Which pipes are best for plumbing in an apartment


The Euro­pean mar­ket has a large selec­tion of pipes made of dif­fer­ent mate­ri­als. There­fore, it is dif­fi­cult to choose prod­ucts for cre­at­ing a water pipe in an apart­ment.

Before pur­chas­ing a prod­uct, you need to under­stand which pipes are best suit­ed for installing plumb­ing in an apart­ment.

One of the main cri­te­ria is the strength and reli­a­bil­i­ty of the prod­uct. The cost of the prod­uct and its con­di­tions for assem­bling the struc­ture also affect the choice of the buy­er.

Plumb­ing in an apart­ment

First you need to choose the mate­r­i­al of man­u­fac­ture. On this basis, the fol­low­ing types of pipes for water sup­ply are dis­tin­guished:

  • met­al;
  • plas­tic;
  • met­al-plas­tic;
  • steel;
  • cop­per.

Each of these types has its own pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive sides, spe­cial char­ac­ter­is­tics.

Steel products

Steel pipes for plumb­ing in an apart­ment are quite durable. But it should be not­ed that they have lost their for­mer pop­u­lar­i­ty due to the appear­ance of plas­tic ones on sale.

Speak­ing about steel prod­ucts, we note that they can with­stand a seri­ous dif­fer­ence in tem­per­a­ture fluc­tu­a­tions and oper­ate under high pres­sure con­di­tions. Plumb­ing struc­tures are made of gal­va­nized or black steel. In the first case, high resis­tance to cor­ro­sion can be dis­tin­guished, which is an undoubt­ed plus for pro­longed use of the pipeline.

met­al pipeline

The main dis­ad­van­tage of this mate­r­i­al is the coat­ing of their sur­face with con­den­sate. When it inter­acts with oxy­gen, oxida­tive process­es occur, the prod­uct begins to rust. In addi­tion, instal­la­tion and repair work will require spe­cial equip­ment and pro­fes­sion­al skills. There­fore, the instal­la­tion of a steel plumb­ing sys­tem is very cost­ly. But they will last more than 50 years, which allows you to main­tain the demand for these prod­ucts.

Advice! Use the same mate­r­i­al to repair steel pipes. When cre­at­ing new sew­er sys­tems or plumb­ing, it is bet­ter to choose oth­er options.

The advan­tages of this type include:

  • Abil­i­ty to oper­ate under high pres­sure con­di­tions in pipes;
  • Dif­fers in a high indi­ca­tor of reli­a­bil­i­ty;
  • Resis­tant to cor­ro­sion, mechan­i­cal dam­age;
  • Long ser­vice life.

Cost is also an advan­tage. Com­pared to plas­tic, it is not the low­est, but it is quite afford­able for the aver­age buy­er. The mate­r­i­al is very easy to work with. There are many dif­fer­ent fas­ten­ers and fit­tings that can be pur­chased at the most basic plumb­ing store.

It is bet­ter to use this type in an apart­ment to cre­ate a heat­ing sys­tem or hot water pipes. When choos­ing a prod­uct, pay atten­tion to the wall thick­ness. There are 3 types:

  • Lungs;
  • Ordi­nary;
  • Rein­forced.

The thick­er the pipes, the longer the plumb­ing will last.

Copper products

As a rule, they try to dis­guise the water sup­ply sys­tem, but this does not apply to this type. This is the case when the appear­ance is able to please and become an inte­ri­or dec­o­ra­tion. Aes­thet­ic appear­ance is not their only advan­tage, they also dif­fer:

  • reli­a­bil­i­ty;
  • long ser­vice life, which can reach 70 years with prop­er care;
  • resis­tance to defor­ma­tion and high pres­sure;
  • the ten­den­cy to inter­nal over­growth is less than that of steel;
  • resis­tance to chem­i­cals, which allows the use of clean­ers with chlo­rine and alka­line reagents.

The use of cop­per struc­tures for humans is not only safe, but even use­ful. The mate­r­i­al has use­ful prop­er­ties for humans. If you look from this side, then this type of mate­r­i­al is the most prefer­able.

The use of cop­per pipes when cre­at­ing a plumb­ing struc­ture in an apart­ment is asso­ci­at­ed with some dif­fi­cul­ties in their instal­la­tion. In addi­tion, it is worth not­ing their high cost, so few­er peo­ple buy them, which means that the offer has become lim­it­ed. When prob­lems arise, it is dif­fi­cult to find a sim­i­lar repair mate­r­i­al or fit­tings.

Cop­per plumb­ing


Plumbers are usu­al­ly reluc­tant to work with cop­per prod­ucts, as it requires spe­cial skills, and, accord­ing­ly, the instal­la­tion cost will be high, which is a minus when choos­ing this mate­r­i­al.

