core cable. When mak­ing a choice between them, one should take into account both the area of ​​u200bu200bthe room and the scope: spot heat­ing, for exam­ple, in a bath­room, or the main one.

Advan­tages:

  1. Quick and easy instal­la­tion.
  2. Com­pat­i­ble with any type of floor­ing.
  3. The high ther­mal con­duc­tiv­i­ty of the mate­r­i­al makes it pos­si­ble to heat the room in the short­est pos­si­ble time.
  4. Con­nec­tion to the mains with a pow­er of 220 W.
  5. Low ener­gy con­sump­tion due to the use of a tem­per­a­ture con­troller.

Flaws:

  1. The high price of the mate­r­i­al.
  2. Fur­ni­ture and plumb­ing should stand only where the mat is not laid.
  3. The room must be dry and well insu­lat­ed.

The price of an elec­tric floor con­sists of the cost of 1 m² of a heat­ing sin­gle-core mat — an aver­age of 2850 rubles, or a two-core one — 37$; and instal­la­tion — on an area of ​​u200bu200b1 m2 it will cost at least 1,5 dol­lars.

Film or infrared floor heating

Infrared film matsSur­faces that can give off ener­gy using infrared radi­a­tion, most effi­cient in oper­a­tion and eco­nom­i­cal in terms of ener­gy con­sump­tion.

Film floor sys­tem con­sists of:

  • infrared film, inside which car­bon strips are locat­ed;
  • con­nect­ing wires;
  • tem­per­a­ture sen­sor and ther­mo­stat;
  • insu­la­tors and ter­mi­nals.

The prin­ci­ple of oper­a­tion is the same as that of the Sun — the floor does not warm the air in the room, but objects and peo­ple, includ­ing.

Advan­tages:

  1. Low ener­gy con­sump­tion.
  2. High work effi­cien­cy: oxy­gen is not burned and the humid­i­ty lev­el in the heat­ed room does not change.
  3. Anti-aller­gic prod­uct.
  4. Opti­mum heat­ing tem­per­a­ture and com­plete radi­a­tion safe­ty for humans.
  5. Fast assem­bly and dis­man­tling by pro­fes­sion­als, with full preser­va­tion of the func­tion­al­i­ty of the ele­ments of the film.
  6. Long ser­vice life (30 years)
  7. Lay­ing is made on any draft sur­face.
  8. All known mate­ri­als are suit­able as a coat­ing.

Dam­age to one or more sec­tions of the film does not affect the per­for­mance of the entire sys­tem.

Flaws:

  1. The sur­face for lay­ing the infrared floor must have a per­fect­ly flat sur­face.
  2. It is for­bid­den to install the film in places where fur­ni­ture and oth­er bulky inte­ri­or items are installed.
  3. Effi­cien­cy depends on prop­er design.

The price of an infrared floor kit is on aver­age 1920 rubles. Heat­ing area — 1 m².
It is more prof­itable to take a larg­er roll and divide it into the desired seg­ments (the places where you can cut are marked on the film).

How to choose a warm floor

When choos­ing the type of floor for tiles, pay atten­tion to the fol­low­ing points:

  • fea­tures of the sur­face of the room: the absence or pres­ence of a screed, the height of exist­ing door thresh­olds and oth­er nuances;
  • afford­abil­i­ty;
  • elec­tric pow­er;
  • what ther­mo­stat will be need­ed;
  • whether or not you have a heat­ing boil­er;
  • the need for spot or full heat­ing;
  • fur­ni­ture arrange­ment;
  • delib­er­ate choice of man­u­fac­tur­er.

The best under­floor heat­ing is pro­duced by the fol­low­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing com­pa­nies:

  • “Nation­al Com­fort”;
  • “Teplolux”;
  • heat plus;
  • Nex­ans;
  • Devi;
  • Hem­st­edt.

Video about installing underfloor heating under tiles

All of the list­ed types of under­floor heat­ing can be installed under the tile, and which one is right for you — decide for your­self, tak­ing into account your capa­bil­i­ties and pref­er­ences.


Leave a Reply

You May Also Like