If central heating is not providing enough heat, installing space heaters will help. These are devices designed for local heating. We will figure out what to look for when buying and which heater is best for an apartment.
They told in the video how to choose the best device for heating an apartment
All about choosing the best heater
— Device type
— Features of operation
— Control type
Mini-rating of the best models
How to choose a heating device
We have prepared a simple checklist that will help you choose the right heater.
1. Choose the type of equipment
Most equipment is powered by electricity, but the principle of converting electrical energy into heat can be different. The performance and power of the device depends on this. Let’s briefly describe the most popular types.
Compare different types of heaters in the table.
|Noise at work
|convective currents carry dust, dry the air
|convective currents carry dust, dry the air
|risk of burns from a heated body, dries the air
|undesirable prolonged exposure to IR rays
|floor or stand
|floor, wall, ceiling
2. Determine the power
For all types of heating devices, a simple rule for determining power applies. On average, for every square meter of a room of standard height, there should be 100 watts of electrical appliance power. If there are windows, another 200 watts are added to each. For example, if the room is 20 sq. m two windows, then the minimum power will be 2,400 watts. It is desirable to add another 10–15% “in reserve” to it so that the device does not work for wear at times of peak loads.
For infrared equipment, things are a little different. Here 100 watts per sq. meter is considered the maximum power, so this figure can be reduced by 10–15% to bring the average.
For rooms with high ceilings (more than 2.8–3 m), a different formula is used. The volume of the room is divided by 30, this is the average coefficient. If there are windows, 200 watts are added to each of them. All these calculations are averaged. They do not take into account the thermal insulation of the room, its heat loss, etc.
3. We specify the special operating conditions
That is, we determine the conditions under which the device will work. For example, if the equipment is supposed to be used for additional heating of the bathroom, it must have a moisture-proof housing. Otherwise, excessive moisture will easily penetrate inside the device, which will lead to its damage, and in the worst case, to wiring problems or fire.
For children, devices in which the case is heated are strictly prohibited. So, oil coolers during operation heat up significantly. Accidental contact may cause burns. Therefore, for the nursery, only oilers with a protective cover are chosen. But convectors or infrared panels do not heat up during operation. They can be safely placed where children live.
4. Choosing a control system and additional features
The simplest and most budgetary system is mechanical. This is, perhaps, all its virtues. At the same time, it is less functional and gives large errors when setting the desired temperature. The mechanics are more prone to wear, and when automatically turned off or on, it makes a rather loud click. Given that clicking can be repeated at intervals of 15–25 minutes, not everyone likes it.
Electronic systems are more precise in settings. You can set the temperature to tenths of a degree. In addition, with them you can program the operating mode. Some models are able to remember one or more temperature modes and run them at the request of the owner. The electronics work absolutely silently. The only way it can interfere with the user is that the display is too bright. Another disadvantage is the high price.
The equipment may have additional functions, which is very convenient. The simplest of them is self-shutdown when the set temperature is reached. The presence of a thermostat and temperature sensors also expands the functionality of the device. It will be able to turn off when the room is heated to a temperature determined by the owner, and then turn on when the temperature drops below the set value. And the built-in wi-fi module will provide communication with the user, who will be able to set up the heater while away from home.
Mini-rating of heaters for an apartment
We have compiled a rating of the best devices of various types for home heating.
Thermex Frame 2000E
Powerful convector designed to heat rooms up to 25 sq. m. Can be installed on the floor or mounted on the wall. The case is waterproof, which makes it possible to put the device in a place with high humidity, for example, in a bathroom. The model is equipped with an electronic type control system, there are two operating modes. There is a built-in protection against possible overheating, shutdown in the event of a rollover. All information necessary for the user is displayed on the LCD display, there is a timer and a remote control.
Polaris PMH 1584
The infrared-convective type model is able to effectively heat up to 24 sq. meters of area. Wall or floor installation is possible. The device uses a mikathermic heater, which makes its operation economical. Two-sided heating is provided, mechanical control. Works silently. There are two operating modes, a timer and thermostat are installed, a built-in shutdown system is provided for tipping over and overheating.
Ballu Classic BOH/CL-09
Oil cooler, available in two colors: white and black. It is intended only for floor installation, it is equipped with wheels that simplifies its movement. Heats a room up to 25 sq. m. The building is divided into nine sections. Mechanical type control system with one mode of operation. There is a thermostat and the ability to control the degree of heating. When overheated, it automatically turns off.
First Austria 5565–1
Compact yet powerful fan heater. Able to heat up to 320 sq. m area. Mounted on the floor, on a table or any other stand. The device uses a ceramic heating element, so the amount of oxygen in the air is not reduced. Management — electronic type with remote control. It is possible to regulate the temperature, a thermostat, a timer are installed. In case of tipping or overheating, the protection is activated and the device automatically turns off.
Powerful 11-section oil-type radiator. Designed for heating areas up to 27 sq. meters. Only floor installation is possible. For ease of movement, the equipment has wheels and a handle. Mechanical type control with the ability to adjust power and temperature. One working mode. In case of overheating, an automatic shutdown is activated. The special shape of the body gives a fireplace effect, that is, increased air circulation around the device. So it heats up the room faster.
To summarize, which heater is better to choose for an apartment.