To make wiring around the apart­ment from cop­per pipes, you will need prod­ucts with a diam­e­ter of 20 and 25 mm.

metal-plastic material

Met­al-plas­tic pipes are light­weight and durable. They will be a good option for arrang­ing water sup­ply in a mul­ti-storey build­ing. The com­bi­na­tion of met­al and plas­tic made this prod­uct ver­sa­tile.

Ther­mal sta­bil­i­ty indi­ca­tors depend on the pro­duc­tion tech­nol­o­gy. This can be deter­mined by the col­or of the prod­uct: blue ones are designed for instal­la­tion of cold water pipes, white ones can with­stand water tem­per­a­tures above 45 degrees.

With the instal­la­tion pro­ce­dure in this case, no prob­lems should arise. For this, com­pres­sion fit­tings of var­i­ous diam­e­ters are used. If fit­tings are con­nect­ed with a fer­rule, there must be room for reg­u­lar tight­en­ing.

Met­al-plas­tic con­struc­tion

The pres­ence of a mul­ti­lay­er struc­ture allows us to talk about high strength indi­ca­tors. Met­al-plas­tic is cre­at­ed in the form of a mul­ti­lay­er cake and con­sists of:

  • met­al frame;
  • soft plas­tic cov­er­ing the base on both sides.

In this case, the frame can be sol­id, spi­ral and per­fo­rat­ed.

The ser­vice life is about 35 years. The mate­r­i­al is able to with­stand heat­ing up to 75 degrees.

The ben­e­fits of this mate­r­i­al include:

  • Ease of assem­bly of struc­tures and its fur­ther oper­a­tion;
  • When heat­ed, they are able to bend and take the nec­es­sary shape;
  • Rel­a­tive­ly low price;
  • The sol­der­ing pass­es direct­ly and does not require addi­tion­al equip­ment for con­nec­tion;
  • Resis­tant to low tem­per­a­tures, so they can be laid even in the soil.

Quiet­ness can also be attrib­uted to the pos­i­tive qual­i­ties. Due to the fea­tures of the mul­ti-lay­er con­struc­tion, they absorb noise well.

This type also has its draw­backs. Met­al-plas­tic does not tol­er­ate a sharp tem­per­a­ture drop, which can cause delam­i­na­tion of the base. It is worth men­tion­ing the fit­ting con­nec­tion, which is not reli­able.


Rel­a­tive­ly recent­ly, plas­tic pipes for plumb­ing in an apart­ment appeared on the con­struc­tion mar­ket, which gained great pop­u­lar­i­ty among ordi­nary con­sumers and became num­ber one among pro­fes­sion­als. A num­ber of ben­e­fits have con­tributed to this suc­cess:

  • Light weight. Thanks to this, they are easy to trans­port, do not cre­ate addi­tion­al load on the walls. Light­ness allows you to install them inside the wall, there­by hid­ing the unsight­ly design from the eyes;
  • Dif­fer in dura­bil­i­ty. The ser­vice life with­out repair can reach 50 years;
  • Low prices and a wide selec­tion of fit­tings have made plas­tic prod­ucts afford­able for the major­i­ty of the pop­u­la­tion.
Plas­tic plumb­ing in the bath­room


When it comes to plas­tic prod­ucts, we note that they are dis­tin­guished by com­po­si­tion and method of pro­duc­tion:

  • poly­eth­yl­ene;
  • polypropy­lene;
  • PVC pipes.

Con­sid­er all options.


The first type is cross-linked poly­eth­yl­ene, which is man­u­fac­tured using a spe­cial tech­nol­o­gy. Pipes made of this poly­mer are high­ly elas­tic and durable. At the same time, they have low ther­mal con­duc­tiv­i­ty. You can install them not only in the apart­ment, but also on the street, as they are resis­tant to tem­per­a­ture extremes.

Poly­eth­yl­ene does not change at the mol­e­c­u­lar lev­el when heat­ed and does not change its qual­i­ties, which makes them the best for cre­at­ing heat­ing and hot plumb­ing.

Wiring with sew­er out­let

They are a good mate­r­i­al for cre­at­ing plumb­ing struc­tures in an apart­ment. The prod­uct is able to with­stand the tem­per­a­ture of the water inside up to 95 degrees and this is not a chapel. A destruc­tive effect on them can be exert­ed by a tem­per­a­ture start­ing from 110 degrees, which, let’s say, is quite a lot.

The ben­e­fits include:

  • Resis­tance of plas­tic to chem­i­cals;
  • Does not emit harm­ful sub­stances and does not change the com­po­si­tion and taste of water;
  • The inner walls do not retain dirt and stick­ing. Even after a long time there will be no stag­na­tion;
  • Due to their smooth struc­ture, they have less resis­tance to water flow, which means that the pow­er of com­pres­sors and boil­ers is need­ed less;
  • Ease of instal­la­tion. They are easy to break or cut into the required sizes;
  • Poly­eth­yl­ene is resis­tant to vibra­tions, and also absorbs the sound of water, which allows you to make the plumb­ing silent;
  • Plas­tic. The design made of such pipes is resis­tant to sud­den changes in tem­per­a­ture and does not deform even when freez­ing.

For apart­ments, the flex­i­bil­i­ty of the mate­r­i­al is impor­tant, which allows you to sew­er even in hard-to-reach places. Instal­la­tion of the struc­ture is car­ried out using com­pres­sion fit­tings.

If we talk about the short­com­ings, then they are few. The neg­a­tive side can be attrib­uted to the com­bustibil­i­ty of the mate­r­i­al and poor resis­tance to UV. But this does not affect the design inside the apart­ment.

They are pro­duced in diam­e­ters from 20 to 120 mm with a cross sec­tion of up to 40 mm. These are used for inter­nal wiring, wider ris­ers.

Polypropylene products

If the bud­get for the con­struc­tion or replace­ment of an old water sup­ply is lim­it­ed, you can cre­ate a struc­ture from polypropy­lene pipes. They are con­sid­ered the most afford­able of all poly­mer prod­ucts, but they are not infe­ri­or in qual­i­ty. They can eas­i­ly with­stand a tem­per­a­ture of 95 degrees and a pres­sure of 20 atmos­pheres. The ser­vice life of com­mu­ni­ca­tions reach­es 55 years.

It is worth not­ing a num­ber of advan­tages of this mate­r­i­al:

  • Resis­tance to chem­i­cals allows you to get water with­out dan­ger­ous impu­ri­ties;
  • Does not cor­rode;
  • Eas­i­ly assem­bled and mount­ed in the required struc­ture. Fas­ten­ers and fit­tings are afford­able, they can be eas­i­ly pur­chased at any plumb­ing store;
  • The low lev­el of ther­mal con­duc­tiv­i­ty avoids large heat loss­es;
  • Not afraid of sud­den changes in tem­per­a­ture.

There are almost no draw­backs to this prod­uct. Prob­lems usu­al­ly arise not with the com­mu­ni­ca­tions them­selves, but with defects dur­ing their instal­la­tion or assem­bly.

Conclusion of the design in the bathroom


To avoid prob­lems, it is worth choos­ing pipes for cold water alone, and for hot oth­ers. Using the same view is the most com­mon mis­take. When buy­ing this prod­uct, pay atten­tion to their label­ing. Prod­ucts marked PP‑R and PP‑B are suit­able for hot water sup­ply, they are less depen­dent on water heat­ing.

Polypropy­lene pipes are pro­duced with a diam­e­ter of 15 mm to 12 cm. They can be used to cre­ate var­i­ous water sup­ply struc­tures, as well as sew­ers. It is bet­ter to choose prod­ucts with a greater wall thick­ness, as they are able to with­stand more pres­sure.

PVC pipes

PVC pipes are supe­ri­or to oth­er types of plas­tic prod­ucts in a num­ber of tech­ni­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics. The struc­ture of the poly­mer cre­at­ed using spe­cial tech­nolo­gies makes it pos­si­ble to increase strength sev­er­al times. For pro­duc­tion, tox­ic sub­stances are not used, so the water does not change its prop­er­ties, remain­ing clean.

PVC pipes are espe­cial­ly dis­tin­guished by their pos­i­tive qual­i­ties:

  • Afford­able price. This is one of the most impor­tant cri­te­ria when choos­ing a mate­r­i­al, espe­cial­ly if finan­cial pos­si­bil­i­ties are lim­it­ed;
  • Dura­bil­i­ty. The design of this mate­r­i­al will last you at least 50 years, and with good care it will last a life­time;
  • Does not col­lapse under the influ­ence of ultra­vi­o­let radi­a­tion;
  • With­stands high oper­at­ing loads and inter­nal pres­sure;
  • Due to the smooth struc­ture, the mud lay­er does not stag­nate and does not grow in them.

How­ev­er, even they have some dis­ad­van­tages. Polyvinyl chlo­ride is afraid of high tem­per­a­tures, so they are not the best option for hot water sup­ply.

Col­lec­tion of PVC water pipes

Pro­fes­sion­al instal­la­tion, the right choice of high-qual­i­ty pipes will sig­nif­i­cant­ly improve liv­ing con­di­tions and not return to the repair of com­mu­ni­ca­tions for a long time.


